Department of Public Works, Los Angeles County ...dpw. Ordinances to Ban Plastic Carryout Bags in Los

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  • ORDINANCES TO BAN PLASTIC CARRYOUT BAGS IN LOS ANGELES COUNTY

    DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REPORT

    (SCH # 22009111104)

    Prepared For: County of Los Angeles Department of Public Works

    Environmental Programs Division 900 South Fremont Avenue, 3rd Floor

    Alhambra, California 91803

    Prepared By:

    Sapphos Environmental, Inc. 430 North Halstead Street Pasadena, California 91107

    June 2, 2010

  • Ordinances to Ban Plastic Carryout Bags in Los Angeles County Draft Environmental Impact Report June 2, 2010 Sapphos Environmental, Inc. W:\PROJECTS\1012\1012-035\Documents\Draft EIR\Table Of Contents.Doc Page i

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    SECTIONS PAGE ES EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .......................................................................................... ES-1 ES.1 Existing Conditions ...................................................................................... ES-1 ES.2 Proposed Project ......................................................................................... ES-1 ES.3 Areas of Known Controversy........................................................................ ES-1 ES.4 Issues to be Resolved................................................................................... ES-3 ES.5 Summary of Impacts for the Proposed Ordinances ....................................... ES-3 ES.6 Alternatives to the Proposed Ordinances ..................................................... ES-5 1.0 INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................... 1-1

    1.1 Purpose and Scope of the EIR ........................................................................ 1-1 1.1.1 Intent of CEQA .................................................................................. 1-1 1.1.2 Environmental Review Process .......................................................... 1-2 1.2 Organization and Content ............................................................................. 1-4

    2.0 PROJECT DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................... 2-1

    2.1 Proposed Project Location ............................................................................. 2-1 2.2 Background ................................................................................................... 2-1

    2.2.1 Contribution of Plastic Carryout Bags to Litter Stream......................... 2-1 2.2.2 County Motion .................................................................................. 2-2

    2.2.2.1 The County’s Solid Waste Management Function in the Unincorporated County Area ........................................... 2-3

    2.2.2.2 The County’s Solid Waste Management Function Countywide ..................................................................... 2-3 2.2.2.3 Key Findings of the LACDPW Report ............................... 2-4

    2.2.3 Definitions......................................................................................... 2-4 2.2.4 Single Use Bag Bans and Fees............................................................ 2-5

    2.2.5 Litigation History ............................................................................... 2-8 2.3 Existing Conditions ...................................................................................... 2-12 2.3.1 Plastic Carryout Bags ....................................................................... 2-12 2.3.2 Paper Bags....................................................................................... 2-14 2.3.3 Reusable Bags.................................................................................. 2-14 2.3.4 Voluntary Single Use Bag Reduction and Recycling Program ........... 2-15 2.3.5 General Plan Land Use Designation................................................. 2-17 2.3.6 Zoning............................................................................................. 2-17 2.3.6.1 Unincorporated Territories of the County of Los Angeles ..... 2-17 2.3.6.2 Incorporated Cities of the County of Los Angeles ................. 2-17 2.4 Statement of Objectives ............................................................................... 2-17 2.4.1 Program Goals................................................................................. 2-17 2.4.2 Countywide Objectives ................................................................... 2-18 2.4.3 City Objectives ................................................................................ 2-18 2.5 Proposed Project ......................................................................................... 2-18 2.5.1 Transition Period Assumption .......................................................... 2-19 2.6 Intended Uses of the EIR.............................................................................. 2-19 2.7 Ordinance Alternatives ................................................................................ 2-20

  • Ordinances to Ban Plastic Carryout Bags in Los Angeles County Draft Environmental Impact Report June 2, 2010 Sapphos Environmental, Inc. W:\PROJECTS\1012\1012-035\Documents\Draft EIR\Table Of Contents.Doc Page ii

    3.0 EXISTING CONDITIONS, IMPACTS, MITIGATION, AND LEVEL OF SIGNIFICANCE AFTER MITIGATION............................................... 3-1

    3.1 Air Quality ................................................................................................. 3.1-1

    3.1.1 Regulatory Framework .............................................................. 3.1-2 3.1.2 Existing Conditions ................................................................... 3.1-6 3.1.3 Significance Thresholds............................................................. 3.1-9 3.1.4 Impact Analysis....................................................................... 3.1-11

    3.1.5 Mitigation Measures................................................................ 3.1-31 3.1.6 Level of Significance after Mitigation....................................... 3.1-31

    3.2 Biological Resources................................................................................... 3.2-1

    3.2.1 Regulatory Framework .............................................................. 3.2-3 3.2.2 Existing Conditions ................................................................... 3.2-7 3.2.3 Significance Thresholds........................................................... 3.2-17 3.2.4 Impact Analysis....................................................................... 3.2-18 3.2.5 Mitigation Measures................................................................ 3.2-22 3.2.6 Level of Significance after Mitigation....................................... 3.2-23

    3.3 Greenhouse Gas Emissions ......................................................................... 3.3-1

    3.3.1 Greenhouse Gases and Effects................................................... 3.3-2 3.3.2 Regulatory Framework .............................................................. 3.3-4 3.3.3 Existing Conditions ................................................................. 3.3-12 3.3.4 Significance Thresholds........................................................... 3.3-14 3.3.5 Impact Analysis....................................................................... 3.3-15 3.3.6 Mitigation Measures................................................................ 3.3-39 3.3.7 Level of Significance after Mitigation....................................... 3.3-39

    3.4 Hydrology and Water Quality..................................................................... 3.4-1

    3.4.1 Regulatory Framework .............................................................. 3.4-1 3.4.2 Existing Conditions ................................................................... 3.4-7 3.4.3 Significance Thresholds........................................................... 3.4-11 3.4.4 Impact Analysis....................................................................... 3.4-12 3.4.5 Mitigation Measures................................................................ 3.4-20 3.4.6 Level of Significance after Mitigation....................................... 3.4-20

    3.5 Utilities and Service Systems....................................................................... 3.5-1

    3.5.1 Regulatory Framework .............................................................. 3.5-1 3.5.2 Existing Conditions ................................................................... 3.5-4 3.5.3 Significance Thresholds............................................................. 3.5-7 3.5.4 Impact Analysis......................................................................... 3.5-7 3.5.5 Mitigation Measures................................................................ 3.5-25 3.5.6 Level of Significance after Mitigation....................................... 3.5-25

    4.0 ALTERNATIVES TO THE PROPOSED ORDINANCES................................................ 4-1

    4.1 Alternatives Eliminated from Further Consideration ....................................... 4-2 4.2 Alternatives to the Proposed Project............................................................... 4-4

    4.2.1 No Project Alternative.................................................................. 4-4 4.2.1.1 Alternative Components ............................................. 4-4

  • Ordinances to Ban Plastic Carryout Bags in Los Angeles County