Cpre y Colangioresonancia Metaanalisis

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Health Technology Assessment 2004; Vol. 8: No. 10

A systematic review and economic evaluation of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography compared with diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographyE Kaltenthaler, Y Bravo Vergel, J Chilcott, S Thomas, T Blakeborough, SJ Walters and H Bouchier

March 2004

Health Technology Assessment NHS R&D HTA Programme

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A systematic review and economic evaluation of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography compared with diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographyE Kaltenthaler,1* Y Bravo Vergel,2 J Chilcott,1 S Thomas,3 T Blakeborough,4 SJ Walters1 and H Bouchier11

ScHARR Rapid Reviews Group, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK 2 Nuffield Institute for Health, University of Leeds, UK 3 Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, UK 4 Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK* Corresponding author Declared competing interests of authors: none of the authors has any financial interest in the companies producing the equipment used to undertake magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography.

Published March 2004This report should be referenced as follows: Kaltenthaler E, Bravo Vergel Y, Chilcott J, Thomas S, Blakeborough T, Walters SJ, et al. A systematic review and economic evaluation of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography compared with diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Health Technol Assess 2004;8(10). Health Technology Assessment is indexed in Index Medicus/MEDLINE and Excerpta Medica/ EMBASE.

NHS R&D HTA Programmehe NHS R&D Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Programme was set up in 1993 to ensure that high-quality research information on the costs, effectiveness and broader impact of health technologies is produced in the most efficient way for those who use, manage and provide care in the NHS. The research reported in this monograph was commissioned by the HTA Programme and was funded as project number 02/43/01. Technology assessment reports are completed in a limited time to inform decisions in key areas by bringing together evidence on the use of the technology concerned. The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the HTA Programme or the Department of Health. The editors wish to emphasise that funding and publication of this research by the NHS should not be taken as implicit support for any recommendations made by the authors.Criteria for inclusion in the HTA monograph series Reports are published in the HTA monograph series if (1) they have resulted from work commissioned for the HTA Programme, and (2) they are of a sufficiently high scientific quality as assessed by the referees and editors.

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Reviews in Health Technology Assessment are termed systematic when the account of the search, appraisal and synthesis methods (to minimise biases and random errors) would, in theory, permit the replication of the review by others. HTA Programme Director: Series Editors: Managing Editors: Professor Tom Walley Dr Ken Stein, Professor John Gabbay, Dr Ruairidh Milne, Dr Chris Hyde and Dr Rob Riemsma Sally Bailey and Caroline Ciupek

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ISSN 1366-5278

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Health Technology Assessment 2004; Vol. 8: No. 10

AbstractA systematic review and economic evaluation of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography compared with diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographyE Kaltenthaler,1* Y Bravo Vergel,2 J Chilcott,1 S Thomas,3 T Blakeborough,4 SJ Walters1 and H Bouchier1ScHARR Rapid Reviews Group, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK Nuffield Institute for Health, University of Leeds, UK 3 Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, UK 4 Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK * Corresponding author2 1

Objectives: To compare the clinical and costeffectiveness of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) with diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for the investigation of biliary obstruction. Data sources: Electronic bibliographic databases, the reference lists of relevant articles and various health services research-related resources. Review methods: The data sources were searched and selected studies were assessed using quality criteria. In total, 28 prospective diagnostic studies were identified reporting several suspected conditions plus one of patient satisfaction. Analyses were then performed to establish sensitivities, specificities, likelihood ratios and confidence intervals. The relative cost-effectiveness of adopting MRCP scanning in the investigation of the biliary tree was undertaken using a probabilistic economic model. Results: The median sensitivity for choledocholithiasis (13 studies) was 93% and the median specificity 94%. The median likelihood ratio for a positive value was 15.75 and for a negative value 0.08. Reported sensitivities for malignancy were somewhat lower, ranging from 81 to 86%, and specificities ranged from 92 to 100%. There was some evidence that MRCP is an accurate diagnostic test in comparison to ERCP , although the quality of studies was moderate. Claustrophobia prevented at least some patients from having MRCP in ten of the 28 studies. The other 18

studies did not mention claustrophobia. The probability of avoiding unnecessary diagnostic ERCP is estimated at 30%. These patients could avoid the unnecessary risk of complications and death associated with diagnostic ERCP and substantial cost saving would be gained. The , overall expected cost saving associated with MRCP is 149; the overall expected gain in quality-adjusted life-year is estimated at 0.011. Conclusions: There is some evidence that MRCP is an accurate investigation compared with diagnostic ERCP , although the values for malignancy compared with choledocholithiasis were somewhat lower. The quality of studies was moderate. The limited evidence on patient satisfaction showed that patients preferred MRCP to diagnostic ERCP The estimated clinical and . economic impacts of diagnostic MRCP versus diagnostic ERCP are very favourable. The baseline estimate is that MRCP may both reduce cost and result in improved quality of life outcomes compared with diagnostic ERCP Further research is suggested to . compare MRCP and diagnostic ERCP with final diagnosis and also with the full range of target conditions; to examine patient satisfaction and ways of reducing problems with claustrophobia; to look at protocols to help identify who could most benefit from MRCP or ERCP; to assess the relative need and urgency of patient access to magnetic reso

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