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Turn over Paper Reference Geography Advanced Subsidiary Unit 1: Global Challenges RESOURCE BOOKLET Friday 14 January 2011– Morning 6GE01/01 Do not return the Resource Booklet with the question paper. M38009A ©2011 Edexcel Limited. 1/1/1/1/1 *M38009A* Edexcel GCE PMT

Edexcel GCE Geography - Physics & Maths Tutorpmt.physicsandmathstutor.com/download/Geography/A-level... · 2017-06-23 · Geography Advanced Subsidiary Unit 1: Global Challenges

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    Paper Reference

    GeographyAdvanced SubsidiaryUnit 1: Global ChallengesRESOURCE BOOKLETFriday 14 January 2011 Morning

    6GE01/01Do not return the Resource Booklet with the question paper.

    M38009A2011 Edexcel Limited.

    1/1/1/1/1*M38009A*

    Edexcel GCE

    PMT

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    SECTION A

    The following resources relate to Questions 16.

    Figure 1 World trends in the number of reported disasters per year 19002000

    All disasters include geophysical events(such as earthquakes) and hydro-meteorological events (including all typesof storm)

    Number of reporteddisasters

    (Source: Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal)

    Figure 2 Ways of managing climate change

    Mitigation means tackling the underlying cause:the build-up of greenhouse gases.

    Adaptation means dealing with the consequences ofclimate change.

    MITIGATION MANAGING ADAPTATIONCLIMATE CHANGE

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    Figure 3 Predicted changes in flood risk for England and Wales by 2080

    no changelow increasemedium increasehigh increasedecrease

    Change in annual economiclosses from flooding

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    Figure 4 The number of Tesco stores worldwide in 2010. Tesco is a UK retail Transnational Corporation (TNC)

    Pola

    nd -

    301

    Slov

    akia

    - 60

    Hun

    gary

    - 12

    3

    Turk

    ey -

    66

    Cze

    ch R

    epub

    lic -

    96U

    SA -

    53

    UK

    - 21

    15

    Rep

    ublic

    of

    Irel

    and

    - 100

    Sout

    h K

    orea

    - 13

    7Ja

    pan

    - 125

    Chi

    na -

    56

    Mal

    aysi

    a - 2

    0

    Tha

    iland

    - 47

    6

    (Source: www.tescoplc.com)

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    Figure 5 Immigration and emigration trends for the UK 19982008

    19980

    100

    200

    300

    400

    500

    600

    1999 2000 2001

    Year

    Thousandsof people

    Immigration Emigration

    2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

    (Source: www.statistics.gov.uk/)

    Figure 6 An inner London house and the families living there in 1901 and 2011

    1901 2011Name Age Name Age

    Eliza Hunter (F) 73 David Goodwin (M) 47

    William Hunter (M) 38 Rupal Goodwin (F) 48

    Doris Hunter (F) 36 Samira Goodwin (F) 13

    Frank Hunter (M) 15 Jasmine Goodwin (F) 11

    Harold Hunter (M) 14

    Betsy Hunter (F) 11

    Emma Hunter (F) 10

    Richard Hunter (M) 8

    Susan Hunter (F) 5

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    SECTION B

    The following resources relate to Questions 710.

    Figure 7 The distribution of volcanic activity in the Pacific region

    Hawaiian Islands

    Pacific Plate

    Eurasian Plate

    Cocos Plate

    Antarctic Plate

    NazcaPlate

    SouthAmerican

    Plate

    North American Plate

    IndoAustralian Plate

    Key active volcano plate boundary

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    Figure 8 GDP per capita, total greenhouse gas emissions (shown as carbon dioxide equivalent) and CO2(e) emissions per capita for selected countries, 2007

    Country Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita (US $)

    Total CO2(e) emissions (millions of tonnes)

    CO2(e) emissions per capita (tonnes)

    USA 47,440 5,769 19.1

    China 3,259 6,028 4.6

    Brazil 8,295 347 1.8

    Bangladesh 521 40 0.2

    Singapore 38,972 45 9.8

    Saudi Arabia 18,855 358 14.8

    (Source: www.iea.org)

    Figure 9 A shrinking world timeline of technological innovation

    1900 Telephone & radio are already being used

    1935 Fax machine1939 Television1954 Colour television1969 Early internet1969 Moon landing1970 First GPS satellite1973 First mobile phones1974 Desktop computers1989 World Wide Web1994 Blogging begins1995 EasyJet founded1996 Google founded1997 Mass market mobiles2002 First i-pod on sale2004 Podcasting begins2008 Twitter takes off

    THEN NOW

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    Figure 10 The changing size and distribution of world megacities

    London

    Paris

    Moscow

    IstanbulTehran

    Cairo

    Lagos

    New York

    Los Angeles

    Mexico City

    Rio de JaneiroSao Paulo

    Buenos Aires

    KarachiMumbai

    Delhi

    Beijing

    KolkataDacca

    SeoulTokyo

    OsakaShanghai

    Guangzhou

    Manila

    Jakarta

    8 megacitiesin 1985

    Population in millions(metropolitan area)

    20+15.1-20

    10-15

    Less than 10 million

    New York

    Mexico City

    Rio de JaneiroSao Paulo

    Buenos Aires26 megacitiesin 2009

    Population in millions(metropolitan area)

    20+15.1-20

    10-15

    Less than 10 million

    London

    Paris

    Moscow

    IstanbulTehran

    CairoDelhi

    Mumbai

    Lagos

    TokyoSeoul

    Los Angeles

    KarachiKolkata

    Dacca

    Beijing

    ShanghaiGuangzhou

    Manila

    Jakarta

    h iOsaka

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