CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS BETWEEN ENGLISH AND INDONESIAN ADVERB e- Indonesian adverbs of place in the examples

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  • CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS BETWEEN ENGLISH AND

    INDONESIAN ADVERB OF PLACE

    Submitted to the Board of Examiners in Partial Fulfilment

    Of the Requirements for the Degree of Sarjana Educational Islamic Studies

    ( S.Pd.I )in English and Educational Faculty

    By : MUHAMMAD NUR DA’I

    NIM. 11302020

    ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FACULTY STATE ISLAMIC STUDIES INSTITUTE ( STAIN )

    SALATIGA 2006

    i

  • DEPARTMENT OF RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS STATE ISLAMIC STUDIES INSTITUTE

    (STAIN) SALATIGA

    Jl. Stadion 03 Phone. 0298 323706 Salatiga 50721 Website : www.stainsalatiea.ac.id E-mail: administrasi@stainsalatiga.ac.id

    Ruwandi, S.Pd., M,A

    The Lecturer of Educational Faculty

    State Islamic Studies Institute of Salatiga

    ATTENTIVE COUNSELOR’S NOTE Salatiga. July 10th 2006

    Case : Muhammad Nur Dai's

    Thesis

    Dear

    The Head of State Islamic

    Studies Institute of Salatiga

    Assalamu ’alaikum, Wr. Wb.

    After reading and correcting Muhamad Nur Dai's thesis entitled

    "CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS BETWEEN ENGLISH AND INDONESIA

    ADVERBS OF PLACE". I have decided and would like to propose that if it

    could be accepted by educational faculty, I hope it would be examined as soon as

    possible.

    Wassalamu’alaikum, Wr. Wb.

    Consultant,

    Ruwandi, S.Pd., MK NIP. 150 301 297

    n

    http://www.stainsalatiea.ac.id mailto:administrasi@stainsalatiga.ac.id

  • DEPARTMENT OF RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS STATE ISLAMIC STUDIES INSTITUTE

    (STAIN) SALATIGA

    JI. Stadion 03 Phone, 0298 323706 Salatiga 50721 Website : www.stainsalatiga.ac.id E-mail : administrasi@stainsalatiga.ac.id

    STATEMENT OF CERTIFICATION

    CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS BETWEEN ENGLISH AND INDONESIAN ADVERBS OF PLACE

    MUHAMMAD NUR DA’I NIM. 113 02 020

    Has been brought to the board of examiners in August, 05th 2006 M / Rajab, 11th 1427 H, and hereby considered to completely fullfillment of the requirement for the degree of Sarjana

    in English and Educational Faculty.

    August, 05th 2006 M Salatiga, -----------------------------

    Rajab, 11th 1427 H

    Board of examiners

    m

    http://www.stainsalatiga.ac.id mailto:administrasi@stainsalatiga.ac.id

  • MOTTO

    • Keep the spirit for fighting not fighting for the spirit.

    • Life is much easier if we do not complain too much since complain is

    not a solution.

    IV

  • DEDICATION

    This thesis is wholeheartedly dedicated to:

    I] My beloved parents Mr. and Mrs. DJuhdi, who educate me

    patiently, thank you for this warm and wonderful family.

    12 My family in kacangan, thanks for accepting me whatever I am

    and regard me as your own son.

    '1 My dear “Ella” for all happiness and depression we come to

    pass, you are the only one who always stand beside me and

    support me. I believe there is bright future for us and I promise

    you I will do the best.

    My sweet heart “Sasha”, I lay my life on you.

    12 My brothers and sisters “ bu’de Casen sekeluarga, Bu’de Nur

    sekeluarga, Pa’de Mul sekeluarga, Om Thoyeb.

    v

  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    All praises be to Allah, The Almighty, The Lord of the world, whose

    blessing make it possible for the writer to realize this graduating paper entitle”

    Contrastive Analysis Between English and Indonesian Adverbs of Place There

    are many kinds of helps received appreciatively from many persons.

    The writer cannot realize this thesis without their helps. In this occasion, he would

    like to thanks to:

    1. Drs. Imam Sutomo, M.Ag., the head of State Islamic Studies Institute

    (STAIN) of Salatiga.

    2. Hanung Triyoko, S.S.,M.Hum., The head of The English Department of

    STAIN Salatiga.

    3. Mr. Ruwandi, S.Pd.,M.A., who guides the writer. The one who always be

    ready to solve problems concerning this graduating paper.

    4. All lectures of State Islamic Studies Institute, especially Mr. Ruwandi, Mr.

    Sa’adi, Mr. Hammam, Mr. Hanung, Mrs. Woro, Mr. Ari thank for you

    knowledge, motivation, advice and attention.

    5. My beloved family, mom, dad, my wife, my daughter, my brothers and my

    sisters, who have given me a true love, cares, prayers, supports and valuable

    lesson. Thanks you for this warm and wonderful family.

    6. My dearest friends in TBI’02.

    7. These who cannot be mentioned one by one toward their supports to the writer

    in realizing this study.

    vi

  • Finally, the writer realizes that this thesis is still far from being perfect and

    still needs many improvements. The writer gladly accepts constructive critique

    and evaluation to make this thesis better.

    vii

  • TABLE OF CONTENT

    TITLE..................... ........................................................................................ i

    ATTENTIVE COUNSELLOR.......................................................................ii

    STATEMENT OF CERTIFICATION..............................................................iii

    MOTTO............................................................................................................ iv

    DEDICATION................................................................................................v

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT............................ vi

    TABLE OF CONTENT.......... :...................................................................... viii

    CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

    A. Background of The Study.............................................. 1

    B. The Reason for Choosing The Topic............................. 3

    C. The Problem of The Study............................................. 4

    D. Limitation of The Study................................................ 4

    E. The Objective of The Study........................................... 4

    F. The Significance of The Study....................................... 5

    G. The Definition of The Key Terms................................. 5

    H. Thesis Organization....................................................... 7

    CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 8

    A. Adverb.......................................................................... 8

    1. The Definition of Adverbs....................................... 8

    2. The Kinds of Adverbs.............................................. 9

    3. The Function of Adverbs......................................... 13

    \

    viii

  • 4. The Position of Adverbs......................................... 14

    B. Adverbs of Place........................................................... 14

    1. English Adverbs of Place......................................... 14

    2. Indonesian Adverbs of Place.................................... 17

    CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

    A. The Method Used in The Research............................... 19

    B. The Object of The Research.......................................... 22

    C. Method of Collecting D ata........................................... 24

    D. Method of analyzing Data ............................................ 24

    CHAPTER IV THE ANALYSIS OF THE STUDY

    A. Data Analysis................................................................. 26

    1. English Adverbs of Place................................... 26

    2. Indonesia Adverbs of Place................................ 28

    B. The Similarities.............................................................. 29

    C. The Differences.............................................................. 30

    CHAPTER V CLOSURE

    A. Conclusions.................................................................... 32

    B. Suggestion...................................................................... 34

    ix

  • 1

    CHAPTER I

    INTRODUCTION

    A. The Background of the Study

    English is an international language. Most countries in the world use it

    as a means of international communication, including Indonesian. It is learned

    by Indonesian students from junior high school up to senior high school.

    Nowadays it is also learned elementary school students.

    Language is a system of sounds, words, pattern, etc used by humans to

    communicate thoughts and feelings.1 Based on the statement, the writer that

    language has very important roles in the human lives. Language is used to

    interact not only among individuals but also among groups of people in the

    world.

    Every year millions of people start learning English ( a foreign

    language ) but not all of them succeed to master it. The most obvious reason is

    because the learners of the foreign language are interfered by their mother

    language ( have had experiences on sentence structure, spelling which vary

    from person to person).

    Learners tend to transfers the native language systems into that of the

    foreign language. Teachers must compare between the two systems in order to

    be able to find out the differences and to avoid mistakes.

    'AS. Hornby, Oxford A dvanced Learners Dictionary English, Oxford University Press, Oxford, Third Edition, 1974, page 700.