of 16/16
English English long vowels, long vowels, diphthongs, diphthongs, triphthongs triphthongs Lecture 3 Lecture 3

English long vowels, diphthongs, triphthongs Lecture 3

  • View
    384

  • Download
    16

Embed Size (px)

Text of English long vowels, diphthongs, triphthongs Lecture 3

  • Slide 1
  • English long vowels, diphthongs, triphthongs Lecture 3
  • Slide 2
  • Long and short vowels a a ::
  • Slide 3
  • Long vowels
  • Slide 4
  • diphthongs While the position of the tongue is more or less stable for a pure vowel a diphthong is characterised by a graceful movement from one point to another, for this reason they are also sometimes known as glides.
  • Slide 5
  • This is also visible on a spectrogram: this is the pure vowel /a/
  • Slide 6
  • and this is the diphthong / a/. Notice how the formants (the dark bands) separate towards the end.
  • Slide 7
  • diphthongs Movement/glide from one vowel to anotherMovement/glide from one vowel to another From constant/pure vowel to another vowelFrom constant/pure vowel to another vowel 1st part longer and stronger1st part longer and stronger 2nd part shorter and quieter2nd part shorter and quieter 8 diphthongs; 2 groups: centring and closing8 diphthongs; 2 groups: centring and closing ending in // ending in / I / / ending in // ending in / I / /
  • Slide 8
  • English diphthongs may cause difficultyEnglish diphthongs may cause difficulty Nowhere is the English spelling system more bizarre than in its representation of diphthongs
  • Slide 9
  • First we will look at the closing group the pay, made, maid, reign, obey, sound Then we have the I, my, tie, sigh, either, eye, Thai, sound Then there is boy, choice Then down, loud To end the closing group, the most common diphthong in English, that of no, know,bone, foam, sew, though, dont, foe, crow
  • Slide 10
  • Slide 11
  • Slide 12
  • To start with the centring group, we have the most common, that of clear, deer, here, wier: Then air, where, wear, care, heir:Then air, where, wear, care, heir: Finally, there is a diphthong which is quite rare and is often realised as / :/ - tour, poor:Finally, there is a diphthong which is quite rare and is often realised as / :/ - tour, poor:
  • Slide 13
  • Slide 14
  • Slide 15
  • Slide 16
  • triphthongs The most complex English vowel-type soundsThe most complex English vowel-type sounds A glide from one vowel to another and then to a third oneA glide from one vowel to another and then to a third one Produced rapidly and without interruptionProduced rapidly and without interruption Composed of: closing diphthongs + //Composed of: closing diphthongs + // /e/ /a/ / / / / /a / + // layer liarroyal lower hour layer liarroyal lower hour