Cradle to Cradle Certified - Green Chemistry Cradle to Cradle Design 2002 Published Cradle to Cradle

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  • Cradle to Cradle Certified:

    Multi-attribute Inventory, Assessment & Optimization

    Cradle to CradleSM is a service mark of MBDC.

  • Presenter

    Stacy Glass

    Executive in Residence for the Built Environment

    Cradle to Cradle Products

    Innovation Institute

  • Agenda • Update on Cradle to Cradle and the


    • Overview of Cradle to Cradle Certified Program

    • Material health methodology • Brief overview of other attributes

  • Cradle to Cradle

    C2C is …

    ... a practice

    … a design philosophy

    … a quality standard

  • Imagine a World …

    Where the concept of waste does not


    Where all materials

    are healthy

    and safe

    That is 100%

    cleanly, renewably powered

    … Where consumption is a good thing

  • Emulating Natural Cycles

    Biological Nutrients

    Technical Nutrients

  • © 2010-2012 McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry, LLC. All Rights Reserved.



    - Eco-efficient = 0

    Eco-effective = +


  • Cradle to Cradle Certified Provides manufacturers a path to apply these concepts

    to make safe, healthy, regenerative products.

  • Timeline

    *MBDC – McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry


    MBDC* uses certification mark to denote achievement in Cradle to Cradle Design


    Published Cradle to Cradle Remaking the Way We Make Things


    Institute founded •  Fundraising •  Infrastructure

    development • MBDC & EPEA

    begin development of V3.0 protocol


    • Certification Standards Board created

    • Additional assessor trained

    •  Institute launched V3.0

    CertifiedCM Product Program


  • Why companies certify •  Integration eco-effective vision as a differentiator and brand

    enhancement •  External verification of a product’s design for future use cycles,

    safety to human and environmental health, and sustainable manufacturing processes

    •  Expert evaluations of product ingredients throughout the supply chain for toxicity hazards and risks in context of use

    •  Defined trajectory for optimizing product design and manufacturing processes

    •  Characterization and mitigation of potential environmental issues & risks

    •  Verified data and claims through third-party assessments to meet regulations or contribute to other certifications

  • Manufacturers with Certified Products

  • Cradle To Cradle Product Certification


  • Multi-attribute standard

  • Categories Based on Principles

    Select safe and healthy materials

    Eliminate the concept of waste

    Power with abundant clean energy

    Protect water as a precious resource

    Respect human and natural systems

  • C2C Stages

    © 2010-2012 McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry, LLC. All Rights Reserved.

    Cradle to Cradle Certification of product or material

    Inventory Assess Optimize

  • Designed for Continuous Improvement

  • Certification Process



      C2C  Products  

    Innova0on  Ins0tute    

    Cer0fy  Product    

    -­‐    Review  and  verify   Assessment   Summary  Report    

    -­‐  Ensure  signed  TLA   received  

    -­‐  Ensure  cer0fica0on   fees  received  

    -­‐  Issue  cer0ficate  and   rights  to  use   cer0fica0on  mark  

    -­‐  Enter  product  into   online  registry  


      Accredited     Assessor  

      Assess  Product  and   Manufacturing  


    -­‐    Conduct  site  visit   -­‐  Conduct  material   assessment  and   process  evalua0on   based  on  Standard   criteria    

    -­‐    Submit  Assessment   Summary  Report  to   C2CPII  




    Suppliers,  Assessor    

    Compile  Product   Informa0on  


    -­‐    Sign  NDAs  as  needed   -­‐  Complete  Bill  of   Materials,  and  other   applica0on  forms   -­‐  Register  product   with  C2CPII  

    -­‐  Begin  Trademark   License  Agreement   (TLA)  process  





    Decide  to  Cer0fy   Product  


    -­‐    Review  C2C   principles,  standard  

    -­‐    Commit  to   op0miza0on  


    Select  Accredited   Assessor  


    -­‐  See  list  on  Ins0tute   website  



  • Accredited Assessors

  • Cradle To Cradle Product Certification

    V3.0 Standard Criteria

  • Material Health

    Design products that are safe and healthy for

    humans and the environment from

    production to use to reuse

    Safe ingredients

    perpetually cycled

  • Bill of Materials Part# Part Description

    Parts per product

    Generic Material

    Exact Material Specification

    Color/ Finish

    Part Wt. (lbs)

    Total wt (All

    parts) Product Wt. (lbs.)

    % of Total Wt

    12345 Chair base 1 Aluminum 380 cast aluminum None 8 8 50 16

    12346 Caster 5 Multiple 50

    12346.1 Pintle 5 Steel 1010 steel Zinc plate 0.25 1.25 50 2.5

    12346.2 Axle 5 Steel 1215 Steel None 0.1 0.5 50 1

    12346.3 Wheel 10 Nylon Acme nylon 123 Black 0.075 0.75 50 1.5

    12347 Pneumatic cylinder 1 Multiple 50

    12347.1 Outer Tube 1 Steel 1008 steel Black 3.5 3.5 50 7

    12347.2 Inner Tuber 1 Steel 1010 steel None 1.5 1.5 50 3

    12347.3 Washer 2 Steel 1215 steel None 0.5 1 50 2

    12347.4 Misc. pieces 2 Aluminum 6262 aluminum None 0.2 0.4 50 0.8

    12347.5 Seal 2 Rubber Kraton xyz None 0.05 0.1 50 0.2

    12347.6 End Cap 1 Acetal Delrin xyz None 0.15 0.15 50 0.3

    12347.7 Grease 1 Lubricant Mobil super grease None 0.001 0.001 50 0.002

  • Product



    Textile Seating Fabric

    Fiber Dyes Auxiliaries

    Complicated Supply Chains

  • Materials Subject to Review Each homogeneous material present at ≥ 0.01% (≥ 100 ppm) in the overall product is subject to further review Exceptions – Materials subject to review at any level (if the part each is relevant to is present at ≥ 0.01%):

    •  finishes (coatings, plating, paints) •  blowing agents •  textile auxiliaries / process chemicals •  paper bleaching agents •  plating chemistry

  • Chemical ingredients present at ≥ 0.01% (100 ppm) in each homogeneous material are subject to review The following chemical ingredients must be reported regardless of concentration level:

    •  Lead, mercury, chromium VI, cadmium, pigments, dyes and other colorants, phthalates, halogenated organics, scarce elements (i.e., indium, gold, diamond, etc.)

    •  Process chemicals relevant to materials subject to review -- Metal plating agents (i.e., chromium VI), textile auxiliaries, blowing agents, paper bleaching agents

    Chemicals Subject to Review

  • No Banned List Chemicals

    •  Applies to intentional inputs >1000 ppm in each material (some exceptions)

    •  Lead, cadmium, PTFE, PAHs banned for use where exposure is highly likely to occur (e.g., paints, coatings, finishes on toys, other children’s products, jewelry)

    •  Two Banned Lists •  Technological Nutrient List – allows for use of some

    chemicals (e.g., lead, PTFE, PAHs) in materials where exposure is highly unlikely to occur

    •  Biological Nutrient List – additional compounds that should not be in the biosphere (lead, PTFE, PAHs)

    •  Applies to all certification levels

  • Version 3.0 Banned List Chemicals PVC, PVDC, CPVC, polychloroprene

    Metals: Arsenic, cadmium, chromium VI, Mercury, Lead* (Biological nutrient threshold = maximum background soil concentration)

    Flame Retardants: HBCD, PBDEs, TBBPA, TDCPP

    Phthalates: DEHP, BBP, DBP

    Chlorinated hydrocarbons: chlorobenzenes, PCBs, short-chained chlorinated paraffins


    Nonyl- and octylphenols, nonyl- and octylphenol ethoxylates


    PTFE* (Banned in TN’s if primary component of product or material)



    *On the Biol