Click here to load reader

View

122Download

14

Tags:

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Decimals: Add, Subtract, Multiply & Divide. Lesson 1c. Adding & Subtracting Decimals. If you know how to add & subtract whole numbers, you also know how to add & subtract decimals. Be sure to pay attention to place value, add or subtract in each place, and regroup when needed. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Decimals: Add, Subtract, Multiply & DivideLesson 1c

Adding & Subtracting DecimalsIf you know how to add & subtract whole numbers, you also know how to add & subtract decimals. Be sure to pay attention to place value, add or subtract in each place, and regroup when needed.8.784 + 2.56 + 6.721

Adding & Subtracting Decimals

Fill in zeros where no digits are represented.

Add the ones. There are 18 ones.

Add the tenths. There are 20 tenths.Since 20 hundredths is 2 ones 0 tenths, write 0 in the tenths place. Write 2 as an addend in the ones place.

Use rules of adding or subtracting. 8.7842.56 +6.721Addition:

Add the hundredths. There are 16 hundredths.Since 16 hundredths is 1 tenth 6 hundredths, write 6 in the hundredths place. Write 1 as an addend in the tenths place.1218.When adding or subtracting decimals: Line up the decimal points.

0Add up the thousandths. There are 5 thousandth.560So 8.784 + 2.56 + 6.721 = 18.065.

Adding & Subtracting Decimals

Fill in zeros where no digits are represented. Try to subtract the hundredths. You will need more hundredths.There are no tenths to use, so use a one. Change the number of ones from 4 to 3. Raise the number of tenths from 0 to 9 and the number of hundredths from 3 to 13.Now subtract. There are 9 thousandths.

Use rules of adding or subtracting. 4.04 -2.681Subtraction:

Use one of the hundredths.Since 1 hundredth = 10 thousandths, change the number of the hundredths from 4 to 3 and the number of thousandths from 0 to 10.3101.When adding or subtracting decimals: Line up the decimal points.

0To subtract the thousandths, you will need more thousandths. 353So 4.040 2.681 = 1.359109 13Subtract the hundredths. There are 5 hundredths.9Subtract the tenths. There are 3 tenths.Subtract the ones. There is 1 one.

Addition Review=

=

=13.112.212.01959.59.7110.1103.01103.114.3 + 5.2.10 + 12.1.6 + 102.41

Subtraction Review=

=

=48.1848.848.0823.03523.08321.031.30.33.256.09 - 33.00767.89 - 19.0913.3 - 10.1 - 2.9

Multiplying with DecimalsYou multiply decimals the same way that you multiply whole numbers. The major difference is that you must correctly place the decimal point in your answer. Compare the two multiplications problems below: 29x 551595 2.9x 5.515.95Each of the digits are the same. Each of the steps are the same. But the place values are different because of the decimal points.

Multiply with DecimalsPlacing the decimal point in the answer:One method to decide where to place the decimal point in the answer is by using an estimate.Example 1:You fill a bag with 2.30 pounds of tomatoes. The cost is $1.85 per pound. How much money do you spend?To solve the problem, you can multiply 2.30 x 1.85.Use the estimate to place the decimal point.The estimate was 4, so the decimal point should go after the 4:4.2550Multiply as you would whole numbers. 185 x 23042550Start with making an estimate.

2.30 x 1.85 2 x 2 = 4We can see that the answer will have only one digit left of the decimal.Tomatoes$1.85Per PoundThe answer is 4.255. Since the answer needs to be in dollars and cents round to the nearest cent. You spend $4.26.

Multiply with DecimalsPlacing the decimal point in the answer:Another method to decide where to place the decimal point in the answer is by counting the number of places to the right of the decimal point in each number.The total tells you how many places there will be to the right of the decimal point in your final answer.Example 2:Multiply 0.04 x 0.03Count the places to the right of the decimal point in each original number. Add.

0.04 2 decimal places0.03 + 2 decimal places 4 decimal placesMultiply as if the numbers where whole numbers.

4 x 3 = 120.04 x 0.03 = .0012Count the same number of places from right to left in the answer, then place the decimal point. (You may need to fill places with zeros.)

12.. . .....000

Multiplication Review=

=

=.8808.08808.00880816.75198.75126.1324.18537.5554.75 4.734 .1212.95 2.9

Dividing with DecimalsYou divide decimals the same way that you divide whole numbers. The major difference is that you must correctly place the decimal point in your answer. Compare the two division problems below:Each of the digits are the same. Each of the steps are the same. But the place values are different because of the decimal points.-570 76 -76 0-57 0 7 6 -7 6 0

Dividing with DecimalsDividing Decimals by Whole Numbers:To divide a decimal by a whole number, you place the decimal point for the answer directly above the decimal point in the dividend (the number you are dividing into). Then you divide the same way you divide whole numbers.Example 1:You and three friends rent a ski boat for the day. The total cost is $178.16. If you split the cost equally, how much does each person pay?To solve the problem, you can divide 178.16 4. Divide the same way you divide whole numbers.Write the decimal point for the answer directly above the decimal point in the dividend.

.

.4-16 1

8-16 24

1-20 1

5

6-16 0

4The answer is 44.54. Each person pays $44.54.

Dividing with DecimalsDividing by Decimals:To divide by a decimal, multiply the divisor (the number your dividing by) and the dividend (the number you are dividing into) by the same power of 10. You choose the power of ten that turns your divisor into a whole number.Example 2: Divide 48 0.32Multiply the dividend by the same power of 10.Multiply the divisor by a power of 10 to make it a whole number.

0.32 x 100 = 32 (whole number)Move the decimal point 2 places to show this.48 x 0.32 = 150Write the decimal point on top directly above the new decimal point in the dividend. Divide the same way you divide whole numbers.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.48 x 100 = 4800Move the decimal point 2 places to show this.

00

.

.

.

.

.

.

..1-32 16

0-160 050

Dividing with DecimalsRounding your final answer:When dividing decimals, you occasionally may need to round your final answer. To round your final answer you will always need to divide out the answer one decimal place past where you are rounding.Example 3: Divide 53 0.7 Round your answer to the nearest tenth.Multiply the dividend by the same power of 10.Multiply the divisor by a power of 10 to make it a whole number.

0.7 x 10 = 7 (whole number)Move the decimal point 1 place to show this.Write the decimal point on top directly above the new decimal point in the dividend. Divide the same way you divide whole numbers.

.

.

.

.

.

.53 x 10 = 530Move the decimal point 1 place to show this.

0

.

.

.

.

.

..7-49 4

0-35 557

0-49 1

01

Dividing with DecimalsRounding your final answer:When dividing decimals, you occasionally may need to round your final answer. To round your final answer you will always need to divide out the answer one decimal place past where you are rounding.Example 3: Divide 53 0.7 Round your answer to the nearest tenth.Write the decimal point on top directly above the new decimal point in the dividend. Divide the same way you divide whole numbers.

.7-49 4

0-35 557

0-49 1

0153 x 0.7 75.7

Division Review=

=

=300830.09300.8.66.05213.8.381.663 3.09.7 21.06.2 .32Round your answers to the nearest hundredth

Sorry!Try a again.

Correct!!!