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  • Draft Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) and Critical Habitat Assessment (CHA) Project Number: 50156-001 July 2016

    INO: Muara Laboh Geothermal Power Project

    Prepared by PT Greencap NAA Indonesia for PT Supreme Energy Muara Laboh (PT SEML)

    This biodiversity action plan and critical habitat assessment is a document of the borrower. The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of ADB's Board of Directors, Management, or staff, and may be preliminary in nature. Your attention is directed to the Term of Use section of this website. In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

  • PT Greencap NAA Indonesia

    Int iland Tower | 18th

    Floor

    Jl. Jend. Sudirman Kav. 32

    Jakarta 10220

    Indonesia

    P: +62 21 5790 1344

    F: +62 21 5790 1348

    www.greencap.com.au

    BIODIVERSITY ACTION PLAN

    Geothermal Development of

    M uara Laboh Power Plant

    Solok Selatan Regency,

    West Sumatra Province

    25 July 2016

  • SEM L-Biodiversity Action Plan-M AT-25 Jul 2016 i

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    TABLE OF CONTENTS ..................................................................................................................... i

    LIST OF TABLES ............................................................................................................................ iv

    LIST OF FIGURES ........................................................................................................................... v

    LIST OF M AP ................................................................................................................................ vi

    ABBREVIATIONS ......................................................................................................................... vii

    1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................... 1-1

    1.1 Project Background ................................................................................................ 1-1

    1.2 Rationale for this Report ....................................................................................... 1-1

    1.3 General Approach .................................................................................................. 1-1

    1.4 Project Description ................................................................................................ 1-2

    1.4.1 Explorat ion Stage.......................................................................................... 1-2

    1.4.2 History of Project .......................................................................................... 1-2

    1.4.3 Project Schedule ........................................................................................... 1-3

    1.4.4 Project Configurat ion.................................................................................... 1-3

    1.4.5 Analysis of Alternat ives................................................................................. 1-8

    1.5 Structure of this Document.................................................................................... 1-8

    2 SCOPE AND OBJECTIVES .................................................................................................. 2-1

    2.1 Project Scope ......................................................................................................... 2-1

    2.2 Scope of This Report .............................................................................................. 2-1

    2.3 Aim and Objectives ................................................................................................ 2-1

    3 POLICY AND REGULATORY FRAM EWORK ........................................................................ 3-1

    3.1 International Regulation ........................................................................................ 3-1

    3.1.1 Ramsar Convent ion (1971) ........................................................................... 3-1

    3.1.2 World Heritage Convent ion (1972) ............................................................... 3-1

    3.1.3 Convent ion on Internat ional Trade in Endangered Species of Wild

    Fauna and Flora (1975) ................................................................................. 3-1

    3.1.4 Convent ion on Conservat ion of M igratory Species of Wild Animals............... 3-2

    3.1.5 United Nat ions Convent ion on Biological Diversity (1992) ............................. 3-2

    3.1.6 Regional Regulat ions .................................................................................... 3-2

    3.2 National Regulation ............................................................................................... 3-3

    3.3 Third Party Requirements ...................................................................................... 3-6

    3.3.1 Overview ...................................................................................................... 3-6

    3.3.2 Internat ional Finance Corporat ion (IFC) Standards and Guidance ................. 3-6

    3.3.3 Asian Development Bank (ADB) Standards .................................................... 3-7

    4 BIODIVERSITY BASELINE .................................................................................................. 4-1

    4.1 M ethodology ......................................................................................................... 4-1

    4.1.1 Study Area .................................................................................................... 4-1

    4.1.2 Desktop Informat ion..................................................................................... 4-1

    4.1.3 Field Surveys ................................................................................................ 4-2

    4.1.4 Species Habitat M apping .............................................................................. 4-3

  • SEM L-Biodiversity Action Plan-M AT-25 Jul 2016 ii

    4.1.5 Stakeholder Engagement on Biodiversity Values ........................................... 4-3

    4.2 Environmental Setting ........................................................................................... 4-3

    4.2.1 Biodiversity Study Year 2008 ........................................................................ 4-3

    4.2.2 Species of Conservat ion Value ...................................................................... 4-9

    4.2.3 Nat ional and Internat ional Protected Areas ................................................ 4-37

    5 CRITICAL HABITAT ASSESSM ENT ...................................................................................... 5-1

    5.1 Background Information ........................................................................................ 5-1

    5.2 Expert Adjustment Approach................................................................................. 5-1

    5.3 Discrete M anagement Unit and Assessment of Critical Habitat ............................. 5-2

    5.3.1 Crit ically Endangered (CR) and/ or Endangered (EN) species at global

    and/ or nat ional level; Endemic and/ or restricted-range species; and

    M igratory and/ or congregatory species ........................................................ 5-3

    5.3.2 Highly threatened and/ or unique ecosystems ............................................... 5-3

    5.3.3 Legally Protected and Internat ionally Recognized Areas ............................... 5-4

    5.4 Priority Biodiversity Features .............................................................................. 5-13

    5.5 Potential Biodiversity Features ............................................................................ 5-13

    6 IM PACT ASSESSM ENT AND M ITIGATION ......................................................................... 6-1

    6.1 Impact Evaluation .................................................................................................. 6-1

    6.2 Evaluation of Impacts on Priority Species and Associated Habitats ....................... 6-3

    6.2.1 M igratory and/ or congregatory species and crit ically endangered

    and/ or endangered species at global and nat ional level ............................... 6-3

    6.2.2 Evaluat ion of Impacts on Protected Areas ..................................................... 6-3

    6.2.3 Evaluat ion of Impacts on Ecosystem Service ................................................. 6-3

    6.3 Strategy for Additional M itigations ....................................................................... 6-3

    6.3.1 Avoidance..................................................................................................... 6-3

    6.3.2 M inimizat ion ................................................................................................ 6-3

    6.3.3 Restorat ion ................................................................................................... 6-3

    6.3.4 Offsets .......................................................................................................... 6-3

    6.4 Impacts on Priority Habitats .................................................................................. 6-6

    6.5 Impacts on Priority Species .................................................................................... 6