Engaging Students with Poverty in Mind Instructional Strategies to Make a Difference
Presenters Christopher Eberlein Principal, Speegleville Elementary Kim Johnston Instructional Specialist, Speegleville Elementary
Part 1: Poverty - How Is It Defined? What Are Its Effects on Children? Frontline (PBS) Video: Exploring Poverty from the Perspective of Childrenhttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/poor -kids/http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/poor -kids/
Poverty: How Is It Defined? Many different life situations Generational Never owned property, known anyone who benefited from education or held a respected job, highly mobile, focus on survival Working Class Most do not own property, live paycheck to paycheck, most do not have health care, view poverty as a personal deficiency
Poverty: How Is It Defined? Immigrant Language and cultural barriers, most have a stronger sense of self and do better than those born into poverty, view poverty as a problem with the American system. Situational Poverty caused by a crisis (health issue, divorce, loss of job, etc.), may or may not have health care, generally makes it back to middle class with assistance, does not internalize poverty as a personal problem.
Poverty Statistics (Nation) Far too many people, mostly children, suffer from poverty conditions. More than 15% of the population, 43.2 million Americans, live in poverty (US Census Bureau, 2010). (State, 2008-2012) 17.4% (McLennan County, 2008-2012) 21.8% (Waco, 2008-2012) 30.1% (Midway ISD, 2012 Free and Reduced Lunch) 29.7%
Poverty: A Challenge to Overcome 1 out of 4 working households in America spend more than half of their income on housing. For those who earn minimum wage, there is no community in America where individuals can live comfortably and afford to pay the rent. Government assistance falls short of covering the basic needs of food, clothing, and shelter. Most individuals cling to this assistance for money to survive, due to their limited skills, education, and literacy. Hunger is an issue for those who live in poverty. A person on food stamps receives $3.00 a day. Healthy food is expensive.
Poverty: A Challenge to Overcome Many people who live in poverty work hard, but are unable to break out of their situation. The dominant belief that if one works hard enough they will do well is not always the case. According to one study, two thirds of people living in poverty are working 1.7 jobs. Children living in poverty are the least likely to become educated in our country. Academic achievement is lower for these children and school is often viewed as a stressful place where they do not belong. A college or trade school education appears to be the only possible means to break out of poverty, but reaching this level of education is not possible without strong, consistent support.
Effects of Poverty on Student Engagement - Intellectual Poor children are exposed to more intense and longer lasting stressors, and have fewer coping skills than their higher SES counterparts. Acute/chronic stress affects the brain negatively in the following ways: Reduces concentration and impairs attention Reduces working memory and creativity Increases impulsivity Reduces motivation, determination, and effort Limits executive function skills (decision making, ability to think abstractly)
Effects of Poverty on Student Engagement - Intellectual Students who live in an environment with increased levels of stress are often distractible, hyper-vigilant, or display a learned helplessness which looks like disengagement or an apathetic attitude. However, it is important to know these conditions are reactions to prolonged or acute levels of stress, not apathy or an anti-school attitude.
Effects of Poverty on Student Engagement Social/Emotional Strong, secure relationships help stabilize children's behavior and provide the core guidance needed to build healthy social skills and learn appropriate emotional responses. Children raised in poor households who lack a healthy caregiver often fail to learn these responses, resulting in: Difficulty handling frustration Difficulty working in pairs and groups Difficulty responding to adults
Effects of Poverty on Student Engagement Social/Emotional Some teachers may interpret students' emotional and social deficits as a lack of respect or manners, but it is more accurate and helpful to understand that the students come to school with a narrower range of appropriate emotional responses than we expect and are needed. The truth is that many children simply don't have the repertoire of necessary responses and need to learn new ways of interacting with others.
Part 2: Learning Strategies for Engagement Jigsaw Activity Groups of 3-4 Ruby Payne: Nine Powerful Practices, http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational- leadership/apr08/vol65/num07/Nine-Powerful-Practices.aspx http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational- leadership/apr08/vol65/num07/Nine-Powerful-Practices.aspx Eric Jensen: 7 Factors of Engagement, http://www.thinglink.com/scene/552662479944024065 http://www.thinglink.com/scene/552662479944024065 Read and Discuss Assigned Section. Identify 3 Salient Points and 1 Strategy to Share (10 minutes) Share Time (1 minute/group approximately 15 minutes)
Part 3: iPad Strategies for Engagement Flipagram Create beautiful short video stories using your Facebook, Instagram and Camera Roll photos, adding text music you choose. Flipagram Tutorialhttp://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=how+to+creat e+a+flipagram&qs=n&form=QBVR&pq=how+to+create+a+fli pagram&sc=2-25&sp=- 1&sk=#view=detail&mid=51760C0CB334A0E6D9A551760C0 CB334A0E6D9A5http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=how+to+creat e+a+flipagram&qs=n&form=QBVR&pq=how+to+create+a+fli pagram&sc=2-25&sp=- 1&sk=#view=detail&mid=51760C0CB334A0E6D9A551760C0 CB334A0E6D9A5
iPad Strategies for Engagement Flowboard (Or Other) Create beautiful, interactive presentations with images, text, videos, PDFs, links, & photo galleries. Whether you have a story to tell, an idea to share, or a presentation to give. The library of templates will help you create presentations, albums, catalogs, photo books and other projects. Share your Flowboard URL and anyone with an iPad or any device can view it. Flowboard Tutorial https://flowboard.com/presentation- software-mac#product_section_2https://flowboard.com/presentation- software-mac#product_section_2
iPad Strategies for Engagement Thinglink Instantly add video and text to images. Create unforgettable greetings, interactive travel photos, and capture best moments. Share images to your friends on Twitter or Facebook and communicate in new ways. ThingLink introduces a new, richer way to share the world through photos. Thinglink Tutorials http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=how+to+use+thinglink+app+in+the+cla ssroom&qs=n&form=QBVR&pq=how+to+use+thinglink+app+in+the+classroo m&sc=0-20&sp=- 1&sk=#view=detail&mid=51E0746860227A903FF851E0746860227A903FF8 http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=how+to+use+thinglink+app+in+the+cla ssroom&qs=n&form=QBVR&pq=how+to+use+thinglink+app+in+the+classroo m&sc=0-20&sp=- 1&sk=#view=detail&mid=51E0746860227A903FF851E0746860227A903FF8 http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=how+to+use+thinglink+app+in+the+cla ssroom&qs=n&form=QBVR&pq=how+to+use+thinglink+app+in+the+classroo m&sc=0-20&sp=- 1&sk=#view=detail&mid=6D71284517A42D2FCCCA6D71284517A42D2FCCCA http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=how+to+use+thinglink+app+in+the+cla ssroom&qs=n&form=QBVR&pq=how+to+use+thinglink+app+in+the+classroo m&sc=0-20&sp=- 1&sk=#view=detail&mid=6D71284517A42D2FCCCA6D71284517A42D2FCCCA
iPad Strategies for Engagement Practice Time
Resource List Facts about Poverty http://www.americangraduate.org/dropout-factors/povertyhttp://www.americangraduate.org/dropout-factors/poverty Graduation Rates of Minority and Low Income Students http://www.usnews.com/education/blogs/high-school-notes/2014/04/28/high-school-graduation-rates-reach-recordhttp://www.usnews.com/education/blogs/high-school-notes/2014/04/28/high-school-graduation-rates-reach-record Exploring Poverty from the Perspective of Children Frontline Video http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/poor-kids/http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/poor-kids/ Ruby Paynes Nine Strategies R. Payne 2008 http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/apr08/vol65/num07/Nine-Powerful-Practices.aspxhttp://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/apr08/vol65/num07/Nine-Powerful-Practices.aspx Donna Beegle: Educating Students Who Live in Poverty http://www2.ed.gov/programs/slcp/2012thematicmtg/studentpovty.pdf http://www2.ed.gov/programs/slcp/2012thematicmtg/studentpovty.pdf Eric Jensen Strategies http://www.scilearn.com/blog/how-to-help-at-risk-students-succeed.php http://www.scilearn.com/blog/how-to-help-at-risk-students-succeed.php Eric Jensen: Teaching With Poverty in Mind http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/109074/chapters/How-Poverty-Affects-Behavior-and-Academic-Performance.aspxhttp://www.a