FORUM FORUM FORUM FORUM BELLAGIO BELLAGIO BELLAGIO BELLAGIO ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF
A U.N. WORLD SECURITY UNIVERSITY A U.N. WORLD SECURITY UNIVERSITY A U.N. WORLD SECURITY UNIVERSITY A U.N. WORLD SECURITY UNIVERSITY
April 4April 4April 4April 4----8, 20118, 20118, 20118, 2011
Emilio C. Viano, DirectorEmilio C. Viano, DirectorEmilio C. Viano, DirectorEmilio C. Viano, Director
CONCEPT PAPER CONCEPT PAPER CONCEPT PAPER CONCEPT PAPER AND MATERIAL FOR DISCUSSIONAND MATERIAL FOR DISCUSSIONAND MATERIAL FOR DISCUSSIONAND MATERIAL FOR DISCUSSION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
BRIEF HISTORY OF THE PROJECT 2
OBJECTIVES OF THE FORUM 2
PROPOSAL FOR THE CREATION OF THE UNIVERSITY 4
Nature and Functions of the University 4
Relationship with U.N. Bodies 4
Relationship with other entities 5
Name of the University 6
Goal and Mission of the University 6
Areas of competence 6
Relations with the U.N. University (Tokyo) 7
Introductory material on the Forum in Portuguese 8
Proposal of Ministro Antonio Cezar Peluso (English translation) 10
Proposio do Ministro Antonio Cezar Peluso 12
Defining Security and Related Sample Curricula 16
Associations that can support the University 33
Proposal to Create a World Commission on the University 35
BRIEF HISTORY OF THE PROJECTBRIEF HISTORY OF THE PROJECTBRIEF HISTORY OF THE PROJECTBRIEF HISTORY OF THE PROJECT
The idea of establishing a World Security University under the aegis of the United Nations was born in the aftermath of the work of the Permanent Commission of Latin America for the Revision of the U.N. Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, a major project completed in 2010 under the sponsorship of the International Penal and Penitentiary Foundation. The Revised Rules were approved by the 12th U.N. Congress on Crime Prevention & Criminal Justice held in Salvador da Bahia, Brazil in April, 2010. The current initiative to establish a U.N. World Security University is the fruit of considerable work and planning that took place since the U.N. Congress in April 2010, especially in Brazil. Reportedly, the new President of Brazil, Dilma Roussef, supports the idea and has discussed it with the U.N. Secretary General who has also expressed his support.
OBJECTIVES OF THE FORUMOBJECTIVES OF THE FORUMOBJECTIVES OF THE FORUMOBJECTIVES OF THE FORUM
The main objectives of the Forum are:
-Agree on a definition of what public security is; this could include law enforcement concerns, different elements like combating terrorism or corruption where this is a problem but also include the environment, food, water, public health, prevention of infectious diseases, the role of customs relative to cargo and merchandise, international inspections of food production and handling at the point of origin and in transit and more. How limited or encompassing is the concept of security for this purpose?
-Agree on the most precise and functional format for the initiative: a research institute, a think tank, a graduate institution, a training facility; an institution with its central seat in a specific country selected for its experience and credibility in the subject matter but then possibly also allowing for regional or national satellite campuses with specific areas of expertise and specialization
-Demonstrate the need and outline a strong rationale for this initiative and for a multidisciplinary focus
-Identify countries, institutions, people who are experts in some or various aspects of what security is and how to address it and who can play a substantial role in the formulation, organization and delivery of this Security University
-Provide support and give a stamp of approval to the idea and possibly to a country that would take a lead on hosting and principally supporting the proposed university
-Plan the proposed university from the academic point of view (format, major objective, curriculum, experts for its faculty etc.), leaving political questions to other forums and negotiations
Some of the themes for discussion and consensus buildingSome of the themes for discussion and consensus buildingSome of the themes for discussion and consensus buildingSome of the themes for discussion and consensus building are:
Security: what does it mean? What does it encompass? What are the priorities among competing security fields?
Public security and criminal justice: individual and collective rights: A discussion on individual rights as a limit to the intervention of the organs of public security and on the role of criminal justice in balancing different rights in a democratic society
Pacification and human rights: a discussion on the multi-disciplinary approach needed in the interventions of public security in its different manifestations, focusing on practical examples and addressing the ideal conditions for the successful introduction of the programs
Transitional justice in post-conflict areas like Haiti, Colombia, Rwanda
Public security and cultural diversity: a debate on the politics of bringing security to diverse environments, either where there are conflicts rooted in multiculturalism like xenophobia or racism, or where the intervention of the State must adapt itself to its public, for example in slums, inner cities, favelas
Media, perceptions of insecurity, social communications.
Definition of the best format for the initiative and of an interdisciplinary curriculum. For example, should it be a research institute, a graduate institution or a think tank? It seems clear that a multidisciplinary approach and focus is needed to address question of public security. Also, that there is already considerable expertise in different countries to address this issue that should be utilized.
Another objective of the Symposium is to create a network and a Forum of Experts that will provide input as the work toward the creation of the U.N. World Security University continues.
PROPOSAL FOR THE CREATION OF THE UNIVERSITYPROPOSAL FOR THE CREATION OF THE UNIVERSITYPROPOSAL FOR THE CREATION OF THE UNIVERSITYPROPOSAL FOR THE CREATION OF THE UNIVERSITY
Nature and Functions of the UniversityNature and Functions of the UniversityNature and Functions of the UniversityNature and Functions of the University
The proposed university should provide teaching of the highest level, imparted by the best specialists coming from all parts of the world, and thus guarantee that students will acquire shared knowledge and shared training confirmed by the granting of university degrees and certificates of training recognized everywhere in the world. This is an essential condition to prepare and place in key positions excellent people in charge of elaborating and effectively applying national, regional and international policies and norms.
The proposed university should be a World Center of knowledge and know-how on public security with consultative status with many international organizations (UN, Council of Europe, Organization of American States, African Union, ASEAN etc.) ready to assist the relevant organs and institutions of the United Nations and others (e.g., Security Council, ECOSOC, the Commission for Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, Office of Drug and Crime Prevention and also UNESCO, UNDP, UNICEF, WHO, ILO, FAO etc. and other related entities like INTERPOL, EUROPOL, EUROJUST and others).
A major function of the proposed university should be to encourage and assist the best scholars and specialists of public security to conduct research in cooperation and collaboration or at least coordination with each other across countries and continents. This will strengthen their links and increase their reciprocal understanding and confidence. The goal is to train and form graduates that will understand each other, trust each other and work together, thus establishing an international network of security professionals supporting each other and the ideals of public security. The University should rapidly become a place where professionals, scholars, researchers and practitioners meet, identify and discuss problems and find common solutions.
Relationship with U.N. bodies: Relationship with U.N. bodies: Relationship with U.N. bodies: Relationship with U.N. bodies:
The mission of the University must be clearly defined to avoid conflicts of interest and competence with other organs and institutions of the United Nations:
-first and foremost, with the Commission of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, and through this Commission with the ECOSOC, both organs of a political nature, responsible for preparing and guiding criminal policy within the United Nations
-secondly with the UNODC, an administrative organ, with the mission