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Elem Guided Reading

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guided reading

Text of Elem Guided Reading

  • Probably the single most important factor in a childs initial reading instruction is his or his teacher. No books, no curriculum, no computer can replace the enormous value of good human-to-human teaching.

  • Think-Along / Think AloudThinking is the essence of reading!

    Reading is more than just saying words!

    Reading is thinking!

  • Guided Reading:Four Blocks StyleAlways focused on comprehension

    Teachers choose the material and purpose

    Students are guided to use reading strategies

    All types of reading materials are used

  • Guided Reading:Four Blocks StyleTeacher driven (Bossy Block)

    Lots of rereading reading a different way for a different purpose!

    Arranged this way only because of the other three blocks as support.

  • National Reading Panel Research (December 2000):Fluency is one of several critical factors needed for reading comprehension.Fluency is gained by way of two instructional approaches: guided repeated oral reading and independent silent reading.Both approaches had significant positive impact on word recognition, fluency, and comprehension across a range of grade levels.Results apply to good readers as well as those experiencing reading difficulties.

  • National Reading Panel Research (December 2000):Less than 1/3 of fourth graders are reading adequately (April 1995)Now we know that reading must be taught systematically and explicitly.Research has been systematically analyzed and the most effective methods for teaching reading skills have been identified.We must have balanced literacy in our classrooms! Reading is an enormously complex activity!TEACHING READING IS ROCKET SCIENCE!

  • Four Blocks Research:Comprehension is what its all about!Reading comprehension and how to teach it is probably the area of literacy about which we have the most knowledge and the most consensus. It is also probably the area that gets the least attention in the classroom.

  • Four Blocks Research:Both NRP and Duke and Pearson (2002) agree that explicit teaching, including an explanation of what and how the strategy should be used, teacher modeling and thinking aloud about the strategy, guided practice with the strategy and support for students applying the strategy independently are the steps needed to effectively teach any comprehension strategy.

  • Effective Guided Reading:Three SegmentsBefore Reading

    During Reading

    After Reading

  • Students need to begin thinking about the text before they begin reading the text. This time is brief, leaving the majority of the time for actual reading. (Allington, 2000)

  • Before Reading:Building/Accessing Prior KnowledgeConnecting to personal experiencesDeveloping vocabularyTaking a picture walkMaking predictionsSetting purposes for readingGraphic organizer:Story map, story frame, story web, Lotus, Fishbone, KWL chart

  • During-Reading PhaseWhile reading, students must:question and monitor what they are reading and thinking about make inferencesvisualizecontinue to make connections continue to set predictions

  • Students need uninterrupted periods of time to read and think, so this phase should be the longest of any Guided Reading lesson. For every minute spent talking about reading (including before and after), students should spend at least one minute actually reading. (Pearson and Fielding, 1991)

  • During Reading:Variations:Choral, Echo, Shared ReadingPartner ReadingSmall, flexible groupsThree-ring circusBook club groupsERTSticky note reading

  • Formats for Grouping Students during Reading Plan for students to participate in various grouping formats.Exemplary teachers were found to teach lessons to the whole class, to small groups, and to individual students. (Pressley, Allington, Wharton-McDonald, Block, and Morrow, 2001)Guided reading formats should vary based on the purpose of the lesson.

  • Partner ReadingCarefully assign partners.Decide how often you need to change partners.Decide where partners will meet.Decide how to handle absent partners.Decide how partners will read each selection. (Variations in partner reading)Make sure partners have a purpose for reading.Set a time limit.Provide a filler for partners who finish before the rest of the class.Model the expected behavior.Be visible.

  • During Reading:- Partner Reading

  • During Reading:- Partner ReadingVariations:Take turn daysAsk question daysSticky note daysYou decide daysVariationsPoster

  • Formats:Three- Ring Circus (Big Blocks p. 108)This is a wonderful way to allow students to read a common selection in the most efficient way for them. In three- ring circus, some students read by themselves, some students read with partners, and some students read with you. These groups are not static and change with the reading selection.

  • During Reading:- Three-Ring Circus

  • During Reading:Small Flexible GroupGraphic Organizer - first, next, finally

  • Reading TeamsThink of reading teams of two carefully selected partnerships making a foursome. The same concerns apply as with partners.Each team has an assigned team leader who ensures that all members participate.Teams may also need a recorder or a speaker.

  • Formats:Book Club Groups (Big Blocks p. 109)Three to five titles chosenTitles area connected in some wayManaged choice (book passes)Groups meet daily to read and discuss their books

  • After Reading:Teacher helps the children with:Discussing the textConnecting new knowledge to what they knewFollowing up predictionsActing out the storyDiscussing what they have learned and how they are becoming better readers using strategiesCompleting the graphic organizer (KWL Chart)

  • Literate Conversations:Increase the number of people with whom your students can have conversations through use of Questioning the Author and Oprah Winfrey strategies.

  • Oprah Winfrey StrategySeveral students read the same book.Teacher plays the role of Oprah (initially) and interviews them about their lives and roles.Invite the students to appear on your show.Arrange chairs and welcome them.Begin with broad questions (tell me a bit about yourself).What seemed to be the problem?Ask others if they agree with her.You may even ask the audience questions.

  • Questioning the AuthorWe do not just understand what the author is saying, rather we figure out what the author means.If you have you ever found your students cannot answer the questions because the passage didnt say! then you know why students need their reading guided by a strategy called Questioning the Author.

  • Planning a QTA Lesson:The teacher carefully reads the text and decides:what the important ideas are what problems students might have with the ideashow much of the text to read before stopping for discussionwhat queries to pose to help students construct meaningThe teachers job is to pose queries that can help students use what they know to figure out what the author means.QTA continues with the teacher telling the students how much to read and posing both initiating and follow-up queries.Figure out what the author means.not just what he says!

  • Big Blocks - Variations:BookmarksSticky NotesHighlightersRead-Cover-Remember-RetellReciprocal TeachingTwo Word StrategyWord TheaterGood Reader Strategies

  • Question: What do I do about worksheets and workbook pages?as little as possible

    Three criteria for a good worksheetMust involve some reading and/or writingMajority of my class (75-80%) must be able to do itStudents must need work on that skill

  • Errors and Misunderstandings:Teachers express anxiety about their redefined role.Primary purpose is to improve comprehension. Other Blocks provide an appropriate context for skills instructions such as phonics, grammar, and mechanics.Round-robin reading is not a part of this model.Non-prescriptive every classroom looks different.

  • What we knowWe know a great deal about how good readers comprehend, what the comprehension strategies are and how to teach them. Our job now is to implement reading comprehension instruction in every classroom.Dr. Lola MayKnow your stuffKnow whom you stuffStuff them elegantly

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