Dvd Styler Guide

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    Authoring DVD-VideoUsing Alex Thring's DVDStyler

    2011 Jonathan BlairPermission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify thisdocument under the terms of the GN !ree "ocumentation#icense, $ersion 1%& or any later 'ersion published by the !ree(oft)are !oundation* )ith no +n'ariant (ections, no !ront-o'er .e ts, and no Bac -o'er .e ts% copy of the license isincluded in the section entitled GN !ree "ocumentation#icense3%

    0. Disclaimer of WarrantyTHERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THIS DOCU ENT! TO THE E"TENT #ER ITTED $YA##%ICA$%E %AW. THIS DOCU ENT IS #RO&IDED 'AS(IS) WITHOUT WARRANTY OFANY *IND! EITHER E"#RESSED OR I #%IED! INC%UDIN+! $UT NOT %I ITED TO!

    THE I #%IED WARRANTIES OF ERCHANTA$I%ITY AND FITNESS FOR A #ARTICU%AR#UR#OSE. THE ENTIRE RIS* AS TO THE ,UA%ITY AND #ERFOR ANCE OF THISDOCU ENT IS WITH YOU. SHOU%D THE DOCU ENT #RO&E DEFECTI&E! YOU ASSU ETHE COST OF A%% NECESSARY SER&ICIN+! RE#AIR OR CORRECTION.

    -. Contact InformationF t re contri/ tors may contact me for ermissions rs ant to t1eterms of t1e +NU Free Doc mentation %icense &ersion -.2 /y e(mail to3nee4(more(in t5 sers.so rcefor6e.net

    No) that the formalities are out of the )ay, please eep your hands and feet insidethe 'ehicle at all times and en4oy the ride5

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    )ro*e%t (on igur"tion

    =hen starting a ne) pro4ect, the =elcome )indo) and "$" ;ptions )indo)pro'ide the basic configuration options%

    : .he "isc label )ill become the 'olume label for the disc >'isible on computers?%: (tandard single layer "$"@< discs ha'e a capacity of A% GB* dual layer discs

    ha'e a capacity of C%D GB% .he unlimited option in "isc capacity is intended forcomputer use only* the image generated cannot be burned to disc if it e ceedsthe applicable capacity%

    : $ideo Euality is best left on uto* "$"(tyler can manage the bitrate accordingto the length of included titles% .he manual options offer fine tuning if desired%

    : .he 'ideo format, aspect ratio and audio format should be set according to thestandards of target "$" players and the title 'ideo% +nformation on N.(- / P #and supported audio formats is a'ailable in !urther

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    Adding +enus "nd Video

    9enus and titles )ill be encoded into the pro4ect in the order that they areadded, )ith one e ceptionF 'm9enus >'ideo manager menus? are al)ays at thebeginning of the pro4ect% 9enus and titles can be lin ed from any)here in the discand title and menu locations can be shifted some)hat, so order is not paramount,ho)e'er if a particular structure is desired the corresponding elements must be

    added in the correct order% !ollo)ing preference, add all necessary menus andtitles using the "$" dd menu list, the toolbar dd button, or the right clicmenu )hile ho'ering o'er the titleset managerHs )hitespace% Note that the toolbar

    dd button is restricted to adding titles% .his process is demonstrated belo)%

    .his pro4ect includes one main menu >'m9enu 1?, one sub menu >9enu 1? andfour titles% "$"(tyler starts a non template pro4ect )ith a single menu >9enu 1?,so the 'm9enu and titles >'ideos? 1 through A )ere added in succession%

    No) that all elements are present, roughly edit the menus to identify )hat each)ill e'entually be% (elect each menu icon in the titleset manager to display it forediting and choose a temporary bac ground from the built in set by doubleclic ing on an appropriate image in the sidebar% dd a title to the menu by rightclic ing on the main display and selecting dd .e t% .ype in the title of the menuand select ;I% "onHt forget to sa'e this rough 'ersion* the pro4ect no) has theo'erall structure )hich )ill be on the final "$"%

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    #"si% +enu ,diting

    "$"(tyler pro'ides many tools for menu editing% .he first is the border outlinesho)ing the .$ safe area% .ele'isions regularly clip a percentage of the image,called o'erscan >see !urther de?selecting $ie) (ho) (afe.$ area%

    ;ther menu editing tools include dra)ing elements such as ellipses, rectanglesand frames >)hich are rectangles )ith rounded corners? as )ell as te t and te t)ith shado)% 6 ternal images may also be added% ll of these tools are accessibleby right clic ing on the main display and selecting the appropriate option from the

    dd menu%

    -ustomi ed bac grounds are possible by modifying the properties of the menuFright clic the main display )hile the menu is 'isible or right clic its icon in thetitleset manager and select Properties% +n the Bac ground section of the )indo),type in the location of the custom bac ground or clic the ellipsis button to theright to open the file manager )indo) and na'igate to the custom image >or

    'ideo?% 9edia should be the same aspect ratio as the disc >1K L or A &?* all input)ill be scaled to 20 D K or 20 AC0 according to the format of the disc%

    ll graphic elements in the menu are aligned to a grid by default% .oggling thegrid and modifying its dimensions and 'isibility are accomplished by right clic ingthe main display and selecting the appropriate option from the Grid menu%

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    +enu ,rr"t"

    Professional "$" menus typically ha'e 'ideo bac grounds and accompanyingaudio )hich loop to pro'ide an immersi'e e perience immediately on loading adisc% "$"(tyler partially >as of 'ersion 1%C%A? supports custom 'ideo bac grounds>)ithout static o'erlays?, including the functionality to loop playbac % =hile theoption to pause the menu e ists, this functionality is not optimal for e'ery

    circumstance% (ome free soft)are media players omit menu functionality, and inthe remainder the menu stability is often 8uestionable% !or reasons beyond thescope of this document, rendering button graphics correctly seems to be anongoing issue% -ontinuous looping playbac is presently one of the best)or arounds% .his adds the benefit of re rendering the interface at each loop,mitigating issues )ith rendering failure >blac screen?%

    "$" menus typically di'ide 'ie)er selectable features into se'eral separatemenus% 6ach feature corresponds )ith a button present on most "$" playerremotes )hich 4umps directly to the corresponding menu% "esignating a functionfor a menu is not mandatory* it is done only to simplify direct menu na'igation%

    9any combinations are possible* the follo)ing is a guideline for t)o basic "$"structures that result in an intuiti'e interfaceF

    : .he "in enu is al)ays a v +enu >'ideo manager menu?, and isdesignated the title menu%

    : .he "udio enu and su&title enu comprise one +enu , )hich isdesignated as both the audio and subtitle menu%

    : +n a single title >single 'ideo? "$", the %h" ter enu is a +enu and isdesignated both the chapter and root menu%

    : +n a multiple title >multiple 'ideo? "$", the %h" ter enu is a +enu andis designated the chapter menu%

    : +n a multiple title "$", the e isode sele%tion enu is a +enu and isdesignated the root menu%

    +mportantly, a 'm9enu can only be mar ed as the title menu and a normal>titleset? 9enu can be mar ed as any menu other than the title menu% =hile"$"(tyler offers the feature of an ngle menu, the documentation for d'dauthor>the bac end )hich creates the "$" filesystem? states that this is untested% nglefunctionality re8uires additional information in the 'ideo stream, but you can testit )ith a multiple ed 'ideo stream if you ha'e one >see !urther shrun en pictures? of 'ideoframes should ha'e at ma imum four to si thumbnails depending on their si erelati'e to the menu% (caling frames smaller to include more thumbnails results ina lac of detail rendering the use of thumbnails inconse8uential% "$"(tylersupplies a default frame button to simplify this implementation%

    (ince 'ideo bac grounds are partially supported in menus, additional menusmay be used to implement menu transitions% (ince transitions are not interacti'emenus, they probably should not be designated as any of the primary menus listedabo'e* rather, command scripting should handle their display% 9enu transitions, as)ell as other features, are detailed in d'anced -ommand (cripting%

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    +"n"ging (h" tersBefore )or ing on the commands to lin menus and titles, set the chapter

    points for each title% -hapters are used to access particular scenes of the titlecon'eniently )ithout fast for)ard or re)ind type scanning%

    .ype in the %h" ter oints follo)ing

    the format MM7F 99F ((M%sss )herethe units in brac ets are optional, andseparate each chapter )ith a comma)ithout spaces%

    i%e% 0F00,22%2&A,1F1AF2C%AK

    ;ptionally, use the (h" ters +enu to define chapter, program and cellpoints% Programs, cells, and cellcommands )ill be described in

    d'anced -ommand (cripting %

    .he -hapters 9enu pro'ides areference frame )hen settingna'igation points% se the slider orpro'ided field to select anappropriate time for your chapterpoints% dd the chapter by clic ingon the green plus button% .o remo'ea chapter, highlight the appropriateentry in the left hand list and clicthe red minus button%

    +f you )ish to change theproperties of a highlightedchapter in the list, clic on the)rench icon button% .his )ill openthe (ell )ro erties +enu % +n themenu, you can select )hether thena'igation point is a chapter, cell>

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    Video ,n%oding=ith chapters accounted for, the encoding settings for titles and menus should

    no) be set% (elect the correct 'ideo and audio format and language for each tit