Esol Grammar

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Text of Esol Grammar

  • Who fs It forPThe book is designed primarily, but not exclusively, for adult students studying ESOL at schools and colleges in the United Kingdom.

    It can be used to support topic- and function-based class work. Alternatively, students can use it for self-study or for their own reference.

    The rationale underlying the book is to make grammar accessible, relevant and memorable. This is done by making use of step-by-step activities and clear contextualized language.

    LevelThe material takes the Key Grammatical Structures at Entry Levels 1/2 from the Adult ESOL core curriculum as its basis.

    We know that the language profile of ESOL students at or around pre-intermediate level is rarely an exact match for the Adult ESOL core curriculum level specifications. The book therefore attempts to take this spiky profile of ESOL classes into account through accessible explanations and graded practice exercises.

    ContentThe book contains 30 units, followed by grammar notes, a database containing vocabulary notes and other information, an answer key and a pronunciation key.

    ApproachThe approach used in ESOL Practice Grammar asks students to infer the pattern or rule from context, rather than making overt statements about the language, to encourage genuine language development

    The Use in Context section in each unit presents the grammar point through a realistic scenario, usually a naturalistic dialogue involving characters that ESOL students can identify with. Students are asked to focus on key elements of the language to help them understand the pattern or rule. Further clarification is provided by referring the students to appropriate grammar notes at the back of the book.

    A set of exercises practising the grammar point follows each Use in Context. These exercises are designed to account for differentiation within a class by offering a progressive degree of challenge. Where appropriate, the final exercise personalizes the grammar point with communicative interaction.

  • I would like to thank Sue Messenger and the ESOL students and teachers in the Skills for Life Department at Central Sussex College. Also thanks to Lin for her support throughout.

    The writing of a book like this necessarily involves reference to the corpus of published ELT grammar books. In this respect, I would like to acknowledge in particular the work of R Murphy (CUP) and D Beaumont (Macmillan/Heinemann).

    David King Author

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    am /is / are: the vert? be 1there is / there are / it is / they are: the vert? be 2The present continuous/ / you / we / they: present simple 1he / she / /r: present simple 2ImperativesQuestion wordscan / can't (cannot) / could / couldn't: modal verbs have gotsome / any: ciuantity 1how much / how many / a lot / a few / a little: ciuantity 2 Making plurals: nouns a / an / trAie: articles the: the deFmite articlethis / that / these / those: demonstratives

    PronounsAdjectivesAdverbsPrepositions of time: in / o n /

  • Use

    in

    co

    nte

    xt

    oJV'- How do we usem am / f S / areP (p a g e 9 6 )

    Complete this table and then check your answers on page 123.

    Read about Deva.

    "Hi. m y n a m e 's D e v a . I'm f r o m S r i L a n k a . I'm 3 2 y e a r s o ld a n d I'm m a r r ie d . / w o r k a t t h e lo c a l s u p e r m a r k e t t o d a y I'm o n t h e c h e c k o u t b u t I'm n o t t h e r e e v e r y d a y . M y h u s b a n d 's n a m e 's R a fic i. H e 's 3> a n d h e 's a t a x i d r iv e r . W e a r e a sm a ll fa m ily o f f o u r p e o p le . O u r s o n is e ig h t a n d o u r l i t t l e g ir l is o n ly f iv e . O u r fa m ilie s a r e n ' t in E n g la n d t h e y 'r e in S r i L a n k a . S o m e tim e s l i f e is n 't e a s y b u t w e 'r e h a p p y ."

    | Verb long form Negative form1 1 am Im notYou You are Youre / Youre notHe Hes He isntSheIt

    She isIts

    She isnt

    WeThey

    We areTheyre

    We arent / Were not/ ,

    Complete this table with answers to the questions.JI Answers

    Are you happy? Yes, 1 am.Are you single? No, Im not.Are you a student? Yes, _________ .Are you English? No.How old are you? ImWhere are you from? fromIs your friend English? Is your friend single?

    Yes. she is. No.

    Is your car new? No. itIs your car very old? Yes.Are your children very young? Yes. the vAre your parents in England? No.

    Unit 1: am / /s / are

    & Database Z, 14, IS

    am / is / arethe verb be 1

  • PracticeCircle the correct option.

    They isnt /{aren^} American.

    a I m not / I amnt married.

    b Food in England isnt /arent cheap.

    c The teacher is /are ill today.

    d My name am / is Magda.

    e The weather in England isnt/a ren t very hot.

    1 Buses and trains in England isnt / arent cheap.

    g I m / I is sorry Im / 1 is late.

    h My girlfriend has / is 22 years old. i We re / Wem students at the college.

    j Is/Are your friend English?

    k What is / are the capital city of your country?

    Match the questions on the left with their answers on the right.i

    a Whats your name? 1 I m a chef.

    b Are you English? 2 This is my wife, Nasra.

    c Where are you from? \ 3 Im 31.

    d How old are you? \ 4 No, Im married.

    e Are you single? \ 5 Its 34a Park Street.

    f Whats your job? \ 6 I m from Turkey.

    g Who is this? x. 7 Shes Syrian.

    h Whats her nationality? 8 My names Ismail.

    i Whats your address? 9 No, I m not.

    Write the correct form of be.

    Hello, my names Myra. I (a ______ a student in an English class at the local college. My English

    1b)______ very good, but I like my class because my teacher ( c ) _______ very nice! I (d )_______ 36 years

    old and I (e )______ from Pakistan. I ( f ) _______not single, I (g )_______married. My husbands name

    h) _____ Amir. He T :_______40 and he (J )_______a driver for a supermarket.

    Our childrens names (k )______ Adel and Answa. They V;_

    m )______ good at English - much better than me! We n _

    pupils at the local primary school. They

    very rich but we (o';______ happy!

    4 Work with a classmate. Talk about yourself, your friends and family. For example:

    A: My names Youssef. Im 28 and I m a cook. Whats your job?

    B: Im a bus driver.

    Unit' Is am / / s / are

  • there fs / there are / ft fs /t h e y a r e the verb be z

    Database \Z

    -> v When do we use i j there fe / there are /

    It is / they areP (p a g e B>)

    Complete these sentences.

    1 ___________ lots of families with young

    children in our street.

    2 ___________ all very friendly.

    3 ___________ a supermarket.

    4 ___________ a big shop with everything I need.

    Look at the pictures and answer the B t f i questions using there are.

    Are there any shops in picture 1 ?

    Are there any shops in picture 2?

    Cheng is talking about the street where he lives.

    'V liv e in a t?usy s t r e e t n e a r th e c i t y c e n tre . T h e re a r e lo ts o f fa m ilie s w ith y o u n g c h ild re n in o u r s t r e e t . T h e y a r e a ll v e r y fr ie n d ly . A t th e e n d o f t h e r o a d t h e r e a r e so m e sh o p s . There?s a s u p e rm a rk e t. I t 's a b ig s h o p w ith e v e ry th in g I n ee d . T h e re 's a p u b a n d a c a fe . T h e re 's a ls o a p o s t o f f i c e a n d a c a s h p o in t . T h e re is n 't a c in e m a n e a r m y h o u se b u t th e r e 's a b ig o n e in t h e c i t y c e n tr e . s o i t is n 't f a r . T h e re a r e a lw a y s lo ts o f c a r s p a r k e d in o u r s t r e e t . I t 's a b ig p ro b le m ."

    8 U nit Si th ere is / th ere a re / i t is / they a re

  • Circle the correct option.

    Thereby are a sandwich in the fridge.

    a There is / are a car outside.

    b There is /are three eggs in the fridge.

    c There is / are some / any new students in our class.

    d There isnt /arent a phone in my flat.

    e There isnt / aren t some / any shops near here.

    f Theres / There are some / any people in the office.

    g Are /Is there some/any good films on at the cinema?

    Look at the picture and make sentences with there is / there are.

    There. V a te.le.viio\ in the corner.

    a ____________________________________ on the wall.b _______________________________________on the television.

    c ________________________________________under the chair.

    d ___________________________________________ on the table.e __________________________________________under the table.f __________________________________________on the floor.g _____________________________________________ under the television.

    Unitr Si there /s / there are / /tr /s / they are

  • Match the sentences.

    a Theres a TV in my bedroom. 1 Its about fifteen minutes walk from here.

    b Theres a bus stop at the end of this road. \ 2 Hes my brother.

    c There are some people outside. \ 3 They are very good at English.

    d There are some keys on the floor. \ 4 Its a little shop. It sells cigarettes.

    e There are only four women in my class. \ 5 Its not far.

    f Theres a post office in the town centre. 6 Its old and the picture isnt very good.

    g Theres a boy in the photo. 7 I think they are police office