ED 243 343
HE 016 885
University-Industry Research Relationships. Selected
National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C.
National Science Board.
298p.; For related document, see ED 230 115.
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Reports - Research/Technical (143) -- Reference
Materials - Bibliographies (131)
MF01/PC12 21us Postage.
Chemistry; Computers; *Cooperative Programs;
Engineering; Financial Support; *Higher Education;1
Industry; Institutional Characteristics;
Institutional ()operation; Intellectual Property;
Research and Del.elopment Centers; *Research Projects;
*School Business Relationship; *Sciences; State
Colleges; *Technology Transfer
California; Research Universities
The results of a study of- university /industry
research interactions are presented, along with four reports on
collaboration, and an annotated bibliography. The study, "Current U.S
University/Industry Research Connections" (Lois S. Peters, Herbert I.
Fusfeld, and others), involved on-site interviews with 66 companies
and 61 public and private universities that were top-ranking research
and development institutions. The focus was fields of study in the
physical and life sciences, plus some social science, business, and
medical education programs. Types of interactions formed four major
groupings: general research support, cooperative research support,
support for knowledge transfer, and technology transfer. Appendices
include a geographical listing of each of 475 research interactions,
including the names of the institutions, the discipline, the
mechanism of interaction, and the duration. Report titles and authors
are as follows: '"State College Science and Engineering Faculty:
Collaborative Links with Private Business and Industry in California
and Other States" (Frank and Edith Darknell); "University-Industry
Connections and Chemical Research: An Historical Perspective" (Arnold
Thackray); "University-Industry Cooperation in Microelectronics and
Computers" (Erich Bloch, James D. Meindl, and William Cromie); and
"Report on a National Science Foundation Workshop on Intellectual
Property Rights in Industry-University Cooperative Research"
(National Science Foundation). (SW)
Reproductions supplied by EDRS are the best that can be made
from the original document.
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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION "PERMISSION TO REPRODUCE THIS
EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES INFORMATION MATERIAL HAS BEEN GRANTED BY
This ment has been reproduced as , ,
cowed from the person or organization ,i
0 Minor changes have been made to improve , ..i
Points of view or opinions stated in this docu , TO THE EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
ment do not necessarily represent official NIE INFORMATION CENTER (ERIC)."position or policy ( ,'
NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD+
Dr. Jay V. Beck, Professor Emeritus, Brigham Young
*Dr. Raymond L. Bisplinghoff, Vice President for Re-
search and Development, Tyco Laboratories, Inc.
Dr. Lewis M. Branscomb, Vice President and Chief Sci-
entist, International Business Machines Corp.,
'Dr. Lloyd M. Cooke, President, National Action Council
for Minorities in Engineering, Inc., New York, N.Y.
Dr. Eugene H. Cota-Robles, Professor of Biology, Uni-
versity of California at Santa Cruz
"Mr. Herbert D. Doan, Chairman, Doan Resources Cor-
poration, Midland, MI
Dr. Peter T. Flawn, President, University of Texas at
Dr. Ernestine Friecil, Dean of Arts and Sciences and
Trinity College and Professor of Anthropology,
Dr. Mary L. Good, Vice President and Director of Re-
search, UOP, Inc., Des Plaines, IL
'Dr. John R. hogness, President, Association of Aca-
demic health Centers, Washington, D.C.
"Dr. William F. Hueg, Jr., Professor of Agronomy and
Deputy Vice President and Dean, Institute of Agri-
culture, Forestry, and home Economics, University
Dr. Michael Kasha, Distinguished Professor of Phyisical
Chemistry, The Florida State University
"Dr. Marian E. Koshland, Professor of Bacteriology and
Immunology, University of California at Berkeley
Dr. Peter D. Lax, Professor of Mathematics, Courant
Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York Uni-
Dr. Walter E. Massey, Director, Argonne National Lab-
oratory, Chicago, IL
Dr. homer A. Neal, Provost, State University of New
York at Stony Brook
Dr. Mary Jane Osborn, Professor and Head, Depart-
ment of Microbiology, University of Connecticut
School of Medicine
"Dr. Joseph M. Pettit, President, Georgia Institute of
Dr. David V. Ragone. President, Case Western Reserve
Dr. Donald B. Rice, President, The Rand Corporation,
Santa Monica, CA
Dr. Stuart A. Rice, Dean of the Division of Physical Sci-
ences, University of Chicago
'Dr. Alexander Rich, Sedgwick Professor of Biophysics,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Dr. Edwin E. Salpeter, J. G. White Professor of Physical
Sciences, Cornell University
Dr. Charles P. Slichter, Professor of Physics, University
Dr. John B. Slaughter, member Ex-Officio, Director,
National Science Foundation
Margaret L. Windus, Executive Officer, National Sci-
'Consultant as of May 10, 1982.
*Membership at time of .preparation of the 14th Annual Report.
l'or It the Soperintemlent of Documents. U.S. Government Printing 011iee, AN'ttshingtott, DX. 201(12
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
NS t WA-a
The studies reported in this volume were supported under the
following NSF procurements: 80-SP-1142, 80-SP-0469, 81-SP-.
1029, 81-SP-0842, 81-SP-0958, 81-SP-1029, NSB 80-24731. The
views expressed in these studies are those of the authors, and
not necessarily those of the National Science Foundation or the
National Science Board.
PREFACE. Lewis M. Branscomb, Chairman, National Science Board vii
CURRENT U.S. UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY RESEARCH CONNECTIONS. By Lois Peters and Herbert Fusfeld,
with the assistance of Laurence Berlowitz, Harold Kaufman and Eli Pearce 1
STATE COLLEGE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING FACULTY: COLLABORATIVE LINKS WITH PRIVATE
BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY. By Frank and Edith Darknell 163
UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY CONNECTIONS AND CHEMICAL RESEARCH: ANHISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE.
By Arnold Thackray 193
UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY-STATE GOVERNMENT CONSORTIA IN MICROELECTRONICS RESEARCH.
By William Cromie. With an Introductory Perspective by Eric Bloch and James Meindl 1 235
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION WORKSHOP ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IN INDUSTRY-
UNIVERSITY COOPERATIVE RESEARCH. By Office of the General Counsel,
National Science Foundation 255
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY RESEARCH RELATIONSHIPS.
By Carlos Kruytbosch, National Science.Foundation 269
The Committee on 14th NSB Report thanks those present and past members of the
National Science Board who assisted in reviewing various aspects of the preparation of the
Report and the volume of background papers. The Committee also expresses its appreciation
-to Dr. Carlos Kruytbosch who, as Executive Secretary, effectively coordinated its work. The
authors of the commissioned background studies deserve special thanks, as does Mr. Jack
Kratchman for his editorial assistance.
In addition, a large number of individuals provided information, suggestions, reviews f
manuscripts, and other assistance during the course of preparation-of the publications. We
thank these individuals for their contibutions, and list them below with our apologies for a y
Special thanks are due to the staff of the NSF Printing Office
whose professional skills and positive attitude contributed
greatly to the NSB's industry-university publications.
Mr. George Baughman, Ohio State's University
Dr. Martha Berliner, NSF
Dr. Frederick Betz, NSF
Mr. James Bradley, American Society for Engineering
Dr. David Breneman, Brookings institution
Dr. Alfred E. Brown, Consultant
Ms. Patricia Burbank, NSF
Dr. Jewel Plummer Cobb, California State University at
Dr. Robert Colton, NSF
Dr. Susan Cozzens, NSF
Mrs. Laurel Donovan, NSF
Mr. George Dummer, M.I.T.
Dr. Pamela Ebert-Flattau, NSF
Dr. Lamont Eltinge, Eaton Corporation
Dr. J. Merton England, NSF
Dr. N. Foster, American Chemical Society
Ms. Penny Foster, NSF
Dr. Leon Gortler, American Chemical Society
Dr. Barry Gruenberg, U.S. General Accounting Office
Dr. Ronald Gutmann, NSF
Mrs. Joyce Hamaty, NSF
Dr. Anna J. Harrison, Mount Holyoke College
Dr. David Heebink, University of Michigan
Mr. Don He