# Electric Field vs Magnetic Field

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ELECTRIC FIELDvs.

MAGNETIC FIELD

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Defnition

Anelectric feld

is a force eld

surrounding

electric charges or

group of charges

where a force acts

on charges within

A magnetic feld

is a region of

magnetic inuence

around the

magnetic poles and

moving charged

particles.

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Generation

An electric feld

occurs wherever a

voltage is present.

Electric elds are

created around

appliances and

wires wherever a

voltage exists.

Magnetic felds

are created

whenever there is

a ow of electric

current.

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Force

The force of an

electric feld is

proportional to the

electric charge.

The higher the

voltage, the

stronger the

electric eld

The force of a

magnetic feld is

proportional to the

charge and the

speed of electric

charge.

As the amount of

current owing

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Force

An electric feld isthe force per unit

charge

experienced by a

non-moving point

charge at anygiven location

within the eld.

A magnetic feldis detected by the

force it exerts on

other magnetic

particles and

moving electriccharges.

Their relationship can be clearly

explained with the help of Maxwells

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Measurements

Electric feld

strength is

measured in volts

per meter "#\$m% or

&ewton per

coulomb

An EMF meteris a

scientic

Magnetic fields are

measured in

milliGauss (mG).

A gaussmeteris

used in measuring

magnetic fields.

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Movement in ElectromagneticField

An electric feld

moves

perpendicular tothe magnetic eld.

A magnetic feld

moves

perpendicular tothe electric eld.

The directions in which they move are

perpendicular to each other.

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Electromagnetic Field

An electric feld

generates #A()

"capacitive%.

A magnetic feld

absorbs #A()

"inductive%.

What is VARS?Volt-ampere reactive"VAR% is a unit bywhich reactive power is expressed in anA* electric power system. The powerowing into a reactive load, where voltage

and current are specied in volts and

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Poles

An electric feld

is either monopole

or dipole.

A magnetic feld

is dipole.

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)ubmitted by+

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#itug, Aethan 0ervy

1e uman, 2eanca 3arie

4agibitan. (icca #ee

)ubmitted to+

3s. (ichelle Ann *astaneda

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