Discuss the conflicts with Native Americans in the Northwest Territory

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Objectives. Discuss the conflicts with Native Americans in the Northwest Territory. Describe how Americans reacted to the French Revolution. Identify the main points of Washington’s Farewell Address. Summarize Washington’s accomplishments as President. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Discuss the conflicts with Native Americans in the Northwest Territory

  • Review: Political PartiesWho wanted the States to have more power than the Fed. Govt.?JeffersonWhat was the fundamental difference between the Federalist and the Republicans?They had opposing views about the role and power of the Fed. Govt.

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    Terms and PeopleAnthony Wayne Revolutionary War hero who led American troops to victory against Native Americansneutral not favoring either side in a disputeimpressment forcing people into public service or use John Jay government representative who negotiated the Jay Treaty with Britain in 1795

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    How did the actions of Britain and France affect the United States?Britain was supporting Native American attacks on American settlers.Britain and France were seizing American ships to gain their support.Washington secured the Northwest Territory and encouraged Americans to stay neutral in European affairs.

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    The Treaty of Paris gave America a vast area called the Northwest Territory.Ohio RiverMississippi River

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    British troops remained in the Northwest Territory. They aided Native Americans in resisting American settlement.Northwest Territory

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    America faced conflict with Native Americans in the Northwest Territory.Native Americans wanted to keep their lands.American leaders wanted to settle the West.They attacked many American settlements.They tried to force Native Americans to sell their lands.

  • The Treaty of Paris that ended the Revolutionary War, the US won vast land North and West of the ORV. The British has promised to vacate their forts in the area in a reasonable timethey had not. Surprised?On top of that, they were supplying Native Americans with guns and ammunitionThe British wanted to limit American settlement

    1. Struggle over Lands

  • Natives in the NW territories wanted to keep their lands, they attacked many American settlements in the 1780s. The Fed. Gov. tried to force the NA to sell their land.They succeeded, buying most NA land in Kentucky and part of TennesseeBut North of the ORV, tribes refused to sell even as white settlement continued

    2. Conflict with N.A.

  • In 1790, G.W. sends a small force to end the N.A. attacks on settlersGen. Arthur St. Clair, his job was to tell the Miami and Shawnee Indians to leave.He was attacked by 1,200 Indian warriors led by Little Turtle (Miami Nation) and Blue Jacket (Shawnee) who ambushed him and they won. St. Clair lost 952 troops. They were scalped and dismembered. Americans wanted revenge.

    3. 1791 Battle of Wabash

  • American Gen. Anthony Wayne (Gen. Mad Anthony) He had 4,600 troops who opposed the same 1,200 Shawnee and Miami Indians. Gen. Wayne annihilates the Indians, he forced the surviving Indians to sign the Treaty of Greenville.It gets ratified by the Senate in 1795Treaty says the Indians lost the battle therefore they have lost Ohio. Today, that is most of the state of Ohio. It also says American will pay the N.A. for Ohio for about 20,000 worth in goods. We give Natives tobacco and whiskey to make them trade partnersin other words get them addicted.

    4. 1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers: Revenge!

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    Washington sent troops to end the Native American attacks on settlers.

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    In the 1795 Treaty of Greenville, Native American leaders gave up most of their lands.This land makes up present day Ohio.

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    Daily Agenda

    Read:Text-294-295-Thinking Sequence Map (Cause/Effect)Handout-Selectively highlight-then add to thinking map.Critical thinking: Analyze the problem-What was the conflict in the NW territories? Do you agree with how they were resolved? With your group, Find 1 or more alternate solutions that would have been (more) agreeable to the Native Americans.

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    Lets Discuss. . . Turn to your partner and discuss one thing about todays objective and ULG you are sure about. Now discuss one thing you are not clear about or may need some extra help to understand.Where do you think you are in today's learning goal scales? Why?

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    Home Learning-ArgumentUse the notes from your thinking map to write your argument (on the back). What solution do you think would have best resolved the conflicts between the settlers and the Native Americans? Argue why your solution is better. Use support from your thinking maps to justify your answer.

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    Reflection

    Where do you think you are on todays Unit learning goal? Rate yourself 1-4. (1- I did not try very hard-and do not understand the lesson and 4- I gave it my best-and understand todays lesson) To move up a level, what do you think you need to do? Are you clear about the lesson so far? Are you confused about anything? Is there anything you can do to enhance your learning today?

    Write your reflection answering all questions/below your summary.Complete your student progress chartHave a nice day

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    Focus: Tuesday, January 28Benchmark LA 7.1.6.8Student will determine the main idea or essential message in grade-level or higher texts through inferring, paraphrasing, summarizing, and identifying relevant details.Review: Read first paragraph, pg. 295Based on the third paragraph, what is the meaning of the word defeated ?A. suppressed B. battledC. wonD. overwhelmedWrite the ULG in your Student Progress Chart.-D-(2-3)Quiz-Ch.8-S.2-take out both pens

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    Objective-Unit Learning GoalStudents will be able to summarize the French Revolution and Washington's farewell address with 90% accuracy.EQ: How did Americans respond to the internal and external challenges of creating a new Nation?

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    The French Revolution began in 1789. At first, most Americans supported the revolution. During the Reign of Terror, revolutionaries executed more than 17,000 people.After this, the revolution became controversial in America.

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    By 1793, France and Britain were at war. Washington wanted America to remain neutral.Both countries wanted the U.S. to choose a side. They began stopping and seizing American ships.

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    The British made matters worse by the impressment of sailors on American ships.

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    Hamilton urged Washington to stay friendly with Britain. Britain purchased 75 percent of American exports. They supplied 90 percent of American imports.

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    Washington sent John Jay to Britain. In 1795, Jay returned with the Jay Treaty.America agreed to: pay debts owed to British merchantsBritain agreed to: pay for seized shipsleave the Northwest territorystop aiding Native Americansend impressment

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    Since Federalists controlled the Senate, the Jay Treaty passed.Republicans opposed the treaty. They believed it gave too much to Britain and too little to America.Federalists were in favor of the treaty because it kept peace with Britain.The Jay Treaty was controversial.

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    In 1796, Washington published his Farewell Address to fellow Americans.Washington made two main points:He believed that the United States should not become involved in European affairs.

    He feared that political divisions would tear the nation apart.

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    Washington took pride in his accomplishments.

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    Reading Skill: Categorize Information

    U.S. Foreign RelationsRelations with France, Britain

    Britain, France go to war after French Revolution Washington wanted U.S. to be neutral France, Britain seize U.S. ships to block trade with other nation

    Relations with Native Americans

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    Reading Skill: Categorize Information

    U.S. Foreign RelationsRelations with France, Britain

    Britain, France go to war after French Revolution Washington wanted U.S. to be neutral France, Britain seize U.S. ships to block trade with other nation British impress U.S. sailors into navy U.S.-Britain sign Jay Treaty

    Relations with Native Americans Conflict over Native Americans in Northwest Territory Native Americans win some battles against American troops General Wayne defeats Native Americans at Fallen Timbers Treaty of Grenville: Native Americans give up land in Ohio

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    Daily Agenda

    Read:Text-295-297-Thinking Multi-Flo Map (Cause/Effect)Critical thinking: Analyze the problem-How did the French Revolution impact Americans? Do you agree with Washingtons decision to remain neutral? Do you agree with John Jays treaty? How would you modify the treaty? List 1-2 ways

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    Lets Discuss. . . Turn to your partner and discuss one thing about todays objective and ULG you are sure about. Now discuss one thing you are not clear about or may need some extra help to understand.Where do you think you are in today's learning goal scales? Why?

    Chapter 8 Section 3Troubles at Home and Abroad

    Home Learning-Due Friday, Feb 1-Advertisement Fly

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