Constructivist Approach ( Sociocultural Approach). Learning occurs through social and cultural experiences VYGOTSKY “Zones of proximal development” – scaffolding from adults or peers Culture and cognition is bidirectional – mediated through interaction with others Student-centered learning - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Constructivist Approach (Sociocultural Approach)
Constructivist Approach(Sociocultural Approach)Learning occurs through social and cultural experiencesVYGOTSKYZones of proximal development scaffolding from adults or peersCulture and cognition is bidirectional mediated through interaction with others Student-centered learningAuthentic learning opportunities
The Information Processing SystemMemory
Think about your mind being like a computerSensory MemorySight, hearing, smell, taste and touch from environmentHeld and processed Large capacityShort duration (1-3 seconds)Information is selected and organized for further processingPEA: perception, expectations and attention
Sensory MemoryPERCEPTIONPhysical representation of stimuli + Existing knowledge = MeaningBottom up processing (Features Whole)
Sensory MemoryEXPECTATIONSTop down processing(Existing knowledge and expectations)Left side close their eyesRight side close their eyes
Sensory MemoryATTENTIONSelectiveGuided by what we know and what we need to knowNecessary for perception
Sensory MemoryWhat was the hockey players number?
Working MemoryNOT short term memoryShort and Small5-9 items 5-20 secondsWorkbench
Working MemoryUnless information is ACTIVATED it will be lostMethods of activationRehearsalMaintenanceElaborativeChunking
Long Term MemoryKnowledge and memories are storedInfinite amount of information and length of time the information can be stored
Storing KnowledgeElaborationMeaningVisualsContextLevels of processing
OrganizationMnemonicsLoci (location)Chain (GBDFA, NESW)Rote memorization
SourcesSproule, Wayne. Our Social World: An Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology and Sociology. Toronto: Prentice Hall, 2001.Educational Psychology and Special Education. Boston: Pearson Learning Solutions, 2012.
ReflectionWhat sorts of strategies do you currently use to help put information into your long term memory?Are these strategies affective?Are there strategies from todays lesson that you think would enhance your learning? Which ones? Explain how you could use them using specific examples.