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Data & TrendsEU Food & Drink Industry

2018

EU food and drink industry figures

TURNOVER

1,109 billionLargest manufacturing sector in the EU

110 billionExports

35 billionTrade balance

75 billionImports

17.9%EU share of global exports

SALES WITHIN THE SINGLE MARKET

90% of food and drink turnover

EXTERNAL TRADE

EMPLOYMENT

4.57 million people Leading employer in the EU

VALUE ADDED

2.1%of EU gross value added

SMEs

48.1% of food and drink turnover

61.3% of food and drink employment

NUMBER OF COMPANIES

294,000

CONSUMPTION

13.8%of household expenditure on food and drink products

R&D expenditure

2.9 billion

Sources: Eurostat; Joint Research Centre; UN COMTRADE

1FoodDrinkEurope DATA & TRENDS 2018

CONTENTSSINGLE MARKET02 CONTRIBUTION TO THE EU ECONOMY04 EMPLOYMENT05 VALUE ADDED06 SECTORS AT EU LEVEL07 THE NATIONAL PICTURE08 SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES09 BIOECONOMY 10 FOOD SUPPLY CHAIN11 CONSUMPTION 12 TRADE WITHIN THE SINGLE MARKET 13 EU27-UK TRADE

WORLD MARKETS14 TRADE FIGURES16 TRADE FIGURES BY SECTOR17 TRADE FIGURES BY PRODUCT18 EU FOOD AND DRINK MARKET SHARE19 SUSTAINABILITY OF THE FOOD AND DRINK INDUSTRY20 INNOVATION AND CONSUMER TRENDS21 GLOBAL TRENDS IN R&D

KEY FOOD AND DRINK COMPANIES22 RANKING OF AGRI-FOOD COMPANIES

BY GLOBAL AGRI-FOOD SALES24 GLOSSARY

INTRODUCTIONThe 2018 edition of the Data & Trends of the EU Food and Drink Industry report offers a comprehensive picture of the structure and economics of Europes food and drink sector, the largest manufacturing industry in the EU in terms of turnover, value added and employment.

The report provides in-depth analysis of the Single Market, world markets, and a global ranking of food and drink companies.

This report covers the whole EU28 food and drink industry, which is identified by the NACE rev2 codes C10 (food products) and C11 (drinks).

All figures presented here come from official sources and have been elaborated by FoodDrinkEurope.

Recent developments in the EU food and drink industry

2015 2016 % change

Turnover ( billion) 1,115 1,109 -0.5

Value added ( billion) 230 - -

Number of persons employed (million) 4.51 4.57 +1.3

Number of companies (1,000 units) 293 294 +0.4

Source: Eurostat (SBS)

2 SINGLE MARKETFoodDrinkEurope DATA & TRENDS 2018

SINGLE MARKET

Contribution to the EU economyThe largest manufacturing sector in terms of turnover, value added and employment

Contribution of the EU food and drink industry to the EU economy(2015,%)

The food and drink industry is a major contributor to Europes economy, ahead of other manufacturing sectors, such as the automotive industry.

In 2015, the EU food and drink industry generated a turnover of 1,115 billion and a value added of 230 billion.

With 38.5 billion invested in 2015, the food and drink industry is the manufacturing sector with the highest capital spending.

The industry maintains the characteristics of a stable, resilient and robust sector.

Source: Eurostat (National Accounts)

Contribution of the food and drink industry to EU gross value added

Share of food and drink turnover in manufacturing

Share of food and drink value added in manufacturing

2.1% 15.2% 12.1%

19.4 Industry14 Other manufacturing

industries

3.4 Other industries 18.8

16.6

5.3

1.5

38.3

Public sector Financial and real estate activities Construction Agriculture, forestry and fishing Trade, services and culture

2.1Food and drink manufacturing industry

3FoodDrinkEurope DATA & TRENDS 2018SINGLE MARKET

51

6.79.1

10.5

10.6

48.3

6.66.8

9

14.1

45.6

7.28.3

8.7

15

Share of turnover in the EU manufacturing industry(2015,%)

Share of value added in the EU manufacturing industry(2015,%)

Automotive Machinery and equipment Chemicals Fabricated metal products Others

Automotive Fabricated metal products Chemicals Machinery and equipment Others

Machinery and equipment Automotive Fabricated metal products Chemicals Others

Source: Eurostat (SBS)

Source: Eurostat (SBS)

Source: Eurostat (SBS)

15.2 Food and drink industry

15.2 Food and drink industry

12.1 Food and drink industry

Share of investment in the EU manufacturing industry(2015,%)

Volume of production in the EU manufacturing industry(% change relative to the first quarter of 2008)

Source: Eurostat (STS)

-50

-40

-30

-20

-10

0

10

20

30

40

50

2017201620152014201320122011201020092008

Automotive Pharmaceuticals Manufacturing

Machinery and equipment Food and drink industry

4 FoodDrinkEurope DATA & TRENDS 2018 SINGLE MARKET

EmploymentLeading employer in the EU

4.51 millionTotal number of persons employed in the food and drink industry

101 billionWage and salary payments by the food and drink industry

Compared to other manufacturing sectors, the EU food and drink industry is a key job provider and a relatively stable employer.

On average, labour productivity in the food and drink industry is lower than in the manufacturing sector as a whole.

A food and drink company employs on average 15 persons, i.e. 1 more than the average manufacturing company.

OthersAutomotiveMachinery and equipmentFabricated metal products

15Food and drink industry

54.8

8.1

9.8

12.2

Source: Eurostat (SBS)

Source: Eurostat (STS)

85

90

95

100

105

Food and drink industry Manufacturing

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

Fabricated metal products AutomotiveMachinery and equipment

Fabricated metal productsManufacturingMachinery and equipmentAutomotiveChemicals

111

8268 63

47

51Food and drink industry

Source: Eurostat (SBS)

Fabricated metal productsManufacturingMachinery and equipmentAutomotive Chemicals

125

38 3314 9

15Food and drink industry

Source: Eurostat (SBS)

Share of employment in the EU manufacturing industry (2015,%)

Labour productivity in the EU(2015, 1,000/person)

Employment in the EU manufacturing industry(index, 2008=100)

Average number of persons employed per company in the EU (2015)

5FoodDrinkEurope DATA & TRENDS 2018SINGLE MARKET

Value addedSustained growth over the past 10 years1

+276 billionGrowth of food and drink turnover over the past 10 years

20.6%Share of value added in turnover of the food and drink industry

In 2015, the EU food and drink industry generated a turnover of 1,115 billion, 79% of which was spent in input costs. Value added resulted in 230 billion.

Value added of the EU food and drink industry is being outpaced by input costs: between 2005 and 2015 value added has grown by 2.1% per year while input costs have grown by 3.1% per year.

Over the past decade, value added in the food and drink industry has grown faster than in manufacturing in general.

Nevertheless, the growth of input costs has significantly squeezed the value added of the food and drink industry, compared to manufacturing in general.

1 For more information, read FoodDrinkEuropes report A Competitive EU Food and Drink Industry for Growth and Jobs

Input costsValue added

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005

Turnover

100

110

120

130

140

20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005

Value added Input costs

80

90

100

110

120

130

20152014201320122011201020092008200720062005

Food and drink industry Manufacturing

Input costs manufacturingValue added manufacturing

Value added food and drink industry

Input costs food and drink industry

0

20

40

60

80

100

201520132011200920072005

Value added and input costs of the EU food and drink industry ( billion)

Value added in the EU food and drink industry and in manufacturing (index, 2005=100)

Value added and input costs of the EU food and drink industry (index, 2005=100)

Value added and input costs in the EU food and drink industry and in manufacturing (% of turnover)

Sources: Eurostat (SBS); Wageningen Economic Research

6 FoodDrinkEurope DATA & TRENDS 2018 SINGLE MARKET

Sectors at EU levelOffering a wide variety of food and drink products to consumers

20%Share of the meat sectors turnover

32%Share of persons employed in the bakery and farinaceous sector

The EU food and drink industry is diverse, with a variety of sectors ranging from fruit and vegetable processing to dairy production and drinks.

The top 5 sub-sectors (bakery and farinaceous products, meat products, dairy products, drinks and the various food products category) represent three quarters of the total turnover and more than 80% of the total number of persons employed and of companies.

Labour productivity varies by sub-sector. For drinks and animal feeds,