Differential Association Sutherland and Cressey

  • View
    41

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Part II Chapter 8. Differential Association Sutherland and Cressey. Part 2: Ch. 8. Differential Association. Part 2: Ch. 8. Criminal behavior is learned Criminal behavior is learned in interaction with other persons in a process of communication - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Differential Association Sutherland and Cressey

  • Part II Chapter 8Part 2: Ch. 8

  • Criminal behavior is learnedCriminal behavior is learned in interaction with other persons in a process of communicationThe principal part of the learning of criminal behavior occurs within intimate personal groups

    Part 2: Ch. 8 Differential Association

  • When criminal behavior is learned, the learned includes (a) techniques of committing the crime, which are sometimes very complicated, sometimes very simple; (b) the specific direction of motive, drives, rationalizations, and attitudes

    Part 2: Ch. 8 Differential Association

  • The specific direction of motives and drives is learned from definitions of the legal codes as favorable or unfavorableA person becomes delinquent because of an excess of definitions favorable to violation of law over definitions unfavorable to violation of lawPart 2: Ch. 8 Differential Association

  • Differential associations may vary in frequency, duration, priority, and intensityThe process of learning criminal behavior by association with criminal and anti-criminal patterns involves all of the mechanisms that are involved in any other learning

    Part 2: Ch. 8 Differential Association

  • While criminal behavior is an expression of general needs and valuesIt is not explained by those general needs and values, since noncriminal behavior is an expression of the same needs and values. Part 2: Ch. 8 Differential Association

  • Part II Chapter 9

  • Refers to an individuals bonds to othersAttachment to others part of why we do or do not care about norm violationsIf one does not care about the expectations of others, he or she is free to deviatePart 2: Ch. 9

  • Investment of time, energy, self in a certain pursuit: Getting an education, building up a business, acquiring a reputationRisking the loss of such investments by deviance or crime and facing punishments (time in prison) seems irrational The concept of commitment assumes that the organization of society is such that most persons interests would be endangered if they engaged in crime Part 2: Ch. 9

  • Involvement in conventional activities limits time, energy and opportunity to engage in deviant or criminal activity; Idle hands are the devils workshop Example: recreational programs and facilities to reduce juvenile delinquencyPart 2: Ch. 9

  • Control theory assumes existence of a common value system within a society or groupIndividual belief in set of values is variable: the greater a persons acceptance of moral authority for a set of norms, the less like they are to violate themControl theory differs from cultural deviance theory in this assumption of consensus within a society or group over a set of valuesPart 2: Ch. 9

  • What kind of deviance and delinquency does Hirschi focus on and what are some of his assumptions?How does his theory differ from structural perspective(s) of deviance?Part 2: Ch. 9