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Reconnaissance and Surveillance Leader Course Electronic Warfare THE THREAT THE THREAT “Subjugating the enemy's army without fighting is the true pinnacle of excellence” -Sun Tsu, The Art of WAR

Electronic Warfare THE THREAT

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During the 7 day Yom Kippur War in 1973, Egyptian and Syrian forces, using Soviet EW equipment and doctrine, located and destroyed Israeli command and control centers within 10 to 15 minutes. The loss of command and control, in the early stages of the conflict, added significantly to the confusion on the battlefields, and was responsible for early Egyptian and Syrian gains. Also, during the conflict, over 1700 tanks were destroyed on both sides due to electronic capabilities.

Text of Electronic Warfare THE THREAT

Electronic Warfare THE THREAT
Subjugating the enemy's army without fighting is the true pinnacle of excellence -Sun Tsu, The Artof WAR During the 7 day Yom Kippur War in 1973, Egyptian and Syrian forces, using Soviet EW equipment and doctrine, located and destroyed Israeli command and control centers within 10 to 15 minutes.The loss of command and control, in the early stages of the conflict, added significantly to the confusion on the battlefields, and was responsible for early Egyptian and Syrian gains.Also, during the conflict, over 1700 tanks were destroyed on both sides due to electronic capabilities. Terminal Learning Objective
Action:Identify the LRS Communications Procedures Condition:Denied the use of references Standard:Answer 35 questions correctly out of question multiple choice exam Electronic Warfare During this period of instruction, you will be introduced to electronic warfare and how it pertains to High Frequency communications.The information you learn today will help you be successful in you LRS mission. Administrative Safety: In an emergency, please exit through the exit doorsand get a headcount outside in the parking lot Risk Assessment:Low Environmental Considerations:If you brought it in, take it with you! Note: Do not be afraid to ask questions or participate in discussion, just raise your hand before speaking. Evaluation You will be evaluated on this subject on Friday and during the STX/FTX You will be given a 50 question test You must correctly answer 35 out of 50 to receive a go Enabling Learning Objective A
Action:Identify the categories of Electronic Warfare Condition:Denied the use of references Standard:Answer 35 questions correctly out of question multiple choice exam Electronic Warfare Q:Whatdo you think some of the Israels communications shortcomings were? Improper Use Of The SOI Excessive Use Of Radios Improper Use Of Antennas Improper Power Output Electronic Warfare Electromagnetic Spectrum
The range of frequencies of electromagnetic Radiation from zero to infinity Electronic Warfare To attack the enemy by using any military action which involves the use of electromagnetic and directed energy to control the electromagnetic spectrum Major Subdivisions Of EW
Electronic Warfare Major Subdivisions Of EW Electronic Warfare Support (ES) Electronic Attack (EA) Electronic Protection (EP) Electronic Warfare These are the most recent update to the old subdivisions: OLD NEW ESM ES ECM EA ECCM EP Electronic Warfare Support
Provides information required for decisions involving EW operations and other tactical actions such as: OThreat Avoidance OTargeting OHoming ES data can be used to produce: OSignals Intelligence (SIGINT) OCommunications Intelligence (COMINT) OElectronic Intelligence (ELINT) Electronic Warfare Support
Interception OTells The Enemy You Are In The Area ONumber Of Stations Tell Enemy Size Of Unit OCan Determine The NCS ODetect Movement Or Upcoming Operation OUnencrypted Messages Can Tell The Enemy Everything About Your Unit RADIO DIRECTION FINDER (RDF)
Electronic Warfare Support (ES) RADIO DIRECTION FINDER (RDF) RDF Operator Needs Three Bearings To Pinpoint Your Location: 1.Direction 2.Distance 3.General Location LRS Communications Analyst
Electronic Warfare Support (ES) Communications Analyst Consolidates Info Obtained By Intercept Breaks Codes Analyzes Information Electronic Warfare Support (ES)
Communications Site Commander CHOOSES ONE OF THREE OPTIONS: Get More Information Have Radio Site Destroyed Implement Electronic Attack Electronic Attack (EA)
Actions taken to reduce or prevent effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum to include: Electronic Jamming Electronic Deception Electronic Attack (EA)
Q:Who can tell us what the three types of jamming are, and the difference between the three? 1. Spot Jamming Jamming on one freq 2.Sweep Jamming Move up and down the spectrum 3.Barrage Jamming Portion or entire spectrum Types Of Electronic Deception
Electronic Attack (EA) Types Of Electronic Deception OMeaconing:Insertion Of False Nav Signals In Order To To Confuse Aircraft And Ships OIntrusion:The Intentional Insertion Of False Transmissions In Order To Deceive Or Confuse Friendly Operations Electromagnetic Interference
ANY UNWANTED RADIATION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY RECEIVED ON YOUR FREQUENCY OR FREQUENCY SPECTRUM Electromagnetic Interference
Two Categories Of EMI: ONatural OMan-made Electromagnetic Interference
Purpose Of Enemy EMI OIrritate You OConfuse You OCompletely Disrupt Or Stop Your Operation Electromagnetic Interference
Effects Of EMI OBlocks Part Or All Communications OMay Make Operators Tired And Careless OMay Force Operators To Use Alternate Procedures, Slowing Communications Electronic Protection (EP)
Actions Taken To Retain The Use Of The Electromagnetic Spectrum Our Only Defense Against EA Electronic Protection
(EP) EP Methods OPut Distance And Terrain Between You And Enemy OUse Directional Antennas ORemote Radios OImplement Proper RTO Procedures OMove More Frequently OWhen Secure, Stay Secure Electronic Protection
(EP) OOur Only Defense Against EA ORecognize OIdentify Electronic Protection
(EP) Recognize The Source ODisconnect Antenna From Radio OInternal If Noise Continues OExternal If Noise Ceases Or Gets Considerably Weaker Electronic Protection
(EP) Identification OFriendly:Interference From Self Or Allied Forces OEnemy:Jamming Or Deception Electronic Protection
(EP) Procedures ORemain Calm OContinue To Operate On Same Frequency OFine Tune Radio OUtilize Proper RTO Procedures OIncrease Power OReorient Or Change Antenna OSpeak Slower And Shorten Transmissions Electronic Protection
(EP) MIJI-1 REPORT Item 1 - Type Of Report (MIJI-1) Item 2 - Type Of Incident (Meaconing, Intrusion, Etc) Item 3 - Type Of Equipment Affected (Radio,radar, Etc) Item 4 - Frequency Affected Item 5 - Affected Stations Call Sign Item 6 - Affected Stations Coordinates (Encrypted) MESSAGE FORMATS 1 Enabling Learning Objective B
Action:Identify the 6 LRS Message Formats Condition:Denied the use of references Standard:Answer 35 questions correctly out of question multiple choice exam ACKNOWLEDGMENT REQUESTED
RSLC MESSAGE FORMAT SOP ADDRESS MSG NUMBER PROWORD DURESS MSG BODY 10DE11 MSG01 ANGUS SOUPY AAA GL BBB RTO BROKE RIGHT LEG MEDEVAC REQUIRED CCC CACHE RECOVERED ACK EOM RKB ACKNOWLEDGMENT REQUESTED END OF MSG CODENAME 15 INITIAL ENTRY REPORT ANGUS
SUBMITTED TO BASE STATION AFTER INSERTION AS PER UNIT SOP (USUALLY WITHIN 4 HOURS) REFLECTS TO THE BASE STATION THE SUCCESS OF INSERTION STATUS OF TEAM AND TEAMS INITIAL SITUATION 2 Initial Entry Report Format
ANGUS Initial Entry Report Format AAA- LOCATION TO THE NEAREST 1000 METERS BBB- CASUALTIES AND THEIR STATUS CCC- ANY ADDITIONAL INFORMATION 10DE11 MSG01 ANGUS ***** AAA GL1234 BBB RTO BROKE RIGHT LEG MEDEVAC REQUIRED CCC CACHE RECOVERED ACK EOM RKB IF THERE IS NO INFO FOR A PARTICULAR LINE, OMIT THAT LINE 3 SALUTER Report BORIS SPOT INTELLIGENCE REPORT
USED TO SEND SOR TO BASE STATION SENT IN THE SALUTER FORMAT SENT IMMEDIATELY UPON OBSERVING SOR 4 SALUTER Report BORIS REPORT FORMAT AAA- SIZE BBB- ACTIVITY
CCC- LOCATION DDD- UNIT/TYPE EEE- DATE TIME GROUP FFF- EQUIPMENT GGG- REMARKS 5 SALUTER Report BORIS REPORT FORMAT
10DE11 MSG02 BORIS ***** AAA 10 SOLDIERS, 3 VECH, 1 TRAILER, 1 ARTY BBB MOVING W THRU NAI 3 35 MPH ARTY CENTER CCC GL DDD UNK/ARTY EEE FEB03 FFF 3 BDRM2, 1 D30, 4 AK47, 4 US LBE, DCUS, 4 HELMETS GGG TRAILER HALF FULL W/AMMO BOXES, HELMETS HAVE BLUE CENTER FRONT ACK EOM RKB 6 SALUTER Report SIZE: -NUMBER OF PERSONNEL -NUMBER OF VEHICLES
-NUMBER OF A/C -NUMBER OF ARTY PIECES -NUMBER OF ADA PIECES ACTIVITY: -ATTACKING (DISTRIBUTION/DIRECTION) -DEFENDING (DISTRIBUTION) -MOVING (DIRECTION/SPEED/DISTRIBUTION) -STATIONARY (DISTRIBUTION/ACTIVITY) 7 SALUTER Report LOCATION: -AT LEAST AN EIGHT DIGIT GRID
-MAIN REFERENCE POINT (CITY, ROAD INTERSECTION, ETC) UNIT/TYPE: -TYPE (IN, AR, ADA, RECON, EN, ARTY, NAVY, AF ETC) -ORIGIN (SPECIFIC UNIT IF KNOWN) TIME: -DTG USING SPECIFIED TIME ZONE 8 SALUTER Report EQUIPMENT: -VEHICLES (ID) -AIRCRAFT (ID)
-ARTILLERY (ID) -AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY (ID) -SMALL ARMS (ID) REMARKS (MORALE, SPECIFICS, UNIT UPDATE) A GOOD SALUTER REPORT IS ACCURATE, DETAILED, TIMELY AND UNDERSTANDABLE! 9 SITREP Report CYRIL SUBMITTED TO THE BASE STATION ON A SCHEDULE APPROVED BY THE COMMANDER (WINDOWS) USED TO REPORT ALL OTHER INFORMATION 10 MESSAGE FORMATS CYRIL REPORT FORMAT
AAA- LOCATION TO THE NEAREST 100 METERS IF DIFFERENT FROM ORIGINALREPORT BBB- ACTIVITY CCC- ANY ADDITIONAL INFO 10DE11 MSG03 CYRIL ***** AAA GL BBB INCREASED CONVOY TRAFFIC CCC LOW ON RATIONS ACK EOM RKB 11 CACHE Report UNDER AAA- TYPE OF CACHE (CONCEALMENT, BURIAL, SUBMERSION) BBB- CONTENTS (ID TYPE & AMOUNT OF ITEMS IN CACHE) CCC- NUMBER OF CONTAINERS DDD-REFERENCE POINT EEE-LOCATION (AZIMUTH & DISTANCE FROM REFERENCE POINT WITH DETAILED DESCRIPTION IF NECESSARY) FFF-DEPTH CACHE IS PLACED GGG-ANY ADDITIONAL INFORMATION 13 MESSAGE FORMATS UNDER REPORT
10DE11 MSG04 UNDER ***** AA BURIAL BB 6 MRES, 2 GAL H2O CC 2 DD BM433 EE 240 DEG FOR 250 METERS UNDER AN ABANDONED TREE STAND W/SQUARE ORANGE MARKER FF 2 FT ACK EOM RKB 14 MESSAGE FORMATS CRACK o USED TO REPORT BDA
oTEAMS ASSESS BATLE DAMAGE AND REPORT TO OPERATIONS BASE 12 BDA Report CRACK REPORT FORMAT AAA -DTG OF DETONATION
BBB- LOCATION (6 DIGIT) OR TARGET NUMBER CCC- TARGET DESCRIPTION AND DAMAGE DDD- CONFIRMED, PROBABLE, POSSIBLE EEE- ADDITIONAL INFO 5 MESSAGE FORMATS CRACK REPORT
10DE11 MSG05 CRACK *** AAA FEB03 BBB GL CCC 1 T-72 DESTROYED (CATASTROPHIC) 1 BTR-60 DAMAGED (MOBILITY KILL) 15 TROOPS KILLED DDD CONFIRMED EEE. ENEMY WITHDRAWING, TEAM MOVING TO EXTRACTION POINT ACK EOM RKB 14 Remarks Report CLEAR MISCELLANEOUS MESSAGE
USED TO SEND MESSAGES THAT DO NOT FIT INTO THE OTHER FORMATS (ACKNOWLEDGMENTS, REQUEST FOR INFORMATION, ETC) 12 Remarks Report CLEAR REPORT FORMAT AAA- REMARKS
10DE11 MSG06 CLEAR ***** AAAMSG08 RECEIVED EOM RKB 5 Review Q: How many sub-categories fall under EW?
Electronic Warfare Support (ES) Electronic Attack (EA) Electronic Attack (EA) Q:What are the two types of EMI? Natural Man Made Review Q: What are the basic message formats that LRSUs utilize?
ANGUS BORIS CYRIL UNDER CRACK CLEAR Q: When would you submit an ANGUS report? Initial entry report-submitted after Insertion Review Q: What format does the BORIS report use?
Sent In The SALUTER Format