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  • Landscape of TajikistanFlickr / lensnmatter

    TAJIKISTANCOUNTRY IN PERSPECTIVE

    DLIFLC DEFENSE LANGUAGE INSTITUTE FOREIGN LANGUAGE CENTER

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    COUNTRY IN PERSPECTIVE | TAJIKISTAN

    TABLE OF CONTENT

    Geography

    Introduction ................................................................................................................... 5Geographic Divisions and Topographic Features .................................................. 6

    High Plateaus .......................................................................................................6Lowlands ...............................................................................................................7

    Climate ........................................................................................................................... 7Rivers / Bodies of Water ............................................................................................. 8

    Rivers .....................................................................................................................8Major Cities51 ...............................................................................................................10

    Khujand ...............................................................................................................10Kulob .................................................................................................................... 11Qurghonteppa .................................................................................................... 11Istaravshan ......................................................................................................... 12

    Environmental Concerns ...........................................................................................12Natural Hazards ..........................................................................................................13Endnotes for Chapter 1: Geography ........................................................................14Assessment .................................................................................................................17

    History

    Introduction ..................................................................................................................18History ...........................................................................................................................19

    Early .....................................................................................................................19Genghis Khan .....................................................................................................19Russian Conquest .............................................................................................20

    Twentieth Century ...................................................................................................... 21The Soviet Empire .............................................................................................21

    Independence ............................................................................................................. 22Recent Events ............................................................................................................ 23Endnotes for Chapter 2: History .............................................................................. 25Assessment ................................................................................................................ 27

    Economy

    Introduction ................................................................................................................. 28Agriculture ................................................................................................................... 29Industry and Manufacturing ..................................................................................... 30

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    COUNTRY IN PERSPECTIVE | TAJIKISTAN

    Energy...........................................................................................................................31Oil and Natural Gas ...........................................................................................31Electricity .............................................................................................................31

    Mineral Resources..................................................................................................... 32Trade and Investment ............................................................................................... 33Transportation ............................................................................................................ 33Tourism ........................................................................................................................ 35Banking and Currency .............................................................................................. 35Standard of Living ...................................................................................................... 36Employment and Jobs .............................................................................................. 37Economic Outlook ..................................................................................................... 38Endnotes for Chapter 3: Economy .......................................................................... 39Assessment ................................................................................................................ 44

    Society

    Introduction ................................................................................................................. 45Ethnic Groups and Languages ................................................................................ 46

    Tajiks ....................................................................................................................46Uzbeks .................................................................................................................46Kyrgyz .................................................................................................................. 47

    Religion ........................................................................................................................47Cuisine ......................................................................................................................... 49Traditional Dress ........................................................................................................ 50Gender Issues .............................................................................................................51Arts ............................................................................................................................... 52

    Dance ..................................................................................................................52Literature .............................................................................................................52

    Sports and Recreation .............................................................................................. 52Endnotes for Chapter 4: Society ............................................................................. 54Assessment ................................................................................................................ 57

    Security

    Introduction ................................................................................................................. 58U.S.Tajikistan Relations .......................................................................................... 59Relations with Neighboring Countries .................................................................... 60

    Kyrgyzstan ..........................................................................................................60Uzbekistan ..........................................................................................................61Afghanistan .........................................................................................................62China ....................................................................................................................63

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    COUNTRY IN PERSPECTIVE | TAJIKISTAN

    Police Force ................................................................................................................ 64Military ........................................................................................................................ 65Issues Affecting Domestic Stability ........................................................................ 66

    Terrorism .............................................................................................................66Poverty ................................................................................................................67

    Water Security ............................................................................................................ 68Outlook ........................................................................................................................ 68Endnotes for Chapter 5: Security ............................................................................ 70Assessment .................................................................................................................74

    Further Readings and Resources

    Books and Articles..................................................................................................... 75Websites and Articles ............................................................................................... 76Film and Video .....................