Cycling Strategy for Kings Cross Area

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    King's Cross Area Cycling Strategy

    Transport for London

    November 2007

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    King's Cross Area Cycling Strategy

    Project No: 116511

    October 2007

    Newcombe House

    45 Notting Hill Gate,

    London, W11 3PB

    Telephone: 020 7309 7000

    Fax: 020 7309 0906

    Email : [email protected]

    Prepared by: Approved by:

    ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________

    Philip Loy Haydar Al-Rukabi

    Status: Final Issue no: 4 Date: 01 November 2007

    i:\11651x_a501 euston road judd street one-way working - alternative options\study\phase1\reports\kings cross cycle strategy\1. currentreport version\116511_cycling strategy for kings cross arearevf.doc

    (C) Copyright Colin Buchanan and Partners Limited. All rights reserved.

    This report has been prepared for the exclusive use of the commissioning party and unless otherwise agreed in writing by ColinBuchanan and Partners Limited, no other party may copy, reproduce, distribute, make use of, or rely on the contents of the report.No liability is accepted by Colin Buchanan and Partners Limited for any use of this report, other than for the purposes for which itwas originally prepared and provided.

    Opinions and information provided in this report are on the basis of Colin Buchanan and Partners Limited using due skill, care anddiligence in the preparation of the same and no explicit warranty is provided as to their accuracy. It should be noted and is expresslystated that no independent verification of any of the documents or information supplied to Colin Buchanan and Partners Limited hasbeen made

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    King's Cross Area Cycling Strategy

    Contents Page

    SUMMARY I1. INTRODUCTION 11.1 The Brief 11.2 Overview 22. EXISTING SITUATION 32.1 General Description 32.2 Cycling in the Study Area 33. STRATEGIC CONTEXT 83.1 Mayor of London 83.2 Transport for London 93.3 London Borough of Camden 93.4 London Borough of Islington 103.5 Historic Reports 104. PROPOSED AND POSSIBLE ROUTES 114.1 Objectives 114.2 Methodology 124.3 Proposed Cycle Routes 124.4 Other Possible Routes 144.5 Interim Works 175. SIGNING STRATEGY 185.1 Introduction 185.2 Signage Locations 186. CONCLUSIONS 206.1 Cycle Route Alignments Preferred Routes 206.2 Cycle Route Alignments Note on Proposed Routes 206.3 Type of Provision 226.4 Recommendations for further study 23APPENDIX 1 24Cycling distances within a five-mile radius of Kings Cross

    (Figure 1) 24APPENDIX 2 25Existing Situation (as at December 2006) 25APPENDIX 3 26Cycle Route Proposals 26APPENDIX 4 27Schematic Flow Diagram 27APPENDIX 5 28Kings Cross/ St Pancras Surface Interchange Plans (2021) 28APPENDIX 6 29Road layout proposed by Argent for Kings Cross Central 29

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    APPENDIX 7 30Action Plan 30APPENDIX 8 31CRISP of A201 and LCN Route 6: Relevant Datasheets 31

    Tables Page

    Table 6.1: Proposed Alignments 21

    Figures Page

    Figure 2.1: Cycle parking at Kings Cross station 4Figure 2.2: Cycle parking at Euston Station 4Figure 2.3: Grays Inn Road presents issues for cyclists

    approaching King's Cross station 7Figure 2.4: LCN Route 6 is often blocked by queuing traffic 7Figure 4.1: Buses and cyclists on Euston Road 15Figure 4.2: Grays Inn Road as it approaches Kings Cross: Up

    to five lanes of traffic moving from inside lane toright turn for Kings Cross Station. 15

    Figure 4.3: The towpath by the Kings Cross developmentarea. 17

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    i

    King's Cross Area Cycling Strategy

    Summary

    Ensuring access through and into the Kings Cross area

    This report proposes cycle route alignments which prioritise and facilitate cyclists through theKings Cross area. These cycle route alignments aim to avoid the constraints of the busymain roads, and utilise opportunities provided by both existing and proposed roadalignments.

    The Kings Cross area is located at the threshold of Central London. Both these areas aremajor trip attractors for commuter cyclists, and the Kings Cross area has some very highpeak cycle flows, ranging from 250 to 1,800 cyclists per day.

    The main road through the Kings Cross area is Euston Road. This road is very busy withheavy motor vehicle flows, and it is a major route for buses and HGVs. Despite this, Euston

    Road has one of the highest cycle flows in the area, typically over 1,000 cyclists per day.

    There are major one-way systems in the area at Kings Cross and Camden Town, which canbe intimidating for cyclists. The large area to the north of Kings Cross is presentlyinaccessible until it is developed in several years time.

    There are formally designated cycle route that runs north-south and east-west through thearea. These can form the basis of a strategy to facilitate cycling through a very busy area,especially given the Mayors aim of increasing the levels of cycling.

    The needs of cyclists are the same as other road users, and they require routes that are safeand direct. Directional signage will play an important part for these proposed alignments ifthey are to deviate from main roads, and a strategy for signage is also included in this report.

    The proposed routes are not intended as replacements to busy routes such as Euston Road,

    which clearly cyclists are using at present, but they offer safer alternatives for those peoplewho would be deterred from cycling because of the one-ways and heavy motor traffic. Assuch, the proposed routes offer scope for growth in cycling, which are essential if theMayors targets for cycling are to be achieved.

    This report does not make any recommendations as to the type of facility to be implementedat any given location, but some relevant comments are made in the conclusion andobservations made in the report.

    A provisional action plan timetable is provided in Appendix 7.

    Acknowledgements

    The comments and input of various stakeholders is appreciated: Transport for LondonDRND; Transport for London Cycling Centre of Excellence; London Borough of Camden;Camden Cycling Campaign; and City Cyclists.

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    ii

    King's Cross Area Cycling Strategy

    Glossary

    Abbreviations and terms used in this report:

    ASLs: Advanced Stop Line; a space demarcated at the front of signalised junctionsreserved for bicycles into which motor vehicles are not allowed when signals are at red.

    CB: Colin Buchanan; the transport consultants producing this report.

    CRISP: Cycle Route Implementation Stakeholder Plan. This is the process that is usedto develop LCN+ routes with cycle user groups and other stakeholders.

    CRT: Cross River Tram. This is a proposed north-south tram route that will terminate atKings Cross/ St Pancras.

    CTRL: Channel Tunnel Rail Link. Also referred to as the Eurostar terminal, part ofSt Pancras International rail station.

    HGV(s): Heavy Goods Vehicles; these are lorries, trucks, and other large freight

    vehicles.

    LB: London Borough, as in LB Camden for London Borough of Camden.

    LCAP: London Cycling Action Plan; the Mayors cycling strategy for the development ofcycling in London.

    LCDS: London Cycling Design Standards. The principal reference document and designguide for development of LCN+.

    LCN: London Cycle Network. Note that some of the LCN have route numbers (e.g. LCNRoute 6) which are for use by the public for navigational purposes but may not always beused by the highway authority.

    LCN+: London Cycle Network plus; a prioritised subset of the network due for

    completion by 2010. Also the name of the project team at Camden Consultancy Servicesresponsible for overseeing the LCN+ project.

    Link (e.g. Link 28): A section of the LCN+ usually divided along borough boundaries,and is a purely administrative reference number used by the LCN+ project team andhighway authorities for the purposes of route development using the CRISP process.They are not route numbers.

    TfL: Transport for London the transport and strategic highway authority for GreaterLondon with responsibility for the TLRN.

    TLRN: Transport for London Road Network also known as Red Routes. These arethe principal roads in Greater London.

    Traffic: This is an inclusive term to mean both cycle and motor traffic, and also

    pedestrian flow in some instances. References to the volumes and intensity of trafficrefers to motor traffic.

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    1

    King's Cross Area Cycling Strategy

    1. Introduction

    1.1 The Brief

    1.1.1 Colin Buchanan (CB) were commissioned by Transport for London (TfL) todevise options for the junction of the A501/ Judd Street/ Midland Road to allowfor two-way operation of Judd Street once St. Pancras International fully opensin 2007.

    1.1.2 As part of the brief, CB was asked to devise a cycle strategy to give guidancefor the preferred cycle routes through the Kings Cross area. This report formsthat guidance and the brief is summarised below.

    1.1.3 The brief requested a cycling strategy for the area around Kings Cross and StPancras that included routes to the main attractors and through the areabounded by Agar Grove in the north, Ossulston Street and Royal College Streetin the west, Tavistock Place in the south and Caledonian Road in the east(referred to as the study area in the report). The brief requested that the reportinclude a number of factors and consi

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