Divergent Thinking Creative Thinking. Terry A. Ring Chemical Engineering University of Utah. Knowledge. Traditional academic disciplines still matter, but as content and knowledge evolves at lightning speed, educators are talking more and more about “process skills” Process Skills - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Divergent ThinkingCreative ThinkingTerry A. RingChemical EngineeringUniversity of Utah
KnowledgeTraditional academic disciplines still matter, but as content and knowledge evolves at lightning speed, educators are talking more and more about process skillsProcess SkillsStrategies to reframe challenges and extrapolate and transform information and accept and deal with ambiguity.
What type of thinker are you?Left BrainRight Brain
What Type of Thinker are you?I am most motivated by ..A) a need for a clear understanding of the facts.B) a great idea.C) an opportunity to perfect and existing solution.D) a job to do.I learn best through .A) facts, research, ideas.B) stories, ideas, concepts.C) evaluating options.D) trying things out.What Type of Thinker are you?I like to spend time A) working with information.B) thinking about new possibilities.C) making things just right.D) testing, prototyping, doing.Your Score:How many times did you answerA)B)C) D)What Does it Mean?Profiles:A) Clarifier: cautious, structured thinker who likes to gather data to understand the reality and to identify problems, gaps and opportunities.B) Ideator: playful, original thinker who likes to see the big picture and make new connections that may break the paradigm.C) Developer: detailed planner who likes to evaluate and perfect the best version of a solution and anticipate how it will move forward with the most success.
D) Implementer: confident, action-oriented risk taker who likes to learn by doing.
More than 20 % of respondents select a different letter for each question. Their strength is in moving evenly through the process and harmonizing the group.FourSightCreative Thinking vs. Critical ThinkingCritical ThinkingEssential Engineering Skill for SuccessSynthesis of engineering solutionsEvaluation of designsAnalysis
Creative ThinkingOn Demand InventivenessCreating replaced Evaluation at the top of Blooms Learning Taxonomy.Synthesis is removedNew Educational Objective!!
What it is not_______What evidence is not_______What criteria is not used to assess__Everyone is Creative!You can learn to be more Creative!Creativity sits at the juxtaposition of two or more fields.When ideas from different fields collide, new ideas are generated.You do this with Divergent ThinkingGenerating multiple ideas as solutions to a problem.Do not stop at one idea.How do you generate more than one idea that is a potential solution? Creativity ToolsTesting ideas in your headYou do this with Convergent ThinkingFinding what works.Testing all the ideas to identify which one has the greatest chance of working.This generates new ways to overcome difficulties of you initial ideas A NEW IDEA!Creativity ToolsThinking by analogyThink about problems as opportunities.Looking for PatternsMaking PatternsPlaying to encourage ideasBe curiousLooking with fresh eyesLearning to abstract problems to their essence.Rephrase problems as questionsLearn not to shoot down an idea instinctively1st find 3 positives about the idea.Categorize problems asRequires actionRequires planningRequires inventionHow do you generate more than one idea?Getting into a creative mind-set involves a lot of trial and error.Clarifying asking the right questionCritical because people misstate and misperceive the problemWithout the correct frame for the problem it is difficult to come up with a breakthroughIdeation brainstormingGetting rid of your inner naysayer to let your imagination fly free.Break Cultural NormsExamine what in cultural is preventing you from creating something new or different.You will look foolish because a lot of ideas do not work out. (How do you handle looking foolish?)Failure is a critical path to a successful end! (Note: Academics run away from failure!)Bold Risks are a creative and competitive necessity.Developing building out a solutionMaybe it does not workFail quickly and reformulateStarting over with another ideaImplementing convincing others your idea has value.Brainstorming Basicsa group or individual creativity technique by which efforts are made to find a conclusion for a specific problem by gathering a list of ideas spontaneously contributed Principles of BrainstormingDefer judgment!Strive for quantity! - not qualityRules of BrainstormingFocus on quantity: This rule is a means of enhancing divergent production, aiming to facilitate problem solving through the maxim quantity breeds quality. The assumption is that the greater the number of ideas generated, the greater the chance of producing a radical and effective solution.Withhold criticism: In brainstorming, criticism of ideas generated should be put 'on hold'. Instead, participants should focus on extending or adding to ideas, reserving criticism for a later 'critical stage' of the process. By suspending judgment, participants will feel free to generate unusual ideas.Welcome unusual ideas: To get a good and long list of ideas, unusual ideas are welcomed. They can be generated by looking from new perspectives and suspending assumptions. These new ways of thinking may provide better solutions.Combine and improve ideas: Good ideas may be combined to form a single better good idea, as suggested by the slogan "1+1=3". It is believed to stimulate the building of ideas by a process of association.Defer judgment!Strive for quantity! - not qualityBe Wild and Unusual!Build on Others Ideas!Alex F. Osborn, 1939
Brainstorming Flow ChartBrainstorming ProblemJunk MailWasted PaperWasted PostageWasted GasolineWasted LaborWhat can be constructively done about junk mail?ConclusionsUnderstand the Difference betweenCreative ThinkingCritical ThinkingEveryone can improve their creativity!Learned about Creativity ToolsPracticed Brainstorming