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    AID MODALITIESStructured dialogue


  • CONTENT Why a new reference document on NSAs and NAMs?

    What are findings and what guidance does it provide?

    How to take this process further?*

  • 1. WHY THIS DOCUMENT ABOUT NSAs and NAMs? The answer consists of four parts:

    A. The evolving agenda of participatory developmentB. The efforts to make aid more effective through new aid modalitiesC. The stronger emphasis on knowledge about state-society relations and politics in development. D. Bringing various groups of EC practitioners together


  • ParticipatorydevelopmentDevelopment assistance includes support to and through NSAsDevelopment is a multi-actor participatory processDevelopment is a multi-stakeholder process where the central state is one of the actorsNSAs are not only implementing agencies but also promoters of democracy, justice and human rightsEC/EU is committed to strengthening NSAs to fully participate in political, economic and social dialogue processesCivil Society is recognised in all its diversityA. Participatory developmentand Non-State Actors

  • *B. More effective aid and New Aid Modalities EC and other donors look for ways to make their aid more effective

    These efforts include among other things ways to:Align behind country policies (if these reduce poverty)Align behind country systems (if there are serious efforts to make these systems work for the poor)Reduce the burden on partners (through harmonisation)And move from government ownership to country ownership, And from mutual to domestic accountability

  • What are these new aid modalities Budget supportAnd the so-called sector wide approaches or the ECs Sector Policy Support Programmes arent either

    What is new about these modalities? Its not just about the moneyNor about one input, instrument or toolIts about and aid package, An aid package that applies the principles to make aid more effective


  • budget support as an aid package includes:Budget support

    SPSPAlignment with partner country policies Harmonisation among donorsCapacity development inputsPolicy dialogueResults orientation

    Alignment with partner country systems

  • *C. Importance of state-society relations, and politics Growing realisation that politics can help explain where aid has been effective and where notIt matters to know:If and how state-society bargaining takes placeWhether, how and around which interests citizens organise collectively How elites come to political settlements, for example over taxes, but also over the distribution of resources such as aidWhether poverty reduction strategies and sector policies have sufficient backing within government, or within groups in society, Etc..This knowledge is very country or context specific

  • This Reference Document connects these three processes or agendas:*

  • D. It also connects three groups of EC practitioners*

  • The reference document takes stock of the following experiences and processes: In-house consultation on NSAs and NAMsStock-taking of experiences in EC Delegations and development of country casesOngoing EC consultations on budget support (Green Paper process) EC redesign of budget support guidelines NSA related work in the Structured Dialogue, evaluations, studies and auditsOngoing work on improving the context analysis as part of the re-design of the Project and Programme Cycle ManagementOngoing work of applying the Governance Analysis Framework in sector operations often involving macro economists and sector specialistsNSA related initiatives related to Domestic Accountability



    Four types of guidance

    From this work emerges one core message and three types of guidance: One core message: pay more attention to relations between state and non-state actors, and balance the support accordingly

    Four fundamentals and operational principles

    Step by step operational guidance

    Smart guidance to take the ambitious agendas further

  • Ensure the independence of NSAs:

    A meaningful contribution of NSAs is only possible if they can act as actors in their own right.

    Assess and analyze NSA interests, values, histories, incentives, roles, functions, governance structures:

    Often a more fine-grained analysis is required of the diverse roles and structures of NSAs, the capacity for collective action, the incentives that drive them, their values and organic growth.

    Recognize the diversity of NSAs:

    Move beyond the usual civil society suspects

    123Fundamental 1:

    treat non-state actors as actors

  • Incentivize continued learning:

    Favour incremental change rather than modular, overambitious leapfrogs to grand scale reforms

    Introduce systematically political economy and governance analysis:

    Move away from a perspective of what should be done, to what could be done.


    Fundamental 2:

    analyse state-society relations systematically

  • Balance support for state and non-state actors in a purposeful way:

    The EC shares the responsibility with other donors over the longer-term impact on state-society relations beyond project and programme cycles.

    Combine the full range of modalities and instruments in a strategic way:

    The EC has a responsibility for the combined impact of all its development efforts.

    12Fundamental 3

    the full potential of NSAs

  • Prepare for playing new roles:

    NAMs touch on the nature of the state and its relations with society and NSAs.Inevitably, this touches also on domestic power relations and politics. So the EC must prepare to be an informed political player.

    Avoid a technocratic approach to aid effectiveness and the role of NSAs:

    Accept the need for a political approach


    Fundamtental 4

    Do no harm-play new roles

  • Operational guidanceMultiple questions remain about how to strategically engage with NSAs. Questions about:

    The key features of the new aid modalities and the potential roles that NSAs can play How to identify opportunities for strategic engagement with NSAs in a particular contextThe entry points in the Cycle of Operations for engaging strategically with NSAsAnd how to combine EC tools, instruments and approaches

    Further step by step guidance deals with these operational matters.


  • Smart guidanceThis is a tall agenda. One that takes time, and one that will be demanding to implement.

    Therefore, further guidance is about developing smart partnerships to tackle these interlinking agendas:

    Joint analysis and knowledge development with other donorsSmart funding arrangements to underpin a strategic approachEnsure cooperation and linkages between non-state actors and other domestic accountability actorsSmart partnerships with local governments*

  • 3. HOW TO TAKE THIS PROCESS FURTHER? A living documentThis Reference Document is not a final productThe guidance it contains will be shared through the Consultative Dialogue ProcessOther ongoing processes to tap into are the EC efforts to improve the coordination and pertinence of budget support, as well as the ongoing work on mutual and domestic accountability Through the Capacity4Dev Platform, it will promote further discussion, dialogue and blogging on experiences from the fieldThis may contribute to improving the strategic and operational guidance on how to improve the ECs engagement with state and society for development.


  • Thank you for the attentionIn case of questions, shoot so to speak*