Design and Develop of Constructivist Learning Environment on Learning Management System

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Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46 ( 2012 ) 3426 3430 1877-0428 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer review under responsibility of Prof. Dr. Hseyin Uzunboylu doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.078 WCES 2012 Design and develop of constructivist learning environment on learning management system Jiambunsri, Chisanu* a, Chaijaroen, Sumalee b *, Kanjak, Issara c, Samat, Charuni d a Khon Kaen University,40002, Thailand b Associate Professor, Department of Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, Khon Kaen University,40002, Thailand c Lecture, Department of Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, Khon Kaen University,40002, Thailand d Lecture, Department of Computer Education, Faculty of Education, Khon Kaen University,40002, Thailand Abstract The purpose of this research is to synthesize theoretical framework and designing framework for Constructivist Learning Environment (CLEs) on Learning Management System (LMS). Research design is developmental research Type I (Design and Development). The procedures were as follows: 1 to examine and analyze the principles and theories, 2 to explore the context of using LMS of learners, and 3 to synthesize the theoretical framework and the designing framework of Constructivist Learning Environment on LMS. The result revealed that: 1) The theoretical framework consists of 3 foundations: (1) Psychological base, (2) Pedagogical base, and (3) Technological base, 2) The designing framework of CLEs on LMS comprises of 5 aspects as follows: (1) The Activation of Cognitive Structure, (2) The Support and Enhancement in Knowledge Construction, (3) The Support for Adjusting Cognitive Conflict, (4) The Support for Extending the Cognitive Structure, and (5) The Support and Enhancement in Appropriate Context, and 3) The Constructivist Learning Environment on Learning Management System comprises of 6 components as following: (1) Problem Base, (2) Related Cases, (3 Information Resources (4) Cognitive Tools, (5) Conversation and Collaboration Tools, and (6) Social Support. Keywords: Constructivist Learning environment (CLEs), Learning management system (LMS); 1. Introduction Progression of science and technology in various aspects of globalization affects social change and economic development of all countries including Thailand. In particular the development of higher education, knowledge construction is necessary since information technology is changing all the time, everyone have to learn for understanding of world social changing. Thus, i to preparing the learning process to cope with the present situation that is knowledge construction ability. The theories used to serve the above mentioned learning are Constructivist theories. The theory indicates that if the students encounter with the problem that cause them have cognitive conflicts and they should try to adjust their cognitive structure into equilibrium state by integration between prior knowledge and new information until they can understand. That is they can construct the knowledge. (Sumalee Chaijaroen, 2008). This can be supported by David H. Jonassen (1999) who proposed principles for the designing of learning environments (Constructivist Learning Environment: CLEs), which focus on knowledge * Chaijaroen Sumalee. Tel.: +66-872-145-123 E-mail address: sumalee@kku.ac.th Available online at www.sciencedirect.com 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer review under responsibility of Prof. Dr. Hseyin Uzunboylu3427 Jiambunsri et al. / Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46 ( 2012 ) 3426 3430 construction. The entity of the knowledge construction results in deep understanding that the learners could create mental representation as mental model. In order to achieve that technology was taken into consideration. Leaning management system LMS , web base attribution and symbol system are utilized as cognitive tools to enhance the knowledge construction and mental model. In addition, these tools may help the learners for communication and interaction in the learning process which providing the learning opportunity anywhere, anytime and anyplace in lifelong learning. For above mentioned reason, this study intended to synthesize the theoretical and the designing framework of the Constructivist Learning Environment (CLEs) on Learning Management System (LMS). The finding of this study may help the learners to construct the knowledge and create their mental models. 2. The Purpose of Research 1) To synthesize the theoretical framework of Constructivist Learning Environment on Learning Management System. 2) To synthesize the designing framework of Constructivist Learning Environment on Learning Management System. 3. Research Design Developmental research Type I: Design & Development (Richey and Klein, 2007) was employed in this study: 1) Case Study, 2) Content Analysis, and 3) In-Depth Interview. 4. Research Scope The scope of this research is to synthesize the framework of Constructivist Learning Environment (CLEs) on Learning Management System (LMS). The theories used are as follows; 1) Cognitive Constructivism based on Jean Piaget, (1965), and 2) Social Constructivism based on Lev Vygotsky, (1925a).3) Constructivist learning environment model(CLEs) based on David H. Jonassen (1999). The designing framework was synthesized. 5. Research Instruments The instruments used of in this study were 2 kinds as following details: 5.1 The document examination and analysis recording form. The scope of document analysis regarding with Constructivist theories, the Constructivist Learning Environment (CLEs) , mental model and learning management system (LMS). 5.2 The expert reviews record form for evaluation of the designing framework. The framework of this instrument consists of 4 major issues which are: learning content, CLEs, the mental model and the learning management system (LMS). 6. Data collecting and analysis 6.1 Synthesis of the theoretical framework of constructivist learning environment on learning management system. The data were collected by analyzing principle, theories, related research and context such as the Constructivist theories (Cognitive constructivist theory and Social constructivist theory), mental model and LMS. 6.2 Synthesis of the designing framework: The above theoretical framework was taken as fundamental to synthesize the designing framework. The underlined theories such as constructivist theories, mental model and 3428 Jiambunsri et al. / Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46 ( 2012 ) 3426 3430 technology, media attribution and symbol system, pedagogy and context were analyzes and transformed into the designing framework and component of the constructivist learning environment. The relationship between the underlined theories, pedagogies, technology, media and contexts are illustrated. 7. Research Findings The result is found that the theoretical framework consisted of 3 crucial bases, and 5 components as following details: 7.1 Theoretical framework of Constructivist Learning Environment on Learning Management System. It is found that the theoretical framework of constructivist learning environment on learning management system consist of 3 crucial bases which compose of: 1 Psychological base: Several learning theories used are Constructivist theory and Cognitive theory, 2) Pedagogical base: The pedagogies which underlined this framework are CLEs, 3) Technological base: The technology used in this study is LMS. This study focuses on media attribution and symbol system. These all of 3 bases were analyzed, and synthesized. The relationship between each of them are shown in Figure 1. Figure 1: Theoretical framework of Constructivist Learning Environment on Learning Management System 7.2 Designing Framework of Constructivist Learning Environment on Learning Management System. According to this study, the Theoretical framework which was used as foundation in synthesizing the designing framework of Constructivist Learning Environment on Learning Management System. It is found 5 crucial bases for Constructivist Learning Environment on Learning Management System which are: 1) The Activation of Cognitive Structure: It is illustrated the relationship between the underlined theories as follows: constructivist theories and CLEs model. It was designed based on complex problem context (Jonassen, 1999) as the component of Problem base. 2) The Support and Enhancement in Knowledge Construction: It is illustrated the relationship between underlined theories as follows: constructivist theories, CLEs model (Jonassen, 1999) and Mental model (Merrienboer, 1997). It was designed as the component of Related Cases. T Related Cases. 3429 Jiambunsri et al. / Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46 ( 2012 ) 3426 3430 3) The Support for Adjusting Cognitive conflict: It is illustrated the relationship between underlined theories as follows: constructivist theories, CLEs model (Jonassen, 1999) and Mental model (Merrienboer, 1997). It was designed as the component of Information Resource. 4) The Support for Extending the Cognitive Structure: It is illustrated the relationship between underlined theories as follows: constructivist theories and CLEs model (Jonassen, 1999). They were designed as 2 components of Cognitive Tools, Conversation and Collaboration Tools. 5) The Support and Enhancement in appropriate context: It is illustrated the relationship between underlined theories as follows: constructivist theories and CLEs model (Jonassen, 1999). It was designed as the component of Social Support. The activation of cognitive structure The designing framework are synthesized based on the above mentioned theoretical framework .The relationship between the underlined theories and the components of the constructivist learning environment are shown in Figure 2. Figure 2: The designing framework of Constructivist Learning Environment on Learning Management System. 8. Summarization The theoretical framework of constructivist learning environment on learning management system consists of 3 bases: 1) Psychological base, 2) Pedagogical base, and 3) Technological base. The designing framework of constructivist learning environment on learning management system comprises of 5 processes: 1) The Activation of Cognitive Structure, 2) The Support and Enhancement in Knowledge Construction, 3) The Support for Adjusting Related Cases The Support and Enhancement in Knowledge Construction Mental model theory (Merrienboer, J.G., 1997) CLEs Model Related Cases (Jonassen,1999) Conceptual model Social Support The Support and Enhancement in Appropriate Context Social Support (Jonassen, 1999) CLEs Model Meaningful Learning Conversational Tool,Active, Reflective, Collaborative Learning. Jonassen, 1999) Cognitive tool (Jonassen,1999) CLEs Model The Support for Extending the Cognitive Structure Conversation and Collaboration Tools (Jonassen,1999) Conversation and Collaboration Tools Cognitive Tools for Knowledge Construction Information Resources The Support for Adjusting Cognitive Conflict Conceptual model CLEs Model Mental model theory (Merrienboer, J.G., 1997) Information Resources (Jonassen, 1999) Meaningful Learning Complex, Contextual Jonassen,1999) Problem Base The Activation of Cognitive Structure problem context (Jonassen,1999) CLEs Model 3430 Jiambunsri et al. / Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46 ( 2012 ) 3426 3430 Cognitive Conflict, 4) The Support for Extending the Cognitive Structure, and 5) The Support and Enhancement in Appropriate Context. According to the synthesis of the designing framework, the Constructivist Learning Environment on Learning Management System shows 6 components as follows: 1) Problem Base, 2) Related Cases, 3 Information Resources 4) Cognitive Tools, 5) Conversation and Collaboration Tools, and 6) Social Support. Acknowledgement This work was supported by Innovation and Cognitive Technology Research Center, the Academic and Research Affairs, Faculty of Education, and the Research and Technology Transfer Affairs Division, Khon Kaen University. References Chaijaroen, Sumalee. 2008 Education technology : Principles Theories to practices Khon Kaen: Klung Nana Wittaya; 2009. Thai Jonassen, D. (1999). Learning with Technology: A Constructivist Perspective. Toronto: Prentice-Hall. Kanjug, Issara. (2009). Development of Learning Environments Model Enhancing Expertise Mental Model. Doctor of philosophy Thesis in Educational Technology, Graduate school, Khon Kaen University. Merrienboer, J.G.(1997). Training Complex Cognitive Skills : A four Components Instructional Design Models for Technical Training. Newjersy : Educational. Piaget, J, (1965). Judgment and reasoning in the child. Translated by Marjorie Warden.London: Routledge & KeganPaul Richey, R. C. and Klein, J. (2007). Design and developmental research. New Jersey: Lawrence. Samat, Charuni. (2008). Computer as Cognitive Instrument. Journal of Cognitive Technology. Tanom Lou, Jarussang. (2006). Designing e-learning. Bangkok: Arun printing Vygotsky, L. S. (1925a). Psikhologija iskusstva [Psychology of art]. PhD thesis,Moscow University.

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