Department of Education
Port Vila, Vanuatu
Senior Curriculum Officer
Primary English Curriculum Writer
English Language Adviser
Reprint 200tI Department of Education Port Vila, VanU!tu
CopyrlghlC2OO6 Department 01 Education
Paul Dick Joseph Kalo
Tasau Tasale Rolland Daniel Thomas Laan
All rights reserve. No pm 01 thla publication may be reproduce!l, stored In retrieval ayat m or transmltte, In any form or any means, without written permission from the publlaher
Type .. ! In Victoria Unlvel'lllty, Wellington, New zealand.
Reprinted In Vanuatu by Colorlte Graphlcl Prln"" Port Vila
ABOUT TH IS BOOK
Th is Pupil's Book is wri tten for children in Year 6 , Every child should have a copy, The book consists of 15 units of work:
Units 1-5 are for Term 1
Units 6-10 are for Term 2
Units 11-15 are for Term 3
Each new unit begins with a p icture page associated with the theme of the unit . The picture page is fo llowed by opportunities for children to speak to one another, and to read and write for a variety of purposes. There are also projects for children to do.
In most units, there are language practice pages that wil l help children focus on special features of grammar and vocabulary.
There is a Teacher's Guide to accompany the Pupil's Book. The Guide p rovides more ideas for using listening, speaking, reading and writing in the context of the theme. There are also language notes and additional ideas for language practice.
The Guide a lso suggests how stories from the Vanua Readers, the New Zealand School Journals and from other sources can be used in order to add to the enjoyment of the unit and to the learn ing opportunities available to Year 6 children.
Unit 1 : Turtles
Unit 2: Personal experiences 17
Unit 3: Jobs that people do 29
Unit 4: New Zealand 41
Unit 5: Custom 57
0 Unit 6: Sharks 69
Unit 7: Investigation 85
Unit 8: Caring for the environment 99
Unit 9: Japan 113
Unit 10: Missionaries 129
Unit 11: Space 141
Unit 12: Saved! 161
Unit 13: Citizenship 175
Unit 14: The British Isles 191 a
Unit 15: Education 211
UNIT 1: TURTLES
I Picture page I
What do you know about turtles? What experiences have you had with them?
I Reading to learn
Here is some information about tu rt les .
Green tu rtles have been around since the age of t he dinosaurs. On land they are clumsy and slow, but w ith their flippers and webbed feet they are speedy swimmers. One o f the largest, the green turtle, feels particularly at home in the warm Pacific,
You might find it hard to see under water without goggles, but the Pacific green turtle has sharp eyesight to help it find the grasses and seaweeds that g row on the sea bed. It a lso has sharp jaws instead of teeth to cut through tough p lants.
Green turtles travel up to 2,000 km (1,240 miles) each year to reach the beaches where they lay their eggs. They often return to the beach where they were born. The female hauls herself up the beach and digs a hole w ith her flippers. She lays hundreds of eggs and covers them with sand. The eggs hatch a couple of months later, and the babies make a mad dash for the sea. Many are gobbled up by crabs and other animals before they get there .
Find out other information about turt les.
a Visit the library. b Listen to a talk from the teacher. c Listen to a talk from a person who .has studied t urtles. Your
teacher will have a tape.
I Information table
Fill out the table below. Use several sources of information. The table has been started for you .
Animal Green Sea Turtle
Interesting features Turtles have no teeth. Their jaws are bony and serrated like a bread knife.
Living and dying
Interesting details Adult green turtles can stay underwater for up to six hours at a time.
Young turtles are poor swimmers, so they float around on rafts of seaweed.
Male green turtles spend all t heir lives at sea.
I Read and do
Here is a poster about turtles,
Sea Turtles are under threat. Please release them back into the sea.
If you find a tagged turtle, write down ... o tag numbers o when, how and where the turtle was caught o what happened to the turtle o your name and address
Give this information, or send the tag, to ...
1 SPREP, P,O. Box 240, Apia, Western Samoa ... or
2 Your local Fisheries Office.
For each tag returned, SPREP will give a reward of a T-shirt or a cap.
Imagine you catch a turtle in a net, You take it carefully out of the net and begin t o look at it, Now answer the questions on the next page.
I Ask and answer
Work with a partner. Take turns at asking and answering the questions.
1 What do you look for first when you see a turtle?
, I , , , , , ,
2 If the turtle is tagged what should you do?
a .. .. , . , .. . ....... ... .. , .. .. .... . . -, . , . .. , , .. , ... , , .
b , , , , I , I , , , , , ,
c .. .. , .. , .. . .. , ..... .. ... , . . , . , .. , ..... , . -. , . . . . . . . , d , , ... .... , . ..... ... . .. , ........... .... . , ......... .
3 Where do you send the information?
, , I , , , , ,
4 Why do the scientists want your name and address?
.. ... .. ... . ............... , , . , .......... .... .... . , . , .. .
5 Why do the scientists ask you to put the turtle back into the sea?
6 Why does a turtle usually have two tags?
.. . . . , , . .. , . . ......... . ........ . ........ . ....... . . .... .
I Story reading
This is a true story. It is about five boys at Maranatha Primary School on West Ambrym.
Death of a Turtle
One Saturday night Hosea and four other boys went fishing from the beach. It was a long sandy beach and they walked along it looking for a good place to fish .
At last they came to a river running into the sea.
"This is a good place," said Hosea. He knew there was always a lot of fish at the mouth of the river. They feed on the food in the water there .
By e ight o'clock, the boys were ready to go back to school. As they walked along the beach, they noticed tracks in the sand leading from the sea into the bush.
"I bet I know what that is," said Hosea, following the tracks with his torch.
Hosea shone the torch further up the beach and saw sand being thrown high into the air. The boys crept nearer and nearer. Yes, there it was - a very large turtle laying her eggs in the warm sand .
The turtle watched the boys intently with rather dull looking eyes as the eggs kept coming and coming from under her tail. Then the turtle heaved herself on her flippers and started to cover the eggs.
"Quick," said one of the boys. "Sit on her back." By now the turtle was beginning to move towards the sea, One boy, w ith more courage than the rest. cl imbed on the turtle's back and hung on to the shell tightly . The turtle hissed, shooting out her head on her long neck, and clashing her jaws together, c lose to the boy ' 5 hand,
Two boys ran to the bush to get some vines to tie up the turtle. The other two boys ran back to school to find a good rope. Soon they returned wit h a very long line, that had come from a fishing boat.
Hosea shone his torch right into the turtle ' s eyes. This seemed to bring her eyes to life and they shone a brilliant green . The boy on the turtle 's back slipped off the shell, skipped to one side and, with the help of another boy, they darted in and got their hands under the side of the turtle's shell. They heaved the heavy creature up and over on t o her back. Quickly the boys lashed the back flippers tightly w ith the vines and tied the rope around the shell. Then they dragged the turtle to the sea . The turtle went splashing away, using her front flippers, but she could not go far because t he boys had t ied the other e nd of the rope to a tree.
The boys stood and watched the turtle for a while . Then they went back to the ir school for the night.
The next day was Sunday. The boys rushed down to the beach again and checked the turtle . She was still there.
On Monday the boys went back again. The turtle was still there. swimming around at the end of the rope. The boys jumped in and swam with her for a while.
On Tuesday. when the boys returned to the beach. they saw sea birds feeding on the inside parts of the turtle' s body. There was no other sign of the turtle or her shell. Even the long rope was not there.
As they stood and looked at the remains. two girls came along the beach and told this story :
' Some men were coming back from hunting pigs . They noticed the hole in the sand and dug up the turtle eggs. Then they saw the long rope. They pulled the rope in, dragged the turt le up the beach, and killed it. They cut off the shell and shared the meat."
The boys were very sad at hearing this story. Later. at . schooL the headmaster heard about the story. He