EARF: Pakistan: Punjab Irrigated Agriculture ... dams, irrigation and flood protection Dams, reservoirs

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  • Environmental Assessment and Review Framework

    September 2011

    PAK: Punjab Irrigated Agriculture Investment

    Program (PIAIP) — New Khanki Barrage Project

    Proposed Tranche 2

    Prepared by Punjab Irrigation Department, Project Management Unit (PMU) for the Government

    of Pakistan and the Asian Development Bank.

  • i

    GOVERNMENT OF THE PUNJAB

    IRRIGATION DEPARTMENT

    PUNJAB IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE INVESTMENT PROGRAM-PIAIP

    ENVIRONMENT ASSESSMENT AND REVIEW FRAMEWORK

    (EARF)

    September, 2011

    MFF 0009-PAK: Punjab Irrigated Agriculture Investment Program—Proposed Tranche 2

    National Engineering Services Pakistan (Pvt.) Limited

    Development and Management

    Consultants

    AAB (Pvt.)

    Limited

  • NESPAK – AAB – DMC i

    PUNJAB IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE INVESTMENT PROGRAM -

    Package 6

    ADB LOAN NO. 2300 (SF) PAK

    ENVIRONMENT ASSESSMENT AND REVIEW FRAMEWORK

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    1. INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................ 1

    2. BACKGROUND ................................................................................................................. 1

    3. SCOPE OF THE STUDY .................................................................................................... 2

    4. PAKISTAN AND ADB ENVIRONMENTAL PROCEDURES .............................................. 3 4.1 Pakistan legislation ......................................................................................................... 3 4.2 ADB Procedures ............................................................................................................. 5

    5. PROCEDURES FOR SUBPROJECTS .............................................................................. 8 5.1 Responsibilities .............................................................................................................. 8 5.2 Executing Agency (EA) ................................................................................................... 9 5.3 Implementing Agencies (IAs) .........................................................................................10 5.4 Government Departments .............................................................................................11 5.5 Institutional Strengthening .............................................................................................11

    6. ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA FOR SUBPROJECT SELECTION ...................................12 6.1 Environmental Classification ..........................................................................................13

    7. PREPARATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT DOCUMENTS .........................15

    8. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN (EMP) ...........................................................17

    9. INFORMATION DISCLOSURE .........................................................................................17

    10. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES ...................................17

    11. MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILITIES...........................................................................21

    12. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS .............................................................22

    APPENDICES Appendix 1 Format for EIA Reports

    Appendix 2 Format for SEIA Reports

    Appendix 3 Format of IEE Reports

    Appendix 4 Format for SIEE Reports

    Appendix 5 Rapid Environmental Assessment (REA) Checklist

  • Environment Assessment And Review Framework EARF

    NESPAK – AAB – DMC ii

    CURRENCY EQUIVALENTS

    (as of 14 September 2011)

    Currency Unit = Pak Rupees (PKR)

    PKR 1.00 = 0.0114$

    $1.00 = 87.4950 PKR

    WEIGHTS AND MEASURES

    cusec – Cubic feet per second

    km – kilometer

    ha – hectare

    Mha – million hectares

    mm – millimeter

    GLOSSARY

    abiana – irrigation service fee

    conjunctiv

    e use

    – use of surface water and groundwater to meet water needs

    in the same geographic area

    rabi – crops grown during the period from about December to

    May

    kharif – crops grown during the period from about June to

    November

    NOTES

    The fiscal year (FY) of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan ends on 30 June.

    In this report, "$" refers to US dollars.

  • Environment Assessment And Review Framework EARF

    NESPAK – AAB – DMC iii

    LIST OF ABBREVIATION

    ADB Asian Development Bank

    AOI Area of Influence

    DMC Developing Member Country

    EIA Environmental Impact Assessment

    EMMP Environmental Management & Monitoring Plan

    EMP Environmental Management Plan

    EPA Environmental Protection Agency

    ESIA Environmental & Social Impact Assessment

    ESU Environment Social Unit

    GOPunjab Government of Punjab

    FO Farmers Organization

    IA Implementing Agency

    IPD Irrigation and Power Department

    LBDC Lower Bari Doab Canal

    LMB Left Marginal Bund

    LRE Left Retaining Embankment

    IEE Initial Environmental Examination

    M&E Monitoring and Evaluation

    NCS National Conservation Strategy

    NEQS National Environmental Quality Standards

    NGO Non-Government Organization

    NOC No-Objection Certificate

    P&D Planning and Development Department

    PEPA Pakistan Environmental Protection Act

    PEPC Pakistan Environmental Protection Council

    PID Punjab Irrigation & Power Department

    PMO Project Management Office

    PMU Project Management Unit

    RMB Right Marginal Bund

    RRE

    R&U

    Right Retaining Embankment

    Rehabilitation and up-gradation

    SAR Sodium Adsorption Ratio

    SCARP Salinity Control and Reclamation Project

    SEIA Summary of Environmental Impact Assessment

    SEMU Social & Environmental Management Unit

    SIEE Summary of Initial Environmental Examination

    SFA Social Frame Work Agreement

    US-EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency

    WAPDA Water and Power Development Authority

    WHO World Health Organization

    WWF Worldwide Fund for Nature

  • Environment Assessment And Review Framework EARF

    NESPAK – AAB – DMC 1

    1. INTRODUCTION

    The purpose of the Environment Assessment and Review Framework (EARF) is to provide a

    mechanism for further Environmental Assessment (EA) of any other sub-project that may be

    identified during the subsequent tranches.

    2. CONTEXT

    Pakistan Irrigation System plays a vital role in the economy of the country. In Punjab, irrigated

    agriculture, which accounts for 28% of the province's GDP and employs over 50% of labor

    force, faces problems of seriously deteriorated infrastructure and financial and management

    constraints. The Medium-Term Development Framework (MTDF) for Punjab identified a 32%

    average annual increase of total outlay for the irrigation sector during the last 10 years. On the

    request of the Government of Pakistan, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a $900

    million multitranche financing facility (MFF) for the Punjab Irrigated Agriculture Investment

    Program (PIAIP) in 2006, which focuses on the immediate priority investment and non-

    investment activities needed to overcome critical bottlenecks in Punjab's irrigation system.

    A $217.8 million loan for the first tranche became effective on 14 August 2007 for the Lower

    Bari Doab Canal Improvement Project (LBDCIP)—Project 1. The ordinary capital resources

    (OCR) loan will improve the Balloki Barrage on the Ravi River, a major century-old 200 km main

    canal, and about 1,500 km of distributary and minor canals that supply irrigation water to about

    700,000 ha. A $10 million equivalent loan from the Asian Development Fund for the project

    development facility helps prepare projects for subsequent tranches. Punjab Irrigation

    Department (PID) is the Executing Agency (EA) for the project. The main components of the

    LBDCIP are rehabilitation and upgrading the Balloki Barrage, 200 km long main canal and 1500

    km long distribution system. The project 1 also includes institutional reform, on-farm water

    management and agricultural support to the famers’ organizations (FOs) and groundwater

    management. The project 1 will benefit 700,000 ha of irrigated agriculture land.

    ADB has received the second periodic financing request (PFR) from the Government of

    Pakistan for a $250 million1 to finance the construction of New Khanki Barrage Project (NKBP)

    as second tranche of the MFF. The new Khanki Barrage (NKB) will replace 120 years old

    existing Khanki Headworks on River Chenab in central Punjab. It will be located at 275 m

    downstre

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