E Ku i Ka Ohia Lehua: Culture significance of a dominant Hawaiian tree

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A powerpoint presentation on the cultural significance of our dominant tree in native Hawaiian forest.

Text of E Ku i Ka Ohia Lehua: Culture significance of a dominant Hawaiian tree

E K i ka hia lehua

An introduction to the biocultural significance of our dominant tree Metrosideros polymorpha

Sam Ohukanihia Gon III

The hia lehua is the dominant tree in Hawaiian wet forest on all islands.

Its nectar-rich flowers provide the mainstay for Hawaiian honeycreepers, such as this apapane.

hia lehua carries immense significance in native Hawaiian culture.

Kinolauphysical manifestation of:

K Laka Pele Hiiaka Kne Kapo

Noho ana

Lakai ka uluwehiwehi, ka hia

k i lunao Mauna Loa

Kuahu a Laka

kii akua(god images)An hia tree carved into the likeness of KPossessed such high mana (spiritual power) that it required a human sacrifice to take it from the wao akua (upland sacred realm)

hia lehuawas the

preferred wood for the lele(offering platform)

and the nuu(oracle tower)

on the heiau(temple)

It was considered the best wood for the p(exclosure)

surrounding sacred sites & structures

lehua is the first warrior to fall in battle

lehua is the fiery symbol of Pele

lehua is the termfor a paramount

expert

Lehua pane = apapane = red

Lehua mamo = mamo = yellow

He kumu lehua muimuia i ka manu(A lehua tree crowded with birds)

A lehua tree in bloom draws birds as an attractive person draws the attention of others

E ola i au, ka pouhana o ke aupuni, a me n alii pau(Life to me, the support post of the government, and all the chiefs)

hia lehuais a preferred wood for

weaponssuch as

lau(clubs) and

phoa(daggars)

In

hulahia woodcreates fine

klau(dancing sticks)

In the realm of

ornamentationLei lehua among the most exalted of lei

In lau lapaau(medicine)Liko lau & aa lewa

No Puna lehua ula i ka papa, i ula i ka papa ka lehua o Puna

Ua-kani-lehua

Moaniani-lehua

Ll-lehua

Lau ohi wai(Forest that gathers water)

mahalo!