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    DENSITY, MASS AND VOLUME

    -------------------------------------------------------------- Density: Density is defined as the mass per unit volume Units: g/cm3or kg/m3

    -------------------------------------------------------------- Subtopics to be covered under density: Finding the density :

    • of a liquid • of a regular solid • of an irregularly shaped solid • Predict whether an object will float on density data.

    -------------------------------------------------------------- Mass: It is the amount of matter in an object. Mass is measured with a spring balance. It is a scalar quantity -------------------------------------------------------------- Weight: It is the pull of the earth's gravity on an object. Weight= mass x acceleration due to gravity W=mg Weight is measured with a Newton meter. Weight is a vector quantity and the unit is Newton(N) -------------------------------------------------------------- Weight changes from place to place but the mass stays constant. ---------------------------------------------------------------

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  • --------------------------------------------------------------- Finding the density of a liquid: --------------------------------------------------------------- The density of a liquid can be found by the following method: • Measure the mass of the empty measuring cylinder.(m1) • Pour a fixed volume of water in the measuring cylinder. Note this volume

    as v cm3. • Note the mass of measuring cylinder + water as m2. • Find the mass of the water by subtracting m1 from m 2. • Find the density of the liquid by using the formula:

    𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫 = 𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫 𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒎𝒎𝑫𝑫

    =𝒎𝒎𝟐𝟐−𝒎𝒎𝟏𝟏 𝒗𝒗

    (g/cm3)

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  • --------------------------------------------------------------- Finding the density of an irregular solid: --------------------------------------------------------------- The density of a regular soild can be found by the following method:

    • Note the dimensions of a regular solid and use them to find the volume. Record the volume in v cm3.

    • Place the solid on a weighing pan and record its mass as m gm

    Use the formula: 𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫 = 𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫 𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒎𝒎𝑫𝑫

    =𝒎𝒎 𝒗𝒗 (g/cm3)

    Following are the formulae of some regular shapes:

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  • --------------------------------------------------------------- Finding the density of an irregular solid by displacement method: ---------------------------------------------------------------

    Suppose you have to find the density of an irregular object like a stone. It can be found in the following way. • Weigh the stone and record its mass(m1) in gm. • Take water in a displacement can . Fill the can to the point which is exactly upto the lower level of the spout. • Now immerse the stone in the can. • Water will be displaced by the stone into the measuring cylinder. This volume of the displaced water in the measuring cylinder is actually the volume of the stone. Note this volume as v cm3. • Use the formula 𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫 = 𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝑫𝑫𝑫𝑫

    𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒎𝒎𝑫𝑫 =𝒎𝒎 𝒗𝒗 (g/cm3)

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  • APPLICATION BASED QUESTION:-EXTENDED THEORY

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  • -------------------------------------------------------------- O/N/2015-P32-Q2B

    --------------------------------------------------------------- Predict whether an object will float or sink based on density data: --------------------------------------------------------------- • If the body is less dense than the fluid, it will float. • If the body is denser than the fluid, it will sink. -------------------------------------------------------------------- O/N/2015-P32-Q2

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  • -------------------------------------------------------------- APPLICATION BASED CONCEPTS:-MCQ --------------------------------------------------------------

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    INDEX-PHYSICS NOTES Blank Page

    volume-1-physics-1-2-3 1-complete general physics 1.1-length and time 1.2-motion-perfect 1.3-1.4-density mass volume-PERFECT 1.5.1-effects of forces-hookes law-perfect 1.5.2-1.5.5-turning effects of forces-equilibrum-cm-PERFECT 1.6-momentum-PERFECT 1.7-energy-wor-power-perfect Solar cells Solar panels Big convection currents Wind turbines

    1.8-PRESSURE-FINAL

    2-thermal physics 2.1.1-2.1.2-FINAL-keep 2.1.3-evaporation -final 2.1.4-new.output 2.2.1-2.2.2-thermal properties and temperature-PERFECT 2.2.3-2.2.4-HEAT CAPACITY-PERFECT 2.3-thermal processes- PERFECT

    3-prop of waves-light sound 3.1.0-GEN WAVE PROP-done 3.2.1-reflection-DONE 3.2.2-refraction of light-DONE 3.2.3-THIN CONVERGING LENS-CDONE 3.2.4-dispersion-DONE 3.3-ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM-done 3.4-sound-DONE