Digital Storytelling with Handheld Computers Candace Figg, PhD. West Texas A&M University

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Text of Digital Storytelling with Handheld Computers Candace Figg, PhD. West Texas A&M University

  • Digital Storytelling with Handheld ComputersCandace Figg, PhD.West Texas A&M University

    http://www.figg.com/handy4class

  • What is a digital story?Storytelling from the images we collect in our livesCanadian Film Centre's Great Canadian Storytelling Engine

  • What are the components of a digital story?A good story

  • What are the components of a digital story?A good story Images that tell or enhance the story1-3 images OR1-3 minutes of video

  • What are the components of a digital story?A good story Images that tell or enhance the story1-3 images OR1-3 minutes of videoSound that enhances (optional)http://www.wired.com/animation/collection/nicola_lemay/star_eater/

  • How about this?http://www.wired.com/animation/collection/nicola_lemay/star_eater/

  • Advanced OrganizerIdentify the five types of digital storiesIdentify the digital story activity structuresDescribe the hierarchy of writing skills developed with digital stories

  • Four modes of writingDescriptiveNarrativeExpositoryPersuasive

  • Descriptive Activity Structures

  • Introductory descriptive writingDigital RecordsConceptual DictionariesDescriptive Activity Structures

  • Flowering Plants of Texas: A Digital Collection

  • Liriope

  • Dusty Miller

  • Daisy

  • Rose

  • First experiences with descriptive story writingRephotography (http://www.thirdview.org/3v/home/index.html )

    Descriptive Activity Structures

  • First experiences with descriptive story writingRephotography (http://www.thirdview.org/3v/home/index.html )Place (http://www.infotoday.com/MMSchools/jan02/banaszewski.htm)

    Descriptive Activity Structures

  • Trains and Fire TrucksMy favorite things

  • This is a great train!

  • I like the train but I dont like the tunnel.

  • Cant let Mom know Im afraid of the tunnel. On to the fire truck!

  • Want to play fire truck! Im the chief, OK.

  • Excuse me, but I think this is my fire truck.

  • Boy, what a wonderful day.

  • First experiences with descriptive story writingRephotography (http://www.thirdview.org/3v/home/index.html )Place (http://www.infotoday.com/MMSchools/jan02/banaszewski.htm)Digital Story StartersDescriptive Activity Structures

  • Digital Storytelling

  • I heard him trying to break in!

  • I ran to the cabinet and grabbed my automatic, slammed a clip in and chambered a round. I was scared as I snuck down the hall to the back door.

  • I also grabbed a flashlight. I opened the door as quietly and as slowly as I could. I tiptoed to the side of the house where I heard him still working on the screen.

  • I turned the corner and put the flashlight and gun in his face. I yelled, Hands up as he turned to face me.

  • Crime sceneYep! Your right. It was a cat burglar.

  • Personal Photo Essays

  • Slice of life Personal Photo Essays

  • A day in Dr. Figgs classA photo essay

  • What do you think we will be doing in class today?

  • Oh, I remember we are going to integrate the use of handhelds in to our lesson plans.

  • What will happen? It may look like this.Everyone will be on task.Some will be working in groups.Some will develop ideas before group activity begins.

  • Each group will gather photographs for their own theme.

  • The class was very active.Some were designing while some were brainstorming.Still others were already writing their fable.

  • The fables were very good.

  • Slice of life Electronic Photo Albums

    Personal Photo Essays

  • Looking for a TopicA photo essay

  • It was a beautiful sunny day in Denver and we were looking for a story. This may be the place!

  • The statues in this plaza thought we might find a story in one of these building but it appeared as though it would take more time than we had to spare.

    We continued to look for a story which we could find in a reasonable period of time.

  • We came upon a sad bear who was trying to find his way home.He wouldnt talk to Candace. He was just too sad.She finally convinced him to talk to me.

  • He told us that the best place to find a story was at the home of Molly Brown.He was right!

  • Slice of life Electronic Photo Albums VIP or digital biographies

    Personal Photo Essays

  • Slice of life Electronic Photo Albums VIP or digital biographiesOral histories

    Personal Photo Essays

  • Sequential Storytelling

  • Beginning, middle, end

    Sequential Storytelling

  • Beginning, middle, endCapture phenomena as occurs

    Sequential Storytelling

  • Beginning, middle, endCapture phenomena as occursStoryboarding

    Sequential Storytelling

  • ProceduralStep-by-Step guidesVideo promptsExperimentalDiffering View PointsTime lapse

    Sequential Storytelling

  • Narrative Storytelling

  • IntroductionEvents that lead to problemProblem or crisisProblem resolution

    Narrative Storytelling

  • Fairy tales: Once upon a timeFablesMythsLegendsPoemsPredictable storiesCommercialsContent Advertisements

    Narratives Storytelling

  • Commercials as Storytelling

  • Commercials as Storytelling

  • Commercials as Storytelling

  • Commercials as StorytellingSCENE 4

  • Summary of projectExample of projectDetails/definitions

  • Interactive Storytelling

  • Simulations & Virtual LabsFlash animationsTealpaint animations (Seed)http://www.brainpop.comInteractive Storytelling

  • Choose your own adventure stories:2-3 Storyboards2-3 Decision Pointshttp://www.northcanton.sparcc.org/~middle/advent/Interactive Storytelling

  • Be sure to email Dr. F!

    To continue, return to the Connections Section of this module.Any questions???

    Hello again! This module introduces us to the use of handheld computers in digital storytelling. Finding a definition of storytelling is like viewing snowflakes--no two are alike! Every storyteller has their own definition and refuses to be confined to one formal definition! When you add in the term "digital," the waters become murky!! The best definition that I have been able to locate comes from the Canadian Film Centre's Great Canadian Storytelling Engine who describe digital storytelling as "Storytelling from the images we collect in our lives. Digital Storytelling, Inc. further clarifies this definition for education as "the convergence of pictures, sound, and writing as a means to educate and inform."

    A good digital story consists of these components:A good storyImages that enhance the story (1-3 digital still images or 1-3 minutes of video)Sounds provides powerful enhancementAs an example of wonderful digital storytelling, lets view "The Star Eater on the next slide. Watch a few seconds with your sound turned off, and then turn your volume up and watch the whole thing! Listen to the sound throughout the movie--what moods does it evoke? What amazes me is that there are NO words to this short movie, yet you feel powerful emotions. Very entertaining!

    The purpose of this movie was to entertain you, but the purpose behind our digital storytelling efforts are to "educate and inform." We will be investigating the many forms that can be used to educate and inform!

    So, we will discuss three very important topics in this module: the five types of digital stories, the related activity structures, and the hierarchy of difficulty that builds writing skills. So, by the end of the module, you should be able to identify the five types of digital stories that can be created, identify the activity structures that use digital stories, and describe the hierarchy of writing skills that are developed through these stories. The four accepted modes of writing (descriptive, narrative, expository, and persuasive) are taught throughout the United States and tested by the writing standardized tests. Story writing incorporates techniques from each of these modes. We describe objects, places, and people, or document events or change. We use narrative techniques to sequence and tell the story effectively; expositive techniques to explain, recount, report, and proceduralize. We use persuasive techniques to guide the reader or viewer to predictions or conclusions. All of these writing techniques come into play within story writing.However, we have identified five categories of stories that can be introduced in sequence in order to build story writing skills AND digital imagery skills. These broad categories can actually be placed in a hierarchy of difficulty in skill level, as well as the need to apply higher order thinking skills. Therefore, weve created a model for teaching writing skills through digital storytelling. As you can see in the graphic, the activities are grouped into modes of writing with writing skills introduced with each set of writing structures on the left, blue side of the triangle and digital imagery skills introduced with each set of activity structures on the right, yellow side of the triangle. As student progress through the sets of activities and move towards the point of the triangle, skills are built. Creating the story requires more and more problem solving and creative thinking skills, and the skills required to create the accompanying digital illustrations increase.

    For example, we begin with Descriptive storytelling. This is the act of using one (or maybe 2 or 3) digital images to describe an object or record an event. Writing s