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CSCI-1680 WWW. Rodrigo Fonseca. Based partly on lecture notes by Scott Shenker and John Jannotti. Administrivia. HW3 out today Will cover HTTP, DNS, TCP TCP Milestone II. Precursors. 1945, Vannevar Bush, Memex : - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


CSCI-1680 :: Computer Networks


Based partly on lecture notes by Scott Shenker and John JannottiRodrigo FonsecaAdministriviaHW3 out todayWill cover HTTP, DNS, TCPTCP Milestone IIPrecursors1945, Vannevar Bush, Memex:a device in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibilityPrecursors to hypertext The human mind [...] operates by association. With one item in its grasp, it snaps instantly to the next that is suggested by the association of thoughts, in accordance with some intricate web of trails carried by the cells of the brainHis essay, As we may think, is worth reading!Tim Berners-LeePhysicist at CERN, trying to solve real problemDistributed access to dataWWW: distributed database of pages linked through the Hypertext Transfer ProtocolFirst HTTP implementation: 1990HTTP/0.9 1991Simple GET commantHTTP/1.0 1992Client/server information, simple cachingHTTP/1.1 1996Extensive caching supportHost identificationPipelined, persistent connections, Why so successful?Ability to self publishLike youtube for videoButMechanism is easyIndependent, openFreeCurrent debateIs it easy enough? Why is facebook so popular, even though it is not open?ComponentsContentObjects (may be static or dynamically generated)ClientsSend requests / Receive responsesServersReceive requests / Send responsesStore or generate contentProxiesPlaced between clients and serversProvide extra functionsCaching, anonymization, logging, transcoding, filtering accessExplicit or transparent

IngredientsHTTPHypertext Transfer ProtocolHTMLLanguage for description of contentNames (mostly URLs)Wont talk about URIs, URNsURLsprotocol://[name@]hostname[:port]/directory/resource?k1=v1&k2=v2#tag

URLs are a type of URIsName is for possible client identificationHostname is FQDN or IP addressPort defaults to protocol default (e.g., 80)Directory is a path to the resourceResource is the name of the object?parameters are passed to the server for execution#tag allows jumps to named tags within documentHTTPImportant propertiesClient-server protocolProtocol (but not data) in ASCIIStatelessExtensible (header fields)Server typically listens on port 80Server sends response, may close connection (client may ask it to say open)Currently version 1.1Steps in HTTP(1.0) RequestOpen TCP connection to serverSend requestReceive responseTCP connection terminatesHow many RTTs for a single request?You may also need to do a DNS lookup first!> telnet 80Trying to character is '^]'.GET / HTTP/1.0

HTTP/1.1 200 OKDate: Thu, 24 Mar 2011 12:58:46 GMTServer: Apache/2.2.9 (Debian) mod_ssl/2.2.9 OpenSSL/0.9.8gLast-Modified: Thu, 24 Mar 2011 12:25:27 GMTETag: "840a88b-236c-49f3992853bc0"Accept-Ranges: bytesContent-Length: 9068Vary: Accept-EncodingConnection: closeContent-Type: text/html