Dissociative Disorders Mr. Koch AP Psychology Forest Lake High School

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  • Dissociative DisordersMr. KochAP PsychologyForest Lake High School

  • Dissociative DisordersRare conditions that involve sudden & usually temporary disruptions in a persons memory, consciousness, or identityOften appears to be connected to some severe trauma

  • Dissociative Amnesia(formerly Psychogenic Amnesia)A dissociative disorder marked by a sudden loss of memoryMay forget all personal identifying information Not due to drug intoxication or other medical cause

  • Dissociative FugueDissociative disorder involving sudden loss of memory and the assumption of a new identity in a new locale

  • Dissociative FugueCase Study:John was a meek person who was dependent on his wife for companionship and emotional support. It came as a jolt when she announced that she was leaving him to live with his younger brother. John did not go to work the next day. In fact, nothing was heard from him for two weeks until he was arrested for public drunkenness and assault in a city more than three hundred miles from his home. During those two weeks, John lived under another name at a cheap hotel and worked selling tickets at a pornographic movie theater. When he was interviewed, John did not know his real name or his home address, could not explain how he had reached his present location, and could not remember much about the previous two weeks.

  • Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)(formerly known as Multiple Personality Disorder)Dissociative disorder in which a person reports having more than one identityEach speaks, acts, writes differentlyEach has own memories, wishes, and (often conflicting) impulses Often appears as response to childhood trauma

  • Dissociative Identity DisorderCase study:Mary, a pleasant and introverted thirty-five year old social worker, was referred to a psychiatrist for hypnotic treatment of chronic pain. At an early interview she mentioned the odd fact that though she had no memory of using her car after coming home from work, she often found that it had been driven fifty to one hundred miles overnight. It turned out that she also had no memory of large parts of her childhood. Mary rapidly learned self-hypnosis for pain control, but during one hypnotic session, she suddenly began speaking in a hostile manner. She told the doctor her name was Marian, and that it was she who had been taking long evening drives. She also called Mary pathetic for wasting time trying to please other people. Eventually, six other identities emerged, some of whom told of having experienced parental abuse in childhood. (Spitzer et al., 1994)

  • Dissociative Identity Disorder

  • Dissociative Identity DisorderMinor epidemic for about a decade after 1970Increasing # of personalitiesPerhaps prompted by movies, books, and therapists seeking diagnosisControversy over whether or not it exists