Entry-level driver training. Areas of training Driver qualification Driver wellness Hours of service Whistleblower protection 1a

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Entry-level driver training Slide 2 Areas of training Driver qualification Driver wellness Hours of service Whistleblower protection 1a Slide 3 General driver qualification At least 21 years old Can read, write, and speak English Have experience and/or training to safely operate your vehicle Pass required physical exam 2a Slide 4 General driver qualification Have valid motor vehicle operators license Provide employer with list of violations over past 12 months Are not disqualified to drive a CMV Passed a road test 2b Slide 5 General driver qualification Can determine whether cargo is properly loaded, distributed, and secured Are familiar with methods and procedures for securing cargo (both goods and passengers) 2c Slide 6 Physical qualifications Must pass a physical exam Must carry a certificate signed by a medical examiner stating you are physically qualified Employer must keep a copy of certificate in driver qualification file 3a Slide 7 Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: Lost a foot, leg, hand, or arm An impairment of a hand, finger, arm, foot, or leg which interferes with your ability to perform normal tasks associated with driving a CMV Diabetes requiring insulin for control 3b Slide 8 Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: Heart disease, which causes you chest pain, fainting, or shortness of breath Chest or breathing problems like chronic asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis High blood pressure likely to interfere with driving 3c Slide 9 Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: Loss of movement or feeling in part of your body Any sickness which is likely to cause loss of consciousness or any loss of ability to control a CMV Any mental problems likely to interfere with your ability to drive a CMV safely 3d Slide 10 Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: Poor vision that affects your ability to see objects that are far away, objects to the side, or traffic signal colors Poor hearing 3e Slide 11 Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: Used certain drugs (unless prescribed by a doctor who has advised you that use will not adversely affect your ability to safely operate a CMV) A current clinical diagnosis of alcoholism 3f Slide 12 Driver disqualification (391.15) You are disqualified if convicted of any of the following while operating a CMV: Driving with an alcohol concentration of 0.04 percent or more Driving under the influence of alcohol as prescribed by state law Refusing to undergo alcohol testing 4a Slide 13 Driver disqualification (391.15) You are disqualified if convicted of any of the following while operating a CMV: Operating under the influence of a controlled substance Transporting, possessing, or unlawfully using drugs Leaving the scene of an accident involving a CMV Committing a felony involving a CMV 4b Slide 14 Driver disqualification (391.15) Disqualification period ranges from 6 months to 3 years depending on severity of the offense 4c Slide 15 Driver disqualification (391.15) Violating an out-of-service order disqualifies you for 90 days to 5 years Penalties are more severe for drivers of vehicles carrying passengers or hazardous materials 4d Slide 16 Driver disqualification (383.51) Drivers who hold a CDL can be disqualified for certain offenses committed in any type of vehicle 4e Slide 17 General Wellness Eat right Exercise regularly Get proper rest Undergo periodic physical exams 5a Slide 18 Cholesterol and blood pressure LDL = Bad cholesterol HDL = Good cholesterol 6a Slide 19 Cholesterol and blood pressure Total cholesterol < 200 LDL< 130 HDL > 50 6b Slide 20 Cholesterol and blood pressure High blood pressure is dangerous Can lead to heart and kidney disease 6c Slide 21 Cholesterol and blood pressure Blood pressure should be < 140/90 6d Slide 22 Weight and exercise Being overweight contributes to many health problems Eating right and physical activity can help in maintaining a healthy weight 7a Slide 23 Weight and exercise Eating right includes: At least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables Watching fat consumption Moderating sugar and salt intake Limiting alcohol use 7b Slide 24 Weight and exercise Moderate physical activity for 30 minutes daily can improve well being 7c Slide 25 Weight and exercise Moderate physical activity includes: Walking briskly Conditioning General calisthenics 7d Slide 26 Weight and exercise Consult with your physician before starting any program 7e Slide 27 Alcohol and drug abuse Reduces coordination Slows reaction rates Dulls mental processes 8a Slide 28 Stress A physical or mental response to pressures of an event or factors of living in general Can be positive or negative Causes the body to get into survival mode 9a Slide 29 Stress Prolonged stress can cause: High blood pressure Pain Breathing trouble Digestive disorders Insomnia Fatigue 9b Slide 30 Stress Prolonged stress can cause: Frustration Irritability Anger Impatience Worry Lack of self confidence 9c Slide 31 Stress Prolonged stress can lead to: Accidents Loss of priorities Rushing Inappropriate behavior 9d Slide 32 Stress Stress-reduction techniques include: Breaks Exercise Proper rest and diet Deep breathing/yoga Having fun Talking to a friend 9e Slide 33 Fatigue Ranges from sleepy to exhausted Can cause involuntary brain shutdown Most adults need 7-8 hours of sleep 10a Slide 34 Fatigue Sleep loss of as little as 2 hours can affect: Judgment Reaction time Coordination Attitude/mood 10b Slide 35 Fatigue Circadian rhythm = Bodys internal clock Most peoples clocks run on a 24- hour basis with high and low points Disruption of the clock can lead to fatigue 10c Slide 36 Fatigue Signs of fatigue: Drowsiness Yawning Lack of alertness Fighting to keep eyes open 10d Slide 37 Fatigue Signs of fatigue: Head drooping Sore/stiff neck muscles Reduced reaction time 10e Slide 38 Fatigue Signs of fatigue: Erratic shifting Intermittent braking Following vehicles too closely Bad driving decisions Lane deviations/weaving 10f Slide 39 Fatigue Ways to fight fatigue: Get a solid 8 hours of sleep Establish a regular sleep routine Avoid driving during bodys down time Exercise regularly Eat properly Take a nap 10g Slide 40 Fatigue Good sleeping habits Sleep in a quiet, dark room Keep sleeping area comfortable Have a bedtime routine 10h Slide 41 Fatigue Sleep apnea Brief interruptions in breathing Wakes person so briefly he/she doesnt know it happened Can repeat up to 600 times a night causing increased fatigue 10i Slide 42 Hours of service (property-carrying) 11-hour driving rule All time behind the wheel is driving time Must have 10 consecutive hours of rest after 11 hours of driving time 11a Slide 43 Hours of service (property-carrying) 14-hour rule May not drive after the 14th consecutive hour after coming on duty Must have 10 consecutive hours of rest 11b Slide 44 Hours of service (property-carrying) 60-hour/7-day and 70-hour/8-day limit A driver cannot drive after having been on duty for 60 hours in any 7 consecutive days or 70 hours in any 8 consecutive days 11c Slide 45 Hours of service (property-carrying) A driver may do non-driving work after reaching the 60/70 hour limit, but the hours must be added to the total 11d Slide 46 Hours of service (property-carrying) 34-hour restart Any period of 7/8 days may end with the start of a 34-hour off-duty period Can only be used if 60/70-hour limit has not been exceeded 11d Slide 47 Hours of service (property-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Graph grid with a remarks section Date Total miles driven today Truck or tractor and trailer number 11e Slide 48 Hours of service (property-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Carriers name 24-hour period starting time Drivers signature/ certification Main office address 11f Slide 49 Hours of service (property-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Co-drivers name (if applicable) Total hours in each duty status 11g Slide 50 Hours of service (property-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Shipping document number(s) or shipper name and commodity 11h Slide 51 Hours of service (property-carrying) Log keeping responsibilities Entries must be current Entries must be legible/in drivers own handwriting 11i Slide 52 Hours of service (property-carrying) Record retention Original record of duty status must be submitted to the carrier within 13 days Keep a copy of each record for the previous 7 consecutive days in your possession and available for inspection while on duty Carrier must keep records of duty status and all supporting documents for 6 months 11j Slide 53 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) 10-hour driving rule All time behind the wheel is driving time Must have 8 consecutive hours of rest after 10 hours driving time 12a Slide 54 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) 15-hour on-duty rule May not drive after being on duty 15 hours Must have 8 consecutive hours of rest 12b Slide 55 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) 60-hour/7-day and 70-hour/8-day limit A driver cannot drive after having been on duty for 60 hours in any 7 consecutive days or 70 hours in any 8 consecutive days A driver may do non-driving work after reaching the limit, but the hours must be added to the total 12c Slide 56 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Graph grid with a remarks section Date Total miles driven today Truck or tractor and trailer number 12d Slide 57 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Carriers name 24-hour period starting time Drivers signature/ certification Main office address 12e Slide 58 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Co-drivers name (if applicable) Total hours in each duty status 12f Slide 59 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Shipping document number(s)