Elements of Poetry. What is poetry?. KWL. Fill out the KNOW section of the KWL chart with a partner. What do you 100% know? Flip through the handouts and the textbook. What do you still need to know? Which terms have you heard of but are not sure about? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Elements of Poetry
Elements of PoetryWhat is poetry?KWLFill out the KNOW section of the KWL chart with a partner. What do you 100% know?Flip through the handouts and the textbook.What do you still need to know?Which terms have you heard of but are not sure about? What seems brand new that you definitely want me to go over? What makes poetry different? Poetry Lines a single word, phrase, part of a sentenceStanzas a poem paragraph or a grouping of linesSounds different - may rhyme or have rhythm, figurative language, sensory languageA poems has a speaker not necessarily the poetProseSentences ParagraphsTraditional what you expect to read
A Fine Head of Lettuce
RHYME SCHEME a rhyming pattern at the end of each line of the poem. You label each word with a letter of the alphabet, rhymes are assigned the same letter. The rhyme scheme starts over with each stanza. Example. Line 1 lettuce ALine 2 romaine BLine 3 cranium CLine 4 brain B
PUN word play or a verbal joke Example. Lettuce alone in the last line sounds like let us alone which is funny because the lettuce says he is shy. Can you think of another pun? Losing Face
What is different about the poem v. the image I chose on the right?
What is different about this poem compared to A Fine Head of Lettuce?
How do you summarize a stanza, especially for the STAAR test? STEP 1. What had happened was? STEP 2. What was the result of that?
Complete sentences amongst incomplete sentences, italicized words, capital letters, dialogue, etc that break the normal pattern of the poem are done for a reason. The STAAR test loves to ask about this stuff. What are some reasons? 1. Emphasis 2. Why do they want to emphasize it? 3. It is usually connected to a feeling.Elements of PoetrySound devices rhyme, meter, rhythm, alliteration, refrainFigurative Language simile, metaphor, personification, hyperboleImagery Sight, sound, touch, taste, smell Poems are packed with these elements. Poems often hold more meaning with less words because these elements hold so much hidden information and the words are so precisely chosen. Sound DevicesRhyme repetition of accented vowel sounds at the end of a line.Toe, bow, growCry, sky, try
Can you think of a rhyme? Meter a regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. It gives the poem/song a beat. Rhythm a musical quality created by alternating accented and unaccented syllables. Meter and rhythm go hand in hand. Think about the song Tick Tock by Ke$ha More Sound Devices Alliteration repetition of consonant sounds close together at the beginning or end of a word.Sometimes alliteration mimics natural sounds like an onomatopoeia.Tick tock on the clock What does the alliteration above imply?
Another Sound DeviceRefrain a word or line repeated in a poem to create a certain effect.Baby, baby, baby, oh!Baby, baby, baby, no! Im like baby, baby, baby no!I thought youd always be mine, mine! What effect does Justin Beiber create in his refrain?
Pete at the Zoo
Do you remember how to label the rhyme scheme?
Can you read it with rhyme and rhythm?
What is the big question that this speaker is wondering? Fireworks
What kinds of sounds do you associate with fireworks?
What sound devices help you hear the fireworks in this poem?
What is an onomatopoeia? Figurative LanguageUse of imaginative comparisons to help see something common in a new way.It is NOT literal. Did you know that people use the word literally wrong all the time? What they actually means in figuratively.
Figurative Language SIMILE a comparison between 2 unlike things using like or as. What two things are being compared in the example poem? Use the picture to help you. Can you think of a simile?
Figurative LanguageMetaphor a comparison between two unlike things without like or as.Sometimes it just calls one item by another nameMuffins, take out your homework! Sometimes it uses a be verb to call something another thingLove is a rose. What is the comparison in the sample poem?
Figurative Language Personification description of an object, animal, or idea with human qualitiesWhat is being compared using personification in the poem? Can you think of your own example?
Figurative LanguageHyperbole uses exaggeration to create a certain effect What is being exaggerated in the example?
Imagery To use sensory language and sometimes figurative language to appeal to your senses of sight, smell, taste, touch, and smell. Most imagery is visual. Most often uses adjectives. C-BAGS? What did you see or hear in each of the previous examples?
Like Bookends What poetic devices do you immediately notice? What is a bookend? Why is the poem titled Like Bookends? Is it about real bookends? Complete the rest of the questions independently.
KWLComplete the Learned section.For each word in the what I need to know section, you must write at least one statement in the Learned section.You may add extra things that you learned in this lesson to the Learned section.