Devanahalli, Bengaluru, Karnataka ... Kempegowda international Airport 2 exit taxiways, an isolation

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  • Pre- Feasibility Report


    September 2019

    Bangalore International Airport Limited, Kempegowda International Airport, Devanahalli, Bengaluru – 560 300

  • Project Feasibility Report (PFR)

    Kempegowda international Airport 1


    The Government of India (GOI) as part of its policy to encourage private sector

    participation in the development of airport infrastructure and Government of Karnataka

    (GOK) as part of its policy to encourage and provide aviation, industrial development,

    tourism, cargo movement has granted its approval for the development of a Greenfield

    Airport, with private sector participation at Devanahalli, located about 37 km North of

    the city center of Bengaluru.

    Bangalore International Airport Limited (BIAL) has been established for the

    development, design, financing, construction, completion, maintenance, operation and

    management of Kempegowda International Airport (KIA), formerly known as Bengaluru

    International Airport (BIA). KIA has been identified as a key project influencing rapid

    socio-economic development of the Bengaluru and its region.

    BIAL as a joint venture between private and public sectors has Karnataka State Industrial

    Investment & Development Corporation Limited (KSIIDC) and Airport Authority of India

    (AAI) as public sector partners.

    BIAL has entered into a concession agreement with government of India on July 5, 2004

    to develop greenfield KIA in accordance with the master plan for carrying out airport

    aeronautical and non-aeronautical airport activities & activities reasonably ancillary or

    incidental to these activities and the following:

    a) Implementing the project

    b) Developing, constructing, building, owning, operating, and maintaining the airport

    c) Designing, building, owning, operating and maintaining the utilities, services and

    facilities required for operating and maintaining the airport

    d) Designing, building, owning, operating, maintaining and using office

    management, administration facilities including all infrastructure required for such

    facilities and canteen facilities

    e) Developing water harvesting infrastructure for sustainable development

    f) Developing green space on the site as specified in the master plan and

    g) Developing and landscaping the site

    BIAL successfully started Kempegowda International Airport (KIA) operations on May 24,

    2008. The total airport area is 4,009 acres (1,622 ha). The initial development included

    a passenger terminal building (Terminal T1), a runway, entrance/exit taxiways, rapid

  • Project Feasibility Report (PFR)

    Kempegowda international Airport 2

    exit taxiways, an isolation bay, an airside road system, access roads, along with other

    ancillary developments to cater the 11.40 Million Passengers Per Annum (MPPA).

    Subsequently to cater the increasing demand, BIAL has taken Environmental Clearance

    (EC) in 2011 to enhance its capacity to handle 17.20 MPPA. The facilities added during

    this expansion are expansion of terminal building on east and west side and

    modifications, construction of additional apron area on the airside west of existing

    apron, construction of new VVIP building on the west side of terminal building,

    construction of new energy center, construction of new chiller plant & utilities, kerb

    side improvements on airside & landside roads and terminal forecourt improvements. A

    150 key hotel was commissioned in December 2015 as part of non-aeronautical


    Subsequently to cater the long term increase in passenger demand, BIAL has again

    obtained EC in August 2014 to enhance the aeronautical and non -aeronautical

    infrastructure. The Aero infrastructure included increase in terminal handling capacity to

    55 MPPA and cargo capacity to 1.0 MT. The airside development will include construction

    of new passenger terminal along with second runway, taxiways, aprons & aircraft parking,

    all aviation facilities and structures etc. Non-aeronautical development consists of

    aviation/non-aviation commercial development, hospitality, entertainment, health care,

    business park, institutional, recreation & commercial facilities, convention center

    including creation of new and expanded road network, drainage, utility provisions,

    parking infrastructure along with development of open/green areas, landscape etc. The

    Consent for establishment (CFE) from Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB)

    was received in August 2015. BIAL has obtained an amendment to the 2014 EC for the

    construction of Eastern Connectivity Tunnel (ECT) in December 2018, amended CFE

    received in March 2019. The construction of the following projects commenced from 2016

    onwards and is planned for completion in a phased manner.

    New south airfield development works – including 2nd runway, east cross-field

    taxiways & taxiways

    T2 Apron - Phase I

    Terminal 2 - Phase I

    Forecourt roadways & landside development

    Aircraft maintenance & airport maintenance

    Airport Rescue and Fire Fighting (ARFF) building

    Fuel storage & distribution - Phase 1

    Airport & airlines administration offices

    Existing runways / Taxiway Improvements

  • Project Feasibility Report (PFR)

    Kempegowda international Airport 3

    Utilities - Phase I

    Existing terminal improvements

    Cargo truck parking, MRO facility

    Ancillary buildings expansion and upgradation

    Eastern connectivity tunnel (ECT)

    220/66KV substation

    Expansion of existing hotel

    Commercial & hospitality facilities – public fuel station, concert arena.

    Meanwhile, passenger traffic continued to grow at a very high rate during 2013 to 2016.

    In the year 2015-16, the traffic handled by KIA was 18.9 MPPA and trends indicated that

    this passenger traffic growth would continue for the next few years. The terminal 2 (T2)–

    phase 1 is scheduled to be operational only by March 2021. Taking into account this

    enormous growth rate and T2 phase 1 forecast opening date, BIAL implemented an

    interim plan involving process improvements & new technology and some infrastructure

    addition to handle additional passenger traffic. Continuous improvement and

    augmentation measures are ongoing at teminal-1 (T1) to handle the passenger traffic till

    March 2021.

    Based on the passenger traffic trends noted over the last few years, BIAL carried out an

    aeronautical and non-aeronautical master plan update in 2019. BIAL now proposes to

    expand KIA international operations to cater 92 MPPA of passenger traffic and cargo of

    1.1 Million Tonnes Per Annum (MPTA) by 2033 along with the required airport activities &

    non aeronautical airport activities and supporting ancillary projects required for

    International Airport operations. Based on the overall master plan, future extension of

    the airport facilities, e.g. airfields, operational areas, landside facilities etc. shall be

    developed in stages to facilitate future expansion.

  • Project Feasibility Report (PFR)

    Kempegowda international Airport 4


    Sr. No. Chapter Page No

    1. Executive Summary 10-17

    1.0 Introduction to Project 18 - 20

    1.1 Background 18

    2.0 Project profile/Development 21-30

    2.1 Project Proponent 21

    2.2 Project Proposal 23

    A. Aeronautical Zone (Airside area) 23

    B. Non Aeronautical Zone 25

    2.3 Need for the Project and its Importance to the Country 26

    2.4 Employment Generation 29

    3.0 Project Description 31-69

    3.1 Type of Project 31

    3.2 Location 31

    3.3 Alternate Sites Considered 31

    3.4 Project Description 35

    3.4.1 Aeronautical Zone (Airside Area) 37

    3.4.2 Non Aeronautical Area 54

    3.4.3 Green Belt/ Greenery Development 56

    3.5 Water & Power Availability & its Source 62

    3.5.1 Water Requirement – Demand & Supply 62

    3.5.2 Power Requirement 62

    3.6 Wastewater Generation and its Management 63

    3.6.1 Sewerage System 63

    3.6.2 Storm Water Drainage 66

    3.6.3 Rainwater Harvesting 67

    3.6.4 Wastewater Management 67

    3.6.5 Solid Waste Management 69

    3.6.6 Piped Natural Gas 69

    4.0 Site Analysis 70-75

    4.1 Connectivity to KIA 70

    4.2 Land Form, Land Use and Land Ownership 71

    4.2.1 Land Form 71

    4.2.2 Land Use 71

    4.2.3 Land Ownership 73

    4.3 Topography 73

    4.4 Existing Land Use Pattern 74

    4.5 Existing Infrastructure and Amenities 74

    4.6 Soil Classification 74

    4.7 Climatic Data and Secondary Sources 75