El Pret©rito vs. El Imperfecto

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El Pretérito vs. El Imperfecto. A question of HOW LONG?. Let’s REMEMBER…. Preterit tells us when something is DONE. It’s essentially the –ed tense. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of El Pret©rito vs. El Imperfecto

  • El Pretrito vs. El ImperfectoA question of HOW LONG?

  • Lets REMEMBER.Preterit tells us when something is DONE. Its essentially the ed tense.

    Imperfect tells us that something used to happen, or happened for some time in the past, but we dont know for how long it may even still be going on. The key words are USED TO and WAS -ING.

  • The Preterit is a COMPLETED past action that is DONE!* POOF! *The Imperfect is an ONGOING past action that we dont know for how long it has happened, or if it is still going on?!?

  • Use the PRETERIT in sentences that have indicated a SPECIFIC time, like one day, last Saturday, July 4th, etc.Last night I ate chicken soup.Anoche com sopa de pollo.

    On Saturday I went to the hockey game.El sbado fui al partido del hockey.

  • Here is the list of key words that indicate SPECIFIC TIME, PRETERIT put them in your notes!Anochelast nightAyeryesterdayEl martes (lunes, etc.)on TuesdayEl 5 de octubre (any date)October 5th El ao pasadolast yearEl mes pasadolast monthLa semana pasadalast weekEl fin de semanathe weekend

  • Use the IMPERFECT in sentences that you dont know for how long the action occurred. A GENERAL time like always, on Saturdays, sometimes, etc.I ate shrimp from time to time. Coma gambas de vez en cuando.

    I used to study all the time.Estudiaba todo el tiempo.

  • Here is the list of key words that indicate a GENERAL TIMEIMPERFECTput them in your notes!SiemprealwaysA vecessometimesDe vez en cuandofrom time to timeLos sbados (martes, etc.)on SaturdaysTodo el tiempoall the timeCada da (lunes, mes, etc.)every dayGeneralmentegenerallyFrecuentementefrequently

  • SO In SUMMARY:Preterit means ED, and is POOF done! It is a completed past action.

    Imperfect means USED TO, and WAS ING! We dont know for HOW LONG it happened in the past. It may still be going on. WHO KNOWS? Only the speaker.

  • Try this. Would you choose preterit or imperfect for the following sentences?I went to the store yesterday.a. preteritb. imperfectI saw Adela there.a. preteritb. imperfectShe was wearing a gray t-shirt.a. preteritb. imperfectShe and her friend were buying toothpaste.a. preteritb. imperfectI bought a new CD.a. preteritb. imperfectYou must get them all right. The last correct answer will allow you to move on!

  • S !Its preterit because there is a specific time indicated and you know that it is POOF, done! Buen trabajo! Back

  • No mira otra vez There must be a specific time indicated. Thats why you choose preterit! It could also be that its just DONEPOOF!Back

  • Buensimo! A general time, or no indication of how long the action occurred is the IMPERFECT tense! Yeah!!!

    Back

  • Uh-oh piensa un pocoThere must NOT be a specific time indicated. Thats why you choose imperfect. Go back and read the sentence and ask yourself For how long has this action occurred? Could it still be going?If you cannot answer those questions its IMPERFECT! back

  • Youre doing FANTSTICO!

    Now lets try it in Spanish!

    Choose A or B to fill in the blank.El ao pasado mi madre _______ un carro nuevo.

    a. comprb. compraba

  • Buen Trabajo! She bought it thats a completed past action.

    Plus we know the specific time last year.

  • Ay! No sigue tratando.Is there a specific time? USE PRETERIT!

    Is there a general time? USE IMPERFECT!

  • Try one more:_________ libros de misterio todo el tiempo.

    a. Leb. Lea

  • MUY BIEN!I used to read all of the time.All the time is a general time indicating imperfect!

    Bien hecho.

  • Ay! No sigue tratando.Is there a specific time? USE PRETERIT!

    Is there a general time? USE IMPERFECT!

  • Ay! No sigue tratando.Is there a specific time? USE PRETERIT!

    Is there a general time? USE IMPERFECT!

  • Lets try a couple moreAnoche ___________ la televisin por dos horas.a. mirb. miraba

    El sbado pasado yo ___________ al centro comercial.a. fuib. iba

  • IncrebleLast night I watched television for two hours.LAST NIGHT is the specific time that tells you to use preterit!Buen trabajo!!!

  • T eres la BOMBA!Last Saturday I went to the mall POOF, its done I went on the specific time of last Saturday which indiactes preterit.

    Muy bien!

  • Alright lets see what ya got? Now pick the correct form of the verb, AND the reason WHY! Yikes! Think clearly! Look for the key words!

    Siempre ____________ a la escuela. a. conduca/ I drove b. conduje/ siempre is a key word for the preterit tense c. conduca/ siempre is a key word for the imperfect tense d. conduje/ I poof drove, that one time

  • Bzzzttt incorrect!Wrong tense, wrong reason

    Do you know why?

  • Right tenseWrong reason

    Mira otra vez

  • FANTSTICOMuy bien YOU GOT IT!

    Siempre IS a general time and we now know that means IMPERFECT!

    Keep up the good work and clear thinking!