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Drell Yan Measuremen at RHIC II Matthias Grosse Perdekamp, U of Illinois and RBRC o Strong Interaction Physics at BNL RHIC RHIC II e-RHIC o RHIC II Luminosity and Detector Upgrades Overview of the Physics Program o Transverse Spin Physics Collins and Interference Fragmentation Drell Yan STAR STAR pp2pp pp2pp

Drell Yan Measurements at RHIC II

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STAR. Drell Yan Measurements at RHIC II. Strong Interaction Physics at BNL RHIC  RHIC II  e-RHIC RHIC II Luminosity and Detector Upgrades Overview of the Physics Program Transverse Spin Physics Collins and Interference Fragmentation Drell Yan. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan Measurements at RHIC II

Matthias Grosse Perdekamp, U of Illinois and RBRC

o Strong Interaction Physics at BNL

RHIC RHIC II e-RHIC

o RHIC II

Luminosity and Detector Upgrades Overview of the Physics Program

o Transverse Spin Physics

Collins and Interference Fragmentation Drell Yan STARSTAR

pp2pppp2pp

Page 2: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 2 June 20 th

o Quark Matter at high Temperatures and Densities

ion-ion collisions (Cu-Cu, Au-Au: √sNN=22.5, 62, 130, 200 GeV)

o Proton Spin Structure

polarized proton-proton collisions (p-p: √s=62.4, 200, 500 GeV) o Low-x and high parton densities

ion-deuteron collisions (d-Au: √sNN=200 GeV)

Strong Interaction Physics at

very active field: > 90 PRL letters in the first 6 years

10 x higher luminosity, detector upgrades

∫RHICLdt 2 fb-1, high luminosity transverse spin running?

high luminosity, forward detector upgrades

polarized e-p

e-A scattering

RHIC IIe-RHICRHIC

RHIC II

Page 3: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 3 June 20 th

(I) Electron Cooling in RHIC to increase luminosity for HI by factor 10

(II) Detector Upgrades in PHENIX and STAR

RHIC II – Definition

RHIC II upgrades will be carefully coordinated with the effort to build a electron ion collider RHIC as “QCD Lab”

target date 2012

Scope and schedule are presently reviewed in context of the long range planning process

Page 4: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 4 June 20 th

RHIC II: Luminosity Upgrade with Electron Cooling (from Thomas Roser)

Page 5: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 5 June 20 th

Luminosity upgrade

High statistics Au-Au, 500 GeV pp RHIC II

RHIC II Schedule: Detector Upgrades + Luminosity

Tom Ludlam

Page 6: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 6 June 20 th

• Factor 2-3 increase in pp luminosity

• Small improvements in polarization

• Maximum energy √s = 650 GeV

• Polarized 3He2+ beams may be possible

• Mini-quads at the IRs might provide additional increase in luminosity.

p-p Expectations for the RHIC II Luminosity Upgrade

In light of the ongoing discussion related to the long rangeplan new ideas for luminosity improvements and possiblypolarized deuterons are being discussed.

Page 7: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 7 June 20 th

Luminosity Projection (electron cooling only, no mini-quads)Wolfram Fischer

Page 8: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 8 June 20 th

RHIC II: Upgrades in STAR and PHENIX

FMS (Forward Meson Spectrometer)

TOF HFT (Heavy Flavor Tracker)

Forward Tracking UpgradeDAQ 1000

HBD (Hadron Blind Detector)

Silicon (VTX, FVTX)Muon TriggerForward Calorimeter

Luminosity expectations (example, PHENIX)

∫Ldt ≈ 15 pb-1 RHIC run 2 – run 6 ∫Ldt ≈ 85 pb-1 2007 – 2012, √s=200 GeV∫Ldt ≈ 300 pb-1 2008 – 2012, √s=500 GeV∫Ldt ≈ 1300 pb-1 2013 – 2016, √s=500 GeV

Upgrades will be available for most of RHIC spin luminosity!

Improvement in luminosity: ∫Ldt ~ x 100

in figure of merit: P4 ∫Ldt ~ x 300

Page 9: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 9 June 20 th

RHIC II Science Workshops: Spin Physics

Transverse spin physics: S. Menzel (Bochum), L. Gamberg (Penn State), J. Soffer (Marseille), M. Burkardt (New Mexico), F. Yuan (RBRC), M. Radici (Pavia) Hyperons : Z. Liang (Shandong), Q. Xu (Shandong+LBL), K. Sudoh (KEK)

W-physics: P. Nadolsky (Argonne), K. Sudoh (KEK), J. Soffer (Marseille)

Beyond the SM: J. Soffer (Marseille), D. Maitre (Zurich)

Talks at http://rhicii-science.bnl.gov/spin/ Organizers: Ernst Sichterman, Marco Stratmann, MGP

BNL, October 7-8, 2005

RHIC II white paperhttp://www.bnl.gov/physics/rhicIIscience/docs/rhic2_wp_draft_dec30.pdf

Spin working group reporthttp://rhicii-science.bnl.gov/spin/rhicii-spin-20060127.pdf

Drell Yan white paper (input to the long range planning effort)http://thy.phy.bnl.gov/~vogelsan/drellyan1/dy_final.ps

Page 10: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 10

June 20 th

Physics Channels for RHIC II

Precision measurement of the proton helicity structure

o ∆G(x) and ∆q(x), ∆q(x) with high luminosity in multiple channels with available detector upgrades. Extend measurements to 3He neutron. minimize errors and increase x-coverage of ∆G(x) for precision measurement of the first moment of the spin-dependent gluon distribution ∆G=ʃ ∆G(x)dx:

minimize errors in

global QCD analysis for best knowledge of polarized nucleon structure + pdfs

Precision cross section measurements + QCD analysis

o Measure cross sections in direct photon production, inclusive jet + hadron production as input to QCD analysis to improve knowledge of

G(x) at large x Gluon fragmentation function

GLz 2

1

2

1

(RHIC II Spin Working Group.)

Page 11: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 11

June 20 th

Physics Channels for RHIC II

Transverse Spin Physics o Extract transversity quark distributions from precision measurements of asymmetries in Collins- and interference fragmentation. o Measure Sivers- and transversity-distributions in Drell Yan o AN in direct photon production

direct measurements with good statistical resolution explore origin of transverse spin phenomena in QCD study transverse proton spin structure unique test of factorization & universality for kT-dependent distribution functions possible connection to orbital angular momentum

Polarization of the strange sea

o Access ∆s(x) through inclusive anti-Lambda production and charm associated W-production (very luminosity hungry)

study polarization of the strange sea verify ∆s from DIS (spin crisis!), neutrinos

(RHIC II Spin Working Group.)

Page 12: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 12

June 20 th

Transversity : correlation between transverse proton spin and quark spin

Sivers : correlation between transverse proton spin and quark transverse momentum

Boer/Mulders: correlation between transverse quark spin and quark transverse momentum

Transverse Spin Physics at RHIC with Large ∫Ldt

)()( 21 xqxqATT

M

SkPkxfxqA PTq

TT

)ˆ(

),()( 2211

M

SkPkxh

M

SkPkxhN qqqq

)ˆ(),(

)ˆ(),()( 2

212

11

Collins andInterference FF∫Ldt > 30 pb-1

Drell Yan∫Ldt > 1000 pb-1

AT in Drell Yan∫Ldt ~ 250 pb-1

A(φ0) Drell Yan?, not studied

Page 13: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 13

June 20 th

Transversity : correlation between transverse proton spin and quark spin

Sivers : correlation between transverse proton spin and quark transverse momentum

Boer/Mulders: correlation between transverse quark spin and quark transverse momentum

Transversity, Sivers and Boer Muldersin the Proton Wavefunction

)( 2xq

),( 221

kxf qT

),( 211

kxh q

Sp– Sq – coupling ?

Sp- Lq– coupling ??

Sq- Lq– coupling ??

Page 14: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 14

June 20 th

Transverse spin program at RHIC is luminosity limited

AN yes, very good

AN(back-to-back) good

AT (Collins FF) fair

AT (Interference FF) limited

ATT (Jets) not studied experimentally

AT (Drell Yan) ---

ATT( Drell Yan) ---

Direct photons, Ws --- (AN,AT(CFF, IFF))

RHIC by 2009 at 200 GeV

∫Ldt ~275pb-1 delivered

∫Ldt ~100pb-1 accepted(eg. PHENIX: vertex cut,trigger efficiencies, dutyfactor)

∫Ldt ~25 pb-1 transverse

RH

IC II

Physics channel Luminosity?

Dedicated Drell Yan experiment for transverse spin physics at RHIC ?

Page 15: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Transversity from spin dependent fragmentation

AT in p-p and in SIDIS

Collins and IFF asymmetries from e+e- Global QCD analysis

(for a discussion of the Collins effect see Feng Yuan’s

talk from yesterday)

Page 16: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 16

June 20 th

Transversity + Tensor Charge from

a Global Analysis of e-p, p-p and e+e-

EIC JLAB,

COMPASS, HERMES,

IFF versity trans

Collins versity trans

SIDIS

ity transversersity transv

:Yan Drell A

GSI

IFF ersity transv

Collins sity transver:Jetsin A

Jets hadrons, inclusivefor A

pp

TT

T

N

TransversityTensor Charge

FF ceInterferen x

FF ceInterferen

Collins x Collins ee -

Lattice QCD: Tensor Charge

Factorization + Universality ?! Belle

RHIC / GSI

Th

eory

Page 17: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 17

June 20 th

Transversity from Inter- ference Fragmentation in pp

(Efremov, Collins, Heppelman, Ladinsky,Atru, Jaffe, Jin, Tan, Radici, Jacob, Bacchetta)

NN

NN

PA

beamT

1

Func.tion Fragmenta Pol.: )(ˆ

quark DFsty Transversi : )(

d Pair Yiel Pion:

zq

xq

N

QCD analysis of Belle IFF and RHICAT in IFF to extract transversity

Page 18: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 18

June 20 th

Projected statistical errors in one invariantmass bin 800 MeV < m < 950 MeV

Projected Errors at for ∫Ldt=125 pb-1 at RHIC II

pair vsAsymmetry on iesUncertaint Tp

1%

2%

IFF from BelleAT from STAR+PHENIX

Page 19: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 19

June 20 th

Sivers in SIDIS vs Drell Yan

• Important test at RHIC of the fundamental QCD prediction of the non-universality of the Sivers effect!

• requires very high luminosity (~ 250pb-1)

Page 20: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 20

June 20 th

DY vs SIDIS, what do we learn?

The Sivers effect arises from soft gluon interactions in thefinal state (SIDIS) or initial state (Drell Yan).

Need to modify naïve concepts of factorization whichreduce hard scattering to partonic processes and neglect softgluon interactions in the initial or final state: hard scatteringmatrix elements are modified with gauge link integrals thataccount for initial and final state soft gluon exchange.

A modified concept of universality has been obtained which showshow the presence of initial or final state interactions can impacttransverse momentum dependent distribution; eg. the Siversfunction changes sign between SIDS and Drell Yan!

There may be exciting applications elsewhere, eg. other transversemomentum dependent effects or the understanding nuclear effects in hard scattering.

Page 21: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 21

June 20 th

Simple QEDexample:

DIS: attractive Drell-Yan: repulsiveSame in QCD:

As a result:

Non-universality of Sivers Asymmetries:Unique Prediction of Gauge Theory !

from WernerVoglesang

Page 22: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 22

June 20 th

Drell Yan at RHIChttp://thy.phy.bnl.gov/~vogelsan/drellyan1/dy_final.ps

Large x forward rapidity (Les Bland) Heavy flavor background (Ming Liu)

ϒ-states

J/Ψ

Drell Yan

Ψ’

charm

bottom

4 GeV < Q < 10 GeV

b-background: use FVTX

Page 23: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 23

June 20 th

0.1 0.2 0.3 x

Siv

ers

Am

plitu

de

0

Experiment SIDIS vs Drell Yan: Sivers|DIS= − Sivers|DY

*** Test QCD Prediction of Non-Universality ***

HERMES Sivers Results

Markus DiefenthalerDIS WorkshopMűnchen, April 2007

0

RHIC II Drell Yan Projections

Feng YuanWerner Vogelsang

Page 24: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 24

June 20 th

BRAHMS IP100 % trans-verse spin

RHIC II: Dedicated Drell Yan Experiment ?

Large acceptance Drell Yan experiment:

(1) 100 % Transverse Spin x 4 (2) Large acceptance -3<η<+3 x 8 (3) Electron cooling x 2.5 (4) Mini-quads x 4 ~300Physics: Sivers-, Transversity-, Boer-Mulder-distributions in Drell Yan lepton pair production at RHIC.

Relative gain in ∫LdtCompared to PHENIX

Page 25: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 25

June 20 th

Sivers-Asymmetries, AT in Drell Yan (J. Collins et al.)

Large AcceptanceDY experimentWith ∫Ldt=1250 pb-1

AT

Q=4GeV Q=20GeVQ=4GeV Q=20GeVAT

Precision measurement of Sivers distributions ?

Page 26: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 26

June 20 th

Transversity?

ATT for Drell Yan with dedicated DY detector

coarse estimate for 1250pb-1 of runningfor large acceptance DY-E, “RHIC II ∫Ldt”and 5-10% higher polarization. The estimatewas based on Martin, Schaefer, Stratmann,Vogelsang, Phys.Rev.D57:3084-3090,1998.

Drell Yan large acceptance detector for Drell Yan

Page 27: Drell Yan Measurements  at RHIC II

Drell Yan at RHIC II 27

June 20 th

Summary

Future running of polarized protons at RHIC will lead to data samples a factor 100 larger then the present sample. Assuming a polarization of P=0.7 this will make it possible to increase the figure of merit by more Than two orders of magnitude for longitudinal and transverse spin measurements.

In combination with detector upgrades in STAR and PHENIX thisenables a rigorous transverse spin program

(I) Precision measurements of asymmetries in Collins- and Interference-Fragmentation to map out quark transversity distributions.

(II) Access to direct photons

(III)Measurement of the Sivers function in Drell Yan