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  • Economic Sanctions against Rhodesia

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  • Economic Sanctions against Rhodesia

    Alternative title Economic Sanctions against Rhodesia

    Author/Creator Subcommittee on International Organizations andMovements; Committee on Foreign Affairs; House ofRepresentatives

    Publisher U.S. Government Printing Office

    Date 1971

    Resource type Hearings

    Language English

    Subject

    Coverage (spatial) Zimbabwe, United States

    Coverage (temporal) 1971

    Source Congressional Hearings and Mission Reports: U.S.Relations with Southern Africa

    Description This hearing is concerned with U.S. policy towardsRhodesia in the context of efforts to pass the ByrdAmendment to put the U.S. in violation of UN sanctionsagainst Rhodesia. Witnesses include administrationofficials, members of Congress, and industryrepresentatives. There are additional memorandums andstatements submitted for the record.

    Format extent(length/size)

    127 page(s)

    http://www.aluka.org/action/showMetadata?doi=10.5555/AL.SFF.DOCUMENT.uscg005

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    http://www.aluka.org/action/showMetadata?doi=10.5555/AL.SFF.DOCUMENT.uscg005

  • ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AGAINST RHODESIA

    HEARINGS BEFORE THE

    SUBCOMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND MOVEMENTS

    OF THE

    COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

    NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS

    FIRST SESSION

    ON

    H.J. Res. 172; H. Con. Res. 5, 6, 12; H. Res. 45; and H.R. 5445

    65-446

    JUNE 17 AND 22, 1971

    Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Affairs

    0

    U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

    WASHINGTON : 1971

  • COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS

    THOMAS E. MORGAN, Pennsylvania, Chairman

    CLEMENT J. ZABLOCKI, Wisconsin WAYNE L. HAYS, Ohio L. 1I. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey ROBERT N. C. NIX, Pennsylvania JOHN S. MONAGAN, Connecticut DONALD M. FRASER, Minnesota BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York JOHN C. CULVER, Iowa LEE H. HAMILTON, Indiana ABRAHAM KAZEN, JR., Texas LESTER L. WOLFF, New York JONATHAN B. BINGHAM, New York GUS YATRON, Pennsylvania ROY A. TAYLOR, North Carolina JOHN W.'DAVIS, Georgia MORGAN F. MURPHY, Illinois RONALD V. DELLUMS, California

    WILLIAM S. MAILLIARD, California PETER H. B. FRELINGHUYSEN, New Jersey WILLIAM S. BROOMFIELD, Michigan J. IRVING WHALLEY, Pennsylvania H. R. GROSS, Iowa EDWARD J. DERWINSKI, Illinois F. BRADFORD MORSE, Massachusetts VERNON W. THOMSON, Wisconsin JAMES G. FULTON, Pennsylvania PAUL FINDLEY, Illinois JOHN BUCHANAN, Alabama SHERMAN P. LLOYD, Utah J. HERBERT BURKE, Florida SEYMOUR HALPERN, New York GUY VANDER JAGT, Michigan ROBERT H. STEELE, Connecticut PIERRE S. Du PONT, Delaware

    ROY J. BULLOCK, Staff Administrator

    SUBCOMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND MOVEMENTS

    DONALD M. FRASER, Minnesota, Chairman

    DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York ABRAHAM KAZEN, JR., Texas JONATHAN B. BINGHAM, New York RONALD V. DELLUMS. California

    H.R. GROSS, Iowa PETER H. B. FRELINGHUYSEN, New Jersey EDWARD J. DERWINSKI, Illinois PAUL FINDLEY, Illinois SEYMOUR HALPERN, New York

    ROBERT K. BOYER, Staff Consultant

    JEAN BROWN, Staff Assistant

    (11

  • CONTENTS

    LIST OF WITNESSES Thursday, June 17, 1971:

    Armitage, John, Director, Office of U.N. Political Affairs, Bureau of Page International Organization Affairs, Department of State- 8

    Crosby, Oliver, Country Director, Rhodesia/South Africa, Department of State-- 19

    Kyle, Joseph, Director, Office of International Commodities, Bureau of Economic Affairs, Department of State .... 12

    Lawrence, William N., Chief, Stockpile Policy Division, Office of Emergency Preparedness_- 15

    Tuesday, June 22, 1971: Andrews, E. F., vice president-purchases, Allegheny Ludlum Steel

    Corp 95 Bliss, L. G., chairman of the board, Foote Mineral Co- 68 Bolles, Blair, vice president, Colt Industries .. - -- - 92 Collins, Hon. James M., a Representative in Congress from the State

    of Texas ---------------------------------------------------- 43 Edwards, Hon. Jack, a Representative in Congress from the State of

    Alabama ------------- 64 Kroft, Fred C., Jr., president, Ferroalloys Division, Union Carbide

    Corp 82 Moxon, John, president, Carpenter Technology Corp__ 110 Rarick, Hon. John R., a Representative in Congress from the State of

    Louisiana ----------------------- 51

    MEMORANDUMS SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD

    Text of H.J. Res. 172 to provide for the resumption of trade with Rhodesia- 2 Text of H. Con. Res. 5 expressing the sense of the Congress with respect to

    sanctions against Rhodesia- 3 Text of H. Con. Res. 6 expressing the sense of the Congress with respect

    to the revocation of the United Nations economic sanctions against Southern Rhodesia ..... 4

    Text of H. Res. 12 expressing the sense of the Congress with respect to the United Nations sanctions against Rhodesia -------------------------- 4

    Text of H. Res. 43 concerning Rhodesia--_ 4 Text of H.R. 5445 a bill to amend the United Nations Participation Act

    of 1945 to prevent the imposition thereunder of any prohibition on the importation into the United States of any strategic and critical material from any free world country for so long as the importation of like material from any Communist country is not prohibited by law ----------- 4

    Text of S. 1404 a bill to amend the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 to prevent the imposition thereunder of any prohibition on the importation into the United States of any strategic and critical material from any free world country for so long as the importation of like material from any Communist country is not prohibited by law - 5

    Text of report from Department of State on H.J. Res. 172; H. Con. Res. 5, 6, and 12; and H. Res. 45 .... 5

    Table on selected raw materials price trends as compared with various grades of foreign chromite, submitted by Mr. Kyle ------------------- 22

    Table on trade with U.S.S.R., 1969 and 1970 ..------------------------- 25 Table on chrysotite asbestos------------------------ 32 Memorandum furnished by Department of State on Rhodesian marketing

    of chrome ore 32 Table on list of mines in production during 1959 ----------------------- 34 Statement on the importance of chrome ore to the United States with table,

    submitted by Mr. Kroft -- - 83 Table on titanium content of chromite phase in chromium ores from various

    sources, submitted by Mr. Bolles_ - --- 94 Table on chromium reserves of the world_ - 102 Table on price quotations of various grades of foreign chromite ---------- 102

  • IV

    STATEMENTS SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD

    Statement of Hon. Harold R. Collier, a Representative in Congress from the State of Illinois, in support of H.R. 5817 ------------------------ 113

    Statement of Hon. William L. Dickinson, a Representative in Congress from the State of Alabama .----------------------------------- 114

    Statement of Hon. 0. C. Fisher, a Representative in Congress from the State of Texas----------------------------- 115

    Statement of Hon. J. Kenneth Robinson, a Representative in Congress from the State of Virginia_ ---------------- 116

    Statement of Hon. William F. Ryan, a Representative in Congress from the State of New York --------------- 117

    Statement of Hon. Bob Sikes, a Representative in Congress from the State of Florida ----------------------------------------------- 118

    Statement of Michael D. Jaffe, chairman, American-Southern Africa Council ----------------------------------------------------- 119

  • ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AGAINST RHODESIA

    THURSDAY, JUNE 17, 1971

    HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL

    ORGANIZATIONS AND MOVEMENTS, Washington, D.C.

    The subcommittee met pursuant to call, at 2 p.m. in room H-227, the Capitol, Hon. Donald M. Fraser (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

    Mr. FRASER. The subcommittee will come to order. The purpose of today's hearing is to take testimony on current

    legislation and resolutions relating to economic and political sanctions against Rhodesia.

    We are honored to have joining our panel the distinguished chairman of the Subeomnittee on Africa, the Honorable Charles C. Diggs, Jr.

    Congressman Diggs' subcommittee condu