I H»ŒC S¯ PH M THEO TI¾P C¬N LINH HO T an KHGD _Nguyen Thi Nhan... I H»ŒC S¯ PH M THEO TI¾P C¬N LINH HO T

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Text of  I H»ŒC S¯ PH M THEO TI¾P C¬N LINH HO T an KHGD _Nguyen...

  • B GIO DC V O TO VIN KHOA HC GIO DC VIT NAM

    NGUYN TH NHN

    RN LUYN K NNG DY HC CHO SINH VIN

    I HC S PHM THEO TIP CN LINH HOT

    TRONG THC TP S PHM

    LUN N TIN S KHOA HC GIO DC

    H NI, 2015

  • B GIO DC V O TO VIN KHOA HC GIO DC VIT NAM

    NGUYN TH NHN

    RN LUYN K NNG DY HC CHO SINH VIN

    I HC S PHM THEO TIP CN LINH HOT

    TRONG THC TP S PHM

    LUN N TIN S KHOA HC GIO DC

    Chuyn ngnh: L lun v lch s gio dc

    M s: 62 14 01 02

    Ngi hng dn khoa hc:

    1. GS. TS. Nguyn Th Hong Yn

    2. TS. H Vit Lng

    H NI, 2015

  • i

    LI CAM OAN

    Ti xin cam oan y l cng trnh nghin cu ca ring ti. Cc s

    liu, kt qu trnh by trong lun n ny l trung thc v cha tng c ai

    cng b trong bt k cng trnh no khc.

    Tc gi

    Nguyn Th Nhn

  • ii

    MC LC

    Trang

    LI CAM OAN ...........................................................................................i

    DANH MC CC K HIU, CH VIT TT ......................................... vi

    DANH MC BNG BIU, HNH ............................................................ vii

    M U ........................................................................................................ 1

    1. L DO CHN TI ............................................................................. 1

    2. MC CH NGHIN CU .................................................................... 3

    3. KHCH TH V I TNG NGHIN CU .................................... 3

    4. GI THUYT KHOA HC .................................................................... 3

    5. NHIM V NGHIN CU .................................................................... 3

    6. PHM VI NGHIN CU ....................................................................... 3

    7. PHNG PHP LUN V PHNG PHP NGHIN CU .............. 4

    8. NG GP CA LUN N ................................................................. 6

    9. LUN IM CN BO V ................................................................... 7

    10. CU TRC CA LUN N ................................................................ 8

    CHNG 1. C S L LUN V RN LUYN K NNG DY HC

    CHO SINH VIN I HC S PHM THEO TIP CN LINH HOT

    TRONG THC TP S PHM ................................................................. 9

    1.1. LCH S NGHIN CU VN ...................................................... 9

    1.1.1. V rn luyn k nng dy hc .......................................................... 9

    1.1.2. V tip cn linh hot ..................................................................... 14

    1.2. CC KHI NIM C BN .............................................................. 19

    1.2.1. K nng, K nng dy hc .............................................................. 19

    1.2.2. Rn luyn k nng dy hc ............................................................ 21

    1.2.3. Tip cn linh hot trong dy hc .................................................. 22

    1.2.4. Thc tp s phm (TTSP) ............................................................. 23

    1.2.5. RLKNDH theo tip cn linh hot trong TTSP .............................. 27

  • iii

    1.3. C IM, CU TRC V TIU CH NH GI K NNG

    DY HC ................................................................................................. 28

    1.3.1. c im k nng dy hc ............................................................. 28

    1.3.2. Cc k nng dy hc c bn ........................................................... 29

    1.3.3. Cu trc k nng dy hc ............................................................... 32

    1.3.4. Tiu ch nh gi k nng dy hc ................................................. 33

    1.4. VN RLKNDH CHO SVHSP THEO TCLH TRONG TTSP ...... 36

    1.4.1. Nhng vn tm l hc, l lun dy hc v x hi hc ca

    RLKNDH theo tip cn linh hot .................................................. 36

    1.4.2. Nguyn tc RLKNDH theo tip cn linh hot ............................... 44

    1.4.3. c im ca hot ng RLKNDH theo tip cn linh hot ........... 45

    1.4.4. Bn cht mi quan h gia TTSP vi tip cn linh hot trong

    qu trnh RLKNDH ....................................................................... 46

    1.5. NHNG YU T NH HNG N RN LUYN K NNG

    DY HC THEO TIP CN LINH HOT CHO SINH VIN

    TRONG TTSP ........................................................................................... 47

    1.5.1. c im sinh vin ........................................................................ 47

    1.5.2. Ni dung, phng php RLKNDH ................................................ 48

    1.5.3. Mi trng hc tp ........................................................................ 48

    KT LUN CHNG 1 .............................................................................. 50

    CHNG 2. THC TRNG RN LUYN K NNG DY HC

    CHO SINH VIN I HC S PHM THEO TCLH TRONG TTSP ..... 51

    2.1. KHI QUT V KHO ST THC TRNG .................................. 51

    2.1.1. Mc ch kho st ......................................................................... 51

    2.1.2. Ni dung kho st ......................................................................... 51

    2.1.3. i tng kho st ........................................................................ 51

    2.1.4. Phng php v cng c kho st ................................................. 53

  • iv

    2.2. KT QU KHO ST ....................................................................... 54

    2.2.1. Nhn thc ca ging vin i hc v gio vin THPT v tip

    cn linh hot trong dy hc ........................................................... 54

    2.2.2. V thc trng rn luyn k nng dy hoc ca sinh vin HSP ....... 56

    2.2.3. V t chc rn luyn k nng dy hc cho sinh vin ..................... 63

    2.2.4. V mi trng TTSP ..................................................................... 68

    2.2.5. V kt qu rn luyn k nng dy hc ........................................... 72

    2.3. NH GI CHUNG V THC TRNG .......................................... 75

    KT LUN CHNG 2 .............................................................................. 79

    CHNG 3. BIN PHP RN LUYN K NNG DY HC

    CHO SINH VIN I HC S PHM THEO TIP CN LINH HOT

    TRONG TTSP ............................................................................................. 81

    3.1. NGUYN TC XY DNG BIN PHP ........................................ 81

    3.1.1. Nguyn tc linh hot v mi trng hot ng .............................. 81

    3.1.2. Nguyn tc linh hot v ni dung hot ng.................................. 81

    3.1.3. Nguyn tc linh hot v hnh thc hot ng................................. 81

    3.1.4. Nguyn tc linh hot v a bn v iu kin hot ng ................ 82

    3.2. CC BIN PHP ............................................................................... 82

    3.2.1. Bin php 1. Thit k ni dung rn luyn k nng dy hc

    trong TTSP ph hp vi tip cn linh hot .................................... 82

    3.2.2. Bin php 2. a dng ha phng php, con ng rn luyn

    k nng dy hc cho sinh vin ....................................................... 96

    3.2.3. Bin php 3. Xy dng mi trng TTSP linh hot..................... 102

    3.2.4. Bin php 4. ng dng cng ngh thng tin h tr sinh vin

    rn luyn k nng dy hc trc v trong TTSP .......................... 105

    3.2.5. V d minh ha 3.9 ...................................................................... 108

    KT LUN CHNG 3 ......................................................................... 115

  • v

    CHNG 4 THC NGHIM S PHM .............................................. 116

    4.1. THM D TNH HIU QU V TNH KH THI CA CC

    BIN PHP ............................................................................................. 116

    4.1.1. Ni dung thm d ........................................................................ 116

    4.1.2. Phng php thm d.................................................................. 116

    4.1.3. Kt qu thm d .......................................................................... 116

    4.2. THC NGHIM S PHM ........................................................... 119

    4.2.1. Mc ch thc nghim................................................................. 119

    4.2.2. Ni dung thc nghim ................................................................. 119

    4.2.3. i tng thc nghim ............................................................... 120

    4.2.4. Cch thc hin v cng c nh gi ............................................ 121

    4.2.5. Kt qu nh gi theo phng php thc nghim s phm.......... 132

    KT LUN CHNG 4 ............................................................................ 142

    KT LUN V KIN NGH ................................................................... 145

    1. KT LUN .......................................................................................... 145

    2. NHNG KIN NGH .......................................................................... 146

    CC CNG TRNH KHOA HC CNG B ................................. 148

    TI LIU THAM KHO ......................................................................... 149

    PH LC

  • vi

    DANH MC CC K HIU, CH VIT TT

    Ch vit tt Vit y

    CNC My iu khin s (Computer Numerical Controlled machines)

    C i chng

    H i hc

    HTLH Hc tp linh hot

    HTM

    HS

    NCHT

    Hc tp m

    Hc sinh

    Nhu cu hc tp

    PADH

    PCHT

    Phng n dy hc

    Phong cch hc tp

    PPDH Phng php dy hc