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ENGLISH LITERATURE The Dawn of English Literature

ENGLISH LITERATURE The Dawn of English Literature

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  • Slide 1
  • ENGLISH LITERATURE The Dawn of English Literature
  • Slide 2
  • The Ancient Britons and Their Language We find Celtic in geographical names: dun/dum = down, dune (the towns of Dunscore, Dunedin, Dumbarton) avon=river (Stratford-on-Avon) kil=wood (Kilbrook)
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  • The Roman Invasion 55 B.C.: the Roman(Latin) till 407 A.D. Julius Caesar - the first Roman castra=camp (Lancaster, Manchester, Worcester)
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  • The Invasion by Germanic Tribes 410: Angles, Saxons, Jutes West Germanic language They were pagans, believed in many gods: Tuesco (god of darkness) Tuesday
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  • Beowulf the first page of Beowulf in Cotton Vitellius A. xv. Remounted page, British Library Cotton Vitellius A.XV
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  • An illustration of Grendel by J.R. Skelton from Stories of Beowulf. Grendel is described as "Very terrible to look upon." An illustration of Grendel's mother by J.R. Skelton from Stories of Beowulf (1908) described as a "water witch" trying to stab Beowulf.
  • Slide 7
  • A 1908 depiction of Beowulf fighting the dragon by J. R. Skelton. Beowulf is challenged by a Danish coast guard, Evelyn Paul (1911).
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  • Anglo-Saxon literature (the 7 th -11 th Centuries) Caedmon (poet) - the 7 th century - wrote in Anglo-Saxon The Paraphrase Bede - the father of English history The History of the English Church Alfred the Great (849 901) Anglo-Saxon Chronicle the first prose in English literature
  • Slide 9
  • The Norman conquest The Bayeux Tapestry depicts the Battle of Hastings and the events leading to it. William the Conqueror and Harold at the Battle of Hastings
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  • King Harold KernNorman archer Norman knights riding
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  • Model of the Anglo-Norman castle
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  • William of Normandy go ashore in England, French drawing from 1883. William Bastarden invades England. Illustration of French manuscript from 1400-1410
  • Slide 13
  • Merlin kidnaps baby Arthur. (N.K. Wyatt, 1922) King Arthur by Charles Ernest Butler (1903) King Arthur
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  • Mark Twain. "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court" (1889) Lady of the Lake presenting Excalibur
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  • Culhwch entering Arthur's Court in the Welsh tale Culhwch and Olwen, 1881
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  • The Round Table experience a vision of the Holy Grail. From a 15th century French manuscript.
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  • The combat of Arthur and Mordred, illustrated by N.C. Wyeth for The Boy's King Arthur, 1922 Mordred, Arthur's final foe according to Geoffrey of Monmouth, illustrated by H. J. Ford for Andrew Lang's King Arthur: The Tales of the Round Table, 1902
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  • The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories written in Middle English by Geoffrey Chaucer at the end of the 14th century. The Canterbury Tales
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  • Geoffrey Chaucer, 1380, N ew Catholic Encyclopedia. The first page of the Hengwrt Chaucer manuscript with the beginning of theGeneral Prologue.
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  • Then said the first of them when this was done: Now for a drink. Sit down and lets be merry He took a bottle full of poison up And drank; and his companion, nothing loth, Drank from it also, and they perished both, Thus the two murderers received their due, So did the treacherous young prisoner too
  • Slide 21
  • Woodcut from William Caxton's second edition of The Canterbury Tales, ca 1484. Chaucer as a pilgrim from the Ellesmere Chaucer manuscript in the Huntington Library in San Marino, California.
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  • A story from Il Decameron by John William Waterhouse. The English Peasant Revolt of 1381 is mentioned in The Canterbury Tales.
  • Slide 23
  • The dilemma of Bors - he rescues a girl instead of his brother Lionel. The murder of Thomas Becket. Ezra Winter, Canterbury Tales mural (1939), Library of Congress John AdamsBuilding, Washington, DC
  • Slide 24
  • The Wars of the Roses (1455-1485) The White Rose of the House of York The Red Rose of the House of Lancaster
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  • The Tudor Rose, created at the end of the Civil War, joining the two emblems.
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  • Robin HOOD The title page of Howard Pyle's 1883 novel, The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood Robin Hood statue in Nottingham
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  • "Robin shoots with Sir Guy" by Louis Rhead Douglas Fairbanks as Robin Hood; the sword he is depicted with was common in the oldest ballads
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  • Robin Hood and Maid Marian (Robin Hood wife)
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  • When was England called Britain? in the 7 th century B.C. about 25 centuries ago in the 4 th century A.D. What Christmas tradition originated from the Druids? to go to the darkest parts of the woods to hang mistletoe in the houses to eat the leaves of an oak- tree
  • Slide 30
  • How long did the Roman occupation last? from 55 B.C. to 704 A.D. more than 40 years more than 400 years What interesting remains of Roman times can you still find in England? some ruins of public baths and tiled floors of Roman villas the highways have been built on the military roads made by the Romans a large number of English words come from the Latin language
  • Slide 31
  • What dialects did Angles, Saxons and Jutes speak? of the Latin language of the English language of the West Germanic language What traces of the Germanic tribes language can we see in the modern English? the names of many people the names of the week- days the names of fruit
  • Slide 32
  • Find the odd one: The Roman invasion, the Danes invasion, the Norman invasion, the French invasion Celtic, Latin, West Germanic, Roman
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  • THE END