Erica KufleitnerEmily AjumobiTim CalabeseMyra SawyerJamita BakerLocal
WetlandsWhat is a Wetland?Wetlands are areas where water covers the soil, or is present either at or near the surface of the soil all year or for a varying period of time during the year, including during the growing season.
Types of WetlandsMarshesSwampsBogsFens
Why are wetlands important?Water qualityHabitat wildlifeEcological functionMedicines
ProblemThe need to protect and to stop the disruption to the wildlife.
Wetlands are being harmed by both natural and human threats such as the draining and filling for development and hunting that is a default about government policies.
Now, only about 50% of the natural wetlands are left.
Wetlands are meant to be left alone.
HypothesisIf we, as environmentalists, enforce a governmental policy to stay away from all wetlands, will people actually abide by that law.
For Example: The developers of protected wetlands.
How can I make a Difference?Get involved.Find out where wetlands exist near your home.Try to learn more about them.Support educational efforts. Encourage neighbors, developers, and state and local governments to protect the function.Select upland rather than wetlands sites for development projects.Support wetlands and watershed protection initiatives by public agencies and private organizations.
Should wetlands be preserved or conserved?
Our Solution: Preservation Reformation
Dismal SwampSalinity .04
Water Temp. 25.4 c
DO (mg/l) .43
Secchi Dish 53.34 cm
Soil - PeatSalinity - .05
Water Temp. 21.98 c
DO (mg/l) - .95
Secchi Dish 43.18cm
(Results may vary due to where you are.)
Water Temp. 29 c
DO (mg/l) 3.55
Secchi Dish 29.4 cm
Soil -PeatSite #2Site #3Site #1
Dismal Swamps-HistoryThe Great Dismal Swamp use to be the lureof many men who sought fortune from the vast land and natural supply of valuable lumber. One of the first and most famous business supporters of the Dismal Swamp was George Washinton. He suggested and built a canal in 1793.Besides this one, there are many others such as a feeder ditch that leads to Lake Drummond and also acts as passsage ways to other places. At one time these passage ways and others, like railroads, helped to transport lumber to different cities. Not only were these canals used for transport but also provided a safe way for runawayslaves seeking freedom. Because of this it is now recognized as part ofthe National Underground Railroad.
Currituck SoundWater Temp. (surface) - 31.3 cSecchi Depth - 14 cmWater Depth -16 cmpH (surface) - 8.39 s.u.DO (surface) -8.95 mg/lSalinity (surface) - 2.95 pptWind Speed - 3.9 knotsWind Direction - SWBeaufort Scale - Moderate BreezeBottom Substrate - Muddy Sand
Water Temp. (surface) - 31.61 cSecchi Depth - 27 cmWater Depth - 29 cmpH (surface) -8.99 s.u.DO (surface) - 10.66 mg/lSalinity (surface) - 3.15 pptWind Speed - 9.2 knotsWind Direction - SEBeaufort Scale - Strong GaleBottom Substrate - Muddy Sand
Site # 3Site # 5 Water Temp. (surface) - 33.12 c Secchi Depth - 6 cm Water Depth - 8 cm pH (surface) - 9.37 s.u. DO (surface) - 11.87 mg/l Salinity (surface) - 3.38 ppt Wind Speed - 4.9 knots Wind Direction - SE Beaufort Scale - Fresh Breeze Bottom Substrate - Muddy Sand
Site # 4
Currituck Sound-HistoryThe Currituck Sound has long been known as a great fishing, hunting, and tourist spot. At one time the Sound was once called the Land of the Wild Goose because of the abundant amount of waterfowl. Not only is the Currituck Sound rich in heritage but also provides a passage way to many other places. During the 1700s, many seamen lost their lives because they could not navigate their boats or ships safely. Therefore, the Currituck Sound was named the the Graveyard of the Atlantic" by Alexander Hamilton. Because of this , you can now see the coast of North Carolina dotted with lighthouses.
Compare/ContrastWetland Type Brackish Marsh
Plants and Soils Muddy Sand, Phragmites australus,
Wildlife Fish, Crabs, Horses, Ducks
Habitat Maritime Shrub Thickets, Mixed Forests, Estuary, Open Water, Shallow-water Impoundment Water Quality Brackish
Soil pH Varies from slight acidity to strong acidity (6.0-4.5)Wetland Type - Swamp
Plants and Soils Peat, Red Maple, Pinus Strabus
Wildlife Deer, Birds, Bears
Habitat -remnant marsh, a sphagnum bog, and an evergreen shrub
Water Quality Tannic
Soil pH - Neutral 7Currituck SoundDismal Swamp
ReflectionWe learned that the wetlands are an important contribution to the environment.Working in groups can get very complicated.Phragmites australus is an invasive plant in wetland areas.The Currituck Sound was once/is an ideal place for bass fishing as well as hunting for waterfowl.The Dismal Swamp is a seasonally flooded wetland.
Credits/Referenceshttp:// www.ec.gc.ca/water/en/nature/wetlan/e_wet.htmhttp://www.wetlands.org/articlemenu.aspx?id=78c1641b-f26e-4ae2-a445-5aa6707d6c90http://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/npws.nsf/Content/What_are_wetlandshttp://www.wetland.org/educ_wetlandinfo2.htmhttp://www.epa.gov/owow/wetlands/vital/what.htmlhttp://www.nwrc.usgs.gov/wetlands.htmhttp://www.epa.gov/owow/wetlands/http://www.audubon.org/chapter/nc/nc/IBAs/Coast/currituck_pine.htmhttp://www.yahoo.comhttp://www.google.comMs. FowlkesMrs. ForbesMrs. NobleDr. PorterDr. Pringle
Marshes- wetlands frequently or continually inundated with water, characterized by emergent soft-stemmed vegetation adapted to saturated soil conditions. Swamps-wetlands dominated by woody plants. Bogs-wetlands characterized by spongy peat deposits, acidic waters, and a floor covered by a thick carpet of sphagnum moss. Fens-peat-forming wetlands
Wetlands are like great sponges that hold and release water during floods.Also act as Filters that remove pollutantsPlants anchor the soil and help prevent erosionProvide food, shelter, and breeding sitesBirds from central and Eastern Canada converge to Chesapeake Bay and Albemarle Sound RegionSome plants can be made into medicinesFood for usWashington Ditch-Screaming Because of Bugs-Disruption
Trails-Vehicles-Disruption-Thats Why You Rarely See Any AnimalsPreservationist verses conservationists
18 vs 7 Su-standard unitsPS=Eastern White pine