Digital Libraries Initiatives in India Concepts, Cases and Emerging Issues Dr. Jagdish Arora Director INFLIBNET Centre, Ahmedabad http://www.inflibnet.ac.in

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  • Digital Libraries Initiatives in India Concepts, Cases and Emerging Issues Dr. Jagdish Arora Director INFLIBNET Centre, Ahmedabad http://www.inflibnet.ac.in/
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 2 Digital Library Initiatives in India: Presentation Outline Models of publishing: Print V/s Electronic Challenges & Opportunities Funding for Digital Library in India Digital Library and Open Access Publishing (OAP) Potential for Digital Library Initiatives in India Current Digital Library initiatives in India: Examples Digital Library Model for India Conclusion
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 3 Libraries Authors Users Publishers $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ Reviewers Current Model of scholarly publications
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 4 Users (text-based) Index Services Repositories Authors Publishers Libraries $ $$ $$ $ Reviewers Scholarly Publications in Electronic Environment
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 5 Authors/ Reviewers Commentators/ Users Text, image, video, spatial, etc., access services Repository services Collaboration services Dissemination services New services $? Scholarly Publications in Electronic Environment in a Fully Distributed Model
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 6 Challenges & Opportunities[1] Building digital collections of national importance from existing texts, documents, images... Creating new digital documents & linking them Subject portals: Selecting and maintaining open source digital resources Developing / adapting management tools for digital collections Providing access to digital collections
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 7 Challenges & Opportunities [2] Integrating digital & other library collections incl. integration of OPACs, subscribed e-resources and subject portals Establishing services for digital libraries online access & offline support education & training of users and librarians Addressing social, legal, policy issues Outsourcing digitization and services
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 8 Potential of Open Access Digital Library [1] Large number non-commercial R&D institutions in India 2,900 (R&D Directory, NSTMIS, DST, 2001) Academic institutions: Universities (graduate, research): 310 Teachers in University: 75,000 (2003-04) Colleges: 18,437 (as on 31/3/2005) Total Number of Teachers: ~ 4,00,000 + Total Enrolment - 2004-2005 (for regular courses) Researchers: 75,516 Post-Graduates: 8,56,335 Graduates: 9,467,535 Diploma / Certificate: 81,656
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 9 Potential of Public Domain / Open Access Digital Library [2] Total Indian Journals :14,50 Technical Reports :8,236 / year Theses and Dissertations : 11,451 / year Research Papers : 19,572 / year Patents: Applications File Patents GrantedPatents In-force 8,387 1,318 8,025 Conferences :800 1000 / year Standards :17,600 Books : 904 / year Total No. of Books (Published in India Till 2001): 49,553
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 10 Potential of Public Domain / Open Access Digital Library [3] R&D labs under govt. science agencies Industrial research (CSIR) Defense research (DRDO) Agricultural research (ICAR) Medical research (ICMR) Biotechnology (DBT) Environment (Deptt. of Environment & Forestry) S&T (DST) IT (MIT) Space (Deptt. of Space) Energy (Deptt. Of Non-conventional Energy Resources) Ocean Development (Dept. of Ocean Development)
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 11 Potential of Open Access Digital Library [4] About 50 billion Rupees is being spent annually on research and development in our country. The third largest scientific and technical manpower in the World, accounts for 3% of the worlds publication output. It is estimated that there are 3,000-4,000 active scientists in India working in about 200 laboratories Number of S&T personnel has been increasing @6% / year* *Pursuit and Promotion of Science: The Indian Experience. Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi (p74). 2001.
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 12 Digital Library Support in India 1. Funding Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) Department of Scientific & Industrial Research (DSIR-TRP) All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) Ministry of Communication & Information Technology (MIT) University Grants Commission (UGC) Manuscript Mission
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 13 Digital Library Initiatives in India Some Examples
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 14 Digital Library Initiatives in India Library Consortium in India Scholarly Science Journals Theses & Dissertations Institutional E-Print Archives Books (out of copyright) Data Manuscripts Newspapers Online Courseware Open Access at Metadata Level Portal and Gateway Services
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 15 Library Consortium in India
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 16 Major Library Consortium in India INDEST-AICTE Consortium (Govt.-funded) CSIR E-Journals Consortium (Govt.-funded) UGC Infonet Consortium (Govt.-funded) DAE Consortium (Govt.-funded) MCIT Consortium (Govt.-funded) IIM Libraries Consortium FORSA Consortium
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 17 INDEST-AICTE Consortium The Ministry of Education (MHRD) provides funds to the Consortium: For subscription to electronic resources for institutes funded by it; and For operational cost of the Consortium. Open-ended Consortium: Self- supported institutions + Member institutions
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 18 INDEST Consortium: Members Members Core Members38 (Funds for e-resources through MHRD) Members with AICTE Support63 Self-supportedMembers 459 Total 560
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 20 INDEST Consortium: E-resources Full-text Resources ABI / INFORM Complete ACM Digital Library ASCE Journals* ASME Journals* ASTM Journals & Standards Capitaline CRIS INFAC Ind. Information EBSCOs Business Source Premier Emerald Insight Euromonitor (GMID) IEL Online* Indian Standards Full-text Resources INSIGHT Nature Proquest Science Science Direct Springers Link* DEL (New) ESDU (New) Bibliographic Databases COMPENDEX INSPEC Web of Science SciFinder Scholar MathSciNet JCCC
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 21 CSIR E-Journal Consortium Funded by the Deptt. of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) Administered by the NISCAIR, New Delhi Restricted to 38 CSIR Laboratories Has agreement with 11 publishers for providing access to selective access to 3,316 e-journals to 38 scientific laboratories
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 22 UGC-Infonet E-Journals Consortium Funded by the University Grants Commission Administered by the Information and Library Network (INFLIBNET) Centre, Ahmedabad Benefits 150 universities as in 2006. Likely to be extended to all universities (200) as well as to selected colleges Has agreement with 25 publishers for providing access to 4,000 e-journals to 150 universities
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 23 DAE Consortium Funded by the Deptt. of Atomic Energy (DAE) Administered by the BARC, Mumbai Restricted to 36 DAE institutions including BARC and TIFR Has agreement with 4 publishers (including Science Direct, Springer, MathSciNet) for providing access to 2000 e-journals
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 24 MCIT Consortium Funded by the Deptt. Communication and Information Technology (MCIT) Administered by the C-DOT, New Delhi Restricted to 18 institutions under MCIT including NIC, CDAT and CDOT Has agreement with 5 publishers (including IEL, Science Direct, ACM, EBSCO, JCC) for providing access to 2000 e-journals
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 25 FORSA Consortium Fundings from member institutions Administered by the members libraries (by rotation) Restricted to 10 institutions including TIFR, PRL, IUCAA, etc. Has agreement with 4 publishers (including Springer, Nature, IoP, etc.)
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 26 Scholarly Science Journals
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 27 Scholarly Science Journals... [1] Indian Academy of Sciences (IAS) Established: 1934 Organizes meetings, discussions, seminars, symposia and publishes 11 journals. All journals web accessible Digitization of issues right from the first volume is under way http://www.ias.ac.in/
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 28 Scholarly Science Journals... [2] IAS Journals available online: Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences - Chemical Sciences (www.ias.ac.in/chemsci) Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences - Mathematical Sciences (www.ias.ac.in/mathsci) Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences - Earth and Planetary Sciences (www.ias.ac.in/epsci) Sadhana (Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences) (www.ias.ac.in/sadhana) Pramana - Journal of Physics (www.ias.ac.in/pramana) Journal of Biosciences (www.ias.ac.in/jbiosci) Bulletin of Materials Science (www.ias.ac.in/matersci) Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy (www.ias.ac.in/jaa) Journal of Genetics (www.ias.ac.in/jgenet) Resonance - Journal of Science Education (www.ias.ac.in/resonance) Current Science (www.ias.ac.in/currsci)
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 29 http://www.ias.ac.in/
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 30 Scholarly Science Journals... [4] Indian National Science Academy (INSA) Established: 1935 Publish journals, organize scientific discussions and bring out proceedings and monographs DSIR supported project for digitizing and web hosting of INSA journals: Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Mathematics Proceedings of INSA A Physical Sciences Proceedings of INSA B Biological Sciences Indian Journal of History of Science http://www.insa.ac.in/
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 31 http://www.insa.ac.in/
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 32 MedIND: Biomedical Journals from India (http://medind.nic.in/): Full-text of 31 Journals Indexed in IndMED. Project supported by the Indian MEDLARS Centre, National Informatics Centre (NIC) Scholarly Science Journals... [6]
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 33 http://medind.nic.in/
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 36 Electronic Theses & Dissertation (ETD)
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 37 Electronic Theses & Dissertation (ETD) ETD @ IIT Delhi Initiated as projects with grants received from the Ministry of Human Resource Development & Deptt. of Biotechnology 1200+ Ph.D. theses scanned Electronic submission of theses approved by the Institute senate D-Space Configured for submission and access More than 25,000 pages of old volumes of journals were scanned; available on Institute Intranet
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 39 Scanned Journal Articles @ IIT Delhi
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 40 Electronic Theses & Dissertation (ETD) Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad E-version of thesis available for last four years Plans to cover last 7 years ETD @ IIT Bombay Submission commenced in 1999 for M.Tech. Dissertations and Ph.D. theses More than 3,500 deposits as on date Bibliographic data along with abstracts available to all Full-text of theses and dissertations available on Intranet
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 41 http://www.library.iitb.ac.in/
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 42 Electronic Theses & Dissertation (ETD) Vidyanidhi A digital library initiative for digitizing and hosting theses and dissertations Dept. of L&IS, University of Mysore Supported by DSIR, GOI Part of global ETD initiative Develop workflows, DTD, multilingual support http://www.vidyanidhi.org.in/
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 43 Vidyanidhi: www.vidhyanidhi.org.in
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 45 Institutional Repositories
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 46 Institutional E-Print Archives eprints@iisc E-Print archive of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore Online digital repository of IISc research papers Research papers (preprints, post-prints), book chapters, tech reports, unpublished findings, conf papers, magazine articles Set up using eprints.org open source software Part of worldwide institutional e-print archives http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 47 eprints@iisc
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 48 Institutional E-prints Archives under INDEST Initiative INDEST Consortium promotes establishment of e-print archives at its member institutions under INDEST Extended. Training imparted to participants from 22 institutions at NCSI, IISc, Bangalore. Institutional E-prints Archives has already been established at: IIT Delhi (www.eprint.iitd.ac.in/) IIT Bombay (www.library.iitb.ac.in/~mnj/etd/) IIT Kharagpur (intranet) IIIT Allahabad (eprints.iiita.ac.in/) IIM Kozikode (http://eprints.iimk.ac.in/)
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 51 Librarians Digital Library Established at DRTC, Bangalore by Dr. A.R.D. Prasad Open to the entire community of Librarians Powered by DSPACE The depository contains: Publications / Articles Theses / Dissertations Powerpoint Presentations Demo of Multi-lingual Documents Photographs of LIS activities Photographs of DR. S.R. Ranganathan
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 53 Electronic Books
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 54 Books Universal Digital Library Project (http://www.dli.gov.in/) Portal on Digital Library of India launched in Sept., 2003 by the President of India, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. The portal has more than 27,000 books in digitized form. Goal: Free-to-read, searchable collection of one million books (out-of-copyright) Test bed for research - language processing, indexing, search and retrieval Support from Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) coordinated in India by Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 55 Digital Library of India http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 56 Books National Science Digital Library (NISCAIR) Books being written by authors from universities under contract with NISCAIR
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  • April 20, 2009 Workshop on Institutional Repositories 57 National Library Kolkota Books (

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