Distorted identities

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  • 1. Distorted Identities
    Explicating Textbook Narratives in Segregate Schools in East Texas

2. The Norris School
3. Discovery
4. Textbooks
Treasure Gold (1964),
Finding New Neighbors (1957)
Days of Adventure (1962)
Exploring Elementary Mathematics (1970)
5. The Power of Distortion
Jonathan Zimmerman:
. . . that racist textbooks, like segregated classrooms, were psychologically damaging to black children (47)
6. The Power of Distortion
Letter from Birmingham Jail
. . .[W]hen you suddenly find your tongue twisted and your speech stammering as you seek to explain to your six-year-old daughter why she cant go to the public amusement park that has just been advertised on television, and see tears welling up in her eyes when she is told that Fun-town is closed to colored children, and see ominous clouds of inferiority beginning to form in her little mental sky, and see her beginning to distort her personality by developing an unconscious bitterness toward white people. . . . (592).
--Martin Luther King Jr.
7. Treasure Gold: Illustrations
8. A Hint of Whiteness: History Textbooks and Social Construction of Race in the Wake of the Sixties
Richard L Hughes argues that criticism of these textbooks have focused on two issues:
(1) that blacks were largely absent from the story of American history and (2) that when texts included blacks in a few areas such as slavery and Reconstruction, they portrayed blacks in such a way as to reinforce all the old Negro stereotypes [citations removed] of childlike caricatures or social problems ill-prepared for the demands of citizenship. (202)
9. Depictions of White Men
Tommy for President
First Men to the Moon
10. Days of Adventure
11. Days of AdventureLabeling Nationalities as Other
New Moon
12. Transitional TextsExploring Elementary Mathematics