Diseases Gastroenteritis- inflammation of the mucosal
membrane lining the GI tract.
Cause-food poisoning, infection, toxins
Symptoms- abdominal cramping, n/v, diarrhea
Treatment- replace fluids, rest, antibiotics, IV fluids if severe.
Diseases Hemorrhoids- painful dilated or varicose
veins of the rectum or anus.
Symptoms- pain, itching, bleeding
Treatment- high fiber diet, stool softeners, sitz baths, warm moist compresses.
If severe, hemorrhoidectomy.
Diseases Hepatitis- inflammation of the liver A- infectious hepatitis- transmitted in food or
water that has been contaminated by feces of an infected person. Most benign type.
B- transmitted by all body fluids including breast milk, saliva, and urine. (vaccine)
C- also transmitted through blood and body fluids but more likely to cause cirrhosis.
Hepatitis continued C-no vaccine Symptoms- fever, fatigue, anorexia, n/v,
mylagia, dark urine, clay colored stool, enlarged liver and jaundice.
Treatment- rest, diet high in protein and calories but low in fat. If severe, liver transplant.
Diseases Hernia- a rupture that occurs when an internal
organ pushes through a weakening or natural opening in a body wall.
hiatal hernia- when the stomach protrudes through the diaphragm into the chest cavity through the opening for the esophagus.
If a hernia cannot be reduced, then a herniorraphy is performed.
Diseases Ulcer – open sore on the lining of the
digestive tract. Peptic ulcers include stomach and duodenal ulcers.
Causes- H. pylori bacteria is most common cause (infection) by burrowing into the lining allowing gastric juices to create an ulcer.
Symptoms- burning pain, indigestion, melena, and hematemesis.
Ulcers cont. Treatment- bland diet, decreased stress,
avoiding irritants. Bismuth medications (pepto bismol is used) If H. Pylori is the cause, this is an infection that should be treated with antibiotics.
Diseases GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)-
occurs when stomach contents and acid leak back into the esophagus and there are visible signs of irritation to the lining of the esophagus. Many people have acid reflux, heartburn, and indigestion but that doesn’t mean they have GERD.
GERD cont. Symptoms- burning pain in your lower chest,
tasting acid in your mouth, throat. Treatment- dietary and lifestyle changes;
avoiding irritation to the esophagus (chocolate, peppermint, alcohol, fatty foods, coffee, citrus fruits and juices)