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DOCUMENT RESUME HE 016 885 - ERIC · PDF file ED 243 343 TITLE INSTITUTION REPORT NO PUB DATE NOTE AVAILABLE FROM. PUB TYPE. EDRS PRICE DESCRIPTORS. IDENTIFIERS. DOCUMENT RESUME. HE

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  • ED 243 343

    TITLE

    INSTITUTION

    REPORT NO PUB DATE NOTE AVAILABLE FROM

    PUB TYPE

    EDRS PRICE DESCRIPTORS

    IDENTIFIERS

    DOCUMENT RESUME

    HE 016 885

    University-Industry Research Relationships. Selected Studies. National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C. National Science Board. NSB-82-2 [82] 298p.; For related document, see ED 230 115. Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. Reports - Research/Technical (143) -- Reference Materials - Bibliographies (131)

    MF01/PC12 21us Postage. Chemistry; Computers; *Cooperative Programs; Engineering; Financial Support; *Higher Education;1 Industry; Institutional Characteristics; Institutional ()operation; Intellectual Property; Research and Del.elopment Centers; *Research Projects; *School Business Relationship; *Sciences; State Colleges; *Technology Transfer California; Research Universities

    ABSTRACT The results of a study of- university /industry

    research interactions are presented, along with four reports on collaboration, and an annotated bibliography. The study, "Current U.S University/Industry Research Connections" (Lois S. Peters, Herbert I. Fusfeld, and others), involved on-site interviews with 66 companies and 61 public and private universities that were top-ranking research and development institutions. The focus was fields of study in the physical and life sciences, plus some social science, business, and medical education programs. Types of interactions formed four major groupings: general research support, cooperative research support, support for knowledge transfer, and technology transfer. Appendices include a geographical listing of each of 475 research interactions, including the names of the institutions, the discipline, the mechanism of interaction, and the duration. Report titles and authors are as follows: '"State College Science and Engineering Faculty: Collaborative Links with Private Business and Industry in California and Other States" (Frank and Edith Darknell); "University-Industry Connections and Chemical Research: An Historical Perspective" (Arnold Thackray); "University-Industry Cooperation in Microelectronics and Computers" (Erich Bloch, James D. Meindl, and William Cromie); and "Report on a National Science Foundation Workshop on Intellectual Property Rights in Industry-University Cooperative Research" (National Science Foundation). (SW)

    *********************************************************************** Reproductions supplied by EDRS are the best that can be made

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    U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION "PERMISSION TO REPRODUCE THIS

    EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES INFORMATION MATERIAL HAS BEEN GRANTED BY CENTER (ERIC)

    This ment has been reproduced as , , cowed from the person or organization ,i

    originating it 0 Minor changes have been made to improve , ..i

    reproduction quality

    Points of view or opinions stated in this docu , TO THE EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES ment do not necessarily represent official NIE INFORMATION CENTER (ERIC)."position or policy ( ,'

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    Frte.

    43,, 4

    41,40. V*

    114"

  • NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD+

    Dr. Jay V. Beck, Professor Emeritus, Brigham Young University

    *Dr. Raymond L. Bisplinghoff, Vice President for Re- search and Development, Tyco Laboratories, Inc. Exeter, NH

    Dr. Lewis M. Branscomb, Vice President and Chief Sci- entist, International Business Machines Corp., Armonk, N.Y.

    'Dr. Lloyd M. Cooke, President, National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering, Inc., New York, N.Y.

    Dr. Eugene H. Cota-Robles, Professor of Biology, Uni- versity of California at Santa Cruz

    "Mr. Herbert D. Doan, Chairman, Doan Resources Cor- poration, Midland, MI

    Dr. Peter T. Flawn, President, University of Texas at Austin

    Dr. Ernestine Friecil, Dean of Arts and Sciences and Trinity College and Professor of Anthropology, Duke University

    Dr. Mary L. Good, Vice President and Director of Re- search, UOP, Inc., Des Plaines, IL

    'Dr. John R. hogness, President, Association of Aca- demic health Centers, Washington, D.C.

    "Dr. William F. Hueg, Jr., Professor of Agronomy and Deputy Vice President and Dean, Institute of Agri- culture, Forestry, and home Economics, University of Minnesota

    Dr. Michael Kasha, Distinguished Professor of Phyisical Chemistry, The Florida State University

    "Dr. Marian E. Koshland, Professor of Bacteriology and Immunology, University of California at Berkeley

    Dr. Peter D. Lax, Professor of Mathematics, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York Uni- versity

    Dr. Walter E. Massey, Director, Argonne National Lab- oratory, Chicago, IL

    Dr. homer A. Neal, Provost, State University of New York at Stony Brook

    Dr. Mary Jane Osborn, Professor and Head, Depart- ment of Microbiology, University of Connecticut School of Medicine

    "Dr. Joseph M. Pettit, President, Georgia Institute of Technology._

    Dr. David V. Ragone. President, Case Western Reserve University

    Dr. Donald B. Rice, President, The Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, CA

    Dr. Stuart A. Rice, Dean of the Division of Physical Sci- ences, University of Chicago

    'Dr. Alexander Rich, Sedgwick Professor of Biophysics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Dr. Edwin E. Salpeter, J. G. White Professor of Physical Sciences, Cornell University

    Dr. Charles P. Slichter, Professor of Physics, University of Illinois

    Dr. John B. Slaughter, member Ex-Officio, Director, National Science Foundation

    Margaret L. Windus, Executive Officer, National Sci- ence Board

    'Consultant as of May 10, 1982.

    *Membership at time of .preparation of the 14th Annual Report.

    l'or It the Soperintemlent of Documents. U.S. Government Printing 011iee, AN'ttshingtott, DX. 201(12

  • University-- Industry Research Relationships

    SELECTED STUDIES

    SCIL BOAni

    NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NS t WA-a

  • The studies reported in this volume were supported under the following NSF procurements: 80-SP-1142, 80-SP-0469, 81-SP-. 1029, 81-SP-0842, 81-SP-0958, 81-SP-1029, NSB 80-24731. The views expressed in these studies are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the National Science Foundation or the National Science Board.

    ii

  • CONTENTS

    Page

    PREFACE. Lewis M. Branscomb, Chairman, National Science Board vii

    CURRENT U.S. UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY RESEARCH CONNECTIONS. By Lois Peters and Herbert Fusfeld, with the assistance of Laurence Berlowitz, Harold Kaufman and Eli Pearce 1

    STATE COLLEGE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING FACULTY: COLLABORATIVE LINKS WITH PRIVATE BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY. By Frank and Edith Darknell 163

    UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY CONNECTIONS AND CHEMICAL RESEARCH: ANHISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE. By Arnold Thackray 193

    UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY-STATE GOVERNMENT CONSORTIA IN MICROELECTRONICS RESEARCH. By William Cromie. With an Introductory Perspective by Eric Bloch and James Meindl 1 235

    NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION WORKSHOP ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IN INDUSTRY- UNIVERSITY COOPERATIVE RESEARCH. By Office of the General Counsel, National Science Foundation 255

    ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY RESEARCH RELATIONSHIPS. By Carlos Kruytbosch, National Science.Foundation 269

    iii

  • The Committee on 14th NSB Report thanks those present and past members of the National Science Board who assisted in reviewing various aspects of the preparation of the Report and the volume of background papers. The Committee also expresses its appreciation

    -to Dr. Carlos Kruytbosch who, as Executive Secretary, effectively coordinated its work. The authors of the commissioned background studies deserve special thanks, as does Mr. Jack Kratchman for his editorial assistance.

    In addition, a large number of individuals provided information, suggestions, reviews f manuscripts, and other assistance during the course of preparation-of the publications. We thank these individuals for their contibutions, and list them below with our apologies for a y possible omissiOns.

    Special thanks are due to the staff of the NSF Printing Office whose professional skills and positive attitude contributed greatly to the NSB's industry-university publications.

    iv

  • Acknowledgements

    Mr. George Baughman, Ohio State's University Dr. Martha Berliner, NSF Dr. Frederick Betz, NSF Mr. James Bradley, American Society for Engineering

    Education Dr. David Breneman, Brookings institution Dr. Alfred E. Brown, Consultant Ms. Patricia Burbank, NSF Dr. Jewel Plummer Cobb, California State University at

    Fullerton Dr. Robert Colton, NSF Dr. Susan Cozzens, NSF Mrs. Laurel Donovan, NSF Mr. George Dummer, M.I.T. Dr. Pamela Ebert-Flattau, NSF Dr. Lamont Eltinge, Eaton Corporation Dr. J. Merton England, NSF Dr. N. Foster, American Chemical Society Ms. Penny Foster, NSF Dr. Leon Gortler, American Chemical Society Dr. Barry Gruenberg, U.S. General Accounting Office Dr. Ronald Gutmann, NSF Mrs. Joyce Hamaty, NSF Dr. Anna J. Harrison, Mount Holyoke College Dr. David Heebink, University of Michigan Mr. Don He