Engleza pentru nivel intermediar - Lectia 23-24

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  • 8/7/2019 Engleza pentru nivel intermediar - Lectia 23-24

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    LECTIA 23 - PARTEA INTAI,Primele exercilii ale lcqici noi va vor ajuta sa recapitulati vocabularul din domcniul geografiei.A Completa\i unnatoarele propozitii Cl l cuvintele corespunzatoare:

    I. earth6. region

    II . sea

    2. continents7. source12. harbour

    3. land8. canal

    4. valley9. lakes

    S. mountain10. ocean

    Exista multe lacun in Finlanda.PamanlUl retlecti lumina mai multdecal apa.Valta a fost formata de un rill.Izvorul aceslui rau se ana Ia sutt de miledepartart.Care este eel mai mare din celecinei continente'!Clima din lara noaslra esle influentatade Oceanul Atlantic.C r e ~ t e r e a vitclor se practica inlens'"in aceastli regiune.Baltica esle 0 mare in nordul Poloniei.Planeta Pamant nu are 0 structurnexclusiv solida.In portu! acela sunt multeambarcatiuni.Cand a fost sapa! aces! canal'!Care este cel mai inalt muntedin tara voastr1i?

    B. Completati proPoziliile in limba engleza:Acesta este principalul motivpentru care na venit.El a renuntat la lnot.Este 0 lara vasta.Lui nu-i place sa fie nevoit sa se grabeasca.intro tara muntoasa ei se pot ascundemal u ~ r .El continua sa vorbeasca de parcanu mar fi auzil.Aici oceanul are 0 adancimede ppte mile.Te mai uili la teleYizor?

    I

    - There are many> t: in Finland.- > Land reflects more lightthan water.- The >vallc has been fonned by a river.- The> ;ourccofthis river is hundreds ofmilesaway.

    - Which is the largest ofthe five >cllnlmc, ?

    - Our climate is affectedby the Atlanllc >Ocean-

    - There is much cattle fanningm this >rc ' I l l l).

    - The Baltic IS a > ca nol1h of Poland.- The >1-al1h has nOI awholly solid structure.

    - In that >harbour there aremany ships.

    - When was Ihis >c:lnal dug?- Which is the highest >mounl3min your country?

    - That's the >mam reasonwhy he hasn't come.

    - He has >gl\en tip swimming.- It is a >va.sl country.- He >h,lle having 10 hurry.- In a >mounlamllus country Ihey can hidemore easily.

    - He >wcnt on talking as ifhe hadn'theard me.- The ocean is seven miles>decp here.

    - Have you >Iimshcd watching TV?

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    in cadrul exerciliului de gramatica veti recapitula folosirea modului gerunziu. Traducetiunniloarele propozilii in limba engleza:

    36.1.-36.2 c.

    Raul este lllat de scazut aid lncal il potistr3.batc eu piciorul pana pc partea cealalta.Au continual strangerea recolteiin timpul nop\ii.Tara lor are numai reliefjos.Prefer sa merg pana aeola pe jos.

    Ii place 53 priveasca vapoareleintorcandu-se in port.Nu rna deranjeaza sa cer informatiile acelcapentru tine.Preferam sa mergem aeola iama.Nu s-a putut abl ine sa zambeasca alundcand I-a vazut cum arata.A leoninat de seris scrisorile acelca?Nu are rost sa-i inlreham.Lui nu-i place sA fie intrerupt.Ei emu ocupati cu construqiaeasel.Muncitorii au continuat greva timp decine; saptamani,Te deranjeaza sa te descalliinainte sa intri?Nu ~ t i u daca mai merita reparat.Doctorul spune ca este mai binepentru mine sa renun\ la furnat.AsIa e ca ~ cum ar avea 0 a doua lunade rniere,Nu are rost sa luarn pamantulfermierilor.Vad eli nu rnai ploua.Nu se ~ t i e cat va mai sta aeolo.Te demnjeaz.a dati fumez in camera asta?ii place sa asculte muzica preferatadupa 0 zi inca.rcata.

    2

    - The river is so ::>Shallo\\ here that you canwalk to the other side.

    - They ::.contmued harvestinginto the night.

    - Theirs is a very >flat country.- I ::>prefer going there on fool.

    >He e n J ' J ~ 5 \\;lh.:hmg the shipreturnmg 10 the l3Tbour

    > I don 'I mmd makmg: t h InqUlnC$forvou.

    >\\e prefer gomg there In" Inta>She couldn't help 5mllmg \lol,enshe saw how he lool.ed.

    > lias he liD! hcd \lo Tltmg those letters'?> It n, se skms: them.> Ill.' tes ~ I n g mterrupled,> r h e ~ .... ere busy bUlldmgthe house>The labourers wenl on slnkmg forfive weelc;.

    > Do you mmd lakmg olTyour shoesbefore entermg'.'

    > I don't know If It l . stili worth repainng,>The doctor says It'S better for meto gIve up smokmg.>This IS like ha\mg a secondhoneymoon

    >It's no good takmg Ihe land a"3y fromthe fanners

    > I sec It halo slopped rammg>There's no saymg how much longershe WIll stay Ihere> Do you mmd my smokmg m thIS lOrn?> He lIkes 1 ~ l e n m g 10 hiS fa\ouole musIcafter a bulo)' day

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    in ambele leqii vom discuta mai ales vocabularul din domeniul p o ~ t c i ,corespondentei ~ convorbirilor telcfonice.postcard > [paustka:'d) - carte p o ~ t a H i .telegram > [teligrEm] - te legram!

    envelope > Ie",:alaupJ - plicaddressee > [Edrasl:] - destinatarsender > [sendJ'] - expeditorcounter clerk > (k.unta' Ida:'l) - functioDar (de la g h i ~ u )postage > (piustldJl - taxa p o ~ t a l apost > [paUSI] - p o ~ a ; corespondentamail-service > [mell 58'\'1 ) - serviciu p o ~ t a lpillar box > (pll.a' hols) - cUlie p o ~ t a l aletterbox > (Ieta'boksJ - cUlie de scrisoricollection > (kalelqn] - ridicarea corespondenlei

    Repetali acum aceste cuvinte inlr-o alta ordine:pillar box > (pila' boksJ - cUlie PO'italienvelope > [envalaup] - pUcmail-service > (me" safvis) - serviciu p o ~ t a lpostcard > [piiustka:'d] - carte p o ~ t a l aletterbox > [Ieta'boks] - culie de scrisoritelegram > [teligrEm] - telegramacounler clerk > [k.untnt kla"'l] - funclionar (la g h i ~ c u )post > [pilust] - p o ~ t A ; core$pondenl!postage > [piluslIdJJ - taxa p o ~ t a l a

    > (kaleqnJcollection - ridicarea corespoDdenleilkl f l S sender > [senda,] - expeditor()-600fJ addressee > (Edrasl:] - dest inalarf , 71

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    Va prezentam un dialog in care apar noile cuvinte. Citi\i textul cu alen\ie:

    ON THE WAY TO THE POSTOFFICE

    Laura:Chris:

    Laura:

    Chris:Laura:Chris:Laura:Chris:

    Laura:

    Hi Chris! There is some post in your letterbox.Thanks, Laura. I'll go and get it later. By the way, do you know how much the postage is fora postcard to France?I'm not sure. All the mail-services are getting more and more expensive. I never rememberhow much they are.Well. I have to go to the post-office anyway, so I'll ask a counter clerk there.Actually, I should go to the post-office too. I need to send a telegram and a few letters.We can go together then.All right, let 's go! I must remember to buy some envelopes as well.Look, here is a pillar-box. You can put your letters there. It says that the next collection isat half past ten, that's just in five minutes.OK. Let me check if Iwrote the name of the addressee on each letter. Oh, this one needsa stamp and Ialso forgot to write who the sender is.

    Cilili cu voce tare fiecare propozitie a dialogului ~ fiti atenti la traducere:Hi Chris! There is some postin your letterbox.

    Thanks, Laura. I ' l l goand get it later.By the way, do you knowhow much the postage isfor a postcard to France?I'm not sure. All themail-services are gettingmore and more expensive.I never remember how muchthey are.Well, I have to go to thepost-office anyway, so I'll aska counter clerk there.

    Actually, I should goto the post-office too.I need to send a telegramand a few letters.

    >[hal his D'ea' iz sam paustIn D'a lela'boksJ

    >[ T'Fn l Iks 10 ra all gaul:ml gel itlClla'l>[bal D'a ~ e till Ill' nall

    hilU m [ l \ ~ D'[ aim not ~ u a ' 0:1 D'ameil sa"visiz aT getll1(g)rna:' End rna:' ikspenslV]

    >[ ill neva! rimemba' hau r n a t ~lYe; a:']

    >[ Ucl al hEv tu gau tu D'apaus! otis l l 1 l ~ C I sau a/I aska kauntar kla:'k D'ea'J

    > [ t : k t ~ u a l i al ~ u : d gautu IY-a paust otis ttl:]>[ al l1l:d lu send a tellgrEmEnd a fiu: let

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    We can go together then.All right, let's go! I mustremember to buy someenvelopes as well.Look, here is a pillar box.

    > [UI' kl n gall t u g e D ~ a l OLen]> {0:1 rait lets gau I 31 maslnmcmba' tLl bai samenvalimps Ez Uel]

    > [luk hiar iz 3 pila' boks]

    - Alunci putem merge impreuna.- in regula, sa mergem. Trebuie

    sa-mi amintesc sa cumpar~ n i ~ t e plicuri.

    - Vile 0 cutie p o ~ t a l a .

    You can put your letters there. > {iu: kEn put /0:' lcta'z D'e'] - Poti sa-ti pui scr isori le acolo.It says that the next collectionis at halfpasl ten, that's justin five minutes.

    OK. Let me check if I wrotethe name of the addresseeon each letter.Oh, this one needs a stampand I also forgot to write whothe sender is.

    > [It sez D'Et (Yli nekst kale4n17 Et ha:f past ten D'Ets dJastIn fai\' minlts]

    > [aukei let mi: t ~ e k if al rautD'a neim ilv D ~ Edrasi'on i : t ~ leta']

    > {au DZis uan m:dz a slEmpEnd ai olsau forgot tu rail bu:DZa senda' iz]

    - Aici spune ca unnatoarearidicare a corespondentei estela ora zece ~ jumatate, adicapeste cinci minute.

    - in regula. Sa verific dacaam scris numele destinataruluipe fiecare scrisoare.

    - Acesta are nevoie de timbru~ am uitat sa mai scriu cineeste expeditorul.

    Acum completati propozitiile in limba engleza, folosind cuvintele pe care toemai Ie-ali invatat:A venit cu p o ~ t a azi dimineata.Ridicarea corespondenlei are loe de trei ori pe zi.Acel serviciu p o ~ t a l a fast oprit (desfiintat).Este 0 cutie p o ~ t a l a chiar dupa colt.Funetionarul de la g h i ~ e u este un var de-al meu.Mai ai put in limp, trimite 0 telegrama.Taxa p o ~ t a H ' i reprezinta banii pe care ii daipentru timbre.Vite ce am gasit in cut ia mea de scrisori!Va fi returnata expeditorului.Plicul continea 0 scrisoare ~ n i ~ t e bani.Poti citi numele destinatarului?Cartea p o ~ t a l a a fost livratain ziua umtatoare.

    - It was in the >post this morning.- There are three >CollectIons a day.- That >mad-service has been stopped.- There's a >pIllar box just round the comer.- The >Counier clerk is a cousin ofmine.- There's little time, send a >telegram.- The >postage is the money you pay

    for the stamps.- Look what I have found in my >Ietterbox 1- It will be returned to the :::>sender.- The >envelope contained a letter andsome money.

    - Can you read the name of the ::>addressee?- The >postcard was delivered

    on the next day.

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    Ask them to reply by return.

    It's much faster byairmail.

    >Lask [vem lu npllll boll rlta'n)

    > [liS m a t ~ fa:sta' balcarmell]

    - Cere-Ie sa rnspunda ~ 51\ expediezescrisoarea ell primul transportp o ~ t a L

    - Esle mull mai rapid prinp o ~ t a nenana.

    Completali propozitiile din limba engleza ell cuvinlele noi:Nu atinge nimic ell degetele alea lipicioase!

    Aproape am terminal de dictat scrisorile.Daea contine ctva de val ea te a r trebuisa 0 inreglstrezi.Te ro g raspunde urgentTrimite.-o e l l p o ~ t a aeriana ea sa c i i ~ t i g i limp.Vli vom lrimite aettle prin ~ l a .Timbrul Asta nu se l i p e ~ t e .Cu 0 m i ~ a r e indemanatica a degelelora facut chibriturile sa dispara.Vor fi trimise prin p o ~ t a cu valoare declarata.Cbiar el a pus scrisorile la cUlia p o ~ t a l a .A f o s l a n e ~ a l c e v a ?Po\i sa trimiti rnspunsul mtr-un plicBr a timbru.

    - Don't touch anythingwith those ::>lillcly fingerso f yours!

    - I have almost finished >dIctating letters.- Lf it contains something valuable you should

    have it > o : g . I ~ t c n : d .- Please r e p l y : > b ~ ~ t u m .- Send it >b} amn:111 to save lime.- We will >mall the papers to you.- This > ~ t a m p will not Slick.- With a >dc),lcrou:o. movement o f his fingers

    he made the malches disappear.- They will be sent by >regl tered mail.- He has >pmlcd the letters himself.- Has anything been :>enclosed?- You can send the answer in an >Unstamped

    envelope.

    CD In limba englezd dupa anllmite verbe urmeaza intotdeauna un verb fa gerunziu. Acestei cutegorii iiapar(in:to keep (on) >[tu k ip on] - a continuato quit >[tukUlt] - a parasi, a lasa, a abandona,

    anumal .. .to deny > [tu dmai] - a nega, a 13gadui, a respingeto avoid > [IU avoId) - a ocoli, a evitato suggesl > [tu sadJest) - a sugera, a propune10 put ofT >[tu pul of) - a amana10 burst oul >[IU t'oa'st aut) - a izbucni (in lis, in plans)10 resent >[Iu nzenl) - a fi ofensatljignit de; a nui placeato postpone > Itu pau.spaun) - a amana, a tergiversa; a evitato fancy > tufEnsl) - a - ~ i imagina, a-,i incbipui

    7

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    lata cateva exemple de propozitii:His son suggested registering the letters. - Fiul sau a propus sa trimitem scrisorile

    cu valoare declarata.Fancy making such a bad mistake! - Imagineaza-ti, sa faci 0 g r e ~ e a l a atat de grava!He resents having to fill in all those forms. - Ii displace sa completeze toate acele formulare.You have to avoid catching a cold. - Trebuie sa eviti sa r a c e ~ l i .They kept on giving the same answers. - Ei au continual sa dea a c e l e a ~ i raspunsuri.I have postponed seeing him as long as possible. - Am evitat sa-I vad cat de mult timp posibiJ.She burst out laughing when I told her - Ea a izbucnit in ras cand iam spusabout the incident. despre incident.He denied committing the theft. - EI a negat comiterea furtului.Don't put off repairing the walch! - Nu mai amana sa repari ceasuVrepararea

    ceasului!He has quilled reviewing novels. - EI a renuntat sa mai recenzeze romane.

    Acum aplicati regula de gramatica invatala; traduceti urmiitoarele propozitii in limba engleza:Nu amana sa-i scrii. > Don't postpone wfltmg 10 her.Fata a izbucnit in plans cand a auzit > The girl bursl out crymg when she heardv e ~ t i l e . the news.Prietenul ei a propus sa mearga la cinemalograf. > Her boyfflend suggested gomg to the cinema.Prietenul meu a negat ca furase acele instrumente. > My friend denied stealing those tools.Ei au continual sa vorbeasca ore intregi. > They kept on talking for hours.Nu mai putem inHirzia cu plata. > We can't put off paying any longer.Vii rugam sa evitati sa calcati pe iarba. > Please avoid walking on the grass.Imi voi parasi locul de munca la s r a ~ i t u l > I wIll qUit workmg at the end ofacestui an. thIS year.

    / ' \Dupa anumite verbe se poate folosi un verb la infinitiv cu "to" sau unverb la gerunziu, lara 0 schimbare semnificativa de sens.

    /

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    lata. caleva cxemple de propozilii:He doesn't intend to disinherit/disinheritinghis children.I have omitted to close/closing the door.She proposed to send/sending a telegram.They had neglected to cut/cutting the grassregularly.In the afternoon It started to snow/snowing.We have ceased to ask/asking them.They began to complain/complaining aftera few days without heating.You contmue to spend/spending too much.I can no longer delay to send/sendingthat telegram.He attempted 10 get/getting in throughthe window.

    - El nu are de gand sli-$i d e z m o ~ l e n e a s c aCOpll! .

    - Am uitat sa inchid u ~ a .- Ea a propus sa tTimita 0 telegrama.- EI au neglijat sa tale iarba in modregulat.

    - Dupa-amlaza a inceput sa ninga.- Am incetat sa-I mai intreoom.- Ei au inceput sa faca reclamatii dupa

    c.iiteva zile rara caldura.- Continul sa c h e l t u i e ~ t i prea mull.- Nu mai pot inlarzla eu tnmltereaacelei telegrame.

    - EI a incereal sa intre pc fereastra.

    Acum va yom prezenla alte ex.presii uzuale. Citili-Ie atent $1 cu voce tare:It's all the same to me.I shan't be a minute.Is that so?For some reason or other.There's no need for youto worry.

    > [Its 0:1 DLa seirn tu mi:]> [al ~ a : n t bl: a mimt]> [iz lYEt sauJ> lfor sam ri:zn or aD"ar]> lD"earz nau ni:d for IU :tu Uan ]

    - Mie indiferent/totuna.- Nu lipsesc mult/nici un minut.- Este adevlirat/ A ~ este?- Dintr- un motiv sau altul.- Nu trebuie Sl'i-ti facigTlJI.

    in ultimul exerciliu al acestei parti a lecliei yeti recapitula toate notiunile gramaticale din aceastalcelie. Traduceti cu atenlie p r o p o z i ~ i i l e unnatoare in limba englezA:EI incepu sa vorbeascii cu voce lare.Ea a incetat sii1 mai vada.Copiii au incepul sa cante canda intrat profesorullor.Ar trebui s3 evitam sa.-i jignim pc ceila1ti.Propun sa Ie trimitem i n ~ i i n l a r e a prin po$ta.

    > He began to speal speaklOg aloud.> She qUilted seeing him.> The children 'taned to slOlpmgmg whentheir teacher entered.

    > We should a\old hurting other people.> I propose 10 m,lILmalhng the statementto them

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    El li e demed havlIlg told anybtl Do you llltcnd to dll:late dKt3ung the lext"> They continue 10 send semllng letters to

    the wrong address> You neglccted to lake taking your pillse\el)' day

    > l Ie rescnb bemg p3ld less Ihanthe others.

    > The) Will attempt to deslrO) destroymgthe runways

    > lie omll1ed to gIVe gl\ mg us hiS address.> Fancy nnl n:membenng hl!i n a J l l c : ~> Can we delay 10 m t t l J ~ c l 1 n g Ihem

    any longer"'

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    LECTIA 23 - PARTEA A DOUAA. Completali propozitiile in limba engleza ell unul din cuvinleJe unnMoare:

    I. capital5. centre9. lown hall

    2. inhabitant6. slums10. zoo

    3. outsklns7. suburbsII . thoroughfare

    4. one-way street8. departmcni store

    Persoanele eu venituri man se mutala periferie.

    - People with higher incomes are movingto the> Iburh..

    Cum se poole locui in asemcnea mahalale? - How can people live in such> lums?Care este capltala Elvetiei?in suburbii se g!sesc mai multi copaci~ mal multe tereDuri virane.Cali locuilori arc Timilara?in pasajele principale5- 3 blocal circula!ia.La gradma noastm zoologicasunt doua pantere negre.Trebuie sli due acest act la primaric.

    - What IS the >carJlul of Switzerland?- In the > 0 kif there are more treesand fields.How many >lnhatl1tanl bas T i m i ~ o a r a ?

    - In the main > h u r o u ~ h f a r c ) the trafficgot completely stuck.

    - In our >/00 there are two blackpanthers.

    - I have to take Ihis paper to the >IO"n hall.Cenlrul este zona cea mai veche a o r a ~ u l u i . - The >I,:cnlrc is the oldest part of the town.Marile magazine universale vandaproape 101 ce ai vrea sa ai.Trebuie sa intri pe aceasta stradaeli sens unic din partea opusa.

    B. Completati urmlitoarele propozitii:Cel tnai bine se ajunge acolo pc jos.Nu-I POli llisa pc acest copilsa traverseze strada neinsotit.O r a ~ u l nostru e unul industrial.Este interzisa parcarea aici.Strtzile erau pustii.Ai hranit pisicile?

    - The large >deparlment store!> sell almostanything you might want to have.

    - You have to enter this >one-way streetfrom Ihe opposite direction.

    - The best way to get there is >on foot.- You cannOI let this child

    >CroliS the street without help.- Ours is an >mdl lal tOWD.- Parking is >hlrbldJen here.- The streets were> Ied Ihe cats?

    Acesta e un Joe prea aglomerat pcnITU mine. - This is too >uo ded a place for me.Copilul deseneazi foarte bine. - The child can >1 ... very well.

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    CHldirea primariei estc imprcsionanta.Ea nu a slnea! nimic.ESlc un lucru prea Ingrozitorpentru a pulea fi redat in cuvinte.Cand a plecal?

    - The town hall is an >lIl1preSSI\ 'C building.- She hasn't >broken anythmg,- This is too >hOrrible for words.

    - When did she >depan?

    25.1.-25.8.34.1.-34.2.

    c. in unnalorul cxcrcillU veti recapitula rolosirea viilOrului ~ voblrea indlrecta utiliuind cuvantul"would". Traduce1! urmatoarele propozi!ii in limba engleza:

    Am presupus cli vor plcca cu 0 zi mai larziu. > I suppo$ed Ihey would leave one day later.

    o voi pune 13 p o ~ l a in dupa-amiaza asIa.Nu ne vom opn inainte dea fi tenninal asia.Vor fi ~ ei prezenll?Va ceda daca continui sa intrebi.Pnzomcrul va fi eliberat maine.Voi Ii inc:intat sa vin la Dunta ta.Voi divo'1O de ea di l de cumnd pot.Eo va m O ~ l e n i tolul.Vei permite a ~ ceva?

    El a scris cli va ramane 0 saptamana.Nu crcdeam eli vor observa.Am fost informati cli se va hotliriinainte de miezul nop\ii.Ni sa spus eli ni se vor dauneltele necesare.M a l u ~ a mea a spus eli va avea grijade copii.Eram sigur3. ca il va inapoia.

    12

    > I "haiLwIll rna,lll this afternoon.> We ~ h a l L will not ~ I o p before \..e havefinished thIS

    > Will they be present. too':'> He .... 111 yield If) ou Leep aslung> The pnsoner .... 111 be released IOmOrTO\\.> I shall "'III be glad 10 allend your wedding.> I shall " ' I I I dl ...orce ncr a.. soon as I can.> She WIll mhenl everythmg.> Will you permIt II?

    > He wrote that he would Slay for a week.> We didn't thmk they would notIce.> We were mfonncd that it would be decidedbefore midnight.

    > We were told we would be givcnIhe necessary lools.

    > My aunt said she would look afterthe c h l l d ~ n .

    > I was sure he would give It back.

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    Acurn repetati acesle cuvinte intr-o alta ordine:

    lata cuvintele noi din aceasta lcctie. Citit i- le cu voce tarc ~ re\inetitraducerea lor in limba ramana:

    parcel > [pll"sal]printed matter > [printld mEtar]surcharge > l s a ' ~ . ' d J ]exchange rate > ( l k s t ~ e i n d J re/t]transaction > [trEnzE4n]

    - material tiparil

    - dator ie. obligalie- Iivrare, predare;distnbuire

    - corespondenliio; p ~ t a- colet, pachet

    - d e p a ~ i r e a contuluiin banca

    - curs de schimb valutar

    - grlimada, teanc

    - operatie comerciala,tranzaclle

    - supraincarcare; suprataxa

    - IiSla- afinnalie, declaralie;relatare

    - material tipar it- eolet, pachet

    - supraincarcare; suprataxa

    - afirmatie, declaratie;relatare

    - curs de schimb valutar

    - d e p a ~ i r e a contuluiin bane!

    - lisHi- corespondentli; p o ~ t a- datorie, obl igat ie

    - operalic comercialli,tranzactie

    - griimadli, teanc- livrare. predare;distribuire

    > (prlnlld mEta']> [pall]

    > [ ~ j t ~ : ' d j ]

    > [iiuva'dra' ftJ

    > [ste/tmam)>[hst]

    > { t r E n z E ~ n ]

    > {konspondans]>[hstJ

    > [steltmant]

    > [iiuva'dra,ftl> [dct]

    >[dllhan]> ["",lJ

    pile

    overdraftprinted matter

    transactionsurcharge

    correspondence > [konspondans)parcel > [pa,'sal]exchange rate > [ l k s ~ e m d J relt)debt > [detJdelivery > [dllivanJ

    liststatement

    list

    pile

    debtoverdraft

    statement

    delivery

    correspondence

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    Cuvintele noi vor fi folosite in cadrul unei conversalii dintre un director de companie ~ seeretara sa.Citili dialogul eu ateniie:

    IN THE OFFICEMr. Jones: I'll be very busy today with our new transactions. Please take care of today's

    correspondence first, will you?Mrs. Hill: All right. There is a big pile of letters and some printed matter. Oh, here is the

    bank statement.Mr. Jones: Let me see. It looks like we have an overdraft. This isn't true! I'll call the bank

    tomorrow. Have we received that parcel from the AM company?Mrs. Hill: No, not yet. But it may come in the afternoon delivery.Mr. Jones: Please pay the surcharge i f it is necessary.Mrs. Hill: And here is the list of addresses you asked for yesterday.Mr. Jones: Thank you. Please check today's exchange rate. "II need it for the transactions.Mrs. Hill: I will. Oh, here is some good news for you. The MA company has just paid us

    back its debt.Mr. Jones: Great! See you later, Mrs. Hill.

    Acum veti exersa pronun!ia propozitiilor din dialog. Citili-le ell voce tare ~ relineli tradueerea lor inlimba romana:

    l ' l be very busy today withour new transactions.Please take care oftoday'scorrespondence first, will you?

    > (311 bl. veri bizl tudei ui07 uar niu: t r E n z e k ~ n z J

    > [pin teik kear av tudeizkOflspondans uil iu:]

    - Astazi voi fi foarte ocupateu noile tranzaqii .

    - Te rog sa te ocupi mai intaide corespondenla de asUizi.

    All right. There is a big pile of > [0:1 rait O'ea' iz ii bIg pail av - in regula. Este un teanc mareletters and some pr in ted matter. letiirz End S3rn prinlid mEta1 de scrisori ~ material tiparit.Dh, here is the bank statement . > [au hlar IZ D ~ bEnk steitmanl] - lata ~ i n ~ t i i n t a r e a de la banca.Let me see it. It looks likewe have an overdraft.This isn't true! I'l l callthe bank tomorrow.Have we received that parcelfrom the AM company?

    > [II.'I mi: :)i: It luks lalkul ' hE\' ;i n Muva'draftj

    > [0 ' 1

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    No, not yet. But it may comein the afternoon delivery.

    > {nau 1ot let bat II mel kamIn D'iafta'nu nthlh,m]

    - Nu, nu inca. Dar s-ar puteasa vina cu p O ~ l a de dupa-amiaza.

    Please pay the surchargeif it is necessary.

    > (ph:z pel D a . . t l ~ a 'dJIf i l IZ n ~ ~ b a T i J

    - Te rog sa p l a t e ~ l i supralaxadaca este nevole.

    All right. And here IS the listof addresses you askedfor yesterday.

    >[0 I faIt End hla' IZ D'i listav adrl"'>lZ IU ~ ~ tilt" l e ~ l a r d e l

    - in regula. lata listacu adrese pe care ml-a\1cerut-o len.

    Thank you. Please checkloday's exchange rale.

    >IT' 'n l lu. p h . Z I ~ e I . .tudelZ Ib l tmdJ n=ItJ

    - Mul!umesc. Te rog infonneaza-teasupra cursulul de schimb valutar.

    I 'l l need it for the transactions. >[ail m:d It fo' lYalr.lnzek.snz] - Imi va trebui penlru tranzact ii .

    Completa!i unnaloarele propozitii in limba englezli cu cuvinlele ,I1oi:

    Great! See you later, Mrs. Hill. > [grelt si: IU : lelta' mbl7 hll} - Grozav! La rcvcderc, doamna Hill.

    > l IY1 em el kampam hE l dpstpeld as bEk Ih delJ

    e.

    'c ate?

    - Compania MA toemai~ i - a platit datoria catre noi.

    - I'm sure that his letter Will bein the next >deh\ery.

    - I'm sorry you bad to pay a >s

    - When did you get the previous >statement?

    - Today's statement showsan >r'\erdrnf1.

    - Newspapers can be sent as >pnnled malter.- His >debh have all been paid.

    - Do you know what that >p rec contains?

    - An enonnous :>pIle of letters lay on my desk.

    - Those >t , p .actions took place in January.

    - Much of our > . ; o r r e s p o n u ( ' n ~ eis in French.

    - What is the present >e"

    - The >11 of names did nol contam mine.

    15

    Un teanc enonn de scrisori zacea pe biroul meu.

    Sunt sigur eli scrisoarea lui va venicu unnatoarea distribuire a p o ~ t e i .

    Regret ca a trebuit sa p l a t e ~ t i 0 suprataxi.

    i n ~ t i i n t a r e a de astui indica a d e p ~ i r ea contului in bancl.

    $tii ce contine acel colet?

    o mare parte din corespondenta noastrneste in limba franceza.

    Ziarele pot fi expedillte Cll mllterial lipari!.

    Cand ai primil i n ~ l i i n t a r e a anterioara?

    Toate datoriile lui au fost platite.

    Lista de Dume nu iI continea ~ pe al meu.Acele tranzaqii au avut loe in ianuarie.Care esle cursul actual de schimb valutar?

    The MA company has justpaid us back its debt.

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    Cititi cu voce tare urmatorul grup de cuvinte ~ fiti aten\i la pronunlia ~ la Imducerea lor:-understamped > (andarstEmpt] - francatltimbrat sub valoareto hesitate > [tu hezlte/t] - a ezita, a ~ o v a iowing to > [au/nIl) tu] - datoriHi; din cauza

    by cheque > [hal t ~ e k ] - (plata) prin cametul de cecto contact > [tu klinlEkt] - a contacta, a lua legatura cuconfidential > [ k ~ n l i d e n ~ l ] - confidential, secretto list > [Iu list] - a inscrie pe 0 !isUi; a inregistraconfident > [konfidant] - increzator, optimistto owe >[IU3U] - a dalora, a fi datorhesitant > [hezllnnl] - ezilant, ~ o v a i t o r , nesigurto pile up > {IU pail up] - a se aduna, a se slrange griimadaprone to > lpraun IU] - predispus la; incl inat spre

    Citili unnatoarele Propozilii cu voce tare ~ relineli traducerea lor in limba romana:This statement lists lastmonth's transactions.Owing to the strike your let terdid not arrive in time.Our correspondence has beenpiling up for weeks.We are confident that youwill soon find ajob.I suppose I can payby cheque?He accepted the presentin a very hesitant way.Take care that the envelopeis not underslamped.A debt is something that youowe to somebody.Contact me as soon asyou get this information.

    > [O'is ste/tmant lists lastmanPs t r a n z E k ~ l l z ]

    > [iu/n(ll tu [)Zt\ stl1l1k /0:' leta'dId not an, lv II I taim]

    > [aua' konspondtms hEz bi:npailm(i) ap fo' "l.ks]

    > lUi: a: r konfidant O ~ E t iu:uil su:n falnd a dJob]

    > [ai sapiuz ai kEn pelbal t ~ e k J

    > [hi: akseplid D'-fi prezntIn Ii. ven he:lIt;mt "eil

    > [telk kea' O'Et D'i envaluupIZ not andarstEmpt]

    > {it det iz s a m T J i n l ~ ) D'Et lu:au tu sambadi]

    > {kiintEkt mi: Ez su:n Eziu: get OtiS IIltarmCI$n]

    16

    - Aeeasta expunere cuprinde !istatranzacliilor de luna trecuta.

    - Din cauza grevei serisoarea tanu a ajuns la timp.

    - Coresponden\3 noastra s-a adunatde cateva saptamani.

    - Suntem increzatori ca in cumndvei gasi un servieiu.

    - Presupun eli pot pllitieu eametul de eecuri.

    - EI a acceptat cadoulintr-un mod foarte ~ o v a i t o r .

    - Ai grija ca plicul sa nu fie timbratsub valoare.

    - Datoria este cevace ai de dat euiva.

    - Ia legiilura cu mine de indaUi ceobtii acesle infonnalii.

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    Don't hesitate to tell meeverything you know.

    > [daun hezl\cit tu tel In levnT'm111m: nau]

    - Nu ezita sa imi spuitot ceea ce ~ t i i .

    I want you to remember > [:Ii ~ o n t iu ' tu nmemba' - Vreau sa iIi a m i n t c ~ t i C3 toatcthat everythtng is confidential. D ~ E t evnT'tn1aJ iz konfiden!!IJ acestea sunt confidenliale.Their son is proneto accidents.

    > [D'en san 17 prauntu Hsuunts]

    - FlUllor este predispusla accidente.

    Comp1etati urmatoarele propozi!ii in limba engleza cu cuvmtele corespunzatoo.re:~ t i i unde poli lua legatura cu mine.Cat iii datorez?Scnsorile timbrate sub valoare vor fi retumate.Comportamentullui ezitant nea atms atenlia.Mcciul a fost amanal din cauza vremii.

    Femeile sunt predispuse la aceasta boala.POli plflti in numerar sau cu carnetul de cecuri.Ziarul coniine 0 lista cu case caresunt de vanzare.Nu spune nimanui; este ceva confidential.Ei nu au ezitat sa ni se alature 1a masa.Ei sunt c o n v i n ~ i ell vor r e u ~ i .Trebuie sa fie stranse la perele.

    - You know whcre you can >contacl me.- How much do I >owe you?- >Umkrstamped letters will be returned.

    - His >he"ltant behaviour drew our attention.- The match has been postponed >OWtng to

    the weather.- Women are >prone to this disease.- You can pay cash or >by cheque.- The newspaper >llsts a number of houses

    that are for sale.- Don't lell anybody, it's >confidentlal.- They did nOI >hesttale to join us at the table.- They are >confident they will succeed.- They have to be >plled up against the wall.

    Dupa anumite verhe, folosirea gcrunziului sau a infinitivului schimbasensul propoziliei. Gerunziul se f o l o s e ~ t e atunci dnd dorim sa exprimamopinii generale sau 0 afinnatic, in timp ce infinilivul se rcfera la 0 situalieprecisli.

    Exemple de propozilii:I like rtadiD.g.I would like lD...in now.He prefers to sitting in a bus.Please go now, he prefers I.Il..be: alone.She loves KQjng to the cinema.She would love tQ see Y8ur room.

    17

    - imi place sa citcsc.- A vrea sa plcc acum.- EI prefera sa mearga pe jos decat sa stea

    iolt-un autobuz.- Te TOg Sa pleci acum; prefem sa fie singur.- Ea adorn sA mearga la cinematogra(- Ei i-ar placea sA-Ii vada camera.

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    I hate hayjng to wail.I hate to djsapp.oint you but he's no longerhere.It's no use talking to somebody whodoesn '\ listen.It's no use \Q read the letter again; youknow what is in it.

    - Detest sa am de a ~ t c p t a t .- Regret sa Ie dezamagesc dar el ou mai estc

    aiel .

    - Nu are ragt sa v o r b e ~ t i el l cineva care IlUvrea sa asculte.

    - Nu are rost sa mai c i t e ~ t i scrisoarea; ~ t i ideja ce scrie In ea.

    CD Va amintil; probabil ca dupii verbele to need, to want seJofose$te infinitivu/ lung (eli "to''), deexemplu:She wants to see you.She needs to sleep eight hours a night

    - Ea vrca sa Ie vada.- Ea trcbuie sa doanna opt ore pc Doapte.

    CD

    Acelea$i verbe in combitw{ie cu verb fa madul gerunziu confera propoziriei un sens pas iv, deexemplu:The cupboard wants cleaning. - Dulapul trebuie curatal.The grass needs CUlling. - larba trebuie taialii.

    Ciind verbul to try este folosit cu sensul de "a incerca ". el este urmat de un infinitiv cu " to " deexemptu:We tried to reach the other side of thestreet.

    - Am incercat sa ajungem pe partea cealaltaa strazii.

    Ciind verbuf "to try" tnseammi "a experimenta ", este urmat de un verb fa modul gerunziu; deexemplu:He tried drinking a glass of hot milk beforegoing to bed and it helped him to fall asleep,

    - El a baut un pahar de lapte fierbinte inaintede a se culca ~ asta I-a ajutat sa adoanna.

    Relineli urmatorul grup de fraze care v-ar putea fi folositoare In convcrsatiile uzuale:

    Drop me a line, will you? > [drop mi. a lain ull iu.]Are you on the phone? > [a:' ill. on D'a faun]You're wanted on the phone. > litl:' Uontld on D'a faun]Hold on a minute. > [hold on amimt]What is your home number? > [Uots 10:' h

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    lata un exercitiu de reeapitulare a intregii leetii. Tradueeli urmatoarele propozitii in limba engleza:A vrea sa vorbesc cu el acum;nu pOi sa mai ~ t e p t .Fiul meu d o r e ~ t e sa inve\e limba spaniola.Un timp a incercat sa scrie poezii,dar asta nu era ceea c e - ~ i dorea ea.Ea a izbucnit in lacnmicand is-a poveslit.Tatat meu are de gand sa rna d e z m o ~ t e n c a s c apenlru un motiv sau altut.Lor Ie place sa clilaloreaseli in strainatale.M ~ i n a trebuie spalata.EI a incercat sa ridice rnasa, dar era prea grea.Regret sa iti spun asta, dar ei vorsa pleci aeurn.Podeaua trebuie spalata.Nu are rosl sa Ie ascunzi;ei Ie-au vazut deja.Profesorul acela detest3- sa spunaacela$i lucru de doua ori.Nu are rosl sa vorbim despre acest lucru.Trebuie sa-li tai unghiile de la maini.lmagineaza-li. sli cilc'iti in ziar despre John!

    > I .... ould Ike to talk h hu no....I can I .....ut

    > My son want. to learn Spamsh.> She tned \\, ntlng 'Oems for some tune,

    bUI It \\ as nol .... hal she ....anled 10 do.> She bun.1 out I:rylllg .... ben they told h ~

    about II> My father mtends to dlsinhentdlsmhentlllg

    mc for some reason or another.> They like tra\e1hng abroad.> T1C car [lccds .... ashmg.> li e tned 10 IIIi (he lable but II was too hea\y.> I hate to say tim 10 you but they want you

    10 leave no\\,> The fiot.'r \\anb mopping.> There's no u hlC.hng.

    they h'l\C' alread:- ~ e )00.> rhat teacher hates to say

    thmgs tWll,:e> Its no UK tallmg abl,mt It> Your fmgt'mal]s nc.:c.:d cutting.> Fancy readmg In the paper aboul John!

    Citil i cu voce tare urmatoarele grupuri de cuvinte:postcard return mail hesitantow. surcharge dictate debtenclose first exchange registerpostage bUrD Slalement envelope

    home learn rate cheque

    19

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    23.6. Cateva expresii folosite in conversatiile uzuale:

    In the afternoon it sInned to snow! snowing. - Dupa-amiaza a incepu! sa ninga.

    23.5. Verbul "to try" cu sensul de "a incerca" este unnat de un infinitiv cu "to":

    - imi place sa citt:sc.

    - EI au evitat sa calce pc iarb!.

    - EI a inch is telefonu\.

    - Ei au continual sa dea a c e l e a ~ i raspunsuri.

    - Am uitat complet despre asia.

    - Nu amana repararea ceasului.

    - larba trebuie taiata.

    - Am incercat sa ajungem pe partea cealaltaa Slrazii.

    - Dulapul trebuie cura\at.

    - Am uitat sa inchid u ~ a .

    - Pentru 0 vreme a tradus caliidar nu prea i-a placu!.

    - Nu mai POli int3.rLia trimitcreamesajului,

    - A vrea sa plec acum.

    20

    I forgol all about i tHe hung up.

    I would like to go now.

    I likt: rt:ading.

    We tried 10 reach the other sideof Ihe street.

    I have omitted to closel closing the door.You can no longer delay to send/sendingthe message.

    They avoided stepping on the grass.

    Don'1 put ofT repairing the watch.

    The cupboard wants cleaning.The grass needs cutting.

    They kept on giving the same answers.

    He tried translating books for a whilebut he didn't really like it.

    To Iry" cu sensul de "a experimenta" este unnat de un verb la modul gerunziu:

    23.1. Verbe dupa care trebuie folosi! gerunziul:

    RECAPlTULAREA LECTIEI 23'.

    23.2. Verbe dupa care se r o l o s e ~ l e un infinitiveu "10" sau un verb la modul gerunziu, tara preamarediferen!! de sens:

    23.4. Dupa verbele "to need" ~ "to want" se f o l o s e ~ l e un verb la modul gerunziu, conferindpropozitiei un sens pasiv:

    23.3. Verbe dupa care iofinilivul cu "to" se refer! la 0 situa\ie precisa, iar un verb la modul gerunziueSlc folosit intr-o afirmalie generala:

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    TEMA PENTRU ACASA 23A Traduceli urmiitoarele propozilii in limbo romana:

    L My wife suggested going by train.2. He will put of f paying as long as he can.3. If it's all the same !O you I will continue seeing her.4. They prefer to stay at home, so I'll come with you.5. Have you tried going to bed a little earlier?6. I want to know iflhey are on the phone.

    B. Traduce!i umlatoarele propozitii in limba engleza:I. Am incercal sa iau legatura eu cl toaHi dupa-amiaza.2. Ochelarii md trehuie ~ t e r ~ i .3. Nu are roS! sa Ie ingrijoreze sanatatea la in fiecare zi.4. A vrca sa vad spectacolullor.5. Sper eli nu ai uita! sli-\i seTii adresa pc plie.6. El nu r e c u n o a ~ t e cil mai are datoni.

    C. Fiecarui cuviint din coloana A i i corespunde 0 explicatie din caloana B:A

    I. counter clerk2. addressee3. envelope

    4. debt5. postage

    Ba. the person to whom a letter is sentb. you send a letter in itc. the money charged by post for carrying

    a letter or a parceld. a person who works at a post-officee. the money you owe to someone else

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    B. Completali propoziliile in limha engleza cu cuvintele corespunzatoare:

    Vom incepe, en de obieei, eu recapitularea vocabularului. Dc aceasta datil va fi vorba despre viata la tara.A Completati propozi\iile in limba engleza cu unul dinlre cuvinlelc urmatoare:

    6. flour5. produce11. wheat

    4. meadow10. rye

    - The fields are >ploughed in spring.

    - The rye hasn't been >gn lOt yet.- They breed all sorts of>t1t)mestlc

    animals.

    - The weather has been >fa\{lurable.

    - Fannhands were >ma}"J1e \in the hot sun.

    - At the start of the winter the cows were stillin the >mcadow.

    - My uncle suggested usingmore >fcrtII17cr.

    - He lives in a small >\ III .:not far from here.

    - I think you needn't >fertlhzethis excelent soiL.

    - What is grown on these >fIClds?

    - The crops are not so >ah\ ldanlas las1 year.

    - >Whcalneeds a wanner climatethan >I)'t.

    - For this cake I usewheat >nour.

    - The rain has been good for the >crops.

    - Much of our >produce is soldto other countries.

    - Anything will grow on this >sod.

    - The men in our family have alwaysbeen >fanners.

    22

    3. crops9. soil

    PARTEA iNTAI

    2. fanners8. fertilizer

    Campurile se ara primavara.Muncitorii agricoli taceau finulsub soarele arzator.

    $ecara nu a fast inca macinata.

    Cred ca acesl pamant foarte bunnu are nevoie de i n g r a ~ a m i n t e .

    Pentru aceasti priijitura {olosesclaini de grall.

    I. village7. fields

    Ei cresc tot felul deanimate domestice.

    E l l o c u i ~ t e intrun mic sat,nu departe de aiei.

    Vremea a fast favorabila.

    Graul necesita. un dimal mai ealddecal seeam.

    Ce se cultivll. pe aceste campuri?

    Multe din produsele Viirii noastresunt vindule altor tari

    Blirbatii din familia noaslra au fostdintotdeauna fermieriPloaia a fost benefica pentru recolti.

    Recolta nu eSle atal de bogataca anul treeut.

    Unchiul meu a sugera! sa folosimmal mult i n g r a ~ a m a n l .

    Pc acest sol se poale culliva once.

    La inceputul iemii vacile crau incipe p a j i ~ t e .

    LECTlA 24,

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    Acum vom repela fonnaTea Si folosirea construetiilor Cll participiul prezent. TraduceliurmlUoarele propozil!i in limba cngleza:35.2. c.

    Graultrebuie mal intai Ireiera!.LUI il placea atmosfera rurala de aeola.A m s ea s cartofi toata ziua.ill place sa I r . l i e ~ a i la lara?

    in l imp ce punea scrisoarea la posta.a V3ZUI cao unnatoarea ridicarea corcsponden\ei va fi 1a or a Sase.Cand am aduna! ca.,ile gramada,am scopa! ciiteva.in limp ce lipea timbrul, a V3ZUtca adresa ei nu era pc plie.in l imp ce dicta scrisorile a observat cain birou era din ce in ce mai cald.Punand banii in plie , nu puteamsa nu rna gandesc ca nu avea niei un TOst.in timpul convalesccnlci ea a avulmult timp pentru citit.Protejiindumi ochii de soare, iocercamsa dlstlog avioanele care se apropiau.Transpuind abundent, el a impinsbibhoteca la percte.Dupa ee a mancal a treia oara injumatate de ora, i s-a faeut rau.Avand mai multe rani sangernnde,barbatul s-a prabu'lil.in limp ce inghileam mancareaam simtit 0 durere in gat.Flindca IU'leam 'li strlinutam tOI timpul,abia 3m pulut sa continuu sa seriu.

    - Th e wheat has to be >lhrcshcd first.- He liked lhe > ru m a un os ph er e there.- We've been >dl 'Ill potatoes all day.- Do you like living >m the count!)'?

    > Postmg t h letler. h sa"" th:ltthe nc::\.1 collectlC.m \\QuId be

    o'cJuek> PIling up the bl.ltlKs.

    I dropped a fe\\> SIH.:kmg the st3mp on the emclope.he a\ \ that her ' I J J n : s ~ was not on It.> Olcl.ltmg Ihe leiter, he noticed Ih;11the ( l lice ""as hotlc:r and hotter.

    > E n d Q ~ m g the mone).I could not help Ihmlmg It ""as no use.

    > Rcco\el mg from her Illness. she Iwdplent) of tllne 10 read.

    > Pro dang rn) t.yes from Ihe sun. I trleddl ~ l \ ~ r I h approachmg planes.

    > 'e r OInng hea\ Ily, h pushed the hoc>lcaseam t the \\all.

    > /-almg for the third tllneIII half an hour. he got sick.

    > Bkedml$ from many ""ounds.the man fell do""n.

    > Swallo"" 109 the food.I felt a pam 10 my thwal

    > Coughmg and I'nCc7mg all Ihc IlIllC.I could hardly go on wntmg.

    Dupa ce a ridicat reeeplorul. (el) sa a ~ e z a t . > PIl:kmg up the reCClver, he sat downPublicul a primit grupul de muzica popcu llpele putemlce.inreglSlrind muzica, el a "otal 'linumele muziclemlor.

    23

    > u l l J I ~ screammg, the audience .... ckomedthe pop group.

    > Tapmg mUSIC, tic ""rote d o " "the n mes (I f the IOU IClan:,> .

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    Exersati aceste cuvinte Inca 0 data, dar Intr-o ordine diferita:

    lata primele cuvinte noi din aeeasta Jeclie. Citili le cu voce tare ~ relinetitraducerea lor:

    telephone directory >11t'hfaun da/rektilfl] - cane de telefoncheap rate >It\'il p Telt) - tarif redusphone > (Iaun) - teleConpolicy >Ipohsi] - politicli, strategiedirectory > [dalrcktan - birou de infonnalii. . . Inkualari7] telefonicemqumessecret > Isi.kret} - secret, taina (subst.);

    secret (adj.)operator >(oparMa1 - teJefonisl(l)telephone box >(tt'hfaun boh) - cabina telefonicabug >[bagJ - microfon secretreceIver >lnsi var] :- receptorul lelefonuluirevolving door >[nv'olvmlll do: f ] - ~ lumantatelepbone >[teltfaun - eonvorbireconversation k o n v a f < ; e i ~ n J telefonica

    directory > IwlTektan - birou de infonnalil. . . Ink"alanz] telefomcemqumestelephone >Itehfaun - convorbireconversation kom ar ... e i ~ n ] telefonicaoperator > (opareita'] - telefonist(a)cheap ratc >It\'il.p relt} - tarifredusphone >ll;lUn] - tclefonsecret >( ikretJ - secret. taina (subst.);

    secret (adj.)receiver >lnsi va'] - rceeptorul telefonului

    i.-.- telephone box > l t c h l ~ l . U n boks] - cabina telefonica~ .. telephone directory >(t('hfaun dairdtan) - carte de telefon?bug >(oogJ - mierofon secretrevolving door > nvohm'.) do:'} - tumanlapolicy >Ipohsl) - poli tica, s trategie

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    Vom introduce cuvintele nou invalate in propozilii. Citili propozilii le cu voce tare ~ unnarilitraducerea In limba romana:You enter the postofficethrough the revolving door.

    > [iu. cnla' Dta po:.t oil:."Pru Dta n\oh-mlll do: ]

    - lntri in ollciul po,stalpe u,sa tumanta.

    Can you keep a secret? > [ken iu: kl p a ! ' i k ~ I J - Po\i sa pastrezi un secret?

    The telephone conversationlasted only a minute. > [O'a tthraunk O n \ a f ' > e l ~ 1 I

    lastld aunh "an mimt] - Convorbirea telefonicaa durat doar un minut.The operator asked me tohold on.

    > [D"a opare/tar askl mlIU hauld on]

    - Telefonista ma rugalsa a,slept.Our policy is highlysuccessful.

    > [aua' pohsl I'> h.,hsaksesful]

    - Politica noastrii aremare succes.

    Completali urmlitoarele propozilii in Jimha engleza cu cuvintele corespunzatoare:

    - Microfollul secret nu a fost gasit .

    - Suna-rna seara, atuncieste larif redus.

    - Biroul de infonnali i telefonicete-ar putea ajuta.

    - Aceasta este cea mai recentacarte de telefon?

    - Suna lelefonul.

    - EI a dal lelefon soliei saledintr-o cabinil telefonica.

    - Cand am intrat, ea puneareceptorul in furca.

    - A cousin of mine is a telephone >operator.

    - My >phone is oul of order.

    - In order not to be noticed, a >bughas to be very small.

    - At certain times there is a >cbeap rate.

    - His number is nollisledin the >telephone dll'utory.

    - The >secret will be soon revealed.

    25

    > [hi_ faund hlz "alf froma teMaun boh]

    > [dalreklan 1rn."al.ln7 mel bielbllu help IU:]

    > [ko:1 ml- 10 0'1 i \nm'.lIt IZ tt>1.p rclt D'en]

    > [IZ DZls D'a lellast te!lraundalTektan]

    > [O'a bag u01 not faund]

    > [Uen 31 enla'd ~ 1 pul daunD"a nsha']

    Directory inquiries may beable to help you.

    Un var de-al meu cste lelefonist.

    He phoned his wife froma telephone box.

    When I entered she pul downthe receiver.

    Pentru a nu fi observat, microfonul secrettrebuie sa fie foarte mic.

    iDtre anumite ore se beneficia.z.a de tarif redus.

    The phone is ringing.The bug was not found.

    Telefonul meu nu f u n c ~ i o n e a z a .

    Call me in the evening,It is cheap rate Ihen.

    Is this the lalest telephonedirectory?

    Secretul va fi descoperit in curand.

    Numarul lui de telefon nu este treeutin cartea de telefon.

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    Rcceptorul a fost pus in fureag r e ~ i t ,

    Strategla mea este sa folosesc telefonuldoar cand am neaparata neVOle.Biroul de informa!ii telefomcenu a putut s--o ajute.Nu lasa cop ilu! sa se joacecu u ~ tumanla!Aiei era odata 0 cabina telefonicfi.Acestc convorbiri telefonicerna costau 0 avere.

    - The ::>receIver has been put downin the wrong way.

    - It is my :>p1.lIu:) 10 use the phoneonly when necessary.

    - ;;:{),ra:t0l) mq ITlt could nothelp her.

    - Don't let this child playwilh the :>rC\ u l v m ~ door!- There used to be a ::-telephonc box here.- These ::'h:lcph{me convcrsallOm

    were costing me a fortune.

    Acesta este ultimu! set de cuvinte noi. Citili-Iecu voce tare, acordand 0 alenlie deosebita pronWlliei lor:directto buglong distance

    >( d41rel..t J>[IU bag]>lIon l ' d i ~ t a n s l

    - direct- a IOstala un microfon secret- la mare distanta (d. C01lvorbiri

    te/efo1lice interurbane sauinlernarionole)

    to answer >{tll a osa ']engaged >1 IOgeu.!,lI}to hang up >IIU 'p="" >{ H a ~ t ]to look up >[tu lu,," pIengagmg >{ mgcmlllln' 'Jto make a call >[IU mClk a ko:l]clumsy >Lllamn]to lift >l h 11ft}

    - a rnspunde- ocupat (despre le/elon)- a inchide telefonul- secret- a cauta- pHleut, fermecator- a da telefon

    - neindemiinatie, stangaci- a ridica

    Completati urmatoarele prop(>Zltii cu noile cuvinte. Cititi-!e cu voce tare ~ fili atenli la traducerealor in limba romana:You can call me directthere,When she had told himthe news she hung up,John has a secretphone number.

    >1 u. kEn kul mi. dol/reLtlYea1

    >{Uen ~ I hEd tauld h tmOfa nlu:z SI' hanl'l ar]

    >1 dJon hEz a slkretm namba']

    26

    - La acesl numar m poti sunadirect.

    - Dupa ce i ~ spus vestea,ea a inch is.

    - John are un numarde tclefon secret.

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    I have to make a call first.The number has been engagedall afternoon.I was just going to liftthe receiver when somebodyentered.A long distance callIS expensive.You can look it up inthe telephone directory.He did the job ina clumsy way.Will you answer the call,please?

    > [al hb tu mcik li ko:lli,'stj> [D'a namba' uoz tngeidJd

    0:1 a:fta'nu.n]> [al uoz dpst gaultl181 tu ILftD'a risi. va' uen sarnbadienta'dJ

    > [a 10nl,1 d i s t a n ~ ko:1171\..spcnsi\'c]

    > [iu: kEn luk it ap 111D'a tclifaun dairektari]

    > [hi. did O'a dJob Ina klamzl "el]

    > ["it iu: a:nsa' D a ko:1pli:z]

    - Trcbuie sa dau mai intai un telefon.- Telefonul a fost ocupat

    toata dupa-amiaza.- Erarn pe punctul de a ridica

    receplorul, ciinda intrat cineva.

    - 0 convorbire la maredistanta este costistoare.

    - Poti sa-l cauti incartea de telefon.

    - El a facut treaba intr-un modfoarte neindemanatic.

    - Vrei sa raspunzi (tu) la telefon,te rog?

    The man had an engagingsmile.

    > [D' [o:l rYa lclifaunzhl.d bl.n bagdj

    - in toate telefoanele au fostinstalate microfoane.

    Completati unnatoarele propozitii in limba engleza cu cuvintele noi:Am avul 0 factura de telefon incarcala din cauzamullor convorbiri la mare distanta.El a inchis Iclefonulinainte sa tennin.N-am mai vazul niciodalii 0 persoanaatiit de neindemanatica.Ea trebuie sa mai dea un telefon.De ce nu raspunzi?Cand dai un telefon direct nu e nevoiesa apelezi la un telefonist.Trcbuie mai intai sa ridici receptorul.

    - We had a large telephone bill because ofthe many> long distance calls.

    - He had >bung up before I finished.- We have never seen such

    a >clumsyperson.- She has to >makeone more >call- Why don't you >answcrit?- When you can call >dlrcctyou don't

    need an operator.- You have to > 11ft the receiver first.

    Ea i-a primit pe musafiri intr-un mod foarte placut. - She welcomed the guests in an >ellgagmgway.Vrei sa caut numarul in locul tau?Voi incerca mai tarziu; acum este Deupat.Cum poti obtine un numar de telefon secret?Sa incercam sa instalam microfonul in telefon.

    27

    - Shall I > look up the number for you?- I shall try again later; it's > engaged- How can you gel a >secTetphone number?- Let's try >bll,!!"mpthe phone.

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    CD Folosirea unu; verb 10 modul illjinitiv duptl verbele to forget, to regret, to remember lace coproPOZi!IO sa se refere 10 pre:.enr SaI l 10 viilOr, de exemptu:Dan', forget to close the door when you leave.I regret to sa y ii's no use.Sh e remembered 10 phone himbefore she left.

    - Nu uita sa inchizi u ~ d o d plcci.- im i pare riu sa spun eli. nu are rost.- Ea ~ i - a amintit sa iI suneinainte de a pleca.

    Folosirea unu; verb 10 modul gerun:;u dupii ace/eai; \'erbe se reJera fa trecut:

    Traduceti urmatoarele propozitii in limba cogleza., folosind Daile reguli de gramatica:

    He will never forget driving the car.Sh e regrets telling him lhe news.

    Do you remember hearing anything at the time?

    Nu voi uita nieiodata ell am stal acoloo saptlimana.EI regrcta eli a jignito.A m i n t ~ t e - l i sa trimitl aceastli scrisoarecu valoare declarata.Sper ell nu vei uita sli seoti banii.

    Regrel sa-i iau juearia eopilului.dar e re d e a esle perieulos.imi amintese eli stateam acolo or e intregiin fiecare zi.Trebuie slimi amintesc sa vopsesc aceasta ~ a Regret c i nu mai poti sla acum eu mine;POli veni maine.Nu uila sa inapoiezi earteapanll. vineri.iii aduci amin l e cand ai intrat pentru prima oarll.in $ I ""Ill ne\C'r forgel staymg thereIM a wcel-.

    > li e regrets hurtmg her,> Pie c remember to register

    Ihls ICller.> [ hope you will not forget to wlthdr.m

    the mone\> I regret 10 lake the toy from the child but

    Ilhlllk It'S dangerous.> I remember lilltmg thcre for hours

    e\cry day,> I musl remember 10 pamt thiS door.> I regrel to send you [l",'ay now;you ma y come back tomorm",

    > Remember to return the bookbelore Friday.

    > Do you remember entenng the schoolbUlldmg for the first t ime?

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    CD Amimiri-vii cii dupiiformele de (recut ale verbului to forget se poote/alos; doar modlll infinitiv. deexempfu:He forgot to shave before leaving.She has forgotten to exchange the money.

    - El a uita t sa se barbiereasca tnainte sa pIece.- Ea a uitat sa schimbe banii.

    Pentru a exprima eli cineva a uital ceva care !i-a pe/recut inaime de li n allumit mument din Irecllt,trebuie folasitii 0 propozirie care sii llrmcze dupii verbul "to forget". de exemptu:The secretary forgot t.b.at the leiter hadalready been written.

    - Secrctara a uitat C3 scrisoarca fuscsedeja selisa.

    ~ acum inca un grup de expresii folositoare in conversatiile uzuale in limba engleza. Citil i-le euvoce tare:Can [ have a word with you?Take your time.I fail to see whywe should do Ihal.Let me have a shot at it.You must wait your tum, sir.

    You needn't have bothered.I'm inclined to believe you.As far as I'm concerned.. .

    > [kEn ai hEy a ua'd UID' iu:)> [h:ik iua' talm]> lal fei! tu Sl : Yai

    'i ;;ud du: D'Et]> [lcl ml: hEv a ~ o Et It)> [Iu, mast Ycit iua' ta'n sa')

    > [Iu: ni.dnt hE\ baD/a'd)> [aIm mklallld III blli ...., IU:]> [Ez fa:' Ez. aim kansii'nd]

    - Pot sa vorbesc ceva cu tine?- Nu te grabi.- Nu vad de ce am face asta.

    - (Lasa-ma) sa incerc ~ eu.- Trebuic sa a ~ t e p t a t i sa va vina

    randul, domnule.- Nu trebuia sa te deranjezi.- Sunt inclinat sa te credo- in ceea ce rna p r i v e ~ t e .. .

    I ran into her the other day. > [al rEn intu ha' 0'1 nOLil' dei] - M-am intalnit cuea zilele trecute.That rcminds me! > lOZEt rimainds ml:] - Apropo!

    CD In afariide "to want" # "to need" mai sunt $i alre elemente care eel' Ull verb /a modul gerunziu eusens pas/v:I. dup(l verhlll to bear (dour in Propozilii interogative , ~ negative) de exemplu:

    2.

    This work can't bear being compared withhis previous compositions.Can it bear looking at critically?dllpii WI adverb worth, de exemplu:It is worth reading.Is it worth waiting for?

    29

    - Aceasta lucrare nu se poate compara cucompozitiile lui anterioare.

    - Poatc suporta sa fie privita cu ochi critic?

    - Merita sa fie citita.- Merita sa a ~ t e p l a m ?

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    3. elupO beyond, de exemptu:Those young criminals are bel'ODd saying. - Acei cnminali linen nu mai pol fi saha!l.

    4. elupo un aeJl1erb co past. de exemplll:The patient is past operating 0 0 . - Pacientul nu mai poate fi opera!.

    CuwintuJ beyond inseamna "dmcoJo de" in comblnor;e e ll un verb 10 modul genm2;u inseomntiliteral 'fiirii posibliltatea de a face ceva .. sau "0 nu ma l puleofi ".... (reparat. salvat etc.).A c e f a ~ ; in/eles in construeTi; de aces, fe l if are f; CUI'antul past.

    Rezolvand unnatorul exerciliu veti verifica daca ali retinul noile nOliuni de gmmatic!. Traduce1i inlimba englezi:Ei au uitat sa "entice motornl maljinii.Am uitat sa intrcb unde pot sa iau legatura cu eJ.EI a ui tat eli iili cheltuise aproapeIOli banii.Nu trebuia sa te deranjezisa imi cumperi bilet .in ceea ce rna p r i v e ~ t e , nu mcritll vazut.Apropo! Trebuie 53 merg la 0 'iedin!3la or a opt.Nu pot suporta 53 fiu evalual d e c ai reun critic adevlirat.Aceste legume nu mai pot fi mancate.Scrisoarea era distrusa 'ii nu mai putea fi citilli.Ciorapii nu mai puteau fi reconditionati.

    > T h c ~ f o ~ o t to c h ~ k the engme o f the car> I forgot to ask where Il;all contact hu n> JIe forgot Ihat he had already !\pent

    all h b money.> You needn1 ha\'c bothc:red

    10 l1uy a Ilckel lo r me> A' i far as I am concerned It lsnt wonh watl:hmg.> That remmd me ' I ha\c to be at a m ~ t m g

    II to ght.> I , a n ' t bc-.u bc=mgJudged by a real entu:

    > These vcgctllbles are beyond eatmg.> The letter \\as damaged beyond readmg.> The:>ocu wen: past mendmg.

    CDPrezentu{ simplu este folosil adesea penlru a exprima viitorul. ESlefolosit:

    I. in propoziriilesimple. in care exista0 precizarea timpului$i ac,iunea viitoare este consideratacafiiciind parte dinlrun program sau plan dejajixat. de exemplu:It takes place on the sixth.Th e bus leaves at a quarter to four.

    30

    - Va avea loe pe d at a d e 'iase.- Autobuzul pleac;\ la patru tara un sfert.

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    They go the day after tomorrow.School begins next week.They arrive shortly after seven.

    - i vaT pleca poimaine.- ~ c o a l a [DCepe sapUimana viitoare.- Ei var sosi la putin limp dupa ora ~ a p t e .

    2. in propozi!iile inlroduse de locu{iunile adverbiale care indica timpul, cum or fi: till, as soonas , if, Ihe moment, de exemplu:I will go as soon as I have this infonnation. - Voi pleca de indatii ce oblin aceste informalii.

    Pre:ellllli simp/II se poate referi , ~ fa evenimenle trecule (0$0 numitul prczent istoric):CD

    Wail till they get there.You must call us the momentyou arrive there.

    You will miss the train i f you stayany longer.

    In 1939 the Second World War starts.

    Then the man standing in front ofme turnsaround and threatens me with a gun.

    - A ~ t e a p U i pana ajung ei aiei.- Trehuie s5 ne suni imediat ce

    ajungi aeola.

    - Vei pierde !reoul daca mai stai.

    - in 1939 Incepea cel de-al doilearazhoi mondial.

    - Apoi, omul care sta tea in [ala mea se intoarse~ ma arneninla cu 0 arma.

    lata acum inca un grup de expresii [recvent folosite in conversa!ii le uzuale. Citi!i-Ie atent ~ cu vocetare:

    He spoke in a low voice.If s my tum.Nothing of the kind.It won't do any harm.How boring!That's really 100 bad.That's the limit.Don't look at me like that.Can you manage?

    > [hi: spauk in a lau vols] - El vorhca cu 0 voce scazuta.> [it:; mal ta'nJ - Este randul meu.> [naT'inIJl flV D'a bind] - Nimic de felul acesta.> li t Uaunt du: cni ha:'m] - Nu se va intfunpla nimic rau.> [hau bO'm(.IP] - Ce plictisitor!> [IYEts ri;Jli Ill: bEd] - Ce pacat!> [D'Ets D'a hmlt] Asta-i culmea/ din cale-afara!> Idaunt luk Et mi: laik OLEt] - Nu te uita a ~ la mine.> [kEn m: mEmdJ] Te descurci?

    31

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    in urrnAtorul excrcitiu veti recapitula matenalul dlO aceasta pane a lectlci. Traduceti urmatoarelepropozi!ii in lImba engleza:La s r a ~ i t u l anului 1942 razboiul incepcasa se d e s r a ~ a r e in defavoarea nem!ilor.Apoi, omul din spatele tcjghelelspuse ca era randul meu.A ~ t e a p t a pana dnd vei fi sigur;nu se va intampla nimic rau.Voi lua Icgatura cu tinc de indatace voi avea v e ~ t i noi.Magazinele se vor desehide peste cinci minute.Maine vorn eina irnpreuna cu ei.

    Meciul va incepe la ora doua ~ jumatate.Acei oameni nu mai pot fi ajutati.Merita inlr-adevar sa incerci?Merita sa faei atata drum ca sa-I eumperi?Nu TeZista eritieii unor oameni informa!i.

    Chiar dad Ie g r a b e ~ t i . trebuiesa-Ii 3tepti mndu!.Ea a uitat cli hranise deja pisica.Am uitat sii ii anun1 pc plirin!li mei.Ea a uitat s a : ' ~ i ia umbrela.Ei nu vor uita niciodat! eli. au petreculaceste saptamani aid.A m i n t e ~ t e - l i sa cumperi catcva portocale.

    > At the end of 1942 Ihe ""ar started 10go" rong for the Germans

    > Thcn the man behmd Ihc countersays It wa') my lum

    > Walt tlil you are ure.II will not do you any harm

    > I will contact you a') soon asI ha\ e further nc"",,

    > The shops open tn fi,'e mtntltes> We dtne with Ihem tomorrow

    > The match starts at half past two> Tho50C people are beyond helptng,> Is It reall} worth trymg"> Is II worth travelling a long distance 10 bu) If.'> It cannot bear being Judged b)< senSiblepeople.

    > E\en If you are In a hurry you must\\ al l your tum.> She forgot she had alre' ldy fed the cat.> I forgot to let f f i } parenls know> She forgot to lake her umbrdla With her.> They \\-111 ne\'cr forget .;pendlngthese weeks here

    > Remember to buy a fcw oranges.

    Urmalorul exerci\ iu va va ajuta sa reline!i vocabularul invatat pe parcursul acestei leetii. Traduce!iurmatoarea conversatie in limba engleza:Chris: Pot sa dau un telefon?Laura: Bineinteles; telefonul este ehlar aieLChris: Dar ar trebui sa caut mai intAi

    nurnarul de telefon.Laura: lmi pare rl!u, dar nu am

    carte de telelon.32

    >May I use your phone?>Sure, if s right here.>Wetl. I would have 10 look up

    the number llrst>I'm sorry, but Idon't havethe telephone directory.

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    J3

    CHltl cu voce tare urmatoarele grupuri de cuvinte ce conlin sunete asemlinlHoare:

    > I 'll cal! directory Inquiries thenOh, the number IS engaged,

    > Just keep trying. thiS numberIS always engaged

    > By the way. do you know whenthe cheap rale IS?

    > Yes, long dIstance calls areqUite expenSIVe nowadaysTry cal ,"g from a telephone box.Irs cheaper than going through the operator.

    > I think that between 6 p.m, and 6 p,m.,but you'd betler askthe Inquiries.

    > OK. Tomorrow I must make a fewlong distance cal ls and I 'd rather do ttuswhen Ir s cheaper

    Bine. Maine trebuie sa dau catevatelefoane la mare distanta ~ mai degrabllfac asta cand asta mai ieftin.Da, telefoanele la mare distanta suntdestul de costisitoare in zilele noastre.IncearcA sA suni de la 0 cabina telefonica.Este mai ieftin decat prin centrata.

    Chris: Atunci voi suna la biroul de informatiitelelonice. Of, sunil ocupat.

    Chris: Apropo, ~ t i i dnd esla tarif redus?

    laura: Mal IncearcA. numArul acestaeste mereu ocupal.

    Chris:

    laura: Crad ca Intre orele 6 p.m. ~ 6 a.m.,dar mai bine intreaba la biroulde inlormatJi talafonica.

    laura:

    (, u [au] (- Jsecret operator phone answer

    receiver policy postage parcelcheap contract post mthree confident enclose overdraftfeel mop so half

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    LECTIA 24 PARTEA A DOVATraduccli unnatoarcle propozilii in limba romana:We must avoid exciting her.When he saw me he began to complainabout his room.Whether you tell him or not is all the same 10 me.My parents like gOing for a walkon a summer evenmg.We prefer 10 go on foot because otherwisewe will be there much too early.I need to look up a few telephone numbers.This shirt needs ironing.I tried to catch the 1asl train butI didn't succeed.He tned eating less and soon his weightwas back to normal.Don't forget to drop me a line.He doesn't remember overtakingsuch a car.My secretary forgot to stick a stampon the envelope.He forgot that he had enclosed itin the previous letter.Let me have a shot at translating the letter.I fail to see why it can '1 bear comparingwith other paintings.You needn'l have bothered; il isn't worthspending lime on.The task before us is beyond. ..Imagmmg.We leave on Ihe fourteenth.You will meet them if you stay for dinner.In 1918 the war comes to an end.

    34

    >"J rebUic e\ II,un lia 0 prm ocam,>(';md ma \atul. a inceput "a se pJangadc camera lUi>MIe 1I\ P.Hnlllor m ~ Ie place ~ sc phmbe

    in senle d \ara.> Pn::kmm J.:I. m c r ~ e m re J05. altfe!\om 8lUnt;e a.,;olo mull prea n::pcde.

    > rrcbUie sa .,;aut calc\a numen:: de telefon.> Ace la camap. trebule cakata.>Am incercal sa pnnd ultlmul Iren. dar

    nu am rru':'ll> H a incen:at li d manance mal pUlm I. dupa

    pU!1n I1mp. a rt'vcmlla grcutah::a lUI nonna 1.> ~ Ulla sa inll "em macar un rand.> [I nu i':'l auunlesle !ld Ii d e p a ~ l t 0ibcmenea maSIn.1

    >Secrctara mea a ullat sa hpcasca tlmbmlpe pIle.

    > EI a IIllat ea a tnrnlS-Oin serlsoarea antenoaru.

    > Lusa-ma sa ineere sa Ir"due scnsoarea.>Nu vad de ce nu se poate eompara

    cu alte tdbloun.> ~ ar fi trebUl1 sa Ie dcranJczL nu menta

    sa i!1 pieTZI Illnpul>Sarcma care ne a leapla mlrcce once

    inchlpulre>Vom plcea pe data de palsprezece.> II 'iel cunoa!:ile daca ramial la ema.>jn 1918 -a lermmat ramolUl.

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    Traduceti urmlUoarele propozitii in lilllba engleza::Detest sa mi se adreseze in aeest fel.De ee ai amanat sa faei cererepemru aceasta slujba?Ea intenlioneaza sa i ~ invite ~ toate v e r i ~ a r e l e .Ei au incetat sa plateasca dinlr-un motivsau altu!.Lui i-ar placea s a ~ i petreaea. vacanlain strainatate anul acesta.Ea detest1i sa completeze formulare.

    > I resent bemg addressed 10 thIS manner.> Wh} h3\e you po: Th:!t bucket needs emptYing.> I \\ant to call hun; plca ..e 100).. up

    1 1 I ~ home number

    > Remember to ja!>tcn \-our. cat-belts> r h c ~ don "1 regret mO\ Ing to another to\\n> Tllm forgot to canta.:t the trade union.> This record IS worth buylO.@:> Such people are past changing.> The last bus lcaves at midnight.> Please Willt 1i11 It IS safe to go

    there.> Call the pollee as soon as you see

    an;-thin!-! strange.> In 1066 Lhe Daulc of Hastmgs takes place.> A moment later he' hes dc:ad on the ground.> It's the hmlt that they pay Imle!

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    I. dupa verbul "10 bear" in propozitii interogative ~ negative, de exemplu:

    24.2. Dupa verbul "to (orgd'ia lTeCul. se poale folosi doar un verb la modul infinitiv:

    24.5. Prezentul simplu se poale folosi penlro a exprima un eveniment viitor:

    - Nu uila sl inchizi u ~ a .- EI nu va uila niciodatl sa conducl

    m ~ l n a .

    - $ecrelara a Ullat d. scrisoareafusese deja sensA.

    - Aceasta lucrare nu poate fi comparatacu compozitiile sale anterioare.

    - EI a uilat sa se blrbiereasci inaintc de a plua.- Ea a uitat sa schimbe banii.

    - Este mare pacat.

    - Va avelly loe pe data de ~ a s e .- A,teaptA pan! vor ajunge acolo.

    - Merila sa c i t e ~ t i .- Acei criminali nu mai pOl fi salvati.- Pacientul nu mai poale fi opera\.

    - in 1939 incepea cel de-al doilearizboi mondiaJ.

    - (LasA-mA) 51 incerc ~ eu.36

    This work can'l bear comparingwith his previous compositions.

    It is worth reading.Those criminals are beyond saving.The patient is past operating on.

    Dan', forgel to close the door.He will never forgel drivingthe car.

    He forgot to shave before leaving.She has forgonen to change the money.

    Let me have a shot at it.

    The secretary forgot that the letterhad already been written.

    In 1939 the Second World War begins.

    That's really too bad.

    11 takes place on the sixth.Wait till they get there.

    2. dupa "worth", "beyond" ~ "past", de exemplu:

    24.1. Dupa verbele "'0 forgel", "to regret", "to remember", infinitivul cu "'0" se rerera la prezentsau la viitor, iar gerunziulla trecut:,

    RECAPITULAREA LECTIEI 24

    24.3. Penlru a exprima (aplul ca cineva a uitat un lueru care sa intimplat inaintea unui momentprecis din Irecul trebuie folasitl 0 propozilie:

    24.4. Gerunziul cu sens pasiv se r o l o s e ~ t e :

    24.6. Prezentul simplu se pOOle folosi pentru a face referire 1a ceva ce S-8 petrecut in trecut (Prezentu!iSloric):

    24.7. Expresii folosiloore in conversatii :

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    -TEMA PENTRU ACASA 24A Traduce\i unniltoarele propozitii in limba romana:

    1. Fancy running into him and not recognizing him!2. They continue 10 resist everything we propose.3. The meeting lakes place tomorrow.4. Many people prefer gening a benefit to earning a living.5. I hate to tell you this hut I cannot lend you any morc money.

    B. TraducC\1 unnatoarele propozitii in l imba engleu:I. Batena trebuie incarcata.2. AI incercal vreodata sa Ie g a t e ~ 1 i mai i n t a i ~3. Nu ulta sa-l spui eli eSlc cautat la telefon.4. Nu voi ulla niciodata ell am auzil actlc glasuri.5. Aces! film meriUi V3zUt.6. Mi-ar placea sa ascuil noul tau disc.

    C. Alegeti fornla corecta a verhului pentru a completa unnaloarele propozili i in l imha engleu:I. He has Just quitted .. .

    a) to smokeb) smoking

    2. The sink needs .. .a) to cle,mb) cleaning

    3. We forgot . .. the light before leaving.a) to tum ofTb) turning ofT

    4. We tried .. . the actress, bUI we could only hear her.a) to seeb) seeing

    5. I hate .. . 10 ge t up early.a) to haveb) having

    37

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    VOCABULARUL LECTIIJ.,OR 23 ~ 24addressee > (Edrasl.]10 answer > (tua n s a ~to attempt > (tuatempt]to avoid > {IU 3\OldJbeyond > (bllond]10 bother > LIu bo[Ya']bug > (oogJto bug > Itu bag]to burst ou t > [tu bats! aUI]by ainnail > [bal earmeil]by cheque > L b a i t ~ e k Jby return > (bal rila'n)

    10 cease > {IUSl:zJcheap rale > r l ~ T p fell]clumsy > (ldanm]collection > ( k . a l e ~ n lto concern > (Ill b n ~ i ' n 1confident > (lonfidantJconfidential > I k o n f i d e n ~ l ]to contact > I tu kintEkI]correspondence > [korispondans1counter clerk > [kaunta' kla:rk]debt > [del]to delay > [tu ddt'l]delivery > (dllhanJto deny > [tu dlnai)dexterous > [dekstrasIto dictate > [tll dillell]direct > [dalrckl)directory inquiries > [dalrektan tnkllalan:z]10 enclose > [tll mldauz]engaged > [lngeidJd]

    3g

    - destinatar- a raspunde- a incerca- a evita; a ocoli- dincolo (de)- a (se) deranja- microfon secret- a instala un microfon secret- a izbucni- prin p o ~ l a aeriana- prin camelul de cecuri- cu prima ridicarea corespondentei

    - a inceta, a (sc) opri- tanf redus- neindemanatic, slangaci- ridican:a corespodentei- a privi, a avea legaturi cu- increzator, optimist- confidential, secret- a contacta, a lua tegatura cu- corespondenta- functionar (la g h i ~ u )- datorie- a intirzia, a amana- livrare, predare; distribuire- a nega- indemanatic, dibaci, abil- a dicta- direct- birou de informatii lelefonice- a anex:a, a trimite (in plic)- ocupat (despre teleron)

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    engagmgenvelopeexchange raleto failto hang uphannhesitanlto hesitate10 hold oninclinedto intend

    lellerboxto liftlimillist10 hstlong distanceto look upto mailmail-serviceto make a callto manageto omitoperatorthe other dayoverdraftto oweowing toparcelphonepileto pile uppillar boxpolicy

    > [mg.... , d J m l ~ ! l>[emalaup)> {lksbemd, reit]> {IU feil]>[IU h E n ' ~ ) apJ>(ha:'m]>Ihezuanl]> (tu hezllelt)>(lU h;lUld on)>[mklamd]>[lu mtend]

    > [leta'boks]>[tuhft]> {lnUltJ>{hsl]>[tu list)> m di tans]> tu lu' ap]> tu md]>[mel1:;a\hJ>[tu melk a 1.0:11>ltu m[l1IdJ)>Ltuomit]> [opare/ta']>[0'] aO'a' del]> [ilu..a'dra. ft)>(luau]>(i"m' 'IU]>[pa rsl]>(faun]>[patl]>[tupallap]>[ pila' bob]>{polisl]

    39

    - pllicUI, fermec3tor, incanliitor- plic- curs de schimb valular- a ~ u a ; a nu .. .- a inchide telefonul- rau, prejudiciu- ezitant, ~ v i i t o r- a ezila, a ~ o v a i- a ~ t e p t a (la telelon etc.)- inc linat- a intentiona, a avea de giind

    - cutie de scrisori- a ridica- limit! , capli!- lisla- a inregistra, a inscrie pe 0 liSla- distanta mare- a cauta- a expedia prin p o ~ l a- servicii p o ~ t a l e- a da lelefon- a se descurca- a omite, a uita- lelefonist(!)- zilele trecute- d e p ~ i r e a contului in banca- a datora, a fi dator- dalorita. din cauza- pachet, eolet- teleCon- gramada, teane- a se aduna, a se sirange- eUlie p o ~ t a l a- politica, strategie

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    postto poSIpostagepostcardprinted matterprone toto put ofTto quitreceIVer10 register10 regretto resentrevolving door10 run intosecretsenderstatementto stickstickyto suggestsurchargetelegramtelephonetelephone conversationtelephone directorytelephone boxtransactiontumunderstampedunstamped

    > (p'-lust]> {Ill paustJ> IpaustlJJJ> (paustka:'dJ> {printld mEta1> [prolUn tuJ> III put oil>(tu uit]> nsi \a'J> [tu redllsta'JJ> (tu ngretJ> {tu rizent]> [mol\m' do. I> [tu r.m inlul> {siknlj> [ ,end.1'J> [steEtman!]> Itu Silk]> (stiki]> [tusadJcstJ> I s a ~ a r d J J> (tcllgrEm]> ltehfaun]> [tehfaun k O I l \ a r s e i ~ n J> [lclifaun damklari]> [Ieilfaun bohJ> Itrl::nzEk::;:n]> [ta'n]> {anda'st[mpt]> (anst[mpt]

    - p o ~ t i i , ot'iciu p o ~ t a l- a pune la p o ~ t i i- taxa p o ~ t a l l i- carte p o ~ t a l i i- material tiparit, liplirituri- predispus la- a amana- a renunla, a opri; a parnsi- reeptorul telefonului- a inregistra, a i"nscrie in registru- a regreta, a-i parea rolU- a detesla, a-i dlsplacea- up; lumanla- a se intalni (din inlfimplare) cu- secret, taina (subs!.); secret (adj.)- expeditor- afinnalie, declaralie; i n ~ t i i n t a r e- a Iipi- lipicios, murdar- a sugera- suprataxli- tclcgrama- telefon- convorbire tclefonica- carte de telefon- cabinli telefonicli- Iranzaclie, afacere- mnd (0-; ~ ' e n i randul)- francatltimbrat sub valoare- n e ~ l a m p i l a l