Effects of Jump Training on Bone Mineral

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  • Western Kentucky UniversityTopSCHOLAR

    Masters Theses & Specialist Projects Graduate School

    5-2014

    Effects of Jump Training on Bone Mineral Densityin Young Adult FemalesBattogtokh ZagdsurenWestern Kentucky University, battogtokh.zagdsuren183@topper.wku.edu

    Follow this and additional works at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/thesesPart of the Kinesiotherapy Commons, Movement and Mind-Body Therapies Commons,

    Recreational Therapy Commons, Sports Sciences Commons, and the Sports Studies Commons

    This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by TopSCHOLAR. It has been accepted for inclusion in Masters Theses & Specialist Projects byan authorized administrator of TopSCHOLAR. For more information, please contact connie.foster@wku.edu.

    Recommended CitationZagdsuren, Battogtokh, "Effects of Jump Training on Bone Mineral Density in Young Adult Females" (2014). Masters Theses &Specialist Projects. Paper 1373.http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/theses/1373

  • EFFECTS OF JUMP TRAINING ON BONE MINERAL DENSITY IN YOUNG ADULT FEMALES

    A Thesis Presented to

    The Faculty of the Department of Kinesiology, Recreation & Sport Western Kentucky University

    Bowling Green, Kentucky

    In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Science in Kinesiology

    By Battogtokh Zagdsuren

    May 2014

  • iii

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    First and foremost, I would like to thank my family and friends for all of the encouragement, love and support. Special thanks to my father, Dr.Zagdsuren, for his promise of doing anything in his power to make me happy and he has achieved it! My every achievement and success from now and then will be dedicated to him.

    I would like to thank Dr. Lyons for all the help that you have provided and tremendous effort for making sure that I learned. Dr. Arnett, thank you for your assistance and wisdom that guided me each and every step. To other faculty, Dr.Schafer, Dr.Evans, Dr. Maples and Dr.Crandall, thank you very much for pushing me forward and helped me achieve everything that I didnt think I would accomplish. You all are the greatest!

    A special thanks to Graduate Studies and Research for grant funding and to the Department of Kinesiology, Recreation & Sport for usage of lab equipment.

  • iv

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS .......................................................................................................................... iii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................... iv

    LIST OF TABLES....................................................................................................................................... vi

    LIST OF FIGURES .................................................................................................................................... vii

    CHAPTER 1 ....................................................................................................................................................1

    INTRODUCTION ...........................................................................................................................................1

    STATEMENT OF PURPOSE ..............................................................................................................................4

    STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESES .........................................................................................................................4

    DEFINITION OF TERMS ..................................................................................................................................5

    LIMITATIONS .................................................................................................................................................5

    DELIMITATIONS .............................................................................................................................................6

    CHAPTER 2 ....................................................................................................................................................7

    REVIEW OF LITERATURE ..........................................................................................................................7

    TYPE OF EXERCISE ........................................................................................................................................7

    INTENSITY AND FREQUENCY OF THE EXERCISE .............................................................................................. 12

    DURATION .................................................................................................................................................. 12

    CONCLUSION .............................................................................................................................................. 14

    CHAPTER 3 .................................................................................................................................................. 15

    METHODOLOGY ........................................................................................................................................ 15

    PARTICIPANTS ............................................................................................................................................. 15

    INSTRUMENTS ............................................................................................................................................. 15

    PROCEDURES .............................................................................................................................................. 16

    Anthropometrics .................................................................................................................................... 17

    Bone mineral density............................................................................................................................. 17Exercise program .................................................................................................................................. 19Dietary log ............................................................................................................................................ 20Statistical Analysis ................................................................................................................................ 21

    CHAPTER 4 .................................................................................................................................................. 22

    ABSTRACT ............................................................................................................................................. viii

  • v

    RESULTS ...................................................................................................................................................... 22

    DISCUSSION ................................................................................................................................................ 26

    APPENDIX A ............................................................................................................................................... 29

    APPENDIX B ................................................................................................................................................ 39

    APPENDIX C ................................................................................................................................................ 41

    APPENDIX D ............................................................................................................................................... 42

    APPENDIX E ................................................................................................................................................ 43

    REFERENCES .............................................................................................................................................. 45

  • vi

    LIST OF TABLES

    TABLE 1: THE JUMP GROUP HAS DIFFERENT TRAINING SESSIONS ..................................................................19

    TABLE 2: PARTICIPANTS CHARACTERISTICS (N=16) .....................................................................................22TABLE 3: DAILY NUTRIENTS INTAKES............................................................................................................23

    TABLE 4: MEAN BASELINE AND POST-INTERVENTION VALUES FOR BMD .....................................................23

  • vii

    LIST OF FIGURES

    FIGURE 1: PRE- AND POST-INTERVENTION BMD VALUE IN EXERCISE GROUP ................................................24

    FIGURE 2: PRE- AND POST- INTERVENTION BMD VALUE IN CONTROL GROUP ...............................................24

  • viii

    EFFECTS OF JUMP TRAINING ON BONE MINERAL DENSITY IN YOUNG ADULT FEMALES

    Battogtokh Zagdsuren May 2014 47 Pages

    Directed by: Scott Lyons, Scott Arnett, Mark Schafer, Gina Evans, Jill Maples, and Jason Crandall

    Department of Kinesiology, Recreation & Sport Western Kentucky University

    Physical activity is critical to bone health. However, not all physical activity has

    optimum effect on bone health and metabolism. The purpose of this study was to

    determine the effects of a short term progressive jumping protocol on bone mineral

    density in college age Asian females. Sixteen participants aged18-2