Drama for English Language Learners
Drama for English Language Learners. Wendy K. Mages Harvard Graduate School of Education. Drama & Language. Theory Being exposed to a flow of language is not nearly so important as using it in the midst of doing (Bruner, 1990, p. 70) Research - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Drama forEnglish Language LearnersWendy K. MagesHarvard Graduate School of Education Drama & LanguageTheoryBeing exposed to a flow of language is not nearly so important as using it in the midst of doing (Bruner, 1990, p. 70) Research3 Meta-Analyses indicate drama does affect language development(Conard, 1992; Kardash & Wright, 1987; Podlozny, 2000)Why is Drama Beneficial for Language Acquisition?Provides a context for language useDrama simultaneously engages the mind, the body, and the emotionsFirst Stanza of the PoemThere were a few dozen who occupied the fieldacross the road from where we lived,stepping all day from tuft to tuft,their big heads down in the soft grass,though I would sometimes pass a windowand look out to see the field suddenly emptyas if they had taken wing, flown off to another country.A Taste of DramaSample a number of drama strategiesExperience what it is like to be a student in a drama classDrama Teaching TechniquesFreezeEnsures safety of participantsSide CoachingListen to the words I useI will try to coach you with my voiceNo Right or WrongCreates safe environment for explorationEncourages participationStrategy: Walk AboutTechniquesFast & SlowHeavy & LightLarge & SmallHigh & LowRationaleEngage participantsDramatizing vocabularyAids comprehensionAids retentionI used vocabulary from the poemStrategy: Character WalkTechniquesLead with your headLead with your ToesLead with one shoulderEtc.RationaleEncourages whole body engagementTeaches vocabulary for body partsStrategy: GreetingsTechniquesHelloUse just your eyesUse your head and faceUse your head, face, and voiceGoodbyeTouch feetTouch elbowsIntroductionsFormalInformalRationaleBegin collaborative workTeaches basic greetings in contextTeaches informal and formal introductionsStrategy: StatuesTechniqueNumber off by twosUse your whole body to show me HappySadWar (view museum)Peace (view museum)RationaleEngage body in vocabulary developmentStrategy:Group Sculpture TableauxTechniqueAs a group build a sculpture of a wordSculptures:Waiting for RainShockingMysteriousPainRationaleEncourage collaborationVocabulary developmentStrategy: Word SymphonyTechniqueDistribute words from textAllow students to experience the sound of the wordsConduct the word symphonyRationaleEncourage students to explore the sound of wordsIntroduces vocabulary from the textStrategy: Choral ReadingTechniqueShow first stanza of poemDistribute lines of the poemDiscuss line meaning in small groupsStudents collaborate to perform poemRationaleIntroduces text interpretationIntroduces text performancePromotes comprehensionQuestions?Thanks!So why do educators and administrators remain unconvinced of the relevance of drama in early childhood education?Dont Read It (hard to locate) or Cant Interpret ItInterdisciplinary nature of DRAMA researchDifficult to synthesize the findingsScholars note that much drama research is marred by methodological flaws Flaws limit the interpretability of researchThis may prevent educators and administrators from using this research as the basis for curricular programming.