Text of EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 – Ergonomics for risk prevention – 08.07.2013 European...
EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention 08.07.2013 European Month of Ergonomics October 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention This presentation is updated for the 2013 from the campaign material of the 2012
EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention 08.07.2013 What is European Month of Ergonomics? -European Month of Ergonomics (EME) is the yearly campaign for promotion of ergonomics in Europe -European Month of Ergonomics is initiated by the FEES, Federation of European Ergonomics Societies, and implemented by the national ergonomics societies -The Federation of European Ergonomics Societies is now an official partner of the EU-OSHA, European Agency for Safety and Health at Work -European Month of Ergonomics 2012 and 2013 support the yearly Healthy Workplace - campaign of the EU-OSHA. In 2012-2013 the topic of this campaign is: Working together for risk prevention -European Month of Ergonomics 2012 and 2013 focuses on the role of ergonomics in risk prevention, with the topic: Ergonomics for risk prevention
EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention 08.07.2013 -EU-OSHA campaign Working together for risk prevention is directed to reduce the high number of work-related accidents and diseases in the EU. According to yearly statistics: - 5500 people die as a result of accidents in the workplace - 159 000 people die as a result of occupational diseases - at least 450 million work days are lost for more information of the campaign, see www.healthy-workplaces.euwww.healthy-workplaces.eu EU-OSHA campaign
EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention 08.07.2013 -EU-OSHA campaign calls for active collaboration between all personnel groups in enterprises to prevent risks in the workplace. The main elements of the campaign are: (1) To encourage managers to show leadership in safety and health by genuinely consulting their workforce and by following best available risk prevention strategies (2) To encourage workers and their representatives to share ideas and to actively work with their managers to improve safety and health for all EU-OSHA campaign
EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention 08.07.2013 European Month of Ergonomics 2012 - 2013 -The European Month of Ergonomics 2012 was mainly an introduction to the topic, highlighting the role of ergonomics in risk prevention -This year European Month of Ergonomics 2013 the discussion can be broadened to practical applications, research and development projects, cases studies, methods etc. -The aim of the European Month of Ergonomics 2013 is to encourage discussion and collaboration between ergonomics experts, safety experts, occupational health and safety authorities, and personnel of the enterprises, to consider the knowledge and methods of ergonomics in risk prevention -This presentation is supportive material for lectures, training events, seminars or written articles to disseminate the message of the European Month of Ergonomics by the national member societies of the Federation of European Ergonomics Societies.
EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention 08.07.2013 What is ergonomics? -Ergonomics provides the knowledge and skills for fitting the environment, equipment and activities to people (for IEA 1 definition of ergonomics, see http://ergonomics-fees.eu) -The dual aims are both to improve well-being of people and to enhance productivity of systems -For practical application of ergonomics, the following subfields are identified: - physical ergonomics e.g. postures and movements, physical workload, manual material handling, workplace design - cognitive ergonomics e.g. information processing, mental workload, human-computer interface, applications for transmitting information - organizational ergonomics e.g. consideration of work organization, work processes and working hours, development of work activity -Ergonomics is a central discipline and development tool to create good work environments - and also to prevent risks in the workplace! 1IEA International Ergonomics Association, www.iea.ccwww.iea.cc
EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention 08.07.2013 Ergonomics: human capabilities and human work activity in design Ergonomics focuses on human work activity and the capabilities of humans it can provide a genuinely preventive approach to the design and construction of our environment and equipment. Ergonomics is ideally applied in all stages of design and realization this contributes to the comprehensive and proper consideration of humans not only retrospective correcting of errors.
EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention 08.07.2013 Ergonomics: collaboration and participation Application of ergonomics means profound collaboration of all stakeholders at the workplace: the management, designers, OHS experts, supervisors and workers. A participatory and collaborative approach is presently seen as necessary to take all aspects of human activity and production into account. This is parallel to the approach of the EU-OSHA campaign. Participatory ergonomics has for long been a central approach among ergonomists. Ergonomists have experience which can be utilized in the EU-OSHA campaign.
EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention 08.07.2013 Risks associated to ergonomics Work activity which is not well suited to people's capabilities can lead to injuries and accidents, e.g.: -Physical overload (e.g. heavy work, lifting) can lead to fatigue, strain injuries and to accidents -Repetitive work and poor postures can lead to musculoskeletal disorders and to strain injuries -Mental overload can lead to psychological stress and to accidents
EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention 08.07.2013 Criteria for assessing work activity The basic criteria for assessing the work activity in order to maintain the wellbeing of the worker are as follows: 1.Health must not be impaired 2.The task characteristics must be within the normal range of the worker's size, strength and mental capabilities, taking the physiological constraints (e.g. body measurements) and the psychological constraints (e.g. information processing) into account 3.The tasks must not make undue demands over the duration of a whole shift and ideally over the whole working life, taking both the gradual effects of adverse factors (e.g. heavy physical load or psychological stress) and the ageing of the workforce into account 4.The tasks should facilitate the scope for professional development (e.g. competences) 5.The tasks should be designed and developed in collaboration with the workers
EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention 08.07.2013 "Ergonomic risks" are related to poor design A great many of the risks in the workplace can be attributed to poor ergonomic design, e.g.: -Poor ergonomic design of jobs and tasks can lead to physiological and psychological stress, to dissatisfaction, and to accidents -Poor ergonomic design of the machinery and its interface can lead to human errors and to severe accidents -Poor ergonomic design of physical work environment (lighting, thermal, acoustic) can lead to various negative influences, directly on the human and also on the working behavior Therefore it is essential to influence the design of the production and production technology this can be done in good collaboration between the different personnel groups of the enterprise
EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention 08.07.2013 "Ergonomic risks" need also to be continuously monitored In the workplace many changes take place continuously also continuous checking and improvements are needed -The ergonomics evaluation of the work activity and working environment is natural for the worker, who has best experience of his/her own work -Ergonomics checklists can be used to support and systemize the ergonomic evaluation of the workplace -Often this requires contribution of the OHS experts -The representatives of management and design need to support these evaluations, and also to gather the experiences to make the needed improvements to the workplace
EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention 08.07.2013 Ergonomics risk assessment is the responsibility of many Actually, risk assessment related to ergonomics has to be made in many stages and by many actors, e.g.: -By the designers of the machinery and production systems -By those who commission the systems by setting the requirements and by giving the necessary information from the design objective -By the buyers of the work equipment by acquiring e.g. ergonomic and usable working tools and other work equipment -By the management who require good working conditions, and who follow the realization of the systems -By the maintenance experts who ensure that the workplace is functioning and continues to function as planned -By the OHS personnel as a part of their workplace surveys -By the supervisors who follow the work daily -By the workers who follow the safety instructions and make decisions on the ways to work in the new situations
EME European Month of Ergonomics 2013 Ergonomics for risk prevention 08.07.2013 Participatory ergono