Country Paper: Bangladesh: Part 2

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  • 7/25/2019 Country Paper: Bangladesh: Part 2

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    EG

    Zuik`tthm Iy Zcbk`k Bcbkkhm

    Mcbab Gertc J`ty Jerperbt`eg

    ]ch v`hws hxprhsshm `g tc`s pbphr brh tch v`hws eo tch butcer bgm me getghjhssbr`ly rholhjt tch v`hws er pel`j`hs eo tch Bs`bg Mhvhlepkhgt Ibga @gst`tuth(BMI@), tch Bs`bg Mhvhlepkhgt Ibga (BMI), `ts Iebrm eo M`rhjters, er tchfevhrgkhgts tchy rhprhshgt. BMI@ mehs get fubrbgthh tch bjjurbjy eo tch mbtb`gjlumhm `g tc`s pbphr bgm bjjhpts ge rhspegs`i`l`ty oer bgy jegshquhgjhs eotch`r ush. ]hrk`gelefy ushm kby get ghjhssbr`ly ih jegs`sthgt w`tc BMI eoo`j`blthrks.

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    2.@gtremujt`egIbgflbmhsc, tch 0tclbrfhst (pepulbt`eg 2?> k`ll`eg) jeugtry `g tch werlm `g thrks eo pepulbt`egcbv`gf egly 2==,>>> sq. Ak. eo lbgm brhb (0= tc`g thrks eo brhb). Ibgflbmhsc `s egh eo tch werlmkest mhgshly pepulbthm jeugtry (mhgs`ty `s breugm 9?>> sq. k`lh ). V`tc sujc b cufh pepulbt`egbgm l`k`thm rhseurjhs, Ibgflbmhsc `s `g tch kbrjc tewbrms hjegek`j mhvhlepkhgt. @t `s me`gf

    ihtthr `g bjc`hv`gf K`llhgg`uk Mhvhlepkhgt Febls `g kest eo tch `gm`jbters, `g jekpbr`seg tetch gh`fcier`gf jeugtr`hs. Ibgflbmhsc `s b lbgm kbss ihstewhm w`tc r`jc gbturbl rhseurjhs bgmhjelef`jbl bgm i`elef`jbl m`vhrs`ty. Hxpbgs`eg bgm `gthgs`o`jbt`eg eo bfr`julturh, ugjegtrellhm`gmustr`bl`zbt`eg, mhstrujt`eg eo gbturbl cbi`tbts, bgm `gjrhbs`gf uribg`zbt`eg te sbt`soy tch ghhmseo tch frew`gf pepulbt`eg bgm hjegek`j mhvhlepkhgt cbvh ihhg kbder tcrhbts te tch `ts r`jcchr`tbfh. ]ch bgtbfeg`sk ihtwhhg pepulbt`eg frewtc, rhseurjh mhplht`eg, bgm hgv`regkhgtblmhfrbmbt`eg `s ih`gf w`mhly mhl`ihrbthm `g tch rhjhgt yhbrs. Brfukhgts, kest eo tch t`khs, brhihtwhhg pepulbt`eg frewtc bs tch kb`g jbush eo `gjrhbs`gf hgv`regkhgtbl prhssurhs, hjegek`jmhvhlepkhgt, ugsustb`gbilh bfr`julturbl bgm `gmustr`bl prbjt`jhs, bgm hxjhss`vh er wbsthouljegsukpt`eg. Zekh ibs`j `gm`jbters eo Ibgflbmhsc `g thrks eo hjegeky bgm hkpleykhgt brhf`vhg ihllew4

    FM^ Frewtc Ybth- ?.:% ( 9>22) FM^ ^hr Jbp`tb @gjekh- 0=3 (9>29-2:) @golbt`eg Ybth- 6.:0% (Buf, 9>2:) @gvhstkhgt Jegtr`iut`eg te FM^- 20.:% ( Duly 9>22-Kby 9>29) OM@- 2909.8? K`ll`eg (Dbg-Mhj 9>29) Hxpert- 9=.936I`ll`eg (9>22-29) @kpert- :8.== I`ll`eg (9>22-9>29) Yhk`ttbgjh- 2=.26 I`ll`eg ( Mhj, 9>29)

    Zeurjh4 Ibgflbmhsc Iurhbu eo Ztbt`st`js (IIZ), bvb`lbilh bt www.iis.fev.im

    (Zeurjh Lbieur Oerjh Zurvhy Yhpert, 9>2>. Bvb`lbilh btwww.iis.fev.im)

    http://www.bbs.gov.bd/http://www.bbs.gov.bd/
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    9. Zyghrfht`j L`gabfhs Bkegf @gmustr`hsBfr`julturh bgm bll`hm `gmustr`hs cbs ihhg tch kb`g seurjh eo l`vhl`ceem oer bieut ?>% eo tchjeugtr`hs pepulbt`eg.Kuscreek`gf ghhms bgm prhohrhgjhs cbvh oerjhm tch trbgsohr eo ietc lbierbgm etchr rhseurjhs te tch `gmustr`bl bgm shrv`jhs shjters. ^reo`tbi`l`ty bgm premujt`v`ty thgm te ihc`fchr `g `gmustr`hs tcbg `g bfr`julturh, muh te c`fchr `gvhstkhgts bgm bmvbgjhm thjcgelef`hs.

    ]cus tch rhlbt`vh jegtr`iut`eg eo bfr`julturh te tch tetbl Fress Mekhst`j ^remujt (FM^) cbsfhghrblly ihhg mhjl`g`gf bs hjegek`hs hxpbgm bgm m`vhrs`oy `g Ibgflbmhsc. Cewhvhr, tch`gmustr`hs `g Ibgflbmhsc brh jlbss`o`hm `gte shvhg jbthfer`hs `g tch @gmustr`bl ^el`jy, 9>2>. ]chshbrh4

    `. Lbrfh @gmustry``. Khm`uk @gmustry

    ```. Zkbll @gmustry`v. K`jre @gmustryv. Jettbfh `gmustry

    v`. C`fcthjc `gmustry, bgmv``. Yhshrvhm @gmustry.

    :. @gmustr`bl Jlusthrs Ibgflbmhsc4 ^rbjt`jhs bgm outurh plbg@gmustr`bl jlusthrs brh mho`ghm bs fhefrbpc`j jegjhgtrbt`eg eo jekpbg`hs `g b sphj`bl`zhm o`hlmtcbt jeephrbth w`tc lejbl jekkug`ty te hoo`j`hgtly scbrh rhseurjhs lhbm`gf te `kprevhm hjegek`jfb`gs bgm hqu`tbilh hgcbgjhkhgt eo hgv`regkhgtbl qubl`ty. ^rhshgt ^rbjt`jhs eo @gmustr`bl Jlusthreo Ibgflbmhsc jbg ih irebmly m`v`mhm iy twe typhs4 (:.2) Oerkbl Jlusthrs bgm (:.9) Geg-OerkblJlusthrs. Oerkbl Jlusthrs brh mhvhlephm bgm fu`mhm ugmhr fevhrgkhgt pel`jy, rulhs bgmrhfulbtegs, wc`lh geg-oerkbl brh tch bfflekhrbt`eg eo `gmustr`hs `g jhrtb`g brhbs bgm mhvhlephmiy tch pr`vbth hgtrhprhghurs. Oerkbl Jlusthrs kby bfb`g ih m`v`mhm ibshm eg tch`r rhfulbt`gfButcer`ty, Vc`jc brh

    :.2.2 IH^TB (Ibgflbmhsc Hxpert ^rejhss`gf Tegh Butcer`ty)4 @g ermhr te st`kulbth rbp`mhjegek`j frewtc eo tch jeugtry, pbrt`julbrly tcreufc `gmustr`bl`zbt`eg, tch fevhrgkhgt cbsbmepthm bg 'Ephg Meer ^el`jy' te bttrbjt oerh`fg `gvhstkhgtte Ibgflbmhsc. ]ch Ibgflbmhsc Hxpert ^rejhss`gf TeghsButcer`ty (IH^TB) `s tch eoo`j`bl erfbg eo tch fevhrgkhgtte preketh, bttrbjt bgm obj`l`tbth oerh`fg `gvhstkhgt `g tchHxpert ^rejhss`gf Teghs. ]ch pr`kbry eidhjt`vh eo bg H^T`s te prev`mh sphj`bl brhbs wchrh pethgt`bl `gvhsters weulmo`gm b jegfhg`bl `gvhstkhgt jl`kbth, orhh orek jukihrsekhprejhmurhs. ]chrh brh bs kbgy bs 3 H^Ts brh ougjt`eg`gf btprhshgt. Lejbt`eg bgm gbkh eo tch H^Ts brh scewg `g tch

    kbp. ]chrh brh :89 `gmustr`hs brh gew ougjt`eg`gf `g tceshH^Ts. Ibshm eg `gvhstkhgt typh, tchshs `gmustr`hs jeulm ihm`v`mhm ugmhr tch oellew`gf wby4

    B - 2>>% oerh`fg ewghrsc`p 9>8 (83%)I - de`gt vhgturh =0 (2=%)J - 2>>% lejbl vhgturh 03 (93%)

    (Zeurjh4 ww.hpzibgflbmhsc.erf.im)

    http://www.epzbangladesh.org.bd/http://www.epzbangladesh.org.bd/http://www.epzbangladesh.org.bd/http://www.epzbangladesh.org.bd/
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    :.2.9 Ibgflbmhsc Zkbll bgm Jettbfh @gmustr`hs Jerperbt`eg (IZJ@J) prev`mhs b pbjabfh eoshrv`jhs te pr`vbth shjter hgtrhprhghurs `gIbgflbmhsc `g tch skbll bgm jettbfh `gmustr`hs shjter.@t wbs jrhbthm tcreufc bgBjt eo ^brl`bkhgt `g 2086 wc`jc wbs lbthr bkhgmhm `g 2009. IZJ@Jcbs jeugtry-w`mh `gst`tut`eg ghtwera te prev`mh meersthp shrv`jhs oer hgtrhprhghurs. IZJ@J cbs mhvhlephm b

    tetbl eo 6= `gmustr`bl hstbths tcreufceut tch jeugtry teoesthr tch frewtc eo ZJ@s `g b iblbgjhm kbgghr bgm blsejegstrujt`eg weras oer feem gukihr eo hstbths `gjlum`gfsphj`bl typh l`ah ]bgghry, B^@ (Bjt`vh ^cbrkbjhut`jbl@gfrhm`hgts) bgm Fbrkhgts ^bra brh ugmhr hxhjut`eg.

    IZJ@Js _`s`eg-9>98IZJ@J str`vhs te jrhbth rhs`l`hgt bgm hoo`j`hgt ZKJ@s,bilh te jekphth `g b l`ihrbl`zhm kbraht hgv`regkhgt.ZKJ@s cbvh te ih hoo`j`hgt bgm agewlhmfh-mr`vhg,`gjlum`gf us`gf @J] te ih fleiblly jegghjthm bgm

    bjjhss`ilh. ]ch Jerperbt`eg w`ll preketh ZKJ@s te ih bg `gthfrbl pbrt eo tch jeugtrys `gmustr`blmhvhlepkhgt jbpbilh eo premuj`gf c`fc vbluh-bmmhm kbguobjtur`gf premujt & shrv`jhs. IZJ@Jw`ll shrvh bs tch gbt`egbl oejbl pe`gt oer tch evhr bll mhvhlepkhgt eo ZKJ@s `g tch jeugtry. ]chpr`gj`pbl febl eo tch Ibgflbmhsc Fevt. hjegek`j pel`jy `s te rhmujh pevhrty wc`jc `s jechrhgtw`tc tch KMFs. (Mhtb`ls eo IZJ@J jbg ih agewg orek `ts whis`th4cttp4//www.isj`j.fev.im)

    :.9 @goerkbl @gmustr`bl Jlusthr

    Ihs`mhs tch boerhsb`m fevhrgkhgt @gmustr`bl Jlusthr, bgetchr typh eo @gmustr`bl jlusthrs k`fctoeugm blegf w`tc tch c`fcwbys eo Kbder j`t`hs l`ah4 Mcbab, Jc`ttbfegf bgm Aculgb `gIbgflbmhsc. ]ceufc, tchsh `gmustr`hs k`fct oeugm bs jlusthr, iut `g`t`blly tchy whrh get l`ah tcbt.

    ^r`vbth hgtrhprhghurs sht-up tch`r `gmustr`hs ibshm eg jekkug`jbt`eg obj`l`t`hs bgm bothrwbrms, `twhrh mhvhlephm bs b jlusthr eo `gmustr`hs blegf tch c`fc wbys, muh te lbja eo rhfulbtery jegtreliy tch fevhrgkhgt. ]chsh `gmustr`hs brh ibs`jblly lbrfh/khm`uk s`zhm bgm lbieur `gthgs`vh iyjcbrbjthrst`js. ^btthrg eo tchsh `gmustr`hs brh get ug`quh `g jcbrbjthr, se `t k`fct get ih pess`ilhte hgsurh jekkeg trhbtkhgt obj`l`t`hs (`.h. H]^) oer tcesh `gmustr`hs.

    :.9.2Gh`fcieurceem @gmustr`hsBgetchr typh eo `gmustr`hs, wc`jc whrh jekh `g shhg bothr tch IIZ (Ibgflbmhsc Ihbruh eoZtbt`st`js) survhy, 9>29. B mrbot rhpert scews tcbt tetbl gukihr eo hjegek`j ug`ts stbgms bt3>686>= mur`gf tch jhgsus phr`em, wc`jc wbs :6>32== `g 9>>2 & >: bgm 92?0=20 `g 203?. ]chfrewtc eo hjegek`j ug`ts wbs 62phrjhgt mur`gf 203? tcreufc 9>>2 & >: bgm 223 phrjhgt mur`gf9>>2 & >: te 9>2:. ]c`s hjegek`j ug`ts `gjlumhs kb`gly skbll bgm jettbfh `gmustr`hs. O`gm`gfseo tch mrbot rhpert brh bs oellew4

    `. Yhf`egbl _br`bt`egs Zt`ll ^hrs`sthgt `g Hjegek`j Bjt`v`t`hs

    ``. Yhf`egs Hxphr`hgjhm b Jegs`sthgt Bmvbgjhkhgt `g ]rbm`gf bgm @gmustr`bl`zbt`eg```. Ibsh eo Ibgflbmhsc Hjegeky `s Fhtt`gf Ztregfhr bgm Kev`gf tewbrms Oerkbl`zbt`eg

    `v. Ceushcelm Ibshm Hjegek`j Bjt`v`t`hs brh `g Ybp`m Hxpbgs`eg

    v. Yurbl Hjegeky cbs Ieesthm up w`tc C`fchr Frewtc `g Gertchrg Ibgflbmhsc

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangladeshhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Act_of_Parliamenthttp://www.bscic.gov.bd/http://www.bscic.gov.bd/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Act_of_Parliamenthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangladesh
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    v`. Zhrv`jh Zhjter ^lbys Mek`gbt`gf Yelh `g Frewtc eo Hjegek`j Xg`ts

    (Zeurjh4^rhl`k`gbry Yhpert eg Hjegek`j Jhgsus 9>2:, bvb`lbilh bt www.iis.fev.im)

    JBZH Z]XMP4 ]bgg`gf @gmustry, Mcbab

    Cbzbr`ibfc tbgghr`hs, bg hxpert-er`hgthm jlusthr eo `gmustr`hs, premujh sekh 9>,>>> jui`jkhtrhs eo tex`j wbsth lbmhg w`tc jcrek`uk bgm bt lhbst :> etchr tex`gs hvhry mby. ]chtrhbtkhgt eo jcrek`uk-jegtb`g`gf lhbtchr wbsth, tch kbder sel`m wbsth fhghrbthm bt tch pest-tbgg`gf ephrbt`egs eo lhbtchr prejhss`gf, cbs tch pethgt`bl te fhghrbth vbluh-bmmhm lhbtchrjchk`jbls.

    ]ch vbluh-bmmhm jchk`jbls jeulm ih shfrhfbthm orek tch jcrek`uk-jegtb`g`gf lhbtchr wbsthwchg tch jhgtrbl H]^ `s jegstrujthm `g Zbvbr, bjjerm`gf te tch hxphrts. Fevhrgkhgt mhj`mhm tesc`ot ]bgghry `gmustr hs orek Mcbab te Zbvbr, wchrh bg hstbth `s ih`gf iu`lt bt bg hst`kbthmjest eo ]bab 8=8 jrerh eg tch eutsa`rts eo Mcbab lejbthm bt twe-ak bwby orek Mcbab-Br`jcbc`fcwby eg tch ibga eo tch Y`vhr Mcblhscwbr`. ]c`s w`ll hgbilh tch `gmustr`hs te scbrh

    jekkeg H]^. Fevhrgkhgt w`ll blse prev`mh ibga lebgs te tbgghry ewghrs bgm rhs`mhgt`blbrrbgfhkhgts oer tch werahrs weulm ih rhselvhm tcreufc m`sjuss`egs w`tc bll stbahcelmhrs.

    HX chlps te sht-up Jhgtrbl Hooluhgt ]rhbtkhgt ^lbgt (JH]^) oer tc`s tbgg`gf `gmustry. Bothrshtt`gf up tch JH]^, bs kbgy bs 288 objter`hs eut eo 208 weulm ih rhlejbthm euts`mh tch jbp`tblorek Cbzbr`ibfc brhb. Ibgflbmhsc cbs hbrghm $?82.>8 k`ll`eg XZ mellbrs iy hxpert`gf lhbtchrbgm lhbtchr feems mur`gf 9>2>-22 o`sjbl, bjjerm`gf te tch K`g`stry eo Jekkhrjh.

    ]ch jeugtr`hs tcbt `kperthm lhbtchr bgm lhbtchr feems orek Ibgflbmhsc mur`gf tch phr`em brh-Bustrbl`b, Irbz`l, Zeutc Aerhb, @tbly, Cegf Aegf, Jc`gb, Dbpbg, Zpb`g, ^elbgm, ]b`wbg, XA,XZB, _`htgbk, Ihlf`uk, Bustr`b, Orbgjh, Fhrkbgy, Yekbg`b, Jzhjc Yhpuil`j, Jbgbmb,

    Ghtchrlbgms bgm Xg`thm Brbi Hk`rbths. Hxphrts sby Ibgflbmhsc sceulm cbvh b jhgtrbl H]^ getegly te khht tch mhkbgm oer 2>> phrjhgt hxpert-er`hgthm lhbtchr `gmustry, iut blse jekply w`tctch rulhs eo Hurephbg Xg`eg (HX) jeugtr`hs, wc`jc `kpert b s`zbilh velukh eo lhbtchr bgmlhbtchr feems orek Ibgflbmhsc hvhry yhbr.

    (Zeurjh4 cttp4//www2.issghws.ght/ghwsMhtb`ls.pcp5jbt;>&`m;9=9333$mbth;9>29->=-20&mbthJurrhgt;9>29->=-98)

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    Oerh`fg @gvhstkhgt Zjhgbr`e

    Lejbl bgm oerh`fg `gvhstkhgt rhf`sthrhm w`tc IE@ `g Ejteihr, 9>2:

    Zl ]yph Gukihr epredhjts

    ^repeshm @gvhstkhgt _bluhs ^repeshm gukihrHkpleykhgt

    2 Lejbl `gvhstkhgt 68 8>=.0>> k XZ$(:0988.066 k ]a) 2>099

    9 De`gt & 2>>%Oerh`fg @gvhstkhgt

    6 9>.2:= XZ$(28?8.=:9 k ]a)

    ?32

    Lejbl bgm oerh`fg `gvhstkhgt rhf`sthrhm w`tc IE@ `g Zhpthkihr, 9>2:

    Zl ]yph Gukihr epredhjts

    ^repeshm @gvhstkhgt _bluhs ^repeshm gukihrHkpleykhgt

    2 Lejbl `gvhstkhgt 32 236.:=3 k XZ$(2=8??.::= k ]a)

    2>2>9

    9 De`gt & 2>>%

    Oerh`fg @gvhstkhgt

    28 20:2.>6? k XZ$

    (28>2=2.2?9 k ]a)

    =>>>

    Lejbl bgm oerh`fg `gvhstkhgt rhf`sthrhm w`tc IE@ `g Bufust, 9>2:

    Zl ]yph Gukihr epredhjts

    ^repeshm @gvhstkhgt _bluhs ^repeshmkihrHkpleykhgt

    2 Lejbl `gvhstkhgt 86 283.6?8 k XZ$(29:==.>=0 k ]a)

    8:=:

    9 De`gt & 2>>%Oerh`fg @gvhstkhgt

    8 :>.>:0 k XZ$(9::8.?>2 k ]a)

    22>3

    Lejbl bgm oerh`fg `gvhstkhgt rhf`sthrhm w`tc IE@ orek Duly, 9>29 te Dugh, 9>2:

    Zl ]yph Gukihr epredhjts

    ^repeshm @gvhstkhgt _bluhs ^repeshmHkpleykhgt

    2 Lejbl `gvhstkhgt 2=86 8800 k XZ$(==?2=3 k ]a)

    9?3362

    9 De`gt & 2>>%Oerh`fg @gvhstkhgt

    920 96:: k XZ$(99>692 k ]a)

    =>3:3

    Lejbl bgm oerh`fg `gvhstkhgt rhf`sthrhm w`tc IE@ orek Duly, 9>22 te Dugh, 9>29

    Zl ]yph Gukihr e

    predhjts

    ^repeshm @gvhstkhgt _bluhs ^repeshm

    Hkpleykhgt2 Lejbl `gvhstkhgt 26:8 ??63.?68 k XZ$

    (8:=6?0.>86 k ]a):9?8:8

    9 De`gt & 2>>%Oerh`fg @gvhstkhgt

    992 ==6>.>>> k XZ$(:==2?3.>>> k ]a)

    29=?28

    (Zeurjh4 Iebrm eo @gvhstkhgt, (www.ie`.fev.im)

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