EU CCS Demonstration Projects

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EU CCS Demonstration Projects. Giles Dickson. Brussels, 9 February 2009. CCS in Europe is happening now. EoN Karlshamn Sweden 5 MWth Chilled Ammonia Fuel/Gas. Several small scale pilots . Vattenfall Swartze Pumpe - Germany 30 MWth Oxy - Lignite. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • EU CCS Demonstration Projects Giles Dickson

    Brussels, 9 February 2009

    Presentation title

    ALSTOM 2007. We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.

    CCS in Europe is happening now ....

    Presentation title

    ALSTOM 2007. We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.

    Several small scale pilots . We Energies Pleasant Prairie - USA 5 MWth - Chilled Ammonia CoalStatoil Mongstad Norway 40 MWth Chilled Ammonia GasTOTAL Lacq, France 30 MWth Oxy Gas/FuelVattenfall Swartze Pumpe - Germany 30 MWth Oxy - LigniteAEP Mountaineer - USA 30 MWth Chilled Ammonia Coal

    Presentation title

    ALSTOM 2007. We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.

    Main Partnerships & Projects PortfolioCHILLED AMMONIAOXYCOMB5 MWth30 MWth>200 MWe5 MWth40 MWth30 MWth250 MWePleasantPrairie (US) -Coal Mountaineer(US) -CoalNortheastern(US) -CoalKarlshamn (Sweden) -Gas Mongstad(Norway) -GasSchwarzePumpe(Germany) -Coal Jnschwalde (Germany) 200 MWeTransalta(Canada) -CoalFeasibility StudyADVANCED AMINESJoint DevelopmentPartnership Belchatow (Poland) - Coal 30 MWth>150 MWe30 MWtLacq (France) - GasPilot in operation

    Presentation title

    ALSTOM 2007. We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.

    Ready for the next stage .. The technology is ready for full scale demonstration.A funding mechanism is agreed.The EU legal framework is in place.

    We cant afford to wait

    Presentation title

    ALSTOM 2007. We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.

    7 years delay = up to 90 Gt more emissions by 2050 and +10 ppm by 2020Gt CO2 abated per year2008201520302050Prompt implementation Unnecessary emissions7 year delayPilot plantsbuiltTechnologyready for fullscale testingFunding andLegislationsecured for demo plants

    Demoplantsrunning Commercial developmentAbatementpotentialachieved Politicaldecision takenolitical support neded7 years30 years2020Delay in CCS would mean unnecessary emissions

    Presentation title

    ALSTOM 2007. We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.

    Various EMISSION SourcesVarious CAPTURE TechnologiesVarious TRANSPORT ModesVarious STORAGE SettingsTo Achieve the Programmes Goals, the Portfolio Needs to Test...

    Presentation title

    ALSTOM 2007. We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.

    Speed of demonstration now impacts hugely on commercial capacity in 2020 Cumulated CCS installed base based (2010-20*)Note: *Commissioning yearsSource : Alstom evaluation EuropeNorth AmericaROW/China*****8*****59*GWe (gross)First 20 Large- Scale DemosWe are already running latelets get started now !Full deployment preparation

    Presentation title

    ALSTOM 2007. We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.

    Demonstration Phase Requires Funding to Fill the Economic Gap/tonne CO2DEMO PHASE (~4GW)EARLY COMMERCIAL PHASE (~20 GW installed capacity)MATURE COMMERCIAL PHASE (~ 80 GW installed capacity)Demonstration phase:CCS not economically viable. Public contribution necessary for some portionCarbon price forecast; impact of new policy not includedEstimated costs of CCSCommercial phase:CCS expected to be commercially viable, as costs and CO2 price reach similar levels

    Presentation title

    ALSTOM 2007. We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.

    What needs to happen now .First projects need to be selected this year and before Copenhagen. National legislation to implement CCS Directive. Additional EU funding: 1.25bn in EU Economic Recovery Plan.Other public and private funding.

    Above all, industry needs certainty asap.

    Presentation title

    ALSTOM 2007. We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.

    Are there enough projects out there ?

    66%3 %11 %20 %54%27%19%58%37%FACT: 64 large-scale CCS projects above 100 MW currently under consideration world-wideRetrofitCoalNewCoal5%New/RetrofitGasThere are enough projects in the pipeline for 20 large demos

    Presentation title

    ALSTOM 2007. We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.

    What about transport and storage ? Local, limited EOR projects + Demo2010201520202030Post-comb.Pre-comb.Oxy-comb.2025 Pilot / DemoCommercialisationRamp-up to full scale saline acquifer storage Pilot / DemoProgressive pipeline deployment, depending on validated storage sites Pilot / DemoCommercialisationCommercialisationPre-commercial2007 EOR + validation of storage sitesTransportStorageCapturePre-commercialPre-commercialSource: Power Systems analysis2006

    Presentation title

    ALSTOM 2007. We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.

    Regional capture and storage clusters likely

    Source:Team analysis; IEA GHG Emissions database v2006; pathfinder; ECOFYS; Gestco summary reportEmission and capture clusterMedium emissionsHigh emissionsLow emissionsStorage clusterILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLE

    Presentation title

    ALSTOM 2007. We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden.

    CCS is not yet well known or accepted by the broader publicWhat responses should be considered to tackle climate change?Listen analyse public opinion in the different regions (e.g. EU)

    Learn from other comparable cases (e.g., Nuclear?)

    Inform/influence public opinion locally, e.g., on needs, jobsPossible lines of action123Source: MIT Carbon sequestration initiative

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  • www.alstom.com

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    SP, 2x800 MW, only 12 Mton/aIn operation 1998?, Guinness book of world recordsIn terms of deployment timeline, we are fully confident that the industry will have capture solutions to propose for large-scale deployment, starting 2015 with post-combustion.We favour the portfolio approach as a guarantee of success at the best possible cost as we are sill at demo size, pre commercial.On the storage front several large experiments at 1+ Million ton CO2/yr are being conducted in saline acquifer and tend to demonstrate that CO2 can be safely kept underground and monitored.The world needs full release of the CCS technology ASAP, and the bottleneck is likely to be legislation to allow transport and storage and infrastructure deployment, not capture technology.

    In the absence of regulation or governmental direct support, large scale testing and deployment of CCS will not be possible. We are looking at major industrial investments here, (in multiple hundreds of millions), and there is currently no framework defined to enable the industry to decide doing it. The choice of governments is clear: they can either set clear mandation rules for carbon capture and storage or offer direct financial support. The UK government has chosen the latter route by setting-up a competition for a first large-scale commercial unit to be started by 2014. We need 10 to 12 of such large units to be build in Europe by 2015. This is in line with the recent declaration of the G8 Energy Ministers (8 July 2008) calling for the launch of 20 large-scale CCS projects world-wide by 2010, and their pledge for US$ 10 billion annually in direct government funding.

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